# Manual:FAQ/he

## התקנה והגדרות

### היכן ניתן להוריד את מדיה-ויקי?

את הגרסאות היציבות האחרונות של התוכנה ניתן להוריד מכאן: download.wikimedia.org קבצים ניתן למצוא בארכיון .tar.gz. ניתן להוריד את מדיה-ויקי גם ממאגר obtained direct from our Subversionראו גם Download.

## כיצד מתקינים את מדיה-ויקי

התקנת מדיה-ויקי לוקחת בין 10 ל 30 דקות. וכוללת העלאה/העתקה של קבצים והרצה של סקריפטים והגדרות תוכנה. ראו התקנה.

הוראות התקנה מלאות ניתן למצוא בקובץINSTALL המופיע בארכיון הקבצים

## כיצד מתקינים את מדיה-ויקי על ידי חבילות התקנה (לינוקס)?

Many Linux distributions provide MediaWiki in a packaged format for that distribution. The MediaWiki development team refers you to your Linux distribution for assistance with installing, configuring or using them. The individual communities & companies who maintain such packages should provide installation instructions.

### האם ניתן להתקין יותר ממיזם ויקי אחד על שרת המשתמש במדיה-ויקי?

ניתן להתקין יותר ממיזם ויקי אחד על שרת בהתקיים:

• לכל ויקי יש מסד נתונים משלו

או

• You use a different database prefix for each wiki (for Postgres, you can achieve a similar effect by using different schemas and users)

For information on these options, see \$wgDBname and \$wgDBprefix respectively.

For information on setting up a wiki family, see Manual:Wiki family.

For information on an alternative way of setting up more than one wiki using the same server, database and source, see Steve Rumberg's (archived version) excellent expose and additional comments from users.

### האם מדיה-ויקי עובדת ב"מצב בטוח"

Yes, but only to a limited degree. See Safe mode.

### האם מדיה-ויקי דורשת shell access?

Shell access (SSH access) is not required for installing MediaWiki, but it is highly recommended. Without shell access, it may even be difficult for you to get a backup of your wiki, or to upgrade to a new version. Some maintenance tasks will not be possible at all without shell access.

### כיצד מתקינים תוספים?

למידע על התקנת תוספים וכתיבתם ראו Manual:Extensions . כמו כן ניתן למצוא תוספים קיימים ב Extension Matrix וגם Category:Extensions.

### How do I add extra namespaces?

To add a namespace, modify your LocalSettings.php file, and add namespaces via \$wgExtraNamespaces. You can add the following code to add a "Portal" namespace, and its corresponding discussion namespace:

\$wgExtraNamespaces = array(100 => "Portal", 101 => "Portal_talk");

Note: Be sure to add underscores instead of spaces, such as in Portal_talk. Otherwise, the namespace will not be declared properly!

### How do I enable embedded math formulas?

MediaWiki allows embedded math formulas via a helper program called texvc that uses LaTeX to render the formulas. See Manual:Math for setup instructions.

### כיצד אני מנקה את זיכרון המטמון של הדף?

To purge a cached page, such as when making changes to the navigation bar, add &action=purge to the end of the page's dynamic URL.

Note that the URL must be using the active directory name (/w/ by default) rather than the static one (/wiki/ by default). Attempting to append the purge command to a static URL (e.g. Main Page&action=purge) will instead take you to a page name containing the purge command at the end (in this case, "Main Page&action=purge").

### כיצד אני מאפשר העלאת פורמטים נוספים?

MediaWiki requires that allowed file upload formats are specified using the \$wgFileExtensions configuration directive. Usually this directive is situated in LocalSettings.php in the root of your MediaWiki installation.

```\$wgFileExtensions[] = 'pdf';
```

Note: The syntax is different to allow uploading of more than one type of file. To do so, use an array as in the example below which will allow uploading of png, gif, jpg, jpeg, pdf, and txt files.

```\$wgFileExtensions = array( 'png', 'gif', 'jpg', 'jpeg', 'pdf', 'txt' );
```

### "File is corrupt or has an invalid extension"

Some users have reported that after adding a file format to the allowed extensions list, an error is encountered. The text of the error is similar to the following:

The file is corrupt or has an incorrect extension. Please check the file and upload again.

