Extension:Labeled Section Transclusion/de

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This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Labeled Section Transclusion and the translation is 34% complete.

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MediaWiki-Erweiterungen
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Labeled Section Transclusion
Erscheinungsstatus: stabil
Einbindung Tag, Parser function
Beschreibung Erlaubt das Transkludieren markierter Bereiche
Autor(en) Steve Sanbeg
Letzte Version continuous updates
MediaWiki 1.25+
PHP 5.4+
Datenbankänderungen Nein
Lizenz GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
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Diese Erweiterung erlaubt das teilweise Transkludieren von markierten Textabschnitten. Die Funktionalität ähnelt der erweiterten Version des <onlyinclude> Tags mit normaler Transklusion, die Sektionen für das Inkludieren auswählt. Diese Erweiterung ist bei allen Wikimedia-Wikis aktiviert.

While normal transclusion is primarily intended to transclude large portions of small templates, labeled section transclusion is intended for small portions of large pages.

However, there are some differences. In the native template transclusion, sections are marked by behavior; thus you can have only one (possibly non-contiguous) section to be included or skipped.

Here, sections are marked by name, and behavior is chosen by the caller, which can include or skip sections as needed. Different pages can include or exclude selected sections; there can be arbitrary numbers of sections, which can also overlap arbitrarily.

Marking sections by name rather than behavior allows edit section links to be rendered more appropriately for getting excerpts from larger texts, since the extension can now account for sections that are skipped in the beginning of the page, allowing transcluded sections to be offset appropriately.

Wie es funktioniert

Schritt 1: Markiere Abschnitte

Markiere Abschnitte mit dem <section> Tag wie folgt:

<section begin=chapter1 /><translate>this is a chapter</translate><section end=chapter1 />

Beachte dass diese Tags kein HTML/XML sind und daher nicht die normale Syntax verwenden. Aus diesem Grund (und da Beginn- und End-Markierung einzeln existieren) sind, im Gegensatz zu normalen öffnenden/schließenden XML-Tags, auch geschachtelte oder überlappende Abschnitte erlaubt. Daher können diese Abschnitt-Tags auch eingefügt werden ohne andere bereits existierende Abschnitte zu (zer-)stören.

Step 2a: Transklusion des Bereiches

Rufe die Parser-Funktion #lst auf, um es zu transkludieren. Hier z.B. den Abschnitt namens chapter1 von Seite articleX:

 {{#lst:articleX|chapter1}}

Der transkludierende Artikel definiert so den Ort des Abschnitts, das Verhalten bestimmt die Parser-Funktion.

Schritt 2b: Transklusion einer Seite ohne spezifischen Abschnitt

To transclude a page, but exclude a specified section, use the #lstx function:

{{#lstx:articleX|chapter1}}

Optionally, you may add replacement text to the excluded section.

{{#lstx:articleX|chapter1|replacement_text}}

Beispiel:

{{#lstx:articleX|chapter1|See chapter 1 in [[articleX]].}}

The replacement text will appear in the area where the section is skipped (excluded).

Weitere Funktionen

Unterbrochene Bereiche

It is possible to have multiple sections with the same name; in this case, every section with that name will be included/excluded. This is especially useful to mark various discussions.

Section ranges

These functions have an additional, optional argument to specify a section range; i.e. {{#lst:articleX|chapter1|chapter3}}, to include everything from the beginning of chapter 1 to the end of chapter 3. This allows using empty marker pairs to mark one end of the section, possibly in a template. A similar mechanism is currently used at the French Wikisource.

Substitution

This also works with substitution; it's even possible for an article to substitute a section of itself. One use of this provides a neat way to archive talk pages: Mark the text to be archived using <section begin=archive />, etc. Then create an archive page with the text, using {{subst:#lst:talk_page|archive}}, which copies archived sections. Lastly, replace the contents of talk_page with {{subst:#lstx:talk_page|archive}} to remove those sections.

Transcluding sections by headings

There is optional support for transcluding sections of text marked with the normal headings, i.e. ==this section==. If installed, this is done with the lsth function.

Transclude the introduction

To transclude the introduction of a page (i.e. the content before the first heading), use

{{#lsth:pagename}}

Transclude a specific section

You can also transclude the whole content of the sectionX (which includes all its sub-sections but excludes the heading of sectionX itself).

{{#lsth:pagename|sectionX}}

Things to note:

  1. Only the first occurrence of the sectionX is transcluded if you have more than one section with the same name.
  2. Make sure you type what the heading of sectionX is in wiki code, not how it is displayed. For example if the heading of the section is ==List of [[Extension]]==, you should type "List of [[Extension]]" not "List of Extension".
  3. The matching is case insensitive, to prevent links from breaking due to case changes.

