Help:Extension:UniversalLanguageSelector/Input methods/jv-transliteration

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Untuk instruksi dan bantuan dalam bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Jawa, lihat jv:Help:Nulis Aksara Jawa
This page may be outdated. Last checked: 2 September 2013
For the actual production level script, see https://github.com/wikimedia/jquery.ime/blob/master/rules/jv/jv-transliteration.js. Last update: v1.1 - 10 August 2013

Writing Javanese script is easy; as long as you can write in normal keyboard, you can write in Javanese script. You don't need to memorize any keyboard sequence to be able to write basic sentences.aswqqdzbc yfetgdjhcb

The only two special characters are "x" and "q", because both were not used in normal words. "x/X" is used for writing "ê/Ê" (pêpêt), and "q/Q" for writing special characters.

  • (Initial) Consonants (aksara nglegena & aksara murda) adalah ꦏ, ꦐ, ꦑ, ꦒ, ꦓ, ꦔ, ꦕ, ꦖ, ꦗ, ꦘ, ꦙ, ꦚ, ꦛ, ꦜ, ꦝ, ꦞ, ꦟ, ꦠ, ꦡ, ꦢ, ꦣ, ꦤ, ꦥ, ꦦ, ꦧ, ꦨ, ꦩ, ꦪ, ꦫ, ꦬ, ꦭ, ꦮ, ꦯ, ꦰ, ꦱ, dan ꦲ.
  • Medial consonants (sanḍangan wyanjana/mandraswara) adalah ꦾ PENGKAL, ꦿ CAKRA, dan ꦽ CAKRA KERET.
  • Final consonants (sanḍangan panyigeging wanda) adalah ꦀ PANYANGGA, ꦁ CECAK, ꦂ LAYAR, dan ꦃ WIGNYAN, ꧀ pangkon, ꦳ cecak telu, aksara rekan:  ꦒ꦳  ꦥ꦳ ꦏ꦳  ꦱ꦳   ꦗ꦳.
  • Vocals (sanḍangan swara) adalah ꦴ, ◌ꦵ, ꦶ, ꦷ, ꦸ, ꦹ, ꦺ, ꦻ, dan ꦼ (tarung, tolong, wulu, wulu melik, suku, suku mendut, taling, ai, pêpêt).
  • Standalone vocals (aksara swara) adalah ꦄ, ꦅ, ꦆ, ꦇ, ꦈ, ꦌ, ꦍ, dan ꦎ (A, I, Ī, I Kawi, U, E, Ai, dan O), aksara ganten: ꦉ PA CEREK, ꦊ NGA LELET, dan ꦋ NGA LELET RASWADI.
  • Numbers adala ꧐ ꧑ ꧒ ꧓ ꧔ ꧕ ꧖ ꧗ ꧘ ꧙ (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
  • Punctuations (pada/tanda wacan) adalah ꧅, ꧄, ꧃, ꧋, ꧊, ꧌, ꧍, ꧈, ꧉, ꧇, ꧆, ꧞, ꧟, ꧏ, ꧅ꦟ꧀ꦢꦿ꧅, ꧅ꦧ꧀ꦖ꧅, ꧅ꦆ꧅, ꧋꧐꧋, ꧉꧐꧉, (pada luhur, pada madya, pada andhap, pada adeg-adeg, pada adeg, pada piseleh kiwa, pada piseleh tengen, pada lingsa, pada lungsi, pada pangkat, pada windu, pada tirta tumetes, pada isen-isen, pangrangkep, madyapada, purwapada, wasanapada, pada guru, pada pancak), ꧁   ꧂  (rerenggan)

Table[edit]