Possible solutions:

• Set the value of \$wgMimeDetectorCommand, e.g. under Unix or Linux, this would be
\$wgMimeDetectorCommand = "file --brief --mime";
• Compile/install the fileinfo PHP extension
• Fedora - yum install php-pecl-Fileinfo

### Initial user was not created by installer

Sometimes, the installer fails to create the default user, or the user table is lost for some reason. There are a couple of options for solving this:

#### maintenance/createAndPromote.php

• Execute maintenance/createAndPromote.php from the shell

This will create a new user and promote them to an administrator. For help, run the script with the parameter --help.

#### שינוי בסיס הנתונים

• Register a new account using the regular method (Special:Userlogin).
• Check the user ID in Special:Preferences.
• Execute the following SQL statement against the database:
• For MediaWiki 1.5 and later:
`INSERT INTO user_groups ( ug_user, ug_group ) VALUES ( <id>, 'bureaucrat' ), ( <id>, 'sysop' );`
• For MediaWiki 1.4:
`UPDATE user_rights SET ur_rights = 'sysop,bureaucrat' WHERE ur_user = <id>;`
• For MediaWiki 1.3 and older:
`UPDATE user SET user_rights = 'sysop,bureaucrat' WHERE user_id = <id>;`

`<id>` above should be replaced with the appropriate user ID which you can see on the user's preference page

### כיצד משנים סיסמא?

You can use the maintenance/changePassword.php maintenance script to reset a user's password.

You have to run the script from the command line. In other words, log into the server where your wiki is installed, then open a command prompt. Go to the installation directory, then go to the maintenance subdirectory. Run the following command:

```php changePassword.php --user=someuser --password=somepass
```

Where obviously "somepass" is changed to the password you want to set and "someuser" is changed to the user name as it is listed in the table "user".

You can also use the old way, by modifying the database directly. Assuming that \$wgPasswordSalt is set to true (the default), you can use the following SQL query for MySQL:

``` UPDATE USER SET user_password = MD5(CONCAT(user_id, '-',
MD5('somepass'))) WHERE user_name = 'someuser';
```

Where obviously "somepass" is changed to the password you want to set and "someuser" is changed to the user name as it is listed in the table "user".

Note: The user_id in the CONCAT string is a column name and is not meant to be replaced with 'someuser'

Note: If you obtain a 'dbname.user table does not exist' error, please check the LocalSettings.php file, and double-check the value for the \$wgDBprefix variable. If that variable is not empty, try repeating the command, replacing \$wgDBPrefix_user instead of user in the UPDATE clause of the SQL statement.

If using PostGreSQL, use this query instead:

```  UPDATE mwuser SET user_password =
md5(user_id || '-' || md5('somepass')) WHERE user_name='someuser';
```

Yout can also try the Extension:Password Reset

$Insert formula here$===כיצד אוכל ליצור קישורי אינטר-ויקי בויקי שלי?===

If the external wiki you are interested is Wikipedia, and you wish to use the prefix "wp" to link to it (prefix "wikipedia" is the default interwiki prefix for Wikipedia, see Help:Interwiki linking for other defaults), run this SQL statement to modify the Interwiki table in your database:

```INSERT INTO interwiki (iw_prefix, iw_url, iw_local, iw_trans) VALUES ('wp', 'http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/\$1', '0', '0');
```

The \$1 indicates the article name on the external wiki.

In a graphical SQL program (i.e. PhpMyAdmin), go to the interwiki table. Choose the option to insert (a row). In the iw_prefix field, enter your desired interwiki prefix. In the iw_url field, enter the Base URL of the external wiki plus the text "\$1" as mentioned in the DB Expert Answer above. iw_local and iw_trans have default values of zero (0). You may leave them as zero.

Install the Special:Interwiki extension. You can then add and remove interwiki entries through the Special:Interwiki special page.

### How do I make my base URLs shorter? (i.e. /wiki/Article_Name as opposed to /w/index.php?title=Article_Name)

See Manual:Short URL.

### האם הורדה ושימוש בקבצים מ MediaWiki.org חופשיים?

Yes, it is free in the sense of Free software. See Project:Copyrights for licensing issues regarding the written content of this site.

### כיצד אוכל לפקח/לנהל את המשתמשים שלי?

#### כיצד ניתן למנוע ממשתמשים אנונימיים לערוך דפים?

• Set \$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = false; at bottom of LocalSettings.php.

