阅读/网页/桌面版改进/资料库/维基皮肤的改进

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This page is a translated version of the page Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Repository/A History of Wiki Skins and the translation is 16% complete.
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此页面尝试记录维基媒体站点开发皮肤的历史记录。 它不会尝试覆盖所有现有的或先前的皮肤,而是覆盖最有影响力和最重要的部分。 他不会覆盖数量非常多的维基媒体运动以外的皮肤。 每个部分都试图提供这些努力的目标、成果和遗产的简短摘要,这是整个社区对这些努力的感想。提供链接以使不同的计划具体化。

2002年:最初的Standard(又称Classic)

Dantman-Skin-standard.png

Goals: Well, we have to start somewhere. :)

Outcomes: This is the initial appearance of MediaWiki, before skins were introduced. It resembled the look of the Phase II software, which itself was designed to look like UseMod.

Legacy: A persistent sidebar and the site logo in the upper left (in LTR languages). Humorously, the search box is also in the upper right corner like in Vector (in Monobook, the search box was moved to within the sidebar)

Links:

2003年:科隆香水蓝(Cologne Blue)

Dantman-Skin-cologneblue.png

Goals:

Outcomes: Bundled with MediaWiki until version 1.31. Available to Wikimedia wikis from 2003 to today.

Legacy: It was hidden from user preferences in 2019 (phab:T223824) but is still usable.

Links:

2004年:Monobook的曙光

Jawiki Monobook 20171129.png
Monobook is named after the black-and-white photo of a book located in the background of the page header.

Goals: Introduce the concept of "skinning" MediaWiki, and modernize the design to be clearer and more organized for readers.

Outcomes:

Legacy: Still an actively used skin, particularly by editors who have been around the longest.

Links:

2008年:现代(Modern)

Dantman-Skin-modern.png

Goals: A skin derived from Monobook to use on the toolserver wiki.

Outcomes: Bundled with MediaWiki until version 1.30. Available to Wikimedia wikis from 2008 to today.

Legacy: Like Cologne Blue, it's a zombie skin. Not much support or use, but still around.

Links:

2008年:Ruby,第一个移动前端

Goals: The first mobile gateway was written in Ruby by Hampton Catlin (creator of Haml and Sass)

Outcomes: Hey look, we have a mobile-formatted site!

Legacy: Eventually evolved into MobileFrontend

Links:

2009年:维基百科可用性倡议

Goals: "The goal of this initiative is to measurably increase the usability of Wikipedia for new contributors by improving the underlying software on the basis of user behavioral studies, thereby reducing barriers to public participation."

Outcomes: Vector

Legacy: Vector

Links:

2010年:Vector:首个基金会牵头的皮肤

Goals: Implement learnings from usability initiative.

Outcomes: One of the largest WMF-led initiatives to change the user-interface.

Legacy: Love it or hate it, it's seen so much code change as to be indomitable.

  • You're seeing this right now, probably

Links:

2011年:“移动网站重写”:MobileFrontend

In 2010, Ethan Marcotte wrote one of the first essays on "Responsive Web Design" and coined the term. RWD is "an approach to web design that makes web pages render well on a variety of devices and window or screen sizes." See also a Wikipedia article about RWD.

Goals:

Outcomes:

Legacy:

Links:

2012年:Athena

Goals: A prototype created by designer Brandon Harris to re-think the mobile site for contributors. You should watch the video linked on the project page for more context.

Outcomes: A first go at a unified, responsive, "mobile-first" skin for both desktop and mobile.

Legacy: General positive feelings, but never turned into a production skin.

Links:

2013年:VectorBeta测试功能

Goals: The VectorBeta extension was the first implementation of Beta features for the Vector skin.

Outcomes: Enabled users to test typography experiments, compact personal tools, and fixed header.

Legacy: Evolved into the current Beta features. This became a frequently (but inconsistency) used way of allowing desktop users to try out new features before making them available to all.

