扩展:TimedMediaHandler

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MediaWiki扩展手册Manual:Extensions
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TimedMediaHandler

发布状态:Extension status 稳定版

Screenshot of TimedMediaHandler extension with Big Buck Bunny as background video.png
实现Template:Extension#type Media, API
描述Template:Extension#description 提供对于服务器端转码的集成支持,WebM、OGG Theora、Vorbis、Speex语音以及赋时文本
作者Template:Extension#username Michael Dale, Jan Gerber, Tim Starling, James Heinrich, Brion Vibber, Derk-Jan Hartman
最新版本Template:Extension#version 0.5.0 (2015-12-08)
兼容性方针Compatibility#mediawiki_extensions 发行分支
MediaWikiTemplate:Extension#mediawiki 1.23+
PHPTemplate:Extension#php 5.4+
数据更新Template:Extension#needs-updatephp
许可协议Template:Extension#license GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
下载
使用的钩子Template:Extension#hook
ArticleFromTitleManual:Hooks/ArticleFromTitle
UploadCompleteManual:Hooks/UploadComplete
TitleMoveManual:Hooks/TitleMove
FileDeleteCompleteManual:Hooks/FileDeleteComplete
BeforePageDisplayManual:Hooks/BeforePageDisplay
ImageOpenShowImageInlineBeforeManual:Hooks/ImageOpenShowImageInlineBefore
ImagePageFileHistoryLineManual:Hooks/ImagePageFileHistoryLine
LoadExtensionSchemaUpdatesManual:Hooks/LoadExtensionSchemaUpdates
UnitTestsListManual:Hooks/UnitTestsList
ArticleContentOnDiffManual:Hooks/ArticleContentOnDiff
ImagePageAfterImageLinksManual:Hooks/ImagePageAfterImageLinks
NewRevisionFromEditCompleteManual:Hooks/NewRevisionFromEditComplete
ArticlePurgeManual:Hooks/ArticlePurge
wgQueryPagesManual:Hooks/wgQueryPages
RejectParserCacheValueManual:Hooks/RejectParserCacheValue

翻译TimedMediaHandler扩展如果在translatewiki.net可用

检查使用和版本矩阵。

问题Phabricator

开放的工作 · 报告错误

The TimedMediaHandler extension allows you to display audio and video files in wiki pages, using the same syntax as for image files. It includes the Kaltura HTML5 Player and an experimental VideoJS Player. There is support for subtitles and captions (aka Timed Text) and real time stream switching between multiple WebM and other derivatives and many other features. TMH server side support includes options for uploading HTML5 audio and video, multiple transcode profiles to deliver content, Metadata parsing for Ogg and WebM videos and integrates with MediaWiki's jobQueue system for scheduling transcoding jobs.

功能概览

查看Commons:Commons:TimedText页面。

语法简介

image embed syntax基础上,Timed Media Handler支持:

[[File:Video.ogv|File:Video.ogv]]
用原尺寸显示一个视频。显示一个在视频中点提取的静止图像,和一个用来激活播放器的播放按钮。
[[File:Audio.oga|File:Audio.oga]]
为声音文件显示一个占位符,包含一个用于激活播放器的播放按钮。
[[File:Video.ogv|thumb]]
在一个浮动的缩略图里显示视频。
<gallery>File:Video.ogv</gallery>
在一个图片库(image gallery)里嵌入视频(每一个截图都会弹出一个用于完整视频的对话框)。
[[File:Video.ogg|thumbtime=1:25]]
用1分25秒的一帧画面插入视频作为占位图形。一个单独的数字将默认被理解成秒数。
[[File:Video.ogg|start=1:25]]
Temporal media fragments Displays a video clip starting at 1 minute 25 seconds into the video. A single number is taken as an offset in seconds. You can also include an end time of the form end=1:30 Which would result in a clip of 5 seconds playing from 1:25 to 1:30. If thumbtime is not provided, the start time will be used for the displayed thumbnail.
已弃用
The syntax words noicon and noplayer are deprecated and do not function. The keyword disablecontrols will likely be deprecated soon. It takes the following values: options, timedText, fullscreen

客户端支持

示例音频播放器
示例音频播放器
Wider audio player, showing progress bar

这个播放器在大部分现代浏览器上能够工作,支持IE9及更高版本(在MediaWiki's support matrix里有关于现代浏览器的描述)。 移动端支持情况不一,尤其是在iOS上。

As of August 2015, TimedMediaHandler includes a JavaScript compatibility shim for Ogg audio/video that works in Safari, Internet Explorer 10/11, and Microsoft Edge browsers.