#### כיצד ניתן למנוע ממשתמשים אנונימיים לצפות בדפים?

• Set \$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read'] = false; at bottom of LocalSettings.php.

## שינוי הממשק

### כיצד משנים את הלוגו?

The logo that appears in the top left of each page is determined by the \$wgLogo configuration setting in the LocalSettings.php file.

To change this you simply need to change the value of \$wgLogo to point to the URL of your own logo image. You can upload a file via the wiki and use that address (which allows it to be replaced easily, so you may want to protect the page if you use this method) or use an image uploaded to your server via other means.

Caution: It is possible to simply overwrite the default logo installed with MediaWiki (`/skins/common/images/wiki.png`), but this is strongly advised against, as an upgrade may end up overwriting it or change the default location of this file.

Tip: The logo image should be 135 x 135 pixels.

### How do I customize the logo in the top left corner? Can I?

The logo is a portlet block without a pBody section. It is identified by the p-logo id. The background image is specified by the wgLogo variable, which is defined in /includes/DefaultSettings.php. This location is relative to the web server root and not the system root. Redefine this in /LocalSettings.php to change the image. If set wrong there will be no image on the page; check your web server error log and adjust accordingly. However the size of the p-logo will need to be big enough for the logo if it is not to be clipped. This is set in the stylesheet (Main.css in monobook), under the p-logo style, the default setting is:

```#p-logo {
z-index: 3;
position:absolute; /*needed to use z-index */
top: 0;
left: 0;
height: 155px;
width: 12em;
overflow: visible;
}
```

### כיצד משנים את הקישור אליו מובילה לחיצה על הלוגו

כברירת מחדל לחיצה על הלוגו תוביל לעמוד הראשי .על מנת לשנות זאת ניתן לערוך את הדף MediaWiki:Mainpage. Or to make the link go to any arbitrary URL, for Monobook skin, edit Monobook.php and find and replace `<?php echo htmlspecialchars(\$this->data['nav_urls']['mainpage']['href'])?>` with the URL of your choice and replace `<?php \$this->msg('mainpage') ?>` with the desired link title.

### הקטנת גודלו של הלוגו

Note that a tag is on top of the logo so if you are trying to reduce the size of the logo's portlet you will also need to change the #p-logo a and #p-logo a:hover rules. The default setting for these is:

```#p-logo a,
#p-logo a:hover {
display: block;
height: 200px;
width: 12.2em;
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-position: 35% 50% !important;
text-decoration: none;
}
```

This simple customization will re-define the size of all of them at once...

```#p-logo,
#p-logo a,
#p-logo a:hover {
height: 75px;
}
```

There is one more rule controlling the amount of space between the logo and first portlet in the side column - the padding on the top of #column-one. By default this is:

```#column-one { padding-top: 160px; }
```

If you want to remove the logo completely, comment out the wgLogo variable. Then set the column-one padding to a small value, such as 21:

```#column-one { padding-top: 21px; }
```

You don't have to go edit the css file directly. You can go to <Your Wiki URL>?title=MediaWiki:Monobook.css. Hit edit and make your changes there. This has preference over the monobook main css.

### כיצד ניתן לשנות את הסמליל (איקון) המופיע בשורת הכתובת (favicon)?

• Simple upload your favicon.ico to the root of your domain/subdomain, make sure file name is in lower case and its name is favicon.ico
• Alternatively edit the \$wgFavicon setting in LocalSettings.php and add \$wgFavicon = "\$wgScriptPath/path/to/your/favicon.ico";

See Manual:\$wgFavicon for more details.

Tip: The favicon image should be either 16 x 16 pixels or 32 x 32 pixels.

#### Rewrite Rule

If you are using a rewrite rule in .htaccess to remove "index.php" from the URL, you will also need to add an exception for .ico files. Simply add the following rule to your .htaccess:

RewriteRule .*\.ico\$ - [L]

This rule must appear before the index.php rule.

#### Case Sensitivity

When uploading the favicon file, be sure the filename is in lowercase. (That is, "favicon.ico", not "Favicon.ico".) A lot of servers (e.g., those on UNIX-like operating systems) will not be able to find the file unless its name is in lowercase.

### כיצד ניתן לערוך מה יופיע בבר הצידי?

The contents of the navigation bar which appears to the left of each page using the Monobook skin are determined by the MediaWiki:Sidebar page there on your wiki. For information on customising these, please see Manual:Navigation bar.