Links:

2013年:废除过时的皮肤

Goals:

Outcomes: Five skins without active maintainers were turned off on Wikimedia sites.

Legacy:

Links:

2014年:Winter来了

Goals: A set of modules for experimenting with changes. Currently six of which are used as examples thought to be good ideas by the driver of the project, Brandon Harris (Jorm)

Outcomes: Jorm left the Foundation and the project stopped.

Legacy:

Links:

2014年:版式更新

Goals: Updates to Wikimedia's default typography, aiming to improve the readability, consistency, availability, and accessibility.

Outcomes: Was initially a beta feature that logged-in users could opt into. When deployed, not all items from the Beta feature were carried over. During development, the project added many little changes with some technical issues. Product teams did not wait long enough to see if users would get used to changes. Other non-typography-related changes were included (thumbnail appearance, fix-width content, removing numbering from Table of Contents). Some font changes were problematic, they did not work in some languages, particularly in Indic languages things were broken. One small wiki was blank as the font variant didn't exist for that language. Insufficient documentation was a problem throughout.

Legacy: Some frustration, with some improvements.

Links:

2015年:Timeless

Goals: A single responsive skin for MediaWiki based on Winter

Outcomes:

Legacy:

  • Community-built skin
  • Included with MediaWiki since version 1.31
  • Currently available across Wikimedia projects as an opt-in skin
  • Was discussed by the French Wiktionary community as a potential replacement default skin

Links:

2016年:Minerva Neue

Goals: Historically, the mobile skin was not a real skin and there was a preconception that MobileFrontend was being built in bad faith and Wikimedia centric. Splitting out the Minerva skin was a passion project to show that it was something that could be used outside the mobile universe and maybe in the future a usable desktop experience.

Outcomes:

Legacy: Minerva skin decoupled from MobileFrontend

Links:

2018年:移动版高级模式

Goals: Adding a feature set with more contributor-focused capabilities to the mobile web experience

Outcomes:

Legacy:

  • Page issues
  • Opt-in interface
  • User menu
  • Special: page updates
  • What's next for MobileFrontend

Links:

未来计划的注意事项

This is mostly advice to anyone developing a new interface for Wikimedia projects. From a community perspective by way of Community Relations.

  • Remember, the contents of the sidebar (a collection of links and tool curated by the community) is inconsistent across projects. Don't depend on it for anything resembling consistency. (E.g. meta: / w:he: / w:zh: / voy:ru: / mw: / etc.)
  • The Foundation, as an organization leading recent efforts, has changed drastically since Vector was developed. In 2010 one could describe the Foundation as small teams, loosely affiliated.
  • Keep in mind the impact any changes to the interface (skins) will have on editor recruiting rates – particularly initiatives across the Foundation to grow medium-size wikis in emerging communities.
  • Don't hide the edit button.
  • Don't say you want to make a "simple" interface, but do say you want to make the interface "clearer".
  • With a broad stroke, power-editors don't want simplification. They are more focused on their workflows and not concerned with the complexity. To them, mastery of the interface is a sign of competence and commitment. They want more advanced tools (search, filters, quick actions (AWB, Huggle, Twinkle)), not less. You can sell them on a "clearer" interface, by also making their powerful tools more easily accessed and utilized - Progressive Disclosure designs, with an emphasis on how it will also help users who want even higher-density content/interfaces.
  • If you want to present on-boarding documentation, this needs to be created with the community, not for them.
  • Communicate everything, early and simply.

统计信息和示例链接

As of May 2019 there are six skins installed on Wikimedia sites.

  • Vector (default on desktop; supported by the WMF) - example
  • Cologne Blue (volunteer-supported) - example
  • MinervaNeue (default on mobile; supported by the WMF) - example
  • Modern (volunteer-supported) - example
  • MonoBook (originally WMF supported, and now volunteer-supported) - example
  • Timeless (volunteer-supported, partly via a WMF grant) - example

Statistics (phab tasks):