Životní cyklus verzí

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This page is a translated version of the page Version lifecycle and the translation is 29% complete.
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Vývoj MediaWiki je založen na "průběžné integraci změn", kdy se veškeré softwarové změny implementují za běhu na všechny weby, které spravuje Wikimedia. Takto se v pravidelných intervalech aktualizuje např. Wikipedia.

Teoreticky, se hlavní verze vydávají co půl roku a pak se, po dobu jednoho roku, pro ně vydávají bezpečnostní aktualizace. Na to, abychom natrvalo podporovali zastaralé verze a dál pro ně vydávali bezpečnostní aktualizace o opravy kritických chyb bohužel nemáme čas. Navíc, se kód rychle mění, takže by to u verzí, které již zastaraly, ani nebylo možné.

Správce verzí proto důrazně doporučuje, aby se provozovatelé wiki přihlásili k odběru zpráv z e-mailové konference mediawiki-announce, přes kterou jim budou přicházet informace o všech verzích, a usilovali o to, aby jejich wiki měla stále tu nejaktuálnější verzi softwaru. Tato oznámení se zveřejňují i na webu mediawiki-l a wikitech-l.

Verze a konec jejich životního cyklu

Verze Stav Vydání Konec životního cyklu
1.35.x (LTS) budoucí verze června 2020 června 2023
1.34.x current version 19 prosinec 2019 listopadu 2020
1.33.x legacy version 2 červenec 2019 června 2020
1.32.x zastaralá verze 11 leden 2019 ledna 2020
1.31.x (LTS) legacy long-term support version 14 červen 2018 června 2021
1.30.x zastaralá verze 12 prosinec 2017 června 2019

Versions included in the above table that are marked as obsolete as well as versions not listed at all will not receive any security fixes. They may contain critical security vulnerabilities and other major bugs, including the threat of possible data loss and/or corruption. The release manager has also issued a strong recommendation that only versions listed above "current version" or "LTS" be used in a production environment.

Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.18Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.19Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.20Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.21Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.22Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.23Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.24Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.25Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.26Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.27Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.28Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.29Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.30Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.31Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.32Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.33Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.34Special:MyLanguage/MediaWiki 1.35
MediaWiki Release Timeline
  •   Alpha development
  •   Release development
  •   Stable release
  •   Long-term support release

Pravidla pro vydání

  • Every point release will include updated i18n files as well as any bug fixes. No new features will be back-ported to point releases and support does not neccessarily include bundled extensions and skins in general.
  • A major release will be made every six months.
  • A long term support release (LTS) will be made every two years. There will be a one-year overlap in LTS support. For example, 1.23 was supported until May 2017. 1.27 was released the year before, so that, people have it available as an LTS to move to and a year to make the transition.
  • Release notes will continue to be the basis for seeing what has changed. Because of the nature of a volunteer-driven project, it isn't possible to say with any certainty what will happen in the next 6-12 months.
  • To mitigate the problem of release notes, we will publish a list of new features in the upcoming LTS relative to the last LTS six months before it comes out. This means that about the time when 1.26 came out, an announcement was made for 1.23 users letting them know what changes they could expect in 1.27.

Release schedule

This timeline is a schedule for what needs to happen before the release of a new version. The date of the actual release is given here as T (for "time" of release) and the suffix -# (for “number of weeks prior to release”).

Relative schedule Task
T - 7 Announce that the release branch will be created in one week. Ask people to make sure that anything needed to complete in-progress features is merged before then. Create "MW-X.XX-release" in Phabricator.
T - 6 Create the branch for core and all extensions in Gerrit.
T - 5 Apply the X.XX-rc.0 tag and release the initial release candidate.
T - 4 Collect any bug reports and summarize them on the mailing list.
T - 3 Apply the X.XX-rc.1 tag and release the second release candidate. Any new extensions that are proposed for addition to the tarball should be in it by this point. No extension changes are made after this point.
T - 2 Collect any new bug reports, merge fixes, back out new, incomplete features accidentally included, apply X.XX-rc.2 tag and release third release candidate.
T - 1 Repeat previous step, use X.XX-rc.final to tag and release. No backports are accepted after this point.
T TAG the repository with X.XX and make the release.

Extension lifecycle management

Most MediaWiki installations include a significant number of extensions (Wikimedia wikis often have around 140). Managing the maintenance bug fixing of extensions and choosing the right version of an extension in cases where the HEAD development version relies on features not yet available in stable or oldstable MediaWiki core, can be challenging.

Extension maintainers are therefore strongly encouraged to maintain a git branches for each extension version corresponding a MediaWiki version. (See Compatibility#MediaWiki extensions for details.) For extensions hosted in Wikimedia's git repos, such branches (with names such as REL1_30 for MediaWiki 1.30) are created automatically from master when a new MediaWiki version is branched (on the assumption that the extension master is compatible with MediaWiki master at all times). However, it's preferable for the extension maintainer to fix bugs not only in HEAD but also in the oldstable and stable versions (by backporting the fix to the old branches if necessary).

The goal of these rules is that people or organizations installing MediaWiki can rely on installing the newest release of a version and matching extensions by a simple method, e.g. for 1.20.x core by referring to REL1_20 in git.

External links