Third-party users of MediaWiki may also wish to manually enable MP4 H.264/AAC support for native video and audio playback in Safari/IE/Edge, but when using these formats you may need a patent license from MPEG-LA for internet broadcasting.

安装

请同时看README来了解详细安装指南。

You will want a recent version of ffmpeg in order to support encoding to WebM ( with the latest version of VP8). j^ supplies up-to-date static builds of ffmpeg with WebM support for major OSs at firefogg.org/nightly/


  • 下载文件,并将其放置在您extensions/文件夹中的TimedMediaHandler目录内。
  • 将下列代码放置在您的LocalSettings.php的底部:
    // TimedMediaHandler 依赖于 mwEmbedSupport
    // MediaWiki 1.27 or earlier
    require_once "$IP/extensions/MwEmbedSupport/MwEmbedSupport.php";
    // After MediaWiki 1.27
    wfLoadExtension( 'MwEmbedSupport' );
    // TimedMediaHandler
    require_once "$IP/extensions/TimedMediaHandler/TimedMediaHandler.php";
    
  • 运行更新脚本,它将自动创建此扩展必须依赖的数据库表。
  • Configure as required.
  • YesY 完成 - 在您的wiki上导航至Special:Version,以验证扩展已成功安装。


The extension will automatically add supported file types (except mp4) to $wgFileExtensions, so you do not need to manually add video file types.

维基百科媒体编码选项的比较

Sorted by bandwidth tier (grayed items are not currently enabled):

Bitrate Mbit/s WebM VP8 WebM VP9
Super Low 0.08 160p
Very Low 0.16 160p 240p
Low 0.25 240p 360p
Moderate 0.5 360p 480p
Medium 1.0 480p 720p
High 2.0 720p 1080p
Very high 4.0 1080p 1440p
Super high 8.0 2160p

详细选项:

名称 160P 240P 360P 480P 720P 1080P 160P 240P 360P 480P 720P 1080P 1440P 2160P
容器 WebM
视频 编码 VP8 VP9
Max width (pixels) 288 426 640 854 1280 1920 288 426 640 854 1280 1920 2560 4096
Max height (pixels) 160 240 360 480 720 1080 160 240 360 480 720 1080 1440 2160
比特率 (Mbit/s) 0.16 0.25 0.5 1.0 2.0 4.0 0.08 0.16 0.25 0.5 1.0 2.0 4.0 8.0
音频 编码 Vorbis Opus
频道 2 (stereo) (pass-through)
采样率 (Hz) 44100 48000
品质 - 1 2 3 - (default)

配置

This section is out of date -- please update me

这里展示了配置用变量和它们的默认值:

// The minimum size for an embed video player ( smaller than this size uses a pop-up player )
$wgMinimumVideoPlayerSize = 200;

// If transcoding is enabled for this wiki (if disabled, no transcode jobs are added and no
// transcode status is displayed). Note if remote embedding an asset we will still check if
// the remote repo has transcoding enabled and associated flavors for that media embed.
$wgEnableTranscode = true;

// The total amout of time a transcoding shell command can take:
$wgTranscodeBackgroundTimeLimit = 3600 * 8;
// Maximum amount of virtual memory available to transcoding processes in KB
$wgTranscodeBackgroundMemoryLimit = 2 * 1024 * 1024; // 2GB avconv, ffmpeg2theora mmap resources so virtual memory needs to be high enough
// Maximum file size transcoding processes can create, in KB
$wgTranscodeBackgroundSizeLimit = 3 * 1024 * 1024; // 3GB

// Number of threads to use in avconv for transcoding
$wgFFmpegThreads = 1;

// The NS for TimedText (registered on MediaWiki.org)
// https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension_namespace_registration
// Note commons pre-dates TimedMediaHandler and should set $wgTimedTextNS = 102 in LocalSettings.php
$wgTimedTextNS = 710;

// Set TimedText namespace for ForeignDBViaLBRepo on a per wikiID basis
// $wgTimedTextForeignNamespaces = array( 'commonswiki' => 102 );
$wgTimedTextForeignNamespaces = array();