L H Carakan T Example M H Carakan T Example
D T B Latin D T Latin Carakan
a 99(ha) h+a arek-arek ꦫꦺꦏ꧀ꦫꦺꦏ꧀ A 99A Swara A
b 18ba      ◌꧀ꦧ ꦧ꧀ b bakul bathik ꦏꦸꦭ꧀ꦛꦶꦏ꧀ B 18Ba Murda      ◌꧀ꦨ B Babad Banyuwangi ꦧꦢ꧀​ꦚꦸꦮꦔꦶ
c 03ca      ◌꧀ꦕ 3 c calon camat ꦭꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦠ꧀ C 03Ca Murda      ◌꧀ꦖ C Cacuk Cahyono ꦕꦸꦏ꧀ꦃꦪꦺꦴꦤꦺꦴ
d 06da      ◌꧀ꦢ ꦢ꧀ d dados damêl ꦢꦺꦴꦱ꧀ꦩꦼꦭ꧀ D 06Da Mahaprana      ◌꧀ꦣ D Damien Dematra ꦩꦶꦪꦺꦤ꧀ꦺꦩꦠꦿ
e 99taling ꦲꦺ h+e/e enak-enak ꦲꦺꦤꦏ꧀ꦲꦤꦏ꧀ E 99E Swara E
f 99pa+cecak telu ꦥ꦳      ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ ꦥ꦳꧀ f F 99(tidak resmi) ꦦ꦳      ◌꧀ꦦ꦳ F
g 17ga      ◌꧀ꦒ ꦒ꧀ g gagak galak ꦒꦒꦏ꧀ꦒꦭꦏ꧀ G 17Ga Murda      ◌꧀ꦓ G Gugun Gondrong ꦓꦸꦒꦸꦤ꧀ꦓꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦢꦿꦺꦴꦁ
h 01ha/wignyan      ◌꧀ꦲ h huk-huk ꦲꦸꦏ꧀ꦲꦸꦏ꧀ H 01 ꦲ꦳      ◌꧀ꦲ꦳ H
i 99wulu ꦲꦶ h+i/i ikêt-ikêtan ꦲꦶꦏꦼꦠ꧀ꦲꦶꦏꦼꦠ꧀ꦠꦤ꧀ I 99I Swara ꦆ (ꦅ) I (I+q)
j 13ja      ◌꧀ꦗ ꦗ꧀ j janggêl jagung ꦗꦁꦒꦼꦭ꧀ꦗꦒꦸꦁ J 13Ja Mahaprana      ◌꧀ꦙ J Julius Jati ꦙꦸꦭꦶꦪꦸꦱ꧀ꦙꦠꦶ
k 05ka      ◌꧀ꦏ ꦏ꧀ k kapuk kapas ꦏꦥꦸꦏ꧀ꦏꦥꦱ꧀ K 05Ka Murda      ◌꧀ꦑ K Kabupaten Kudus ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦑꦸꦢꦸꦱ꧀
l 10la      ◌꧀ꦭ ꦭ꧀ l lamuk lanang ꦭꦩꦸꦏ꧀ꦭꦤꦁ L 10
m 16ma      ◌꧀ꦩ ꦩ꧀ m manuk manyar ꦩꦤꦸꦏ꧀ꦩ​ꦚꦂ M 16
n 02na      ◌꧀ꦤ ꦤ꧀ n nanêm nanas ꦤꦤꦼꦩ꧀ꦤꦤꦱ꧀ N 02Na Murda      ◌꧀ꦟ N Nurman Natanegara ꦟꦸꦂꦩꦤ꧀ꦟꦠꦤꦼꦒꦫ​
o 99taling tarung ꦲꦺꦴ ꦺꦴ h+o/o ombèn-ombèn ꦲꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦧꦺꦤ꧀ꦲꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦧꦺꦤ꧀ O 99O Swara O
p 11pa      ◌꧀ꦥ ꦥ꧀ p panen pari ꦥꦤꦺꦤ꧀ꦥꦫꦶ P 11Pa Murda      ◌꧀ꦦ P Pangeran Puger ꦦꦔꦺꦫꦤ꧀ꦦꦸꦒꦼꦂ
q 99(ka sasak) (ꦐ)      ◌꧀ꦐ (ꦐ꧀) q+q Q 99 ‍‍
r 04ra/layar ꦿ / ◌꧀ꦫ r ragad rabi ꦫꦒꦢ꧀ꦫꦧꦶ R 04Ra Agung      ◌꧀ꦬ R Raden Rahmat ꦬꦢꦺꦤ꧀ꦬꦃꦩꦠ꧀
s 08sa      ◌꧀ꦱ ꦱ꧀ s sabên sasi ꦱꦧꦼꦤ꧀ꦱꦱꦶ S 08Sa Murda      ◌꧀ꦯ S Slamet Suryanto ꦯ꧀ꦭꦩꦼꦠ꧀ꦯꦸꦫꦾꦤ꧀ꦠꦺꦴ
t 07ta      ◌꧀ꦠ ꦠ꧀ t tabêt tatu ꦠꦧꦼꦠ꧀ꦠꦠꦸ T 07Ta Murda      ◌꧀ꦡ T Tuwan Tantri ꦡꦸꦮꦤ꧀ꦡꦤ꧀ꦠꦿꦶ
