Mobile Gateway/Mobile homepage formatting/es

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This page is a translated version of the page Mobile Gateway/Mobile homepage formatting and the translation is 50% complete.
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Si eres administrador de un proyecto Wikimedia y la página principal o de inicio de tu proyecto no tiene el formato apropiado para dispositivos móviles, sigue las instrucciones siguientes.

Please note: In most cases, you must have administrator rights in order to edit the main page.

Paso 1

First, decide what content is suitable for the mobile homepage.

Evaluate the page elements in the desktop version (e.g. "Picture of the Day") by asking:

  • how popular are they?
  • are they updated regularly?
  • are they suitable for quick reading?
  • will they fit nicely in a mobile screen?

Once you decide which elements make sense, proceed to Step 2.

Paso 2

Se deben tener derechos administrativos y haber iniciado la sesión para poder realizar lo siguiente: En la visualización de escritorio de la página de inicio, pulsa "Editar" y busca los elementos que deseas incluir en la visualización de móvil.

Por cada elemento hay que incluir una breve instrucción en el Wikitext, llamada "selector mf", entre etiquetas div de este modo:

<div class="nomobile"> ... </div>

¿Qué va entre las etiquetas div? Probablemente una plantilla del elemento de página, como "Foto del día".

Updating styles

Certain styles are not mobile friendly. For example any css rules which make use of fixed pixel size e.g. width, height, padding. If different style treatment is needed please use Extension:TemplateStyles or port these styles to MediaWiki:Common.css or MediaWiki:Mobile.css.

Some tips on common problems are addressed at Making MediaWiki Mobile Friendly .

Pulsa "Guardar la página".

Casi hemos terminado.

Paso 3

Ahora ve a la URL de móvil, que suele ser languagecode.m.project.org. Puedes reducir el ancho de tu buscador de escritorio para imitar una pantalla de móvil. ¿Qué te parece la página?

Si quieres realizar cambios vuelve al Paso 2. Sigue yendo del Paso 2 al Paso 3 hasta que estés satisfecho.

¡Y ya está!

MFSpecialCaseMainPage

When $wgMFSpecialCaseMainPage is enabled (which is disabled by default), it is possible to serve different content to mobile and desktop users. Use of this method is discouraged and deprecated as it only works on the Main Page, is a maintenance burden and should only be used as a stop-gap measure when transitioning your MediaWiki site to a mobile experience. It will be removed in 2020.

Las páginas de inicio de cada idioma de Wikipedia y de otros proyectos de Wikimedia son diferentes, por lo que es imposible presentar un ejemplo general. Sin embargo, para dar una idea de cómo debiera aparecer en vuestro sitio, aquí tenéis la versión alemana de Wikipedia: https://de.wikipedia.org/ Al pulsar sobre la lengueta " Ver código fuente" ("Quelltext anzeigen") al lado de "Lesen", podrás ver el wikitexto y localizar el texto "mf-" con la opción "Encontrar" de tu buscador.

En este caso las etiquetas div para los selectores mf son parte de objetos de página más grandes. Solamente alguien que conozca el formato de la página de inicio de ese proyecto podrá entenderlo en detalle.

Ahora ve a: https://de.m.wikipedia.org/

La página de móvil resultante será visible. Las secciones de contenidos que corresponden a los selectores mf se dan en la visualización de móvil.

Deprecation steps for wikis using MFSpecialCaseMainPage

MobileFrontend is in the process of deprecating the code relating to main page special casing. If you have a wiki using it you'll want to stop using it immediately. If you have any questions please don't hesitate to use the talk page!

How can I tell if I'm using it?

For projects you are users of please apply the query string "?mfnolegacytransform=1&debug=1" to your main page on mobile and compare it with the main page without the query. For example users of English Wikipedia can compare https://en.m.wikipedia.org/?mfnolegacytransform=1&debug=1 with https://en.m.wikipedia.org/. If the two pages look different you must migrate ASAP.

What can I do to fix this?

Assuming you do not want to do a big redesign and just want to retain the existing main page design, you can follow this guide.