### How do I put a text message (sitenotice) on every page?

Put a text in the MediaWiki:Sitenotice page. It will be displayed on top of every article page.

### כיצד אני קובע איזה דף יהיה הדף הראשי?

By default, MediaWiki looks for a page with the title Main Page and serves this as the default page. This can be changed by altering the contents of MediaWiki:Mainpage to point to a different title. If this does not change the 'Main Page' link included on the sidebar at install time, edit MediaWiki:Sidebar.

### כיצד אני מסתיר את כותרת הדף הראשי?

MediaWiki does not have a built-in option to hide the main page title (see bug 6129). Instead you must use JavaScript or CSS.

#### גרסת מדיה-ויקי לפני 1.9, פיתרון להסתרת כותרת הדף הראשי

Before MediaWiki 1.9, you have two options:

##### החל את הטלאי

You can manually apply the patch from r17119 to your copy of MediaWiki and use the solution for 1.9.

FIRST replace or add the lines in three files in the correct place as r17119 did:

`\$a['class'] = 'ns-'.\$wgTitle->getNamespace().'`
`'.(\$wgContLang->isRTL() ? "rtl" : "ltr").`
`' page-'.Sanitizer::escapeId( \$wgTitle->getPrefixedText() );`
`\$tpl->set( 'pageclass', 'page-'.Sanitizer::escapeId( \$wgTitle->getPrefixedText() ) );`
• includes/MonoBook.php replace:
`class="<?php \$this->text('nsclass') ?> <?php \$this->text('dir') ?>">`
with:
`class="mediawiki <?php \$this->text('nsclass') ?> <?php \$this->text('dir') ?> <?php \$this->text('pageclass') ?>">`

SECOND follow the instructions in #1.9 and above.

##### JavaScript solution

QUESTION: WHERE IS THIS JAVASCRIPT ADDED?

The following javascript may or may not work for your wiki (replace "Main Page" with the name of your main page if it differs):

```var isMainPage = (document.title.substr(0, document.title.lastIndexOf(" - ")) == "Main Page");
var isDiff = (document.location.search &&
(document.location.search.indexOf("diff=") != -1 ||
document.location.search.indexOf("oldid=") != -1
)
);
if (isMainPage && !isDiff) {
document.write('<style type="text/css">/*<![CDATA[*/ h1.firstHeading { display: none !important; } /*]]>*/</style>');
}
```

#### Mediawiki version 1.9+, solution to hide the main page title

In 1.9 and above (or with the modified files above), you can use CSS to hide the main page title.

```body.page-Main_Page h1.firstHeading { display:none; }
```

Alternatively, you can replace "Main_Page" with another name, but with spaces replaced by underscores _ .

#### איתור תקלות

If this doesn't work, look at the HTML source code to find the correct class to replace "page-Main_Page" with:

```<body class="mediawiki ns-0 ltr page-Some_title">
```

If no such class exists, then you cannot use this feature. You may be using a custom or outdated skin.

Another option is to #REDIRECT from Main_Page to Our_Main_Page.

### כיצד ניתן להסתיר את טבלת תוכן העניינים?

טבלת "תוכן העניינים" (TOC) מופיעה בצורה אוטומטית כאשר יש ארבע כותרות או יותר במאמר. ישנם מספר דרכים להסתיר אותה

#### עבור דף אחד

כיתבו את המילה __NOTOC__ בראשית העמוד.

#### לפי משתמש

Users can also opt to have the table of contents hidden. This is a user preference, set in Special:Preferences.

### How do I change the interface text?

Interface text is altered using the MediaWiki namespace. For each deviation from the default in the site language there is a page MediaWiki:Englishmessagename, and for each deviation from the default in each other language a page MediaWiki:Englishmessagename/languagecode. (Since release 1.9 there are no pages for messages equal to the default.). On creation of a page the edit box autofills with the default. When creating a page to override the default it is useful to first save the default version, to allow diffs with it. See also meta:Help:System messages.

### How do I change the interface language?

To change the default interface language, alter the value of \$wgLanguageCode in LocalSettings.php, e.g.

