Ajuda: Assinando permissões

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Assigning permissions and the translation is 17% complete.

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"Assinar permissões" significa garantir direitos extras aos usuários no software wiki (ou remover este direitos). Isto é feito ao ir à página Special:UserRights, e adicionando usuários ao grupo que possui direitos específicos. A primeira coisa à notar é que esta ação em si requer permissões especiais.

Burocracia

Por padrão, você precisará ser um 'Burocrata' (no grupo 'Burocrata') antes que você possa acessar a página Special:UserRights. O primeiro usuário criado ao configurar MediaWiki é um burocrata. Outros usuários podem normalmente contatar um dos burocratas para pedir uma mudança de permissões. Saiba quem são estas pessoas em Special:ListUsers/bureaucrat. Em uma pequena wiki tipicamente pode ter apenas um ou dois burocratas.

Promoting users to sysops and bureaucrats

The Special:UserRights page allows you (if you have access) to set which groups a user is in. A common task would be to put a user into the 'sysop' group. This will grant the user various extra rights, such as deleting pages, and blocking users. See Help:Sysops and permissions for more details.

Obviously giving a user such rights implies that you trust the user, both in terms of being non-malicious, and also as somebody with sufficient competence in using the wiki software, and in dealing with the wiki community. People hoping to become sysops should read Help:Sysops and permissions. However it should be noted that actions of a sysop user are (almost) entirely reversible, by other sysop users, and so it can be a good idea to dish out these extra permissions to a number of users in order to

  • spread the workload of day-to-day sysop operations such as blocking vandals and deleting pages.
  • make things more democratic, and decrease any perception of a single dictator running the community
  • allow competent users the power they need to make progress with wiki refactoring.
  • reward valued contributors/community members

Processes

If you have many sysops, you may start to need documented processes governing their actions. e.g. when should a page be protected versus leaving it unprotected? You may even reach the point where you need a documented procedure for deciding who gets to be a sysop, and who should have their sysop rights revoked. To manage all of this, you may wish to promote several users into the 'Bureaucrat' group (a smaller number of your most trusted users) to spread the workload managing the promoting/demoting of sysops. On some large wikis, users are voted in by other users before they are granted extra permissions, and sysops have