手册:sites表

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Sites table and the translation is 13% complete.
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手册:目录 MediaWiki数据库布局 sites table/zh


MediaWiki版本: 1.21

The sites table, introduced in MediaWiki 1.21 in May 2013, holds all the sites known to the wiki.

字段

site_id

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Numeric id of the site. This is an auto-incrementing primary key.

site_global_key

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Global identifier for the site, ie 'enwiktionary'

site_type

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Type of the site, ie 'mediawiki'

site_group

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Group of the site, ie 'wikipedia'

site_source

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Source of the site data, ie 'local', 'wikidata', 'my-magical-repo'

site_language

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Language code of the sites primary language.

site_protocol

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Protocol of the site, ie 'http://', 'irc://', '//'.

This field is an index for lookups and is built from type specific data in site_data.

site_domain

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Domain of the site in reverse order, ie 'gro.ikiwaidem.www.'.

This field is an index for lookups and is built from type specific data in site_data.

site_data

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Type dependent site data.

site_forward

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

If site.tld/path/key:pageTitle should forward users to the page on the actual site, where "key" is the local identifier.

site_config

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

Type dependent site config. For instance if template transclusion should be allowed if it's a MediaWiki.

Managing the sites table

The sites table is shipped without data for a new MediaWiki installation.

Importing sites table from another wiki

There're two ways of populating the sites table using another wiki as a source. If you've access to the other wikis server, you can run the exportSite.php maintenance script and import the data using the importSites.php maintenance script of your MediaWiki installation.

If you don't have access to the other wikis server but the other MediaWiki installation has the SiteMatrix extension installed, you can use a maintenance script from the Wikibase extension (populateSitesTable.php) to import all sites from the other wiki.

添加新的网站

If you want to add a new site into your MediaWiki's site table, you can use the maintenance script addSite.php.

Additionally, the above mentioned importSites.php maintenance script can be used to add an arbitrary group of wikis from custom made XML file in the following format:

<sites version="1.0" xmlns="https://www.mediawiki.org/xml/sitelist-1.0/">
	<site type="mediawiki">
		<globalid>wikisite1</globalid>
		<group>mywikigroup</group>
		<path type="file_path">https://www.wikisite1.org/$1</path>
		<path type="page_path">https://www.wikisite1.org/index.php/$1</path>
	</site>
	<site type="mediawiki">
		<globalid>wikisite2</globalid>
		<group>mywikigroup</group>
		<path type="file_path">https://www.wikisite2.org/w/$1</path>
		<path type="page_path">https://www.wikisite2.org/wiki/$1</path>
	</site>
</sites>

Each <site> element representing a site.

file_path and page_path can be inferred from Special:Version page of the intended wiki.

Insert wiki family (using Script)

Sometimes, you have to add your wikis in this table. 您可以使用此代码:

$sites = array();
foreach ( array( 'en', 'fr' ) as $langCode ) {
     $site = new MediaWikiSite();
     $site->setGlobalId( $langCode . 'mywiki' );
     $site->setGroup( 'mywiki' );
     $site->setLanguageCode( $langCode );
     $site->addInterwikiId( $langCode );
     $site->addNavigationId( $langCode );
     $site->setPath( MediaWikiSite::PATH_PAGE, "http://$langCode.mywiki.org/wiki/$1" );
     $site->setPath( MediaWikiSite::PATH_FILE, "http://$langCode.mywiki.org/w/$1" );           
     $sites[] = $site;
}
          
$sitesTable = SiteSQLStore::newInstance();
$sitesTable->clear(); // This will remove all previous entries from the table. Remove this call if you want to keep them.
$sitesTable->saveSites( $sites );

Schema summary

MediaWiki版本: 1.21

DESCRIBE sites;

+-----------------+------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field           | Type             | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+-----------------+------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| site_id         | int(10) unsigned | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment |
| site_global_key | varbinary(32)    | NO   | UNI | NULL    |                |
| site_type       | varbinary(32)    | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_group      | varbinary(32)    | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_source     | varbinary(32)    | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_language   | varbinary(32)    | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_protocol   | varbinary(32)    | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_domain     | varbinary(255)   | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_data       | blob             | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| site_forward    | tinyint(1)       | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| site_config     | blob             | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
+-----------------+------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+