Help:Mots magiques

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PD Note : lorsque vous modifiez cette page, vous acceptez de libérer votre contribution en vertu de CC0. Voir Public Domain Help Pages pour plus d'informations.
PD

Les mots magiques sont des chaînes textuelles que MediaWiki associe à une valeur ou à une fonction, comme l'heure, des détails sur le site, ou des noms de page. Cette page concerne l'utilisation des mots magiques ; pour une référence technique, voir Manual:Magic words.

Il y a trois types globaux de mots magiques :

exemple : __FOO__.

  • Variables : ce sont des mots écrits en capitales et encadrés de doubles accolades.

exemple : {{FOO}}. Sous cette forme ils ressemblent vraiment aux modèles.

Les variables et les fonctions de parseur peuvent fonctionner avec subst:, tout comme les modèles. Les pages qui utilisent ces mots magiques seront affectées ou retourneront la page en cours (par défaut), et ce même si le mot est ajouté via un modèle transclus ou un message système inclus.

Les sélecteurs de comportement

Un sélecteur de comportement contrôle l'architecture ou le comportement de la page, et peut tout aussi bien être utilisé pour spécifier des omissions volontaires et des inclusions dans le contenu.

Mot Description Versions
Table des matières
__NOTOC__ Masque la table des matières (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Force la table des matières à apparaître à sa place normale (avant le premier titre).
__TOC__ Place la table des matières à la position du mot en cours (est prioritaire sur __NOTOC__). Dans le cas où cette commande est utilisée plus d'une fois, la table des matières apparaîtra à l'emplacement du premier mot.
Modification
__NOEDITSECTION__ Cache le lien qui, à côté d'un titre de section, permet normalement de modifier juste cette section. C'est particulièrement utile quand une rubrique est créée depuis un modèle : dans un tel cas le lien normal de modification du wiki afficherait le code source du modèle, ce qui est contre-intuitif pour l'utilisateur. Si un modèle contient plusieurs sections, il sera peut-être nécessaire d'ajouter __NOEDITSECTION__ après chacune d'elles.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Ajoute un lien à côté de l'onglet Modifier pour créer une nouvelle section, sauf dans une page de discussion (voir Ajouter une section en fin de page).
1.7
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Supprime le lien à côté de l'onglet Modifier sur les pages dans les espaces de noms de discussion.
1.15
r47522
Catégories
__NOGALLERY__ Utilisé dans une page de catégorie, remplace les miniatures par des liens normaux
1.7
__HIDDENCAT__ Utilisé dans une page de catégorie, efface la catégorie de la liste de ses sous-catégories et de ses catégories parents (il y a une option dans préférences de l'utilisateur pour

l'afficher)

1.13
Traduction
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__
__NOCC__
Sur les wikis ayant des variantes de langage, n'applique pas la traduction d'une langue à l'autre dans l'affichage de l'article. Par exemple, ne montrer que le Chinois (zh) au lieu des variantes telles que zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, ou zh_hk.
__NOTITLECONVERT__
__NOTC__
Sur les wikis ayant des variantes de langage, n'applique pas la traduction d'une langue à l'autre au titre (tout autre contenu est traduit)
Autre
__START__ Sans effet
__END__ Marque explicitement la fin de l'article, empêchant ainsi MediaWiki de retirer les blancs superflus. Supprimé dans 19213.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ Informe les moteurs de recherche d'indexer cette page (surpasse $wgArticleRobotPolicies, mais pas robots.txt). Il est régit par la variable $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl
1.14
__NOINDEX__ Tell search engines not to index the page (i.e. do not list in search engines' results). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
1.14
r37973
__STATICREDIRECT__ Sur les pages de redirection, empêche MediaWiki de mettre à jour automatiquement le lien quand quelqu'un déplace une page et vérifie "Update any redirects that point to the original title" (ce qui nécessite $wgFixDoubleRedirects).
1.13
r37928
__DISAMBIG__ Marks a page as a disambiguation page and places it in Special:DisambiguationPages, and places inward links in Special:DisambiguationPageLinks. See Extension:Disambiguator. Nécessite Extension:Disambiguator

Variables

Les variables retournent les informations à propos de la page courante, du wiki ou de la date. Leur syntaxe est similaire à ces modèles. Les variables indiquées par "[expensive]" sont repérées par le logiciel, et le nombre de ces variables inclues dans la page est limité.

S'il y a un conflit entre le nom d'un modèle et une variable, c'est la variable qui sera utilisée (donc pour transcoder le modèle Template:PAGENAME, il faudra écrire {{Template:PAGENAME}}). Dans certains cas, des paramètres additionnels, forceront le passer à appeler le modèle. Par exemple, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcode Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, et non pas le modèle.