`\$wgLanguageCode = "fr";`

### How can I prevent editing by anonymous users?

The recommended method is by changing the value of the `\$wgGroupPermissions` configuration option. Edit `LocalSettings.php` and add the line:

```\$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = false;
```

For more information on using this option, see the Preventing access page and Manual:User rights.

### How do I remove the article/edit etc tabs for users who are not logged in?

```#ca-edit { display: none; }
```

See the page source for the various #ca-* ids used in the content tabs.

Note: this will only work for MonoBook (the default skin), and doesn't actually stop people editing.

### How do I add/remove tabs throughout my wiki?

This does not work

For example, to remove the talk tab and then add a tab that always goes to the main page you would save this code in `extensions/AR-Tabs.php`:

``` \$wgHooks['SkinTemplateContentActions'][] = 'ReplaceTabs';
function ReplaceTabs (\$content_actions) {
unset( \$content_actions['talk'] );    //only this to remove an action
\$maintitle = Title::newFromText(wfMsg('mainpage') );
\$main_action['main'] = array(
'class' => false or 'selected',    //if the tab should be highlighted
'text' => wfMsg('sitetitle'),     //what the tab says
'href' => \$maintitle->getFullURL(),   //where it links to
);
\$content_actions = array_merge( \$main_action, \$content_actions);   //add a new action
return true;
}
```

```require_once("extensions/AR-Tabs.php");
```

to the bottom of LocalSettings.php

#### How do I remove a tab on only one page

This solution works in Mediawiki version 1.9 and above. In Mediawiki version 1.8 or below, first apply the above patch.

For example, to remove the Discussion (talk) page tab from the Main Page, on the MediaWiki:Monobook.css page add:

```.page-Main_Page #ca-talk { display: none !important; }
```

To modify MediaWiki:Monobook.css you must have administrative privileges.

#### How do I remove a tab on all pages

This solution works in Mediawiki version 1.9 and above. In Mediawiki version 1.8 or below, first apply the above patch.

For example, to remove the Discussion (talk) page tab on all wikipages, on the MediaWiki:Monobook.css page add:

``` #ca-talk { display:none!important; }
```

Other tabs to remove are #ca-history and #ca-viewsource. To modify MediaWiki:Monobook.css you must have administrative privileges.

### How do I hide the section edit links for users who are not logged in?

1. The recommended method is by changing the value of the `\$wgDefaultUserOptions` configuration option.
Edit `LocalSettings.php` and add the line:
```\$wgDefaultUserOptions ['editsection'] = false;
```
2. Alternatively you could manually edit each skin (e.g. `MonoBook.php`) and add this before `</head>`:
```<?php if(!\$this->data['loggedin']) { ?>
<style>
.editsection { display: none; }
</style>
<?php } ?>
```
If you want to hide the links for all users including logged in users, instead edit `monobook/main.css` and add:
```.editsection { display: none; }
```
Also see How can I prevent editing by anonymous users?

### How do I remove the "Create an Account or Login" link at the top right of the screen?

In Monobook.php change this statement:

```  foreach(\$this->data['personal_urls'] as \$key => \$item) {
```

to:

``` foreach(\$this->data['personal_urls'] as \$key => \$item)  if(\$this->data['loggedin']==1) {
```

### How do I change the footer?

To add or remove items from the footer on your MediaWiki page, you must edit the skin.

For example: if you go in to MonoBook.php (located by default in the "Skins" folder) you will find the following code:

``` \$footerlinks = array(
);
```

In the above you can simply add and remove items from the footer that you wish to appear in your footer. Remember the changes may not appear immediatly because of MediaWiki caches.

You can also customize the individual items by modifying certain pages or parameters:

Line breaks in footer

For line breaks in the footer, search for Content is available under in the MessagesEn.php and then put line breaks before and after so that it looks like `'<br />Content is available under \$1.<br />',` It is valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional. NOTE: It would probably be better to just edit the system message (see Special pages) to add <br> before and after the message.

### How can I edit / remove the Powered by MediaWiki image in the footer?

```#f-poweredbyico { display: none; }
```

If you want to remove it completely, you could alter /skins/MonoBook.php, which contains the following code that makes the Powered by MediaWiki image appear in the footer:

```<?php
if(\$this->data['poweredbyico']) { ?>
<div id="f-poweredbyico"><?php \$this->html('poweredbyico') ?></div>
```

If you would like to remove this image completely, or edit the image, you must locate and edit poweredbyico. It is located in skins/common/images/ and the image is called poweredby_mediawiki_88x31.png.

