Rozšíření:AbuseFilter

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MediaWiki extensions manual
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AbuseFilter
Release status: stable
AbuseFilter-Management.png
Implementation User activity, Special page, API
Description Allows specific behavior-based restrictions to be placed on wiki activity
Author(s)
Compatibility policy release branches
MediaWiki 1.25+
PHP 5.4+ recommended
Database changes Yes
Tables abuse_filter
abuse_filter_action
abuse_filter_history
abuse_filter_log
License GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
Download
Parameters
  • $wgAbuseFilterActions
  • $wgAbuseFilterConditionLimit
  • $wgAbuseFilterEmergencyDisableThreshold
  • $wgAbuseFilterEmergencyDisableCount
  • $wgAbuseFilterEmergencyDisableAge
  • $wgAbuseFilterParserClass
  • $wgAbuseFilterRestrictions
  • $wgAbuseFilterNotifications
  • $wgAbuseFilterNotificationsPrivate
  • $wgAbuseFilterCentralDB
  • $wgAbuseFilterIsCentral
  • $wgAbuseFilterDisallowGlobalLocalBlocks
  • $wgAbuseFilterBlockDuration
  • $wgAbuseFilterAnonBlockDuration
  • $wgAbuseFilterCustomActionsHandler
  • $wgAbuseFilterValidGroups
  • $wgAbuseFilterDefaultWarningMessage
  • $wgAbuseFilterIPMaxAge
  • $wgAbuseFilterProfile
  • $wgAbuseFilterRuntimeProfile
  • $wgAbuseFilterProfileActionsCap
Added rights
  • abusefilter-view
  • abusefilter-log
  • abusefilter-log-detail
  • abusefilter-revert
  • abusefilter-private
  • abusefilter-private-log
  • abusefilter-view-private
  • abusefilter-log-private
  • abusefilter-hidden-log
  • abusefilter-hide-log
  • abusefilter-modify
  • abusefilter-modify-restricted
  • abusefilter-modify-global
Hooks used
EditFilterMerged
GetAutoPromoteGroups
AbortMove
MovePageCheckPermissions
ArticleDelete
RecentChange_save
ListDefinedTags
ChangeTagsListActive
LoadExtensionSchemaUpdates
ContributionsToolLinks
UploadVerifyFile
UploadVerifyUpload
UploadStashFile
MakeGlobalVariablesScript
PageContentSaveComplete
UserMergeAccountFields
ParserOutputStashForEdit
Translate the AbuseFilter extension if it is available at translatewiki.net
Check usage and version matrix.
Issues Open tasks · Report a bug

Rozšíření AbuseFilter umožňuje uživatelům s rozšířenými právy nastavovat specifickou kontrolu akcí uživatelů, jakou jsou editace a vytváření automatických reakcí na určité chování.

For example, a filter could be created to prevent anonymous users from adding external links, or to block a user who removes more than 2000 characters.

Požadavky

There are no required dependencies for this extension.

Instalace

  • Stáhněte soubor(y) a vložte je(j) do adresáře nazvaného AbuseFilter ve vaší extensions/ složce.
  • Run Composer to install PHP dependencies, by issuing composer install in the extension directory. (See T173141 for potential complications.)
  • Přidejte následující kód do spodu vašeho LocalSettings.php:
    wfLoadExtension( 'AbuseFilter' );
    
  • Run the update script which will automatically create the necessary database tables that this extension needs.
  • Yes Hotovo – Podívejte se do Special:Version na vaší wiki pro ověření, že bylo rozšíření úspěšně nainstalováno.

To users running MediaWiki 1.26 or earlier:

The instructions above describe the new way of installing this extension using wfLoadExtension() If you need to install this extension on these earlier versions (MediaWiki 1.26 and earlier), instead of wfLoadExtension( 'AbuseFilter' );, you need to use:

require_once "$IP/extensions/AbuseFilter/AbuseFilter.php";


Uživatelská práva

Jakmile jste naistalovali rozšíření, musíte nastavit uživatelská práva v LocalSettings.php.

Right Description
abusefilter-modify Upravování filtrů zneužití
abusefilter-view Prohlížení filtrů zneužití
abusefilter-log Prohlížení protokolu zneužití
abusefilter-log-detail Prohlížení podrobností v protokolu zneužití
abusefilter-private Prohlížení tajných údajů v protokolu zneužití
abusefilter-modify-restricted Upravování filtrů zneužití s omezenými opatřeními
abusefilter-modify-global Vytváření a editace globálních filtrů zneužití
abusefilter-revert Revertování všech změn provedených vybraným filtrem zneužití
abusefilter-view-private Prohlížení filtrů zneužití označených jako tajné
abusefilter-log-private Prohlížení protokolovacích záznamů filtrů zneužití označených jako tajné
abusefilter-hide-log Skrývání záznamů v protokolu zneužití
abusefilter-hidden-log Prohlížení skrytých záznamů v protokolu zneužití
abusefilter-private-log Prohlížení záznamů přístupu k soukromým detailům filtrů zneužití

Kupříkladu, následující ukázka konfigurace umožní administrátorům dělat s AbuseFilterem vše co chtějí, a všichni uživatelé uvidí záznamy a nastavení filtru.

$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['abusefilter-modify'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['abusefilter-log-detail'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['abusefilter-view'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['abusefilter-log'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['abusefilter-private'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['abusefilter-modify-restricted'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['abusefilter-revert'] = true;
Filtery označené jako soukromé, uvidí pouze uživatelé s právy „abusefilter-modify“ a „abusefilter-view-private“.

Creating and managing filters

Jakmile bylo rozšíření nainstalováno, filtry mohou být zakládány/testováný/měněny/mazány a záznamy mohou být spřístupněny z ovládací stránky Special:AbuseFilter.