Date et heure

Les variables suivantes renvoient l'heure et la date actuelles dans UTC.

A cause de MediaWiki et du cache du navigateur, ces variables apparaissent fréquemment quand la page a été cachée plutôt que la date actuelle.

Les mots clés date et temps sont formatés au sein du contenu du langage wiki depuis 1.19. Ils se basent sur page content language.

Variable Sorties Description Versions
Année
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2015 Année
Mois
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 04 Mois (nombre précédé d'un 0 non significatif)
{{CURRENTMONTH1}} 4 Month (non-zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} avril Mois (nom)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} avril Mois (genitive form)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} avr Mois (abréviation)
1.5
Jour
{{CURRENTDAY}} 21 Jour du mois (sans chiffres non-significatifs)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 21 Jour du mois (nombre précédé d'un 0 non significatif)
1.6
{{CURRENTDOW}} 2 Jour de la semaine (sans chiffre significatifs), allant de 0 (pour le dimanche) au 6 (pour le samedi)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} mardi Jour de la semaine (nom)
Heure
{{CURRENTTIME}} 09:51 Temps (Format HH:mm 24 h)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 09 Heure (format 24h et précédé d'un 0 non significatif)
Autre
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 17 Semaine (nombre)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20150421095105 YYYYMMDDHHmmss temps actuel
1.7

Les variables suivantes font exactement la même chose que les précédentes mais en utilisant la configuration du serveur du site ou $wgLocaltimezone.

  • {{LOCALYEAR}}
  • {{LOCALMONTH}}
  • {{LOCALMONTH1}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAME}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAMEGEN}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHABBREV}}
  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}
  • {{LOCALDAYNAME}}
  • {{LOCALTIME}}
  • {{LOCALHOUR}}
  • {{LOCALWEEK}}
  • {{LOCALTIMESTAMP}}

Pour avoir plus d'informations sur le formatage du temps, il vous faudra installer Extension:ParserFunctions pour utiliser le #time parser function.

Metadonnées techniques

Note: Les variables de révisions renvoient des données à propos de la dernière édition jusqu'à la page actuelle, même si on regarde une ancienne version de la page.

Variable Sortie Description Versions
Site
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki Le nom du site du wiki ($wgSitename).
{{SERVER}} //www.mediawiki.org Domaine URL ($wgServer).
{{SERVERNAME}} www.mediawiki.org Subdomain and domain name (no longer dependent on $wgServerName as of version 1.17).
{{DIRMARK}}
{{DIRECTIONMARK}}

Outputs a Unicode directional mark that matches the wiki's default language's direction (‎ on left-to-right wikis, ‏ on right-to-left wikis), useful in text with multi-directional text. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.
1.7
r14442
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w Relative script path ($wgScriptPath).
{{STYLEPATH}} //bits.wikimedia.org/static-1.26wmf2/skins Relative style path ($wgStylePath).
1.16
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.26wmf2 (4221b6c) The wiki's MediaWiki version.
1.7
r14199
{{CONTENTLANGUAGE}}
{{CONTENTLANG}}
en
en
The wiki's default interface language ($wgLanguageCode).
1.7
r14661
Page
{{PAGEID}} 40101 Returns the page identifier.
1.20
Gerrit change 9858
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the current page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
1.15
r45587
{{CASCADINGSOURCES}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the current page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
1.23
Gerrit change 104999
Latest revision to current page
{{REVISIONID}} 1559104 Unique revision ID.
1.5
{{REVISIONDAY}} 21 Day edit was made (unpadded number).
1.8
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 21 Day edit was made (zero-padded number).
1.8
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 04 Month edit was made (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
1.8
{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 4 Month edit was made (unpadded number).
1.17
r66200
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2015 Année où l'édition a été effectué
1.8
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20150421003955 Timestamp as of time of edit.
1.8
{{REVISIONUSER}}
{{URLENCODE:{{REVISIONUSER}}|WIKI}}
FuzzyBot
FuzzyBot
The username of the user who made the most recent edit to the page, or the current user when previewing an edit.
1.15
r48149
{{REVISIONSIZE}} 67232 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the current revision of this page
1.22
Gerrit change 82650
Affects page content
{{DISPLAYTITLE:titre}} Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed (this can be changed with $wgRestrictDisplayTitle). It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle; disabled by default before 1.10+, enabled by default thereafter.

It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple displaytitles are used on one page or to make this displaytitle do nothing if a displaytitle was already specified earlier in the page.

