Help:格式化文本

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Formatting and the translation is 35% complete.

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PD Note: When you edit this page, you agree to release your contribution under the CC0. See Public Domain Help Pages for more info.
PD

大家可以使用维基标记符号来格式化输入的内容。这些符号包括了诸如:星号,引号,等号等有特殊功能的符号。比如为了使一个词语变为 斜体 就需要使用一对双引号来实现: ''这样''

文本格式化标记[edit | edit source]

描述 用户键入 输出效果
Character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
斜体文字
''斜体''

斜体

粗体文字
'''粗体'''

粗体

粗斜体
'''''粗斜体'''''

粗斜体

删除文本
<strike> 删除文本 </strike>
删除文本
注释掉wiki标记
<nowiki>没有''标记''</nowiki>

没有''标记''

注释掉wiki标记一次
[[Special:MyLanguage/API:Main page|API]]<nowiki/> extension

API extension

Section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
不同等级的标题
== 2级标题 ==

=== 3级标题 ===

==== 4级标题 ====

===== 5级标题 =====

====== 6级标题 ======

2级标题

3级标题

4级标题

5级标题
6级标题
Horizontal rule
之前文本
----
之后文本

之前文本


之后文本

无序列表
* Start each line
* with an [[Wikipedia:asterisk|asterisk]] (*).
** More asterisks give deeper
*** and deeper levels.
* Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
*** But jumping levels creates empty space.
Any other start ends the list.
  • Start each line
  • with an asterisk (*).
    • More asterisks give deeper
      • and deeper levels.
  • Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      • But jumping levels creates empty space.

Any other start ends the list.

有序列表
# Start each line
# with a [[Wikipedia:Number_sign|number sign]] (#).
## More number signs give deeper
### and deeper
### levels.
# Line breaks <br />don't break levels.
### But jumping levels creates empty space.
# Blank lines

# end the list and start another.
Any other start also
ends the list.
  1. Start each line
  2. with a number sign (#).
    1. More number signs give deeper
      1. and deeper
      2. levels.
  3. Line breaks
    don't break levels.
      1. But jumping levels creates empty space.
  4. Blank lines
  1. end the list and start another.

Any other start also ends the list.

Definition list
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2
item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Indent text
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent

This workaround may harm accessibility.
Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this looks like a continuation
#: and is often used
#: instead <br />of <nowiki><br /></nowiki>
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

The usage of #: and *: for breaking a line within an item may also harm accessibility.
  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this looks like a continuation
    and is often used
    instead
    of <br />
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2
Preformatted text
 Start each line with a space.
 Text is '''preformatted''' and
 ''markups'' '''''can''''' be done.

This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting. Character formatting markups are still effective.
Start each line with a space.
Text is preformatted and
markups can be done.
Preformatted text blocks
 <nowiki>Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.
 
This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """documentation string"""

    if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False</nowiki>
Start with a space in the first column,
(before the <nowiki>).

Then your block format will be
    maintained.

This is good for copying in code blocks:

def function():
    """documentation string"""

    if True:
        print True
    else:
        print False

Paragraphs[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tag <br />.

HTML tags[edit | edit source]

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
Inserted
(Displays as underline in most browsers)
<ins>Inserted</ins>

或

<u>下划线</u>

Inserted

下划线

Deleted
(Displays as strikethrough in most browsers)
<s>Struck out</s>

或

<del>已删除</del>

Struck out

已删除

Fixed width text
<code>源代码</code>

或

<tt>Fixed width text</tt>

源代码

Fixed width text

Blockquotes
Text before
<blockquote>Blockquote</blockquote>
Text after

Text before

Blockquote

Text after

Comment
<!-- This is a comment -->
Comments are visible only 
in the edit zone.

Comments are visible only in the edit zone.

Completely preformatted text
<pre>Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done</pre>

For marking up of preformatted text, check the "Preformatted text" entry at the end of the previous table.
Text is '''preformatted''' and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
Customized preformatted text
<pre style="color: red">Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done
</pre>

A CSS style can be named within the style property.
Text is '''preformatted''' 
with a style and 
''markups'' '''''cannot''''' be done

continued:

Description You type You get
Customized preformatted text with text wrap according to available width
<pre style="white-space: pre-wrap; 
white-space: -moz-pre-wrap; 
white-space: -pre-wrap; 
white-space: -o-pre-wrap; 
word-wrap: break-word;">
This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.
</pre>
This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.
Preformatted text with text wrap according to available width
<code>
This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.
</code>

This long sentence is used to demonstrate text wrapping. This additional sentence makes the text even longer.

Inserting symbols[edit | edit source]

Symbols and other special characters not available on your keyboard can be inserted through a special sequence of characters. Those sequences are called HTML entities. For example, the following sequence (entity) &rarr; when inserted will be shown as right arrow HTML symbol → and &mdash; when inserted will be shown as an em dash HTML symbol —.


Hover over any character to find out the symbol that it produces. Some symbols not available in the current font will appear as empty squares.
HTML symbol entities
Á á Â â ´ Æ æ À à Α α & Å å Ã ã Ä ä Β β ¦ Ç ç ¸ ¢
Χ χ ˆ © ¤ ° Δ δ ÷ É é Ê ê È è Ε ε Η η
Ð ð Ë ë ƒ ½ ¼ ¾ Γ γ > Í í Î î ¡ Ì ì Ι ι
¿ Ï ï Κ κ Λ λ « < ¯ µ · Μ μ  
¬ Ñ ñ Ν ν Ó ó Ô ô Œ œ Ò ò Ω ω Ο ο ª º Ø ø Õ õ Ö
ö Φ φ Π π ϖ ± £ Ψ ψ " » ® Ρ ρ
Š š § ­ Σ σ ς ¹ ² ³ ß Τ τ Θ θ ϑ Þ þ ˜
× Ú ú Û û Ù ù ¨ ϒ Υ υ Ü ü Ξ ξ Ý ý ¥ ÿ Ÿ Ζ ζ
Description You type You get
Copyright symbol
&copy;

©
Greek delta letter symbol
&delta;

δ
Euro currency symbol
&euro;

See the list of all HTML entities on the Wikipedia article List of HTML entities. Additionally, MediaWiki supports two non-standard entity reference sequences: &רלמ; and &رلم; which are both considered equivalent to &rlm; which is a right-to-left mark. (Used when combining right to left languages with left to right languages in the same page.)

HTML tags and symbol entities displayed themselves (with and without interpreting them)[edit | edit source]

&amp;euro;  → &euro;
<span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>  → Typo to be corrected
&lt;span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>  → <span style="color: red; text-decoration: line-through;">Typo to be corrected</span>

Nowiki for HTML[edit | edit source]

<nowiki /> can prohibit (HTML) tags:

  • <<nowiki />pre>  → <pre>

But not & symbol escapes:

  • &<nowiki />amp;  → &

To print & symbol escapes as text, use "&amp;" to replace the "&" character (eg. type "&amp;nbsp;", which results in "&nbsp;").

Other formatting[edit | edit source]

Beyond the text formatting markup shown hereinbefore, here are some other formatting references:

You can find more references at Help:Contents.