|It has been suggested that Gadget Studio be merged into this article. (Discuss)|
Welcome to the gadget kitchen. This is intended to become a space where developers far and wide can coordinate their work on user scripts and gadgets to the benefit of the MediaWiki community far and wide. Right now, it's a quick tutorial to get you started.
- 1 What are user scripts and gadgets?
- 2 I want to try!
- 3 I want to do more!
- 4 Are there additional tutorials?
- 5 What's this ResourceLoader thing?
- 6 What should I work on?
- 7 How do I use my script on other wikis?
- 8 Developing gadgets
- 9 Where can I find more docs?
- 10 Live chat
What are user scripts and gadgets?
One of MediaWiki's coolest features is that it enables anyone to immediately write enhancements to the software, and to share those enhancements with other users.
- Gadgets are user scripts which a wiki admin has "promoted" by adding them to MediaWiki:Gadgets-definition, which makes them available in the "Gadgets" tab of user preferences for all logged-in users.
If you're running your own copy of MediaWiki,
$wgAllowUserJs needs to be enabled for user scripts to work, and the Gadgets extension needs to be installed to make it possible to promote individual scripts to gadget status. Both are enabled for nearly all Wikimedia Foundation sites, including Wikipedia.
I want to try!
- Create this page with the following text:
- Although importScript should keep working, it is deprecated:
- The following works:
- Save. You should now have a link in the toolbox section called "Quick changelog" which shows you a subset of recent changes in a quick pop-up.
I want to do more!
- For a nicer (experimental!) development experience, go to your gadget preferences and enable the "Code Editor" gadget
- Now, copy and paste the contents of MediaWiki:Tutorial-QuickRC.js into your Special:MyPage/common.js.
The result should be the same as above, but now you can modify the script, play with it, and replace it with something else entirely.
Note: Clicking "Preview" (or using the keyboard shortcut, typically
Shift+Alt+P) in the editor will also execute the latest version of the script. This is a good way to iterate without saving the page. But remember, nothing is saved until you press "Save page".
Are there additional tutorials?
- MediaWiki:Tutorial-QuickRC.js - mw.loader, mw.util, mw.html, API usage, jQuery UI dialog, mw.user, jQuery AJAX, jQuery event binding
- VisualEditor/Gadgets - A tutorial specifically for VisualEditor gadgets.
What's this ResourceLoader thing?
- Developing with ResourceLoader — A list of useful practices, like enabling the debug mode and help with debugging.
Note: Changes to ResourceLoader ("Gadgets 2.0") will make managing gadgets even simpler.
What should I work on?
- If you want to write features that directly help Wikimedia project contributors, there are some pages that are used to coordinate requests. On the English Wikipedia, there is w:Wikipedia:User scripts/Requests.
- We're also collecting requests here: Gadget Kitchen/Requests
How do I use my script on other wikis?
Let's say you want to run the script on English Wikipedia instead of MediaWiki.org. You can't use
Of course, you could also load the user script you just created by changing MediaWiki:Tutorial-QuickRC.js in the URI above to
User:YourName/YourScript.js. Ta-da! It's really that easy to customize your experience on one of the largest web sites on the planet.
Note: If your gadget uses the MediaWiki API, add the "
?callback=?" parameter to the API URL if you are trying to make an API request that would violate the same-origin policy (e.g. making a request to the Commons API from Wikipedia). This triggers the use of JSONP and enforces certain restrictions.
Got any tips for writing or debugging JS?
- Writing a gadget
- Also see the ResourceLoader good practices.
- Compatibility - check compatibility
- Read the Google Chrome developer tools documentation or Firebug documentation to get the most out of the powerful debugging tools built into your browser.
- If you experience issues with cached versions of scripts, it can be helpful to disable all caching. Click the settings (gears) icon in the Chrome developer console and select "Disable cache", or click "Disable Browser Cache" in the Net panel's dropdown menu in Firebug.
- The ExternalArticles extension can be used to work on gadget code in an external IDE (it will update the corresponding wiki pages every time a file is saved).
- Gadgets are developed by community and as of today there is no formal code review required for them (see discussion phab:T71445) . However, it is strongly recommended to follow best practices!
- You should not load external resources that may harm users privacy. For example in WMF wikis, the following domains are considered safe:
Note: There is a Jenkins job (where??) for automatic check of this principle
Where can I find more docs?
These are key resources:
- Wikipedia:User scripts on the English Wikipedia and its alternatives in other languages are the primary hubs for user script and gadget development in Wikipedia. The guide has tons of useful information to get you started.
- the MediaWiki web service API documentation will also be very useful
- List of gadgets by popularity in Wikimedia projects
- Wikipedia:Gadget page on English Wikipedia
- A written resource as backup for in-person training sessions