Help:Magic words/mhr

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«Ю мут MediaWikiште — комбинации текста, управляющие поведением, оформлением той или иной страницы в вики, а также выводящие некоторые полезные переменные из базы данных. Более подробную техническую информацию см. в Manual:Magic words.

There are three general types of magic words:

  • Behavior switches: these are uppercase words surrounded by double underscores, e.g. __FOO__.
  • Variables: these are uppercase words surrounded by double braces, e.g. {{FOO}}. As such, they look a lot like templates.

Variables and parser functions can use subst:, just like templates. Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current page (by default), even if the word is added through a transcluded template or included system message.

Переключатели поведения

Переключатели поведения — «волшебные слова», влияющие на оформление страниц в вики.

Выражение Описание Версия
Table of contents
__NOTOC__ Hides the table of contents (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Заставляет содержание подниматься выше определённого уровня (в нулевой секции).
__TOC__ Размещает оглавление в текущую позицию (противоположно «слову» __NOTOC__). Если используется несколько раз, то оглавление вернётся в исходное место на странице.
Редактирование
__NOEDITSECTION__ Hides the section edit links beside headings. This is especially useful, where a heading is created from within a template: the normal wiki section-edit would in this case edit the template code, which is normally counterintuitive to the user. If a template contains multiple headings, it may be necessary to add "__NOEDITSECTION__" after each heading.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Adds a link beside the "edit" tab for adding a new section on a non-talk page (see Adding a section to the end).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Removes the link beside the "edit" tab on pages in talk namespaces.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r47522

Категории
__NOGALLERY__ Используется для категорий, в которые включено большое количество изображений. Это «слово» заменяет изображения на простые ссылки.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

__HIDDENCAT__ Used on a category page, hides the category from the lists of categories in its members and parent categories (there is an option in the user preferences to show them).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13

Преобразование языков
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__
__NOCC__
Запрещает выполнение языковой конвертации содержания на сайтах с языковыми вариантами. Например, будет отображён только китайский (zh), вместо таких вариантов, как zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, или zh_hk.
__NOTITLECONVERT__
__NOTC__
Запрещает выполнение языковой конвертации заголовка на сайтах с языковыми вариантами (прочее содержание будет проходить конверсию).
Разное
__START__ Нет эффекта.
__END__ Обозначает конец страницы, не давая MediaWiki удалить её. Функция удалена, см. 19213.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ Tell search engines to index the page (overrides $wgArticleRobotPolicies, but not robots.txt). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.14

__NOINDEX__ Tell search engines not to index the page (i.e. do not list in search engines' results). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.14
r37973

__STATICREDIRECT__ On redirect pages, don't allow MediaWiki to automatically update the link when someone moves a page and checks "Update any redirects that point to the original title".
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13
r37928

__DISAMBIG__ Marks a page as a disambiguation page and places it in Special:DisambiguationPages, and places inward links in Special:DisambiguationPageLinks. See Extension:Disambiguator. requires Disambiguator extension

Переменные

Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. Variables marked as "[expensive]" are tracked by the software, and the number that can be included on a page is limited.

If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to invoke a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, not the variable.

Дате да жап

The following variables return the current date and time in UTC.

Вследствие кэширования страниц браузером и MediaWiki, эти переменные часто показывают когда страница была закэширована, вместо отображения текущего времени.

The date and time magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, they depend on the page content language.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
Год
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2014 Ий
Текущий месяц
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 04 Тылзе(кече)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} Вӱдшор Кызытсе тылзе (лӱмжӧ)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} Вӱдшор Кызытсе тылзе (в родительном падеже)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} Вӱдшор Кызытсе тылзе (аббревиатур)
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

Кече
{{CURRENTDAY}} 25 Тылзе кече (1..31)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 25 Тылзе кече (с ведущим нулём: 01..31)
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.6

{{CURRENTDOW}} 5 Арня кече (чотпал)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Кугарня Арня кече (лӱмжӧ)
Время
{{CURRENTTIME}} 02:26 Кызытсе жап (24-часовой формат — HH:mm)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 02 Шагат (01..24)
Разное
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 17 Кызытсе арня (чотпал)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20140425022654 Жап ISO 8601 стандарт почеш
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

The following variables do the same as the preceding ones, but using the site's server config or $wgLocaltimezone.

  • {{LOCALYEAR}}
  • {{LOCALMONTH}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAME}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAMEGEN}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHABBREV}}
  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}
  • {{LOCALDAYNAME}}
  • {{LOCALTIME}}
  • {{LOCALHOUR}}
  • {{LOCALWEEK}}
  • {{LOCALTIMESTAMP}}

For more thorough time formatting, you may want to install Extension:ParserFunctions to use the #time parser function.

Технические метаданные

Следующие переменные возвращают значения, связанные с последней правкой текущей статьи, независимо от просматриваемой версии.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
Сайт
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki Имя сайта ($wgSitename)
{{SERVER}} //www.mediawiki.org URL домена ($wgServer)
{{SERVERNAME}} www.mediawiki.org Subdomain and domain name (no longer dependent on $wgServerName as of version 1.17).
{{DIRMARK}}
{{DIRECTIONMARK}}

Outputs a Unicode directional mark that matches the wiki's default language's direction (&lrm; on left-to-right wikis, &rlm; on right-to-left wikis), useful in text with multi-directional text. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7
r14442

{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w относительный путь к скрипту ($wgScriptPath)
{{STYLEPATH}} //bits.wikimedia.org/static-1.24wmf2/skins Relative style path ($wgStylePath).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.16

{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.24wmf2 (63e171e) Версия MediaWiki, на которой работает вики-проект.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7
r14199

{{CONTENTLANGUAGE}}
{{CONTENTLANG}}
en
en
Язык интерфейса по умолчанию ($wgLanguageCode)
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7
r14661

Page
{{PAGEID}} 40987 Returns the page identifier.
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.20
Gerrit change 9858

{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} Регуляция уровня защиты (например, 'autoconfirmed', 'sysop') для определённого уровня (например, 'edit', 'move') на текущей странице, если таковая не защищена обычным способом.
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r45587

Последняя правка статьи
{{REVISIONID}} 952326 Уникальный идентификатор правки
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{REVISIONDAY}} 7 День совершения правки (без ведущего нуля)
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONDAY2}} 07 День совершения правки (с ведущим нулём)
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONMONTH}} 04 Месяц совершения правки (без ведущего нуля)
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 4 Month edit was made (unpadded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r66200

{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2014 Год совершения правки
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20140407142622 Дата совершения правки в формате ISO 8601
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONUSER}}
{{URLENCODE:{{REVISIONUSER}}|WIKI}}
FuzzyBot
FuzzyBot
The username of the user who made the most recent edit to the page, or the current user when previewing an edit.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r48149

{{REVISIONSIZE}} 62438 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the current revision of this page
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.22
Gerrit change 82650

Воздействие на содержимое страницы
{{DISPLAYTITLE:title}} Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed (this can be changed with $wgRestrictDisplayTitle). It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle; disabled by default before 1.10+, enabled by default thereafter.
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORTKEY:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTCATEGORYSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noerror}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noreplace}}
Used for categorizing pages, sets a default category sort key. For example if you put {{DEFAULTSORT:Smith, John}} at the end of John Smith, the page would be sorted under "S" by default in categories. It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple defaultsortkeys are used on one page or to make this defaultsort do nothing if a defaultsort was already specified earlier in the page.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.10


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.19
r96767


(for noerror and noreplace)


Статистик

Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas, dots or spaces, depending on the local language), but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} → 174 080 and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} → 174080).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 174 080 Количество вики-страниц
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 14 311 Number of pages in content namespaces.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 2440 Количество загруженных файлов
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 1 125 795 Общее количество правок.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.10
r21319

{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} Number of page views. Usually useless on a wiki using caching.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.14
r42721

{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 1 484 417 Количество зарегистрированных участников.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 161 Number of users in the sysop group.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} 1272 Number of active users, based on the criteria used in Special:Statistics.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r47392

{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname}}
{{PAGESINCAT:categoryname}}
149
149
[Expensive] Number of pages (including subcategories and files) in the given category.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13
r32932

{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|all}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|pages}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|subcats}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|files}}
149
147
2
0
[Expensive] Respectively, the number of
  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category.

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.20
Gerrit change 12790

{{NUMBERINGROUP:groupname}}
{{NUMINGROUP:groupname}}
30
30
({{NUMBERINGROUP:bureaucrat}} used here)
Number of users in a specific group.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.14
r40116

{{PAGESINNS:index}}
{{PAGESINNAMESPACE:index}}
Not enabled [Expensive] Number of pages in the given namespace (replace index with the relevant namespace index). For instance, {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} will output the number of category pages. {{PAGESINNS:0}} differs from {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} in that the former includes redirects and disambiguation pages. Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

Названия страниц

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/mhr Пространство статей и название страницы
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.6

{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/mhr Название страницы
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Page title of the page in the immediately superior subpage level without the namespace ("Title/foo" on "Help:Title/foo/bar").

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{SUBPAGENAME}} mhr The subpage title ("bar" on "Help:Title/foo/bar").
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.6

{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}}
{{ARTICLEPAGENAME}}
Help:Magic words/mhr
Help:Magic words/mhr
Название основной страницы статьи.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/mhr Название страницы обсуждения статьи
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}}Main Page
Warning Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs 14779, 16474 and 35628. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in #titleparts (parser function).

For example, if page name is "L'Aquila", the following code will produce the string "Numeric char encoding":

{{#switch:{{PAGENAME}}
| L'Aquila = No translation
| L = Not OK
| L&apos;Aquila = Entity escaping
| L&#39;Aquila = Numeric char encoding
}}

URL encoded page names

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):

  • {{FULLPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{PAGENAMEE}}
  • {{BASEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{ARTICLEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{TALKPAGENAMEE}}

Note that {{PAGENAME}}, {{PAGENAMEE}} and {{urlencode:}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.

