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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Blocking users and the translation is 83% complete.

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Blocking users is an action that sysops can perform upon users or IP addresses to prevent them from editing the wiki.

封禁[edit | edit source]

A screenshot of the blocking interface, with all checkboxes visible.

Blocking users is very simple. Visit Special:Block and follow these steps:

  1. IP Address or username: Enter the username, IP address, or IP range to block in the "User" field. If blocking an account, make sure to check the spelling since nonexistent users can be blocked as well. Instead of typing this information in manually, it is also possible to click on a "block" link in recent changes, contributions pages, or history pages, which will automatically fill in this field with the appropriate username or IP address. A "Block this user" link is also present in the toolbox when viewing User and User talk pages.
  1. Expiration: Select when the block should expire from the drop-down, or manually type in an expiration time of the block. When manually typing in a time, follow the GNU standard format. The default options in the drop-down may be modified at MediaWiki:Ipboptions.
  2. Reason (optional): The reason selected from the drop-down combined with the other/additional reason specified will be used as the message displayed to the blocked user when they try to edit. The default reasons in the drop-down may be modified at MediaWiki:Ipbreason-dropdown.
  1. 选择附加封禁选项(可选):根据要封禁的是用户名还是 IP 地址,以及其它可能已启用的选项,表单中会显示出以下某些或全部选项。关于如何启用或禁用下列某些选项,请参考:关于封禁的配置设置
    • 仅阻止匿名用户:这个选项仅在封禁 IP 地址时有效。当选中时,使用被封禁的 IP 地址的注册用户仍然可以编辑。反之他们也将不能编辑。
    • Prevent account creation: Selecting this option will prevent the blocked username or IP address from creating new accounts.
    • Automatically block the last IP address used by this user, and any subsequent IPs they try to edit from: This option is only available when blocking a username. When selected, the user's IP will become "autoblocked" (these show up as numbers such as #17 on the active block list) for a short period of time and any other IP addresses that the blocked user tries to edit from will be blocked as well. The duration of an "autoblock" can be changed by adjusting the value of $wgAutoblockExpiry.
    • Prevent this user from editing their own talk page while blocked: This option is only available if $wgBlockAllowsUTEdit is set to true; it is not by default. Selecting this option prevents the IP address, range, or user from editing their own user talk page.
    • 阻止用户发送电邮:当选中此项时,用户将无法使用 Special:EmailUser 界面。如果使用这个选项禁用一个 IP 地址或范围、并且未设置为仅针对匿名用户,则所有从指定 IP 地址或范围登录的帐户都无法使用 Special:EmailUser。
    • 在封禁日志、当前封禁列表和用户列表中隐藏用户名:当选中时,被封禁的用户名或 IP 地址将不会被加入到封禁日志当前封禁列表用户列表中。其他有权查看这些隐藏项目的用户仍然可以看到并解除对用户名或 IP 地址的封禁。这个选项在默认安装的 MediaWiki 中并未启用。执行封禁操作的人须有 hideuser 权限。参见:Manual:User rights
    • 监视该用户的用户页面和讨论页面:当选中时,它将把被封禁用户的用户页面和用户讨论页加入到你的监视列表中。
  1. 再检查一遍你输入的所有内容,然后点击封禁该用户。最后将出现一条消息告诉你封禁成功与否。

解除封禁[edit | edit source]

要解除对某个用户名或 IP 地址的封禁,访问当前封禁列表,找到你要解除封禁的用户或 IP,点击旁边的(解除封禁)链接。然后输入一个可选的原因并点击解除封禁按钮。最后将出现一条消息告诉你解除封禁成功与否。

被封禁意味着什么[edit | edit source]

Blocked users are unable to edit pages, upload files, move pages, and perform other actions that additional user rights would grant. Effectively, this makes the wiki read only for those users. Until MediaWiki 1.17, sysops or others with access to the unblocking interface may still unblock others (as well as themselves if they have the unblockself right). However, since MediaWiki 1.17, blocked users who are in user groups that allow them to block nevertheless may not block or unblock other users while blocked.

参见[edit | edit source]