If you're happy with the logo (or not) and simply want to change the destination link, the code is in getPoweredBy() function of includes\Skin.php. Just change the line \$img = '<a href="http://www.mediawiki.org/"><img src="'.\$url.'" alt="Powered by MediaWiki" /></a>'; to whatever.

### How can I change what the <title> of each page is? Where do I make changes?

Most of the text that you want to change, can be found in the namespace of MediaWiki.

In order to change titles, texts, announcements and the such, go to Special:Allmessages, where you will see the text associated with the pages you wish to change. (As far as I can tell, you need to log in as an administrator (like the one you made when you installed) to edit the protected entries in the MediaWiki namespace.)

If you want to change the title in your browser, you need to edit MediaWiki:pagetitle. Go there and edit it just like you would any other page in your Wiki.

In recent versions of MediaWiki, MediaWiki:Pagetitle is \$1 - {{SITENAME}} by default. If {{SITENAME}} is producing the wrong text for you, you need to set \$wgSitename in your LocalSettings.php.

If \$wgSitename is correct in LocalSettings.php but {{SITENAME}} is still wrong, it may be that you're using a user-contributed language file which incorrectly sets \$wgSitename to a transliteration of "Wikipedia". Edit the language file to correct this. For example, the hebrew language file is at languages/LanguageHe.php in your wiki directory.

Don't forget to clear your browser cache after you fix it.

### How can I suppress MediaWiki from formatting urls, tags, etc?

```svn co <nowiki>http://somwhere.in.the.net/myproject/</nowiki>
```

svn co http://somewhere.in.the.net/myproject/

### How can I force users to preview before they save?

To curb cursory negligence it may be desirable to disable the save button on the edit page, so users must preview first.

Here's how to reach that goal by only showing the save button on the preview page:

In /includes/EditPage.php, find (line number 1238 in MediaWiki 1.9.0, 1158 in MediaWiki 1.8.2):

``` "<div class='editButtons'>;
{\$buttons['save']}
{\$buttons['preview']}
```

and replace these three lines with the following seven

``` "<div class='editButtons'>");
if ( \$this->formtype == 'preview') {
"{\$buttons['save']}");
}
"{\$buttons['preview']}
```

### כיצד להוסיף כפתורים נוספים בדף העריכה?

For adding more toolbar buttons above the edit field, you can use JavaScript code to register them in mwCustomEditButtons in your MediaWiki:common.js. For example, a button for large text:

```var button = {
"imageFile": "images/5/56/Button_big.png",  //image to be shown on the button (may be a full URL too), 22x22 pixels
"speedTip": "big text",    //text shown in a tooltip when hovering the mouse over the button
"tagOpen": "<big>",        //the text to use to mark the beginning of the block
"tagClose": "</big>",      //the text to use to mark the end of the block (if any)
"sampleText": "big text"   //the sample text to place inside the block
};
mwCustomEditButtons.push(button);
```

### How can I get more special characters or tags clickable on the edit page?

For adding more selectable special characters, etc, below the edit field, See Extension:CharInsert

## שימוש בסיסי

### כיצד עורכים עמוד?

To edit a page, simply click the edit link that appears on each page. Using the default MonoBook skin, this is in the form of a tab at the top of the page. A form will appear, containing the existing markup. When you have finished making modifications, click the Save button to commit your changes.

### כיצד יוצרים עמוד חדש?

There are several paths to creating a new page:

• Create a link to the page on another page, then click on the red link which appears
• Browse to the intended location of the page, e.g. http://www.foowiki.org/index.php?title=New_page and click on the edit link.

On some wikis, a failed search for a page will contain a link which allows you to edit that page.

### כיצד מוחקים גרסה ישנה של העמוד?

Old versions of page data are retained in the database and can be accessed via the page history features. This is useful for reviewing changes and correcting or reverting undesirable ones, but in some cases, administrators might want to make this information unavailable, for legal reasons, or to reduce the size of the database.

• Administrators can delete an old revision of a page by deleting the page, and then selectively undeleting revisions to be kept
• The Oversight extension (also known as HideRevision) can be used to move harmful revisions out of page histories
• The maintenance/deleteOldRevisions.php maintenance script can mass-delete all old revisions of pages and their associated text records.