u 99suku ꦲꦸ h+u/u unêg-unêg ꦲꦸꦤꦼꦒ꧀ꦲꦸꦤꦼꦒ U 99U Swara U
v 99pa+cecak telu ꦥ꦳      ◌꧀ꦥ꦳ 3 v V 99
w 09wa      ◌꧀ꦮ 3 w wasis wicara ꦮꦱꦶꦱ꧀ꦮꦶꦕꦫ​ W 09
x 99ka+cecak telu (ꦏ꦳)      ◌꧀ꦏ꦳ 3 x+x X 99()(tidak resmi) (ꦑ꦳)      ◌꧀ꦑ꦳ X
y 14ya ꦾ / ◌꧀ꦪ 3 y yakut yasan ꦪꦏꦸꦠ꧀ꦪꦱꦤ꧀ Y 14
z 99ja+cecak telu ꦗ꦳      ◌꧀ꦗ꦳ 3 z Z 99(tidak resmi) ꦙ꦳      ◌꧀ꦙ꦳ Z
ŋ 20nga/cêcak      ◌꧀ꦔ n+g ngajak ngaso ꦔꦗꦏ꧀ꦔꦱꦺꦴ Ŋ 20
ñ 15nya      ◌꧀ꦚ 3 n+y nyabut nyawa ꦚꦧꦸꦠ꧀ꦚꦮ Ñ 15Nya Murda      ◌꧀ꦘ N+y Nyoman lan Nyai ꦘꦺꦴꦩꦤ꧀ꦭꦤ꧀ꦘꦲꦶ
12dha      ◌꧀ꦝ 3 d+h dhawul-dhawul ꦝꦮꦸꦭ꧀ꦝꦮꦸꦭ 12Dha Murda      ◌꧀ꦞ D+h Dharmawan Dhani ꦞꦂꦩꦮꦤ꧀ꦞꦤꦶ
19tha      ◌꧀ꦛ 3 t+h thak-thakan ꦛꦏ꧀ꦛꦏ꧀ꦏꦤ꧀ 19Tha Mahaprana      ◌꧀ꦜ T+h
ê 99pêpêt2 ꦲꦼ h+x/x êlus-êlus ꦲꦼꦭꦸꦱ꧀ꦲꦼꦭꦸꦱ Ê 99Ê Swara ꦄꦼ X
99pa cêrêk/cakra kêrêt r+x
99nga lêlêt2 ꦊ (ꦋ) ‍ ◌꧀ꦊ (◌꧀ꦋ) l+x/l+x+q
ss 21ssa      ◌꧀ꦰ s+s / s+h
  • 1 -o in Sundanese language
  • 2 special character
  • 3 vocals, murda, and consonants c, v, w, x, y, z, dh, th, ny, cannot have a pasangan, and cannot became a final consonant, such as: ꦙ꧀, ꦘ꧀
  • H, W, L, Y, M, doesn't have murda forms
Ng (Ŋ) also doesn't have murda form
  • If you typed "R" you'll get Ra Agung
  • If you typed "D", "J", you'll get Da, and Ja Mahaprana, respectively
If you typed "Dh" (Ḍ), "Th" (Ṭ), you'll get Dha, and Tha Mahaprana, respectively
  • The letters "f", "v", "z" can't be found in Javanese, therefore for foreign words, it needs a special character: "pa"(ꦥ)+"cecak telu"(꦳) = ꦥ꦳ for "f/F", "wa"(ꦮ)+"cecak telu"(꦳) = ꦮ꦳ for "v/V", and "ja"(ꦗ)+"cecak telu"(꦳) for "z/Z"
  • The letter "q" also can't be found in Javanese. In exchange, some people suggested "Ka Sasak" (ꦐ) be used in replace of "q/Q"
  • The letter "x" also can't be found in Javanese. In exchange, it can be written as "ka"(ꦏ)+"cecak telu"(꦳) = ꦏ꦳
"nya" in Sundanese language = ꦤ+◌꧀ꦘ (pasangan Nya).
  • The consonants h, r, ng, have special final-consonant forms: wignyan, layar, and cêcak


