Extension:RSS

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MediaWiki extensions manualManual:Extensions
Crystal Clear action run.png
Extension:RSS Feed-icon.svg

Release status:Extension status stable

ImplementationTemplate:Extension#type Tag
DescriptionTemplate:Extension#description Display RSS feeds on a wiki page
Author(s)Template:Extension#username K. Elliott-McCrea, mutante, D. Kinzler, Rdb, Mafs, Alxndr, T. Gries, C. Reigrut, K001, J. De Dauw, J. Phoenix, M.A. Hershberger
Latest versionTemplate:Extension#version 2.25.0 (2014-03-28)
MediaWikiTemplate:Extension#mediawiki 1.21+
PHPTemplate:Extension#php 5.3+
LicenseTemplate:Extension#license GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
Download
README

RELEASE-NOTES

ParametersTemplate:Extension#parameters

$wgRSSCacheAge
$wgRSSCacheFreshOnly
$wgRSSCacheCompare
$wgRSSOutputEncoding
$wgRSSInputEncoding
$wgRSSDetectEncoding
$wgRSSFetchTimeout
$wgRSSUserAgent

Hooks usedTemplate:Extension#hook
ParserFirstCallInitManual:Hooks/ParserFirstCallInit

Translate the RSS extension if it is available at translatewiki.net

Check usage and version matrix.

IssuesPhabricator

Open tasks · Report a bug

The RSS extension renders ("displays") one or more RSS feeds on a wiki page in a standard or user-definable format. Since version 2.00, the extension is compatible with Extension:WikiArticleFeeds which generates RSS or ATOM feeds from MediaWiki pages (authoring tool).

Download[edit]

The extension can be retrieved directly from Git [?]:

  • Browse code
  • Some extensions have tags for stable releases.
  • Each branch is associated with a past MediaWiki release. There is also a "master" branch containing the latest alpha version (might require an alpha version of MediaWiki).

Extract the snapshot and place it in the extensions/RSS/ directory of your MediaWiki installation.

If you are familiar with git and have shell access to your server, you can also obtain the extension as follows:

cd extensions/
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/extensions/RSS.git

Installation[edit]

  • Download and place the file(s) in a directory called RSS in your extensions/ folder.
  • Add the following code at the bottom of your LocalSettings.php:
require_once "$IP/extensions/RSS/RSS.php";
  • YesY Done - Navigate to Special:Version on your wiki to verify that the extension is successfully installed.

Usage[edit]

Use one section between <rss>-tags for each feed. The rss element may contain parameters if you provide them as attributes to the rss element:

Parameters in the RSS tag
optional tag attributes comment
template="name" 'name' (default: rss-item) is the name of a page in the MediaWiki template namespace (default: MediaWiki:Rss-item), which comprises the name of another template (default: MediaWiki:Rss-feed since version 1.90; Template:RSSPost before version 1.90) and a list of named variables of RSS Feed channel subelements (item), these values then being passed to this other template to finally format the RSS items.

Note that when a template is specified here, the extension doesn't pass to it the name of a - default - formatting template. The template specified here needs to take care of that by hard-coding the name of the other template. I.e the default template process is completely aborted.

templatename="Pagename" or

templatename="Namespace:Pagename"

'Pagename' is the name of a template page which is used in the default template MediaWiki:Rss-item (defining the channel subelements) to finally format the RSS items; the template can be in the template namespace (first example denotes a page Template:Pagename) or any other namespace (second example uses the full specified form Namespace:Pagename)
max="n" show at most n channel subelements (items)
highlight="term1 term2 ..." highlight terms in different colours
filter="term1 term2 ..." show only RSS items with at least one of the terms
filterout="term1 term2 ..." do not show any RSS item containing any of these terms
reverse display the RSS items in reverse order
date="(Y-m-d H:i:s)" date format string[1]
(since r111347)
item-max-length="1000" limits the number of character in item descriptions (since r111350)

This is not correctly working in v2.18 see task T32377.

Tracking category[edit]

All pages in a wiki which use the RSS extension are automatically added to the RSS tracking Category:Pages_with_RSS_feeds.

Templates for channel subelements and styling the RSS Feed[edit]

A manual setup is not necessarily required. You can skip this complicated documentation section.
One template name has been changed: MediaWiki:Rss-feed since version 1.90; Template:RSSPost before version 1.90.[2]

The RSS extension renders feeds on wiki page by using two templates in the MediaWiki system namespace, which can be changed, or which wiki admins can redirected to user-editable namespaces. The mechanism is perhaps not easy to understand, but after its installation, the extension starts with a useful set of templates; a manual set-up is not required.

If a template is not specified, then the one in MediaWiki:Rss-item is used and determines only which RSS feed channel subelements (items) are used. The other template MediaWiki:Rss-feed determines how the complete feed is shown on wiki pages i.e. how and which channel items are shown are listed.

This is the template MediaWiki:Rss-item (since version 1.90) which determines which item elements are used[2]

{{ MediaWiki:Rss-feed \
| title = {{{title}}} \
| link = {{{link}}} \
| date = {{{date}}} \
| author = {{{author}}} \
| description = {{{description}}} }}

The selected items are passed to the other template MediaWiki:Rss-feed (since version 1.90)[2] which determines how the RSS Feed is rendered on the wiki pages. It iterates over each <item> of the RSS feed and substitutes the value of each element found there, e.g. <title>, <link>, <date>, <author>, etc.