### היכן ניתן למצוא מדריכים לעריכת דפים במדיה-ויקי?

There are several editing tutorials available, mostly on Wikimedia sister projects, such as Wikipedia. There are also markup references, etc. available on Meta.

### כיצד מציגים את גרסת ההדפסה של העמוד?

MediaWiki includes stylesheets which automatically style a page appropriately when it is printed; using the print or print preview function within your browser ought to render the page in a printable form.

You can also view this printable form using the printable version link in the toolbox.

## יבוא נתונים לויקי

### יבוא מאתרים מבוססי ויקי

Note: The following is directly copied from old meta FAQ. It might need to be corrected.

There is some documentation about importing in the UPGRADE file distributed with MediaWiki.

To follow on from those, this is how at least one individual imported pages from usemod to MediaWiki:

Because MediaWiki does not automatically link to CamelCase style links, you will need to add brackets [[ ]] to all your links. You can do this with the following:

First, obtain ImportStage1.txt (or whatever you want to call it) from the importUseModWiki.php script ( use > to pipe the output to a file )

Second, do

```sed '/Importing/!s/\ [A-Z]\w*[a-z]\w*[A-Z]\w*[a-zA-Z]/\ \[\[&\]\] /g'
ImportStage1.txt > ImportStage2.txt
```

This doesn't work so well for SubPage links - someone care to fix?

Then,

```sed 's/upload\:\w*\.\w*/http\:\/\/aberwiki\.org\/uploads\/& /g'
ImportStage2.txt > ImportStage3.txt
```

You are now ready to import ImportStage3.txt into your database with a command such as

```mysql -u<mysqluser> -p<yourpass> <db name> < ImportStage3.txt
```

Note: If your `importUseModWiki.php` outputs an XML file instead of SQL statements, this probably means you have a rather new version of MediaWiki. In such a case, you case import the XML file -- see Importing a Wikipedia database dump into MediaWiki, towards the bottom of the page ('Import XML'). Don't forget to rebuild all the tables -- that page also explains how to do that.

### יבוא מסוגי קבצים אחרים

Here are some info on importing from other types of files:

### Mediawiki auto importing script

Taken from wiki_import - mediawiki auto import script:

#### תיאור

The script is designed to import a whole folder of files into mediawiki, with the folder directory tree mapped as wiki category hierarchy.

#### Features

• economic, build wiki site from existing knowledge base collection without "double-entry"
• persistent, map folder directory tree as wiki category hierarchy
• sophisticated, import/handle all well-known file types automatically
• complete, cover every applicable scenario, even the case when you need to control access to individual wiki pages
• versatile, highly customizable

#### Quick Help

wiki_import.sh \$ \$Revision: 1.1 \$

mediawiki automatic file import script

Usage: wiki_import.sh [OPTIONS]...

The script is designed to import a whole folder of files into mediawiki, with the folder directory tree mapped as wiki category hierarchy.

The specification of the file-to-import is passed from standard input.

Options:

``` -s, --sect=n     the root category section of the wiki
of the imported article (mandatory)
-f, --footer     include standard footer (article category)
-R, --res[=p]    add restricted tag in the footer
as '{{<Res Param|Root Category> Restricted}}'
(default=`\$_opt_sect')

```

Configuration Options:

``` -p, --php=fn     mediawiki import php script specification
-r, --root=n     the root category name for the whole wiki site
-m, --max=n      max_allowed_packet for mysqld to import
-u, --user=n     wiki user used for the import
-a, --arch=p     the root url that linked-to archive files based on

```

Examples:

``` echo ./path/to/file.ext | wiki_import.sh -1 -l -f -s 'Customer Support' -R

```

For the rest of details, check out wiki_import.

## Customising further

### How can I allow use of HTML tags?

See Manual:\$wgRawHtml as well as Manual:\$wgGroupPermissions and Manual:Preventing access.

Caution: This can be easily abused to attack users

See Extension:SecureHTML and Extension:HTMLets for ways to make this safe(er).

Caution: This can be easily abused to attack users

## Why...?

### ...is the Help namespace empty?

We don't currently have a clean, internationalised set of help pages under a free license. A few developers are hoping to make this possible; however, the Help namespace currently ships in a blank state. You are free to add your own help pages, copy the Public Domain help pages or copy certain of the items from Meta, e.g. the user guide or MediaWiki Handbook, these two collections being free to use under the GNU Free Documentation License.