1.7

1.24
Gerrit change 144870

(for noerror and noreplace)
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORTKEY:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTCATEGORYSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noerror}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noreplace}}
Used for categorizing pages, sets a default category sort key. For example if you put {{DEFAULTSORT:Smith , John}} at the end of John Smith, the page would be sorted under "S" by default in categories. It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple defaultsortkeys are used on one page or to make this defaultsort do nothing if a defaultsort was already specified earlier in the page.
1.10

1.19
r96767

(for noerror and noreplace)

Statistiques

Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas, dots or spaces, depending on the local language), but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} → 369 089 and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} → 369089).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 369 089 Number of wiki pages.
1.7
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 27 347 Number of pages in content namespaces.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 2 748 Nombre de fichiers téléversés
1.5
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 1 655 807 Number of wiki edits.
1.10
r21319
{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} Number of page views. Usually useless on a wiki using caching. Removed in Gerrit change 150699.
1.14 – 1.24
r42721
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 2 273 539 Number of registered users.
1.7
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 175 Number of users in the sysop group.
1.7
{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} 1 231 Number of active users, based on the criteria used in Special:Statistics.
1.15
r47392
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname}}
{{PAGESINCAT:categoryname}}
94
94
[Expensive] Number of pages (including subcategories and files) in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)
1.13
r32932
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|all}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|pages}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|subcats}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|files}}
94
89
2
3
[Expensive] Respectively, the number of
  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)

1.20
Gerrit change 12790
{{NUMBERINGROUP:groupname}}
{{NUMINGROUP:groupname}}
32
32
({{NUMBERINGROUP:bureaucrat}} used here)
Number of users in a specific group.
1.14
r40116
{{PAGESINNS:index}}
{{PAGESINNAMESPACE:index}}
Not enabled [Expensive] Number of pages in the given namespace (replace index with the relevant namespace index). For instance, {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} will output the number of category pages. {{PAGESINNS:0}} differs from {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} in that the former includes redirects and disambiguation pages. Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions.
1.7

Page names

Variable Output Description Versions
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/fr Namespace and full page title (including all subpage levels).
1.6
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/fr Full page title (including all subpage levels) without the namespace.
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Page title of the page in the immediately superior subpage level without the namespace ("Title/foo" on "Help:Title/foo/bar").

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

1.7
{{SUBPAGENAME}} fr The subpage title ("bar" on "Help:Title/foo/bar").
1.6
{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}}
{{ARTICLEPAGENAME}}
Help:Magic words/fr
Help:Magic words/fr
Full page name of the associated subject (e.g. article or file). Useful on talk pages.
1.7
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/fr Full page name of the associated talk page.
1.7
{{ROOTPAGENAME}} Magic words Name of the root of the current page. Would return Title on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar
1.22

The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}}Main Page
Warning Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs 14779, 16474, 35628, and 35746. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in #titleparts (parser function).

For example, if page name is "L'Aquila", the following code will produce the string "Numeric char encoding":

{{#switch:{{PAGENAME}}
| L'Aquila = No translation
| L = Not OK
| L'Aquila = Entity escaping
| L'Aquila = Numeric char encoding
}}

URL encoded page names

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):

  • {{FULLPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{PAGENAMEE}}
  • {{BASEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{ARTICLEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{TALKPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{ROOTPAGENAMEE}}

Note that {{PAGENAME:...}}, {{PAGENAMEE:...}} and {{urlencode:...}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.

Espaces de noms

Variable Output Description Versions
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Name of the page's namespace
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 ID of the page's namespace
1.20
Gerrit change 4056
{{SUBJECTSPACE}}
{{ARTICLESPACE}}
Help
Help
Name of the associated content namespace
1.7
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Name of the associated talk namespace
1.7

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (spaces replaced with underscores and some characters percent-encoded):

  • {{NAMESPACEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTSPACEE}}
  • {{ARTICLESPACEE}}
  • {{TALKSPACEE}}

As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)

Other

Variable Output Description Versions
{{!}} | Used to include a pipe character as part of a template argument. Before this was added as a magic word, many wikis implemented this by creating Template:! with | as the content.
1.24
Gerrit change 136234

Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the Extension:ParserFunctions. For those see Help:Extension:ParserFunctions/fr.

Technical metadata of another page

Parser function Output
(for page MediaWiki)
Description Versions
{{PAGEID: page name }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{PAGESIZE: page name }}
{{PAGESIZE: page name |R}}
157
157
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
1.13
r33551
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action | nom de la page}} sysop [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
1.21
r44683
{{CASCADINGSOURCES:

page name}}

[Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the specified page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
1.23
Gerrit change 104999
{{REVISIONID: nom de la page }} 1446376 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY: nom de la page }} 16 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY2: nom de la page }} 16 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH: nom de la page }} 03 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH1: nom de la page }} 3 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONYEAR: nom de la page }} 2015 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: nom de la page }} 20150316021645 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONUSER: nom de la page }} Ruy Pugliesi [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
1.23
Gerrit change 76534
*When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation, but using the values from the current version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.