Konfigurace

Proměnné jméno Základní hodnota Popis
$wgAbuseFilterActions array( 'flag' => true, 'throttle' => true, 'warn' => true, 'disallow' => true, 'blockautopromote' => true, 'block' => true, 'rangeblock' => false, 'degroup' => true, 'tag' => true ) Akce, které mohou být provedeny filtry zneužití. When adding a new action, check if it is restricted in $wgAbuseFilterRestrictions and, if it is, don't forget to add the abusefilter-modify-restricted right to the appropriate user groups.
$wgAbuseFilterConditionLimit 1000 The maximum number of 'conditions' that can be used each time the filters are run against a change. (More complex filters require more 'conditions').
$wgAbuseFilterValidGroups 'default' The list of "groups" filters can be divided into. By default there is only one group.
$wgAbuseFilterEmergencyDisableThreshold array( 'default' => 0.05 ) Disable a filter if it matched more than 2 edits, constituting more than 5 % of the actions which were checked against the filter's group in the "observed" period (at most one day), unless the filter has been changed in the last 86400 seconds (one day)
$wgAbuseFilterEmergencyDisableCount array( 'default' => 2 )
$wgAbuseFilterEmergencyDisableAge array( 'default' => 86400 )
$wgAbuseFilterParserClass 'AbuseFilterParser' Name of AbuseFilter's parser class.
$wgAbuseFilterRestrictions array( 'block' => true, 'degroup' => true, 'blockautopromote' => true, 'rangeblock' => true ) Users must have the "abusefilter-modify-restricted" user right as well as "abusefilter-modify" in order to create or modify filters which carry out these actions.
$wgAbuseFilterNotifications false Allows to configure the extension to send hit notifications to Special:RecentChanges or UDP. Available options: rc, udp, rcandudp
$wgAbuseFilterNotificationsPrivate false Zapnout upozornění u soukromých filtrů.
$wgAbuseFilterCentralDB null Name of a database where global abuse filters will be stored in (only supported in the latest, development version).
$wgAbuseFilterIsCentral false Set this variable to true for the wiki where global AbuseFilters are stored in (only supported in the latest, development version).
$wgAbuseFilterDisallowGlobalLocalBlocks false Disallow Centralised filters from taking actions that locally block, remove from groups, or revoke permissions.
$wgAbuseFilterBlockDuration 'indefinite' Délka trvání zablokování, provedených Filterem zneužití.
as of 1.31.0-wmf.25 block durations may be specified for every single filter and will override this variable. This variable is only used when enabling the block in order to preselect a default duration.
$wgAbuseFilterAnonBlockDuration null Duration of blocks made by AbuseFilter on users who are not logged in. The value of $wgAbuseFilterBlockDuration will be used if this is not set.
as of 1.31.0-wmf.25 block durations may be specified for every single filter and will override this variable. This variable is only used when enabling the block in order to preselect a default duration.
$wgAbuseFilterCustomActionsHandlers array() Callback functions for custom actions.
$wgAbuseFilterValidGroups array('default') Valid "filter groups" – used for applying edit filters to certain types of actions
$wgAbuseFilterDefaultWarningMessage array( 'default' => 'abusefilter-warning' ) Default warning messages, per filter group
$wgAbuseFilterLogIPMaxAge 3 * 30 * 24 * 3600 Age used as cutoff when purging old IP log data. Defaults to 3 months. Used by maintenance script purgeOldLogIPData.php.
$wgAbuseFilterProfile false
MediaWiki version: 1.27

Whether to record data about the performance of filters – the average number of conditions used and the time consumed by every filter.

(This was always enabled in MediaWiki up to 1.25, then entirely removed from 1.26 for performance reasons, then restored in 1.27.)

$wgAbuseFilterRuntimeProfile false Whether to calculate and record the total runtime, conditions, and matched filters on each execution.
$wgAbuseFilterProfileActionsCap 10000 Number of action that determines when to reset profiling stats.


API

AbuseFilter adds two API list modules, one for details of abuse filters ("abusefilters") and one for the abuse log, since it is separate from other MediaWiki logs ("abuselog"). It is not possible to create or modify abuse filters using the API.

list = abusefilters

List information about filters

Parameters
  • abfstartid: The filter id to start enumerating from
  • abfendid: The filter id to stop enumerating at
  • abfdir: The direction in which to enumerate (older, newer)
  • abfshow: Show only filters which meet these criteria (enabled|!enabled|deleted|!deleted|private|!private)
  • abflimit: The maximum number of filters to list
  • abfprop: Which properties to get (id|description|pattern|actions|hits|comments|lasteditor|lastedittime|status|private)

When filters are private, some of the properties specified with abfprop will be missing unless you have the appropriate user rights.

Příklady

List non-private abuse filters

list = abuselog

List instances where actions triggered an abuse filter.

Parameters
  • aflstart: The timestamp to start enumerating from
  • aflend: The timestamp to stop enumerating at
  • afldir: The direction in which to enumerate (older, newer)
  • afluser: Show only entries where the action was attempted by a given user or IP address.
  • afltitle: Show only entries where the action involved a given page.
  • aflfilter: Show only entries that triggered a given filter ID
  • afllimit: The maximum number of entries to list
  • aflprop: Which properties to get (ids|user|title|action|result|timestamp|details)
Příklad

List instances where the abuse filter was triggered in response to actions from the user "SineBot"

Possible errors

  • Some users might experience that creating new filters or modifying old filters fail and the user just gets redirected to the original page. If the Wiki is using SSL certificates, this error could possibly be because of the $wgServer value, which might be using "http://" instead of "https://". An indication of this error will be, the browser giving https warning for Special:AbuseFilter pages. (Topic:T23dyyih0ofjada5)

Související odkazy