Basic MediaWiki:Rss-feed template:

; '''<span class='plainlinks'>[{{{link}}} {{{title}}}]</span>'''
: {{{description}}}
: {{{author}}} {{{date}}}<!-- don't use newline here -->

An alternative improved MediaWiki:Rss-feed template requires the Extension:ParserFunctions:

<!-- The second is an improved version which requires Extension:ParserFunctions --> \
; '''<span class='plainlinks'>[{{{link}}} {{{title}}}]</span>''' \
{{#if: {{{description|}}} \
|: {{{description}}}}}{{#if: {{{author|}}} \
| {{#if: {{{date|}}} |: — {{{author}}} {{{date}}}}} \
| {{#if: {{{author|}}}|: — {{{author}}}}} {{#if: {{{date|}}}|:{{{date}}}}}|}}<!-- don't use newline here -->

Example[edit]

The following code renders the four recent items of the wikimedia blog feed on the present page and highlights some terms. The layout depends on the content of feed template MediaWiki:Rss-feed and also of the item template MediaWiki:Rss-item as mentioned above:

<rss max=4 highlight="community wiki foundation">https://blog.wikimedia.org/feed/</rss>
Wikimedia Foundation v. NSA Update: Hearing at the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
We will continue advocating for the privacy and expression rights of the Wikimedia communities, which enable users to freely create and share knowledge.<img alt="" border="0"...
Jim Buatti and Aeryn Palmer 2016-12-09 18:10:42
Wikimedia Foundation Board on healthy Wikimedia community culture, inclusivity, and safe spaces
Board identifies responses to harassment and toxic behavior as priority for Wikimedia Foundation.<img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=blog.wik...
Christophe Henner and Maria Sefidari 2016-12-08 20:20:42
Creating and writing sports history on Wikipedia: A Wikipedian’s experience at the Paralympic Games
Documenting the history of the Paralympics Games on Wikipedia with the help of dedicated volunteers.<img alt="" border="0" src="https://pixel.wp.com/b.gif?host=blog....
Ross Mallett 2016-12-07 23:10:34
Wait, what? Alex, the parrot with a little human brain
Alex knew the meaning of a hundred English words, could count to six, could answer and even ask questions, how to apologize (when appropriate), and how to protest when people did something he didn...
Samir Elsharbaty 2016-12-07 19:19:51



Configuration settings[edit]

Configuration settings in RSS.php
parameter default comment
$wgRSSCacheAge 3600 (one hour) Store entries in memcached for this many seconds
$wgRSSCacheCompare false Check cached content, if available, against remote. $wgRSSCacheCompare should be set to false or a timeout in seconds which is less than $wgRSSCacheAge after which a comparison will be made.
$wgRSSFetchTimeout 15 (since version 1.94)

5 (until version 1.93)

read timeout in seconds
$wgRSSUserAgent 'MediaWikiRSS/<Version> (+http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:RSS) / MediaWiki RSS extension' User-Agent to use for fetching feeds
$wgRSSNamespaces null Ignore the RSS tag in all but the namespaces listed here

null means the <rss> tag can be used anywhere

$wgRSSUrlWhitelist


(since version 1.94)

array() (deny any URL = no whitelisted URLs) URL whitelist of RSS Feeds, the whitelist is empty by default and no URLs are allowed. If there are items in the array, and the used feed URL isn't in the array, it will not be allowed.
Use array( "*" ) if you as admin want to allow anyone to use any feed Url.
$wgRSSAllowedFeeds


(until version 1.93)

array() (allow any URL ) DEPRECATED: URL whitelist of RSS Feeds: if there are items in the array, and the used URL isn't in the array, it will not be allowed (originally proposed in bug 27768)
$wgRSSUrlNumberOfAllowedRedirects


(since version 2.10)

0 (no redirects are allowed) Maximum number of redirects to follow (defaults to 0). This should only be used when the target URLs are trusted to avoid attacks on intranet services accessible by HTTP.
$wgRSSProxy false Optional proxy server url and port number to be used for fetching feeds.

false: no proxy used

If you need a proxy for certain urls and not for others:
Example for disabling proxy use for certain urls in RSSParser::fetchRemote how to use a regular expression for a conditional proxy switching.

$wgRSSDateDefaultFormat "Y-m-d H:i:s" default date format[1] for RSS publication dates (since r111347)
$wgRSSItemMaxLength

(deactivated in version 2.12 r113297; will be activated later.)[3]

200 default maximum length of item descriptions (since r111350)
$wgRSSAllowLinkTag false to allow active links in feed items
$wgRSSAllowImageTag false If you allow to see images in feed items. Do not confuse this parameter with $wgAllowImageTag of MediaWiki core, Display of images causes privacy problems, because the image is fetched in the browser context, so the (image-) server log will contain data of the requesting browser, see the discussion here.

Technical history and attributions[edit]

RSS extension is a heavily modified version of the engines RSS by Mafs, RSS by Rdb78, RSS by Duesentrieb, and RSSFeed by Mutante.

See also[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://php.net/date
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Former versions before 1.90 used the name Template:RSSPost in the template MediaWiki:Rss-item which thus had the default value
    {{ RSSPost | title = {{{title}}} | link = {{{link}}} | date = {{{date}}} | author = {{{author}}} }}
    
  3. bug30377