From MediaWiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
MediaWiki extensions manual
OOjs UI icon advanced.svg
Release status: stable
Implementation Tag
Description Wrap `text between backticks` in <code> tags.
Author(s) Joel Thornton (joelpttalk)
Latest version 1.0 (2012-12-30)
MediaWiki 1.5+
PHP 5.2+
Database changes No
License GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
Download See the code section
Translate the BacktickCode extension if it is available at translatewiki.net
Check usage and version matrix.

The BacktickCode extension wraps <code> tags around wikitext which is placed `between backtick characters`.

This provides a handy wiki-editing shortcut for wikis that expect a lot of inlined <code> snippets in its pages, and functions similarly to the standard MediaWiki ''' -> <b> bold formatting shortcut.

Backtick characters within <pre> blocks will not be altered by this extension. Backticks outside of <pre> blocks can also be output to the page by escaping them as \`.


  • Add the following code at the bottom of your LocalSettings.php:
    require_once "$IP/extensions/BacktickCode/BacktickCode.php";
  • Yes Done – Navigate to Special:Version on your wiki to verify that the extension is successfully installed.


BacktickCode.php (PHP 5.3+)
 * @author Joel Thornton <mediawiki@joelpt.net>
 * @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU General Public License 2.0 or later

if(!defined('MEDIAWIKI')) {
    die("This is an extension to the MediaWiki package and cannot be run standalone.");

// Register as an extention
$wgExtensionCredits['parserhook'][] = array(
        'name' => 'BacktickCode',
        'version' => '1.0',
        'url' => 'https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:BacktickCode',
        'author' => 'Joel Thornton; Sk4p',
        'description' => 'Allows to show text as <code> between backticks (`)',

// Register hooks
$wgHooks['InternalParseBeforeLinks'][] = function( &$parser, &$text, &$stripState ) {
        // We replace '`...`' by '<code>...</code>' and '\`' by '`'.

        // This is hard, because MediaWiki itself uses backticks in
        // the `UNIQ and QINU` blocks.  We find that when we just
        // change pairs of ` `, we break the stripstate badly.  So
        // first we're going to "hide" those by turning the backticks
        // into tildes.
        $fixprefix = preg_replace('/`/', '~', Parser::MARKER_PREFIX);
        $fixsuffix = preg_replace('/`/', '~', Parser::MARKER_SUFFIX);

        $text = str_replace(Parser::MARKER_PREFIX, $fixprefix, $text);
        $text = str_replace(Parser::MARKER_SUFFIX, $fixsuffix, $text);

        // Now that those are tildes, we can do the replace.  We check
        // for \x7f to ensure our pair of backticks isn't spanning a
        // UNIQ/QINU set.
        $text = preg_replace('/([^\\\\]|^)`([^`\x7f]*)`/', '$1<code>$2</code>', $text);
        $text = preg_replace('/\\\\\`/', '`', $text);

        // Now put the prefix/suffixes back to normal.
        $text = str_replace($fixprefix, Parser::MARKER_PREFIX, $text);
        $text = str_replace($fixsuffix, Parser::MARKER_SUFFIX, $text);

        return true;