URL data

Parser function Input → Output Description Versions
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name
|query_string}}
{{localurl:MediaWiki}}
→ /wiki/MediaWiki
{{localurl:MediaWiki|printable=yes}}
→ /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name
|query_string}}

{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name
|query_string}}
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}}
→ //www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}
→ //www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit
https:{{fullurl:s:Electra|action=edit}}
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Electra?action=edit
https:{{fullurl:s:es:Electra|action=edit}}
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/es:Electra?action=edit

A protocol-relative path to the title. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
1.5
{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name
|query_string}}

{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name
|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}
http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}
http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
1.18
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
{{filepath:Wiki.png}}
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png

{{filepath:Wiki.png|nowiki}}
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png
{{filepath:Example.svg|300}}
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Example.svg/300px-Example.svg.png

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.
1.12
r25854

1.18
r80813
{{urlencode:string}} or
{{urlencode:string|QUERY}}
{{urlencode:string|WIKI}}
{{urlencode:string|PATH}}
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}}
→ x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions.
Encoding
code space
 none  + 
QUERY  + 
 WIKI  _ 
 PATH %20
1.7
r14273
(or
1.17
r64726

1.17
r64726

1.17
r64726
)
{{anchorencode:chaîne}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}}
→ x_y_z_.C3.A1_.C3.A9
The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).
1.6
r16279

Espaces de noms

{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

Content namespaces Talk namespaces
Utilisation Output Utilisation Output
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media {{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
(no talk page)
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.

Formatting

Usage Input → Output Description Version
{{formatnum:unformatted number}}

{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • Simple:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → 987 654 321,654321
    • {{formatnum:987,654,321.654321|R}}
      → 987.654.321.654321
  • Advanced:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (on any locale)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → 00 001
    • Examples with Hindi locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → 987654321.654321
      • {{formatnum:98,76,54,321.654321 |NOSEP|R}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321

Unsupported:
{{formatnum:{{formatnum:987.654.321}}}}
→ 987 654 321 (e.g. with Italian locale)


Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987.654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (arab, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the wiki's default locale.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers who are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
Avertissement Avertissement: Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

Avertissement Avertissement: If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

Avertissement Avertissement: The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.


If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted).

1.7

1.13
r32012

{{#dateformat:date}}
{{#formatdate:date}}
{{#dateformat:date|format}}
{{#formatdate:date|format}}

{{#dateformat:25 dec 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 dec 2009 (your pref), 2009 Dec 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 Dec 2009 (default)
{{#dateformat:2009-12-25|mdy}}
décembre 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), DecEmber 25 (default)
Note: In the example hereinbefore, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.

Avertissement Avertissement: Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).

1.15
r48249
{{lc:string}} {{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center The lowercase input.
1.5
{{lcfirst:string}} {{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center The input with the very first character lowercase.
1.5
{{uc:string}} {{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM The uppercase input.
1.5
{{ucfirst:string}} {{ucfirst:text TRANSFORM}} → Text TRANSFORM The input with the very first character uppercase.
1.5
{{padleft:xyz|stringlength}}

{{padleft:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|string}}

{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz

{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz
{{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)

Inserts a string of padding characters (character chosen in third parameter; default "0") of a specified length (second parameter) next to a chosen base character or variable (first parameter). The final digits or characters in the base replace the final characters in the padding; i.e. {{padleft:44|3|0}} produces 044. The padding string may be truncated if its length does not evenly divide the required number of characters.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15 all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.

1.8
{{padright:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__
{{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab
{{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Identical to padleft, but adds padding characters to the right side.
1.8

See also: Extension:StringFunctions.

Internationalisation

Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the Extension:Translate.

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

Utilisation Input → Output Description Version
{{plural:2|is|are}} {{plural:0|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:21 mod 10|is|are}} → are
{{plural:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:2|is|are}} → are
(For Russian)
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}}  → Категории


{{PLURAL:3|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страниц

Outputs the singular form (second parameter) if the first parameter is an expression equalling one; the plural form (third parameter) otherwise. Its functioning is language-dependent.
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7,8,...18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{grammar:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms.
1.7
{{gender:username|text for every gender}}

{{gender:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender) A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.

Note: The first example is basically a no-op
Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined his/her gender, then text if user is male is returned.
A blank username field ({{gender:|) means the current user.
A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

1.15
r46247
{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: frja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see the Transclusion modifiers section.

Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see bug 14404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.

Transclusion modifiers

{{Page name|optional params}} usually transcludes another page, by default from the Template:namespace. These magic words modify that behavior.

Miscellaneous