Transclude multiple sections

You can also transclude from the first occurrence of sectionX (excluding the heading of sectionX itself) until it reaches the next occurrence of sectionY. Note that sectionY acts as a stop point so the transclusion doesn't contain the content of sectionY.

{{#lsth:pagename|sectionX|sectionY}}

Notes about skipped headings

Since the traditional transclusion in MediaWiki isn't intended to transclude sections, it doesn't account for skipped headings. As a result, if you were to transclude a template with multiple headings, and skip the first heading, then all of the edit sections links would point to the wrong section in the template.

When this extension is used (with MediaWiki 1.9 or later), the #lst and #lsth functions count headings in the "skipped" beginning part, and offset transcluded headings appropriately. This will allow these links to point to the correct section in the simple case.

Note that #lstx does not count skipped headings, and that skipped headings within discontiguous sections are not offset. But it seems it has been fixed now (likely when ported to MediaWiki's new preprocessor). The transcluded headings can be linked to the correct sections.

Lokalisierung

Internally, the parser functions all use the lst prefix, for consistency with the name of the extension. Since this acronym may be confusing to non-developers, readable English variants have been introduced, so the functions can currently be called from either name.

Funktion Englisch Deutsch Hebräisch (RTL) Portugiesisch
#lst #section #Abschnitt
#קטע
#trecho
#lstx #section-x #Abschnitt-x
#בלי קטע
#trecho-x
#lsth #section-h

Additionally, the tag can now be localised (currently English, German, and Hebrew), i.e.:

Englisch
<section begin=x/> ... <section end=x/>
Deutsch
<Abschnitt Anfang=x/> ... <Abschnitt Ende=x/>
Hebräisch (RTL)
<קטע התחלה=א> ... <קטע סוף=א> ("start" code to the right and "end" code to the left)
Portugiesisch
<trecho começo=x/> ... <trecho fim=x/>

Beschränkungen

  • While it is possible to use this extension across namespaces, interwiki references are not resolved. It is not yet possible, for example, to include part of a Wikisource page into a remote MediaWiki installation.
  • Section tags cannot themselves be transcluded in order to work on other pages. {{#lst:}} and {{#lstx:}} work only if section tags appear directly in the wikitext of the transcluded page. This means, for instance, that these tags cannot be embedded in a template using template parameters and parser functions. The #tag magic word does not work with section tags. #tag produces balanced tags, while the section tags uses singular tags. See task T39256.
  • As of 2014, section tags don't have any effect when used inside a template parameter. If page A contains a text {{B|X}}, there's no way {{#lst:A|...}} can access X.

Herunterladen

Die Erweiterung kann man direkt von Git erhalten [?]:

  • Den Code ansehen
  • Einige Erweiterungen haben Hinweise für stabile Releases.
  • Jeder Zweig ist mit einem vergangenen MediaWiki Release assoziiert. Es gibt außerdem einen „Master“-Zweig, der die aktuellste Alpha-Version enthält (dies könnte eine Alpha von MediaWiki erfordern).

Extrahiere den Snapshot und kopiere ihn in das extensions/LabeledSectionTransclusion/-Verzeichnis der MediaWiki-Installation.

Falls man sich mit git auskennt und einen Konsolen-Zugang zum Server hat, kann man die Erweiterung auch so bekommen:

cd extensions/
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/LabeledSectionTransclusion.git

Installation

  • Füge folgenden Code am Ende deiner LocalSettings.php hinzu:
    wfLoadExtension( 'LabeledSectionTransclusion' );
    
  • Yes Erledigt – Navigiere zu Special:Version in deinem Wiki (bei Einstellung auf deutsch nach Spezial:Version), um zu prüfen, dass die Erweiterung erfolgreich installiert ist.

An Nutzer, die MediaWiki 1.27 und früher betreiben:

Die oben stehenden Anweisungen beschreiben den neuen Weg der Installation von diese Erweiterung per wfLoadExtension(). Falls du diese Erweiterung in einer dieser früheren Versionen (MediaWiki 1.27 und früher)  – an Stelle von wfLoadExtension( 'LabeledSectionTransclusion' ); – installieren musst, benutze:

require_once "$IP/extensions/LabeledSectionTransclusion/LabeledSectionTransclusion.php";

There is also a Gadget in use on various Wikisources that makes it possible to define sections with a simplified ## label ## syntax. Its code can be found at Wikisource:MediaWiki:Gadget-Easy_LST.js.

Beispiele

Siehe auch