### ...are some of my images not showing up after an upgrade?

Several users have reported that, following an upgrade or a moving of their wiki, several images fail to be shown inline. The files exist, and the image description pages show a MIME type of unknown / unknown and, in some cases, a warning about potentially dangerous files.

To fix this, run the maintenance/rebuildImages.php script from the command line. This will set MIME information for each file in the database.

### ...are all PNG files not being turned into thumbnails?

After upgrading to a more recent version of PHP, it is possible a different MimeMagic.php function is being used to detect file MIME types, particularly the built-in PHP function mime_content_type, which fails to detect PNG files. Search the web for mime_content_type png for information on fixing this bug at the PHP level, possibly by editing your magic.mime file.

### ...is a search for a short keyword giving no hits?

By default, MediaWiki uses MyISAM's fulltext matching functionality to allow searching page content. The default settings for this mean that words of less than four characters won't be indexed, so results won't be returned for those queries.

To alter this behaviour, MySQL needs to be reconfigured to index shorter terms, and MediaWiki's search index table needs to be repaired, to rebuild the indices.

MediaWiki 1.13 is in a development state at present, and has not been packaged into a general release. The code can be downloaded from Subversion if desired.

### ...doesn't this work? It works on Wikipedia!

Wikipedia and other Wikimedia web sites use the current version of the code in development; at present, this is MediaWiki 1.13alpha. Coupled with the use of several extensions, this means that functionality between these wikis and your particular setup may differ.

### ...do I get a 403 Forbidden error after setting permissions on my Fedora system?

Fedora Core enables SELinux by default. Instructions for setting SELinux permissions for MediaWiki are available.

### ...do I get logged out constantly?

This is probably related to cookies or session data, for example a problem with PHP's session.save_path [1] setting. See Log in problems.

### ...is it a good idea to keep user accounts?

At many times you just want to remove a user account out of the wiki either because it belonged to a spammer account or you just feel like it. The appropriate choice is to block the account or rename it if needed. Here is why:

Do I just remove his row from the User table?

Rob Church posted the following regarding this issue on the mediawiki-l mailing list:

"If the user has made edits, then removing rows from the user table cause theoretical loss of referential integrity. Now, to be honest with you, I can't think of any conditions where this would cause an actual problem; "undefined behaviour" is the phrase we use.

What I'd suggest doing, to be on the safe side, is running a couple of quick updates against the database:

`UPDATE revision SET rev_user = 0 WHERE rev_user = <current_user_id>`
`UPDATE archive SET ar_user = 0 WHERE ar_user = <current_user_id>`

What this will do is cause MediaWiki to treat the revisions as having been made anonymously when generating things like page histories, which should eliminate any problems caused by these routines attempting to check user details from other tables.

If the user has caused log entries, i.e. rows in the logging table, or uploaded images, then the situation becomes trickier, as you'll have to start mopping up all the rows everywhere and it could become a bit of a mess, so if the user's done anything other than edit, I would strongly recommend just blocking them indefinitely.

If the username is offensive or undesirable, then you could consider renaming it using the RenameUser extension."

## Anti-spam

See Manual:Combating spam for an overview of anti-spam measures.

### Where do I get the spam blacklist from and how do I install it?

The spam blacklist extension can be found in Subversion. For installation and configuration instructions, consult the README file.

### How do I use \$wgSpamRegex to block more than one string?

\$wgSpamRegex is a powerful filter for page content. Adding multiple items to the regex, however, can be awkward. Consider this snippet:

```\$wgSpamRegexLines[] = 'display\s*:\s*none';
\$wgSpamRegexLines[] = 'overflow:\s*\s*auto';
[...]
\$wgSpamRegex = '/(' . implode( '|', \$wgSpamRegexLines ) . ')/i';
```

This example code allows convenient addition of additional items to the regex without fiddling about each time. It also demonstrates two popular filters, which block some of the most common spam attacks.

## Where now?

### I've found a bug or have a feature request. Where do I post it?

Bugs and feature requests should be posted on MediaZilla, our implementation of Bugzilla. Please search the database prior to posting, to avoid creating duplicate entries.

### I have a question not answered here. Where do I go next?

If you've exhausted the FAQ above, please try the following: