Help:Magic words/mhr

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Help:Magic words and the translation is 45% complete.

Other languages:
العربية • ‎català • ‎dansk • ‎Deutsch • ‎Zazaki • ‎English • ‎British English • ‎español • ‎euskara • ‎فارسی • ‎suomi • ‎français • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎ქართული • ‎한국어 • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎олык марий • ‎मराठी • ‎polski • ‎پښتو • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎русский • ‎slovenčina • ‎svenska • ‎தமிழ் • ‎Türkçe • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎中文
PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
PD

«Ю мут MediaWikiште — комбинации текста, управляющие поведением, оформлением той или иной страницы в вики, а также выводящие некоторые полезные переменные из базы данных. Более подробную техническую информацию см. в Manual:Magic words.

There are three general types of magic words:

  • Behavior switches: these are uppercase words surrounded by double underscores, e.g. __FOO__.
  • Variables: these are uppercase words surrounded by double braces, e.g. {{FOO}}. As such, they look a lot like templates.

Variables and parser functions can use subst:, just like templates. Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current page (by default), even if the word is added through a transcluded template or included system message.

Переключатели поведения

Переключатели поведения — «волшебные слова», влияющие на оформление страниц в вики.

Выражение Описание Версия
Вуйлымаш
__NOTOC__ Скрывает оглавление страницы (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Заставляет содержание подниматься выше определённого уровня (в нулевой секции).
__TOC__ Размещает оглавление в текущую позицию (противоположно «слову» __NOTOC__). Если используется несколько раз, то оглавление вернётся в исходное место на странице.
Редактирование
__NOEDITSECTION__ Скрывает ссылки «править» для каждой секции страницы
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Добавляет кнопку («+» по умолчанию) рядом с кнопкой «править» на любых страницах (см. Help:Section#Adding a section at the end).
1.7
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Removes the link beside the "edit" tab on pages in talk namespaces.
1.15
r47522
Категории
__NOGALLERY__ Используется для категорий, в которые включено большое количество изображений. Это «слово» заменяет изображения на простые ссылки.
1.7
__HIDDENCAT__ Используется в категории и позволяет скрыть эту категорию из более старших категорий (в которые включена данная категория) (более подробно — см. настройки участника).
1.13
Преобразование языков
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__
__NOCC__
Запрещает выполнение языковой конвертации содержания на сайтах с языковыми вариантами. Например, будет отображён только китайский (zh), вместо таких вариантов, как zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, или zh_hk.
__NOTITLECONVERT__
__NOTC__
Запрещает выполнение языковой конвертации заголовка на сайтах с языковыми вариантами (прочее содержание будет проходить конверсию).
Разное
__START__ Нет эффекта.
__END__ Обозначает конец страницы, не давая MediaWiki удалить её. Функция удалена, см. 19213.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ Позволяет поисковым системам индексировать страницу (переписывает $wgArticleRobotPolicies, но не robots.txt).

It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.

1.14
__NOINDEX__ Запрещает индексацию страницы поисковыми системами (страница не будет отображена в результатах поиска).

It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.

1.14
r37973
__STATICREDIRECT__ On redirect pages, don't allow MediaWiki to automatically update the link when someone moves a page and checks "Update any redirects that point to the original title" (which requires $wgFixDoubleRedirects).
1.13
r37928
__DISAMBIG__ Marks a page as a disambiguation page and places it in Special:DisambiguationPages, and places inward links in Special:DisambiguationPageLinks. See Extension:Disambiguator. requires Extension:Disambiguator

Переменные

Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. Variables marked as "[expensive]" are tracked by the software, and the number that can be included on a page is limited.

If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to invoke a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, not the variable.

Дате да жап

The following variables return the current date and time in UTC.

Вследствие кэширования страниц браузером и MediaWiki, эти переменные часто показывают когда страница была закэширована, вместо отображения текущего времени.

The date and time magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, they depend on the page content language.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
Год
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2014 Ий
Текущий месяц
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 09 Тылзе(кече)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} Идым Кызытсе тылзе (лӱмжӧ)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} Идым Кызытсе тылзе (в родительном падеже)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} Идым Кызытсе тылзе (аббревиатур)
1.5
Кече
{{CURRENTDAY}} 18 Тылзе кече (1..31)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 18 Тылзе кече (с ведущим нулём: 01..31)
1.6
{{CURRENTDOW}} 4 Арня кече (чотпал)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Изарня Арня кече (лӱмжӧ)
Время
{{CURRENTTIME}} 13:55 Кызытсе жап (24-часовой формат — HH:mm)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 13 Шагат (01..24)
Разное
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 38 Кызытсе арня (чотпал)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20140918135501 Жап ISO 8601 стандарт почеш
1.7

The following variables do the same as the preceding ones, but using the site's server config or $wgLocaltimezone.

  • {{LOCALYEAR}}
  • {{LOCALMONTH}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAME}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAMEGEN}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHABBREV}}
  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}
  • {{LOCALDAYNAME}}
  • {{LOCALTIME}}
  • {{LOCALHOUR}}
  • {{LOCALWEEK}}
  • {{LOCALTIMESTAMP}}

For more thorough time formatting, you may want to install Extension:ParserFunctions to use the #time parser function.

Технические метаданные

Следующие переменные возвращают значения, связанные с последней правкой текущей статьи, независимо от просматриваемой версии.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
Сайт
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki Имя сайта ($wgSitename)
{{SERVER}} //www.mediawiki.org URL домена ($wgServer)
{{SERVERNAME}} www.mediawiki.org доменное имя ($wgServerName)
{{DIRMARK}}
{{DIRECTIONMARK}}

Выводит unicode-символ направления текста, согласно локализации (‎ и ‏, для текста слева-направо и справа-налево, соответственно). Используется для текста с несколькими направлениями.
1.7
r14442
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w относительный путь к скрипту ($wgScriptPath)
{{STYLEPATH}} //bits.wikimedia.org/static-1.24wmf21/skins Relative style path ($wgStylePath).
1.16
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.24wmf21 (3d32233) Версия MediaWiki, на которой работает вики-проект.
1.7
r14199
{{CONTENTLANGUAGE}}
{{CONTENTLANG}}
en
en
Язык интерфейса по умолчанию ($wgLanguageCode)
1.7
r14661
Page
{{PAGEID}} 40987 Returns the page identifier.
1.20
Gerrit change 9858
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} Регуляция уровня защиты (например, 'autoconfirmed', 'sysop') для определённого уровня (например, 'edit', 'move') на текущей странице, если таковая не защищена обычным способом.
1.15
r45587
{{CASCADINGSOURCES}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the current page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
1.23
Gerrit change 104999
Последняя правка статьи
{{REVISIONID}} 1129698 Уникальный идентификатор правки
1.5
{{REVISIONDAY}} 1 День совершения правки (без ведущего нуля)
1.8
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 01 День совершения правки (с ведущим нулём)
1.8
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 09 Месяц совершения правки (без ведущего нуля)
1.8
{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 9 Month edit was made (unpadded number).
1.17
r66200
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2014 Год совершения правки
1.8
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20140901135526 Дата совершения правки в формате ISO 8601
1.8
{{REVISIONUSER}}
{{URLENCODE:{{REVISIONUSER}}|WIKI}}
FuzzyBot
FuzzyBot
The username of the user who made the most recent edit to the page, or the current user when previewing an edit.
1.15
r48149
{{REVISIONSIZE}} 65571 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the current revision of this page
1.22
Gerrit change 82650
Воздействие на содержимое страницы
{{DISPLAYTITLE:title}} Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed (this can be changed with $wgRestrictDisplayTitle). It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle; disabled by default before 1.10+, enabled by default thereafter.

It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple displaytitles are used on one page or to make this displaytitle do nothing if a displaytitle was already specified earlier in the page.

1.7

1.24
Gerrit change 144870

(for noerror and noreplace)
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORTKEY:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTCATEGORYSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noerror}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noreplace}}
Used for categorizing pages, sets a default category sort key. For example if you put {{DEFAULTSORT:Smith , John}} at the end of John Smith, the page would be sorted under "S" by default in categories. It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple defaultsortkeys are used on one page or to make this defaultsort do nothing if a defaultsort was already specified earlier in the page.
1.10

1.19
r96767

(for noerror and noreplace)


Статистик

Числа, возвращаемые этими переменными, содержат разделители разрядов. Для получения неотформатированных чисел используется флаг «:R» (например, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} = 234 740 и {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} = 234740). Для волшебных слов, требующих параметра, таких как PAGESINCATEGORY, используйте «|R» (например, {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} и {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 234 740 Количество вики-страниц
1.7
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 18 550 Количество страниц в основном пространстве
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 2589 Количество загруженных файлов
1.5
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 1 313 195 Общее количество правок.
1.10
r21319
{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} Number of page views. Usually useless on a wiki using caching.
1.14
r42721
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 1 785 495 Количество зарегистрированных участников.
1.7
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 174 Количество участников, входящих в группу sysop. См. права участников.
1.7
{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} 1132 Number of active users, based on the criteria used in Special:Statistics.
1.15
r47392
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname}}
{{PAGESINCAT:categoryname}}
92
92
[Expensive] Number of pages (including subcategories and files) in the given category.
1.13
r32932
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|all}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|pages}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|subcats}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|files}}
92
90
2
0
[Expensive] Respectively, the number of
  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category.

1.20
Gerrit change 12790
{{NUMBERINGROUP:groupname}}
{{NUMINGROUP:groupname}}
31
31
({{NUMBERINGROUP:bureaucrat}} used here)
Число пользователей определённой группы.
1.14
r40116
{{PAGESINNS:index}}
{{PAGESINNAMESPACE:index}}
Not enabled [Expensive] Количество страниц в заданном пространстве имён (замените 2 на ID нужного пространства имён). Запрещено по умолчанию, разрешается через $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions.
1.7

Названия страниц

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/mhr Пространство статей и название страницы
1.6
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/mhr Название страницы
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Название страницы без текущей подстраницы и без указания пространства статей («Статья» на «Статья/test»).

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

1.7
{{SUBPAGENAME}} mhr Название подстраницы («test» на «Страница/test»)
1.6
{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}}
{{ARTICLEPAGENAME}}
Help:Magic words/mhr
Help:Magic words/mhr
Название основной страницы статьи.
1.7
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/mhr Название страницы обсуждения статьи
1.7

The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}}Main Page
Warning Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs 14779, 16474, 35628, and 35746. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in #titleparts (parser function).

For example, if page name is "L'Aquila", the following code will produce the string "Numeric char encoding":

{{#switch:{{PAGENAME}}
| L'Aquila = No translation
| L = Not OK
| L'Aquila = Entity escaping
| L'Aquila = Numeric char encoding
}}

URL encoded page names

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):

  • {{FULLPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{PAGENAMEE}}
  • {{BASEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{ARTICLEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{TALKPAGENAMEE}}

Note that {{PAGENAME:...}}, {{PAGENAMEE:...}} and {{urlencode:...}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.

Пространство имён

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Пространство имён (название)
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 ID of the page's namespace
1.20
Gerrit change 4056
{{SUBJECTSPACE}}
{{ARTICLESPACE}}
Help
Help
Пространство имён для текущей статьи
1.7
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Пространство имён для текущей страницы обсуждения
1.7

Эквиваленты с URL-кодирование:

  • {{NAMESPACEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTSPACEE}}
  • {{TALKSPACEE}}

As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)

Other

Variable Output Description Versions
{{!}} | Used to include a pipe character as part of a template argument. Before this was added as a magic word, many wikis implemented this by creating Template:! with | as the content.
1.24
Gerrit change 136234

Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the Extension:ParserFunctions. For those see Help:Extension:ParserFunctions.

Technical metadata of another page

Parser function Output
(for page MediaWiki)
оооо Версия
{{PAGEID: page name }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{PAGESIZE: page name }}
{{PAGESIZE: page name |R}}
157
157
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
1.13
r33551
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action | page name}} sysop [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
1.21
r44683
{{CASCADINGSOURCES:

page name}}

[Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the specified page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
1.23
Gerrit change 104999
{{REVISIONID: page name }} 1083211 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY: page name }} 30 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY2: page name }} 30 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH: page name }} 07 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH1: page name }} 7 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONYEAR: page name }} 2014 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: page name }} 20140730192653 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONUSER: page name }} Steinsplitter [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
*When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation, but using the values from the current version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.


URL data

Parser function Input → Output Описание Версия
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name|query_string}}
{{localurl:MediaWiki}} → /wiki/MediaWiki
{{localurl:MediaWiki|printable=yes}} → /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}} → //www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}} → //www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

A protocol-relative path to the title. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
1.5
{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
1.18
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
{{filepath:Wiki.png}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png

{{filepath:Wiki.png|nowiki}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png
{{filepath:Example.svg|300}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Example.svg/300px-Example.svg.png

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.
1.12
r25854

1.18
r80813
{{urlencode:string}} (or {{urlencode:string|QUERY}})
{{urlencode:string|WIKI}}
{{urlencode:string|PATH}}
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} (or {{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}) → x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}} → x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}} → x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions.
1.7
r14273
(or
1.17
r64726

1.17
r64726

1.17
r64726
)
{{anchorencode:string}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}} → x_y_z_.C3.A1_.C3.A9 The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).
1.6
r16279

Namespaces

{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

Content namespaces Talk namespaces
Использование Возвращаемое значение Использование Возвращаемое значение
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media
{{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.

Форматирование

Переменная Возвращаемое значение Описание Версия
{{formatnum:unformatted number}}

{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • Simple:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → 987 654 321,654321
    • {{formatnum:987,654,321.654321|R}}
      → 987.654.321.654321
  • Advanced:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (on any locale)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → 00 001
    • Examples with Hindi locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → 987654321.654321
      • {{formatnum:98,76,54,321.654321 |NOSEP|R}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321

Unsupported:
{{formatnum:{{formatnum:987.654.321}}}}
→ 987 654 321 (e.g. with Italian locale)


Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987.654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (arab, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the wiki's default locale.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers who are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
Warning Warning:  Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

Warning Warning:  If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

Warning Warning:  The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.


If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted).

1.7

1.13
r32012

{{#dateformat:date}}
{{#formatdate:date}}
{{#dateformat:date|format}}
{{#formatdate:date|format}}

{{#dateformat:25 deC 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 deC 2009 (your pref), 2009 DeC 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 Dec 2009 (default)
{{#dateformat:2009-12-25|mdy}}
Теле 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), DecEmber 25 (default)
Note: In the example hereinbefore, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.

Warning Warning: Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).

1.15
r48249
{{lc:string}} {{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center Строка в нижнем регистре.
1.5
{{lcfirst:string}} {{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center Строка с первым символом в нижнем регистре.
1.5
{{uc:string}} {{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM Строка в верхнем регистре.
1.5
{{ucfirst:string}} {{ucfirst:text TRANSFORM}} → Text TRANSFORM Строка с первым символом в верхнем регистре.
1.5
{{padleft:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz {{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz {{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)
Ввод (первый параметр) дополняется с левой стороны до указанной ширины (второй параметр) с использованием определённых символов (третий параметр). Если третий параметр не указан, строка дополняется нулями.
bug: мультибайтовые символы определяются, как двухбайтовые.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15 all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.

1.8
{{padright:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__ {{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab {{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Аналогично padleft, но дополняет строку с правой стороны.
1.8

See also: Extension:StringFunctions.

Localization

Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the Extension:Translate.

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

Usage Input → Output Описание Версия
{{plural:2|is|are}} {{plural:0|is|are}} → are
{{plural:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:21 mod 10|is|are}} → is
{{plural:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:2|is|are}} → are
(For Russian)
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}}  → Категории


{{PLURAL:3|страница|страниц|страницы}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страниц|страницы}} → страниц

Outputs the singular form (second parameter) if the first parameter is an expression equalling one; the plural form (third parameter) otherwise. Its functioning is language-dependent.
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7,8,...18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{grammar:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms.
1.7
{{gender:username|text for every gender}}

{{gender:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender) A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.

Note: The first example is basically a no-op
Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined his/her gender, then text if user is male is returned.
A blank username field ({{gender:|) means the current user.
A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

1.15
r46247
{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: fr • ja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see Help:Magic words#Template modifiers.

Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see bug 14404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.

Прочее