Ciclo di vita delle versioni

This page is a translated version of the page Version lifecycle and the translation is 45% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

MediaWiki opera su un modello di sviluppo basato sull'"integrazione continua", nel quale i cambiamenti software vengono inseriti sui siti Web di Wikimedia, come ad esempio Wikipedia, su base regolare.

In teoria, le nuove versioni principali vengono rilasciate su base semestrale e i distributori di riferimento continuano a ricevere aggiornamenti di sicurezza fino a un anno dalla prima versione. A causa dei vincoli temporali e del rapido refactoring del codice sorgente, le versioni obsolete non possono venire supportate a lungo e gli aggiornamenti di sicurezza e criticità non vengono applicati alle versioni che hanno terminato il loro ciclo di vita

The release manager strongly recommends that wiki operators subscribe to the mediawiki-announce mailing list, which receives notification of all releases, and ensure that their wiki runs the most up to date version of the software possible. These announcements are also posted to mediawiki-l and wikitech-l.

Versioni e termine del ciclo-vita

For the complete version history, see: w:MediaWiki version history.
Versione Stato Rilascio Fine-vita
1.43.x versione futura con supporto a lungo termine
1.42.x future version
1.41.x versione actural stabile
1.40.x versione legata
1.39.x (LTS) versione corrente con supporto a lungo termine
1.38.x versione obsoleta

Versions included in the above table that are marked as obsolete as well as versions not listed at all will not receive any security fixes. This also includes all versions older than the oldest version listed. They may contain critical security vulnerabilities and other major bugs, including the threat of possible data loss and/or corruption. The release manager has also issued a strong recommendation that only versions listed above as the current “stable version”, "legacy version" or “long-term support version” be used in a production environment.

Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.19Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.20Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.21Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.22Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.23Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.24Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.25Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.26Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.27Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.28Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.29Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.30Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.31Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.32Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.33Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.34Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.35Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.36Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.37Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.38Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.39Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.40Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.41Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.42
MediaWiki Release Timeline
  •   Alpha development
  •   Release development
  •   Stable release
  •   Long-term support release

Politiche di rilascio

  • Every point release will include updated i18n files as well as any bug fixes. No new features will be back-ported to point releases and support does not necessarily include bundled extensions and skins in general.
  • A major release will be made every six months.
  • A minor release (including security patches, message translation back-ports, and general bugfixes) will be made every quarter.
  • A long-term support release (LTS) will be made every two years. There will be a one-year overlap in LTS support. For example, 1.23 was supported until May 2017. 1.27 was released the year before, so that people have it available as an LTS to move to and a year to make the transition.
  • Release notes will continue to be the basis for seeing what has changed. Because of the nature of a volunteer-driven project, it isn't possible to say with any certainty what will happen in the next 6-12 months.

Release schedule

This timeline is a schedule for what needs to happen before the release of a new version. The date of the actual release is given here as T (for "time" of release) and the suffix -# (for “number of weeks prior to release”).

Relative schedule Attività
T - 7 Announce that the release branch will be created in one week. Ask people to make sure that anything needed to complete in-progress features is merged before then. Create "MW-X.XX-release" in Phabricator.
T - 6 Create the branch for core and all extensions in Gerrit.
T - 5 Apply the X.XX-rc.0 tag and release the initial release candidate.
T - 4 Collect any bug reports and summarise them on the mailing list.
T - 3 Apply the X.XX-rc.1 tag and release the second release candidate. Any new extensions that are proposed for addition to the tarball should be in it by this point. No extension changes are made after this point.
T - 2 Collect any new bug reports, merge fixes, back out new, incomplete features accidentally included, apply X.XX-rc.2 tag and release third release candidate.
T - 1 Repeat previous step, use to tag and release. No backports are accepted after this point.
T TAG the repository with X.XX and make the release.

Gestione ciclovita delle estensioni

Most MediaWiki installations include a significant number of extensions (Wikimedia wikis often have around 140). Managing the maintenance bug fixing of extensions and choosing the right version of an extension in cases where the HEAD development version relies on features not yet available in stable or oldstable MediaWiki core, can be challenging.

Extension maintainers are therefore strongly encouraged to maintain a git branches for each extension version corresponding to a MediaWiki version. (See Compatibility#MediaWiki extensions for details.) For extensions hosted in Wikimedia's git repos, such branches (with names such as REL1_30 for MediaWiki 1.30) are created automatically from master when a new MediaWiki version is branched (on the assumption that the extension master is compatible with MediaWiki master at all times). However, it's preferable for the extension maintainer to fix bugs not only in HEAD but also in the oldstable and stable versions (by backporting the fix to the old branches if necessary).

The goal of these rules is that people or organisations installing MediaWiki can rely on installing the newest release of a version and matching extensions by a simple method, e.g. for 1.20.x core by referring to REL1_20 in git. And it avoids tarballs and zip files with non-relevant and unpredictable names.

Dalla versione 1.36, MediaWiki si impegna a supportare solo gli aggiornamenti da due versioni LTS precedenti (vedi phab:T259771). Gli aggiornamenti da versioni precedenti di MediaWiki dovranno essere eseguiti in più fasi. Ciò significa che se volete aggiornare alla 1.41 dalla 1.34 o da una versione precedente, dovrete prima aggiornare il vostro wiki 1.34 alla 1.35 (o 1.39) e, dalla 1.35 (o 1.39), sarete in grado di passare alla 1.41.

Vedi anche