Copy the main page markup into a sandbox e.g. a sub page of the user namespace. Now switch to mobile mode. Note, the mobile site can be viewed in your desktop browser, so if you can you may want to consider using the wikitext editor of the mobile site.

You'll need the TemplateStyles extension deployed on your wiki. You can see if it's installed on your wiki by visiting Special:Version. If it's not for whatever reason please request it.

To add template styles to a page add the following line to the top of your new draft page:

<templatestyles src="Template:Main Page/styles.css" />

You can now add CSS @media queries to your page by adding CSS inside Template:Main Page/styles.css to display different content to different device resolutions.

You can apply the "nomobile" class to any elements you wish to continue to hide on mobile. In some cases use of this class is the most straightforward way to update your page.

Known problems are listed below:

1. Stop using tables

If your main page uses table's in any way, please remove them. There are many tutorials on the web for doing column layouts. Please put "responsive column layout" into your favorite search engine. If this is confusing, you'll probably want to seek help from a CSS expert!

DivTable converter provides a way for you to convert a table HTML to divs. You should aim to put the associated CSS in MediaWiki:Common.css. This act alone should improve your rendering in mobile greatly.

2. Review any inline styles

Search for any instances of styles which make use of the css properties "width", "float", "padding" or "margin"

For example:

<div style="float: left; width: 200px;"

Move these into a TemplateStyle. Use a class and move the css declaration to css.

<div class="main-page-box"

Example CSS:

/* Scope your styles inside a media query. This means they will only apply on tablet or desktop.  */
@media all and ( min-width: 720px ) {
    .main-page-box {
        float: left;
        width: 200px;
    }
}

e.g. Example - note the pre tag is only included for example purposes - this should be put into a TemplateStyle.

3. Reskin for mobile

With the above steps applied your page should look no different on a desktop browser, but as you shrink the screen (horizontal width) to under 720px - the threshold you introduced in step 2 the styles should disappear. You'll want to add new styles (outside the media query you introduced in step 3). These styles will apply to mobile devices and will be overridden.

If there is any content in the page that you do not want to render in the mobile skin you should add the class "nomobile". e.g.

<div class="nomobile">This content should not show on the mobile site but it will show on the desktop site.</div>

4. Apply the new template

Copy and paste the sandbox page into your Main page. Refresh the browser and verify that it works as expected on both mobile and desktop.

5. Make a site request to turn off main page special casing

If your site is now no longer using the special page casing and your site appears in this config:

https://github.com/wikimedia/operations-mediawiki-config/blob/master/dblists/mobilemainpagelegacy.dblist

You'll want to let a Wikimedia site admin know that you are ready for main page special casing to be turned off. File a Phabricator ticket using this link that links to this web page and lists your wiki.

You'll be able to tell when this has been successful if you've been using the mp- prefixes as suddenly other content will display on your mobile site!

6. Remove any mobile specific ids.

i.e. any instance of the following:

id="mp-

These are not necessary any more. Previously these would choose which content to show on mobile, but now you have a new mobile first responsive design and have disabled main they will be ignored.

e.g. This example

Quick fix (dirty)

Advertencia Advertencia: while hopefully obvious please test this in a safe space first such as a sandbox before applying everywhere. While this can work as a short term solution it's not advised as a long term solution.

The quickest possible fix for your wiki might be to fix the design for Minerva only by forcing horizontally stacking at the trade off of impacting the small amount of desktop Minerva users.

To see if the quick fix works for you add the following to your Main Page:

<templatestyles src="Template:Main Page/styles.css" />

and then inside Template:Main_Page/styles.css copy paste the following CSS:

body.skin-minerva table,
body.skin-minerva tr,
body.skin-minerva td,
body.skin-minerva tbody {
	display: block !important;
	width: 100% !important;
	box-sizing: border-box;
}

Please be aware that this is a quick and dirty fix, which may break more complex main pages (e.g. ones that use tables within tables), and it also doesn’t improve the current situation where the main page breaks on smaller desktop screens and wastes much space on larger mobile ones. If you really don’t have time, you can use this temporarily, but you should plan to really fix the mobile (and small-screen desktop) experience using the above size-dependent methods (or completely redesign the main page, of course). If you decide to go this way, you should make sure to test the resulting main page using mobile view.