API:Resetpassword/ja

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Resetpassword and the translation is 50% complete.
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MediaWiki バージョン: 1.27

POST request to reset password for all users with an email address.

APIの説明文書


action=resetpassword

(main | resetpassword)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Send a password reset email to a user.

Parameters:
user

User being reset.

Type: user, by user name
email

Email address of the user being reset.

token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.
Examples:
Send a password reset email to user Example.
api.php?action=resetpassword&user=Example&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]
Send a password reset email for all users with email address user@example.com.
api.php?action=resetpassword&user=user@example.com&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]

Making any POST request is a multi-step process:

  1. Log in, via one of the methods described on API:ログイン .
  2. GET an edit/CSRF token as shown here API:トークン
  3. Send a POST request, with the CSRF token, to reset password for all users with an email address.

The sample codes below cover these steps.

POST リクエスト

Reset the password for all users with email address user@mediawiki.org.

レスポンス

{
  "resetpassword": {
    "status": "success"
  }

サンプル コード

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    reset_password.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: RReset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
"""
import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a POST request to log in. For this login
# method, obtain credentials by first visiting
# https://www.test.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manual:Bot_passwords
# See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
# information on log in methods.
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "user_name",
    "lgpassword": "password",
    "format": "json",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a POST request to reset the password for all
# users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.

PARAMS_4 = {
    "token":CSRF_TOKEN,
    "action":"resetpassword",
    "email":"user@mediawiki.org",
    "format":"json"
    }

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_4)
DATA = R.text

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    reset_password.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/
$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
resetPassword( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

# Step 4: Send a POST request  to reset the password for all
# users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.
function resetPassword( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;
	
	$params4 = [
        "action" => "resetpassword",
        "email" => "user@mediawiki.org",
		"format" => "json",
		"token" => $csrftoken
	];
  
	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$response = curl_exec($ch);
	curl_close($ch);

	echo ($response);
}

JavaScript

/*
    reset_password.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/
var request = require("request").defaults({jar: true}),
url = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET Request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };
    
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        resetPassword(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: Send a POST request  to reset the password for all 
// users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.
function resetPassword(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "resetpassword",
        email: "user@mediawiki.org",
        format: "json",
        token: csrf_token
    };
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
    reset_password.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/

var params = {
    action: 'resetpassword',
    email: 'user@mediawiki.org',
    format: 'json'
},
api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
console.log( data );
} );

起こりうるエラー

コード 情報
passwordreset-invalidemail ⧼passwordreset-invalidemail⧽
passwordreset-nodata 利用者名とメールアドレスが入力されていません
invalidparammix The parameters user, email can not be used together.
missingparam One of the parameters user, email is required.

関連項目