Пространство имён

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Пространство имён (название)
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 ID of the page's namespace
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.20
Gerrit change 4056

{{SUBJECTSPACE}}
{{ARTICLESPACE}}
Help
Help
Пространство имён для текущей статьи
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Пространство имён для текущей страницы обсуждения
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

Эквиваленты с URL-кодирование:

  • {{NAMESPACEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTSPACEE}}
  • {{TALKSPACEE}}

As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)

Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the ParserFunctions extension. For those see Help:Extension:ParserFunctions.

Technical metadata of another page

Parser function Output
(for page MediaWiki)
оооо Версия
{{PAGEID: page name }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{PAGESIZE: page name }}
{{PAGESIZE: page name |R}}
223
223
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13
r33551

{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action | page name}} autoconfirmed [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.21
r44683

{{REVISIONID: page name }} 740803 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONDAY: page name }} 19 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONDAY2: page name }} 19 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONMONTH: page name }} 07 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONMONTH1: page name }} 7 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONYEAR: page name }} 2013 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: page name }} 20130719172435 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONUSER: page name }} Rxy [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

*When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation, but using the values from the current version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.


URL data

Parser function Input → Output Описание Версия
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name|query_string}}
{{localurl:MediaWiki}} → /wiki/MediaWiki
{{localurl:MediaWiki|printable=yes}} → /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}} → //www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}} → //www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

A protocol-relative path to the title. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.18

{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
{{filepath:Wiki.png}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png

{{filepath:Wiki.png|nowiki}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png
{{filepath:Example.svg|300}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Example.svg/300px-Example.svg.png

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.12
r25854


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.18
r80813

{{urlencode:string}} (or {{urlencode:string|QUERY}})
{{urlencode:string|WIKI}}
{{urlencode:string|PATH}}
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} (or {{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}) → x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}} → x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}} → x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7
r14273

(or
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r64726


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r64726


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r64726

)
{{anchorencode:string}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}} → x_y_z_.C3.A1_.C3.A9 The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.6
r16279


Namespaces

{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

Content namespaces Talk namespaces
Использование Возвращаемое значение Использование Возвращаемое значение
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media
{{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.

Форматирование

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{formatnum:unformatted number}}

{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • Simple:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → 987 654 321,654321
    • {{formatnum:987,654,321.654321|R}}
      → 987.654.321.654321
  • Advanced:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (on any locale)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → 00 001
    • Examples with Hindi locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → 987654321.654321
      • {{formatnum:98,76,54,321.654321 |NOSEP|R}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321

Unsupported:
{{formatnum:{{formatnum:987.654.321}}}}
→ 987 654 321 (e.g. with Italian locale)


Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987.654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987&nbsp;654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (arab, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the wiki's default locale.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers who are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
Warning Warning: Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

Warning Warning: If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

Warning Warning: The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.


If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted).

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13
r32012

{{#dateformat:date}}
{{#formatdate:date}}
{{#dateformat:date|format}}
{{#formatdate:date|format}}

{{#dateformat:25 deC 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 deC 2009 (your pref), 2009 DeC 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 Dec 2009 (default)
{{#dateformat:2009-12-25|mdy}}
Теле 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), DecEmber 25 (default)
Note: In the example hereinbefore, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.

Warning Warning:Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r48249

{{lc:string}} {{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center Строка в нижнем регистре.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{lcfirst:string}} {{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center Строка с первым символом в нижнем регистре.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{uc:string}} {{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM Строка в верхнем регистре.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{ucfirst:string}} {{ucfirst:text TRANSFORM}} → Text TRANSFORM Строка с первым символом в верхнем регистре.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{padleft:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz {{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz {{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)
Ввод (первый параметр) дополняется с левой стороны до указанной ширины (второй параметр) с использованием определённых символов (третий параметр). Если третий параметр не указан, строка дополняется нулями.
bug: мультибайтовые символы определяются, как двухбайтовые.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15 all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{padright:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__ {{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab {{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Аналогично padleft, но дополняет строку с правой стороны.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

See also: Extension:StringFunctions.

Localization

Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the Translate extension.

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

Usage Input → Output Описание Версия
{{plural:2|is|are}} {{plural:0|is|are}} → are
{{plural:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:21 mod 10|is|are}} → is
{{plural:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:2|is|are}} → are
(For Russian)
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}}  → Категории


{{PLURAL:3|страница|страниц|страницы}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страниц|страницы}} → страниц

Outputs the singular form (second parameter) if the first parameter is an expression equalling one; the plural form (third parameter) otherwise. Its functioning is language-dependent.
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7,8,...18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{grammar:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{gender:username|text for unspecified}}

{{gender:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender) A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.

Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined his/her gender, then text if user is male is returned. A blank first parameter ({{gender:|) means the current user. A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r46247

{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: fr • ja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see Help:Magic words#Template modifiers.

Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see bug 14404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.


Прочее

This page is a translated version of a page Help:Magic words and the translation is 40% complete.