ISO k kh g gh c ch j jh ñ ṭh ḍh t th d dh n p ph b bh m y r l v ś s h
IPA k ɡ ɡʱ ŋ tʃʰ dʒʱ ɲ ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɖʱ ɳ t̪ʰ d̪ʱ n p b m j ɾ l ʋ ʃ ʂ s ɦ
Javanese

Vocals and long vocals[edit]

Vokal biasa Long vocals
Latin Sandhangan swara Aksara swara Typing sequence Latin Sandhangan swara Aksara swara Typing sequence
a a aa (ā) ꦄꦴ a+a
e (é/è) ꦌ, ꦄꦺ e o ꦺꦴ ꦎ, ꦄꦺꦴ o
ê ꦄꦼ x oo (ō) ꦼꦴ ꦄꦼꦴ o+o
i ꦆ (ꦅ), ꦄꦶ i ii (ī) ꦇ, ꦄꦷ i+i
u ꦈ, ꦄꦸ u uu (ū) ꦈꦴ, ꦄꦹ u+u
ai ꦍ, ꦄꦻ a+i au ꦻꦴ, ꦵ1 ꦎꦴ, ꦍꦴ, ꦄꦻꦴ, ꦄꦵ a+u
1 "-o" in Sundanese language
"-eu" in Sundanese language:
◌ꦼꦵ/ꦄꦼꦵ

Numbers[edit]

Huruf Latin : 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . ,
Aksara Jawa ꧈ 
Pengetikan : 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . ,

Special characters[edit]

Latin (pangkon) ss/sh jh kh (ḳ) gh dz
Pengetikan q s+s/s+h j+h k+h g+h d+z
Resulting
Javanese scripts
ꦰ꧀ ꦙ꧀ ꦏ꦳꧀ ꦒ꦳꧀ ꦢ꦳꧀
1 if started with "r" (ꦫ) / "R" (ꦬ)
2 if started with "l" (ꦭ)
"rh" (ṛ) in Sanskrit and old Javanese, see "rê" (ꦽ/ꦉ)
long "ṛ" (ṝ) = ◌ꦽꦴ/ꦉꦴ
"reu" in Sundanese language = ◌ꦽꦵ/ꦉꦵ
"lh" (ḷ) in Sanskrit and old Javanese, see "lê" (ꦊ)
long "ḷ" (ḹ) = ꦋ / ꦊꦴ
"leu" in Sundanese language = ꦊꦵ

To write foreign consonants, especially from Arabic:

  • ꦏ꦳ KA + CECAK TELU for the voice of خ (xa).
  • ꦒ꦳ GA + CECAK TELU for the voice of غ (γa).
  • ꦗ꦳ JA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ز (za).
  • ꦢ꦳ DA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ذ (dza).
  • ꦥ꦳ PA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ف/ڤ (fa/va).
  • ꦦ꦳ PA MURDA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ف (fa).
  • ꦔ꦳ NGA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ع ('a).
  • ꦱ꦳ SA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ش (ša).
  • ꦲ꦳ HA + CECAK TELU for the voice of ح (ḥa).

Others[edit]

Look-alike characters
  • ꦎ (O Murda) with ꦮ꧀ꦢ (wa+pangkon+da)
  • ꦈ (U Murda) with ꦔ꧀ꦢ (nga+pangkon+da)
  • ꦊ (nga lelet) ꦔ꧀ꦤ (nga+pangkon+na)

Javanese numbers:

  • ꧐ 0 with ꧆ PADA WINDU,
  • ꧑ 1 with ꦒ GA,
  • ꧒ 2 with ꦊ NGA LELET dan dengan ꦔ꧀ꦤ "nga" dan pasangan "na" ("ngna"),
  • ꧓ 3 with ꦔꦾ NGA + PENGKAL,
  • ꦄ A with      ꧔꧀ꦱ 4 + pangkon + sa
  • ꧖ 6 with ꦌ E MURDA,
  • ꧗ 7 with ꦭ LA,
  • ꧘ 8 with ꦦ PA MURDA, dan
  • ꧙ 9 with ꦪ YA.

Other characters in codepoints Unicode Bahasa Jawa[edit]

  • ꧀ = q
  • ꧋ = |+|
  • ꧊ = |

  • ꧌ = (
  • ꧍ = )
  • ꧃ = Q+q+q

  • ꧄ = Q+q+q+q

  • ꧅ = Q+q+q+q+q

  • ꧏ = Q+q+q+q+q+q

  • ꧆ = q+q+q+q

  • ꧞ = q+q+q+q+q

  • ꧟ = q+q+q+q+q+q

  • ꧁ = Q

  • ꧂ = Q+q

  • ꦳ = q+q

  • ꦀ = q+q+q