/**
 * Default enabled transcodes
 *
 * -If set to empty array, no derivatives will be created
 * -Derivative keys encode settings are defined in WebVideoTranscode.php
 *
 * -These transcodes are *in addition to* the source file.
 * -Only derivatives with smaller width than the source asset size will be created
 * -Regardless of source size at least one WebM and Ogg source will be created from the $wgEnabledTranscodeSet
 * -Derivative jobs are added to the MediaWiki JobQueue the first time the asset is uploaded
 * -Derivative should be listed min to max
 */
$wgEnabledTranscodeSet = array(
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_WEBM_160P,
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_WEBM_240P,
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_WEBM_360P,
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_WEBM_480P,
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_WEBM_720P,
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_WEBM_1080P,
);

$wgEnabledAudioTranscodeSet = array(
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_OGG_VORBIS,
    WebVideoTranscode::ENC_MP3,
);

// If mp3 source assets can be ingested:
$wgTmhEnableMp3Uploads = true;

// If mp4 source assets can be ingested:
$wgTmhEnableMp4Uploads = false;

如果需要转码,请确认你的$wgMaxShellMemory, $wgMaxShellTime, $wgMaxShellFileSize足够大而保证转码工作进行并保存输出。默认值很可能太小了。

进行转码工作

由于转码工作是资源集中型工作,它们不会再常规工作队列中运行 ( 查看 bug 29336 ) 。取而代之的是,它们必须在--类型变量里被要求。

php maintenance/runJobs.php --type webVideoTranscode


编码节点

为了能够转码许多视频,你可能想要运行多个连接到主数据库并且直接访问你的文件的编码节点。如果你在使用ubuntu lucid (10.04) ,你需要添加[$launchpad this ppa]并且安装php5-cli php-pear imagemagick ffmpeg ffmpeg2theora。

在 Ubuntu 12.04 系统中的最小安装

apt-get install ffmpeg


路线图

  • 新增支持8k视频。
  • 升级到2.x branch。 (On hold. Planning on switching to video.js.)
  • Change Kaltura player to Video.js as our main video player.
  • Consistent mobile support
  • MPEG-DASH adaptive streaming
  • "GIF mode" for autoplay silent videos
  • MIDI input support
  • Better internal interface for connecting to Score, other extensions

备注

These notes about the status of TimedMediaHandler were shared by Jan Gerber at the end of his consulting agreement for WMF on 27 September, 2013:

Since you asked in the last meeting to write up an overview of the current state of TimedMediaHandler, here we go:

  • videoscalers:
    • setup like jobrunners, but only processing video transcode jobs (configuration of jobs/memory/threads in puppet and wikimedia-config)
  • imagescalers:
    • extract frames from videos, using avconv for all videos reading videos via http from swift backend
  • proxy caches:
    • must support HTTP 206 Range Requests for video urls (currently requires custom code that is managed in puppet)
  • custom packages for video transcoding (apt.wikimedia.org):
    • ffmpeg2theora (new upstream version to reduce memory by only using one thread)
    • libav (ubuntu version with patch to fix memory leak in ogg decoder)
    • libvpx (new upstream version fixing various issues and quality improvements)
  • custom packages for image scaling (apt.wikimedia.org):
    • vips (new upstream version addressing various performance issues)


2015年8月更新

Brion and TheDJ are starting up some new maintenance on TImedMediaHandler:

Done:

  • fixed some regressions in transcode handling
  • added /ogv.js JavaScript compatibility shim for Safari 6.1+, IE 10/11, and Edge
  • increasing Ogg transcode quality (increased bandwidth)
  • 支持ogv.js中的子标题
  • finish killing broken Cortado Java compatibility shim
  • retooling TMH's ResourceLoader modules for better compatibility
  • fix ogv.js issues
    • missing volume control

Todo 'small':

  • fix more transcode issues

Todo 'medium':

  • get transcoding from VP9/Opus working on Wikimedia servers...
  • transcoding to VP9/Opus WebM with decreased bandwidth
  • add Ogg skeleton to ogg audio transcodes for better seeking
  • integrate lightweight video player into Extension:MobileFrontend
  • rework serving Timed Text

Todo 'large':

Todo 'long-term':

  • get VP9 working fast enough on ogv.js to replace Ogg Theora transcodes