- See also the more detailed Wikimedia-specific tutorial.
MediaWiki supports OAuth v1.0a and v2.0 as methods of authentication, but Pywikibot only supports v1.0a.
More information about OAuth support of MediaWiki: OAuth/For Developers
- The wiki where you want to use the bot needs Extension:OAuth installed and configured properly
- Python library mwoauth
- Register your bot. The OAuth tokens could be generated at
Special:OAuthConsumerRegistration/propose. In case of a wikifarm, this needs to be the central wiki of the farm. In case of Wikimedia, it's m:Special:OAuthConsumerRegistration/propose. You need to check the option "This consumer is for use only by UserNameOfBot."
OAuth tokens are set in
authenticate of user-config.py:
authenticate['en.wikipedia.org'] = ('consumer_token', 'consumer_secret', 'access_token', 'access_secret')
Use the site's host URL as the key of dict to specifying OAuth tokens. Also, Pywikibot supports wildcard '*' as the prefix of URL:
authenticate['*.wikipedia.org'] = ('consumer_token', 'consumer_secret', 'access_token', 'access_secret')
Pywikibot will match the best OAuth tokens for requests.
You should make user-config.py unreadable for others (
chmod 600 user-config.py) before adding OAuth tokens/secrets to it.
When there's OAuth tokens matched in user-config.py, Pywikibot will disable password login automatically and use OAuth tokens for authentication instead.
NOTE: Using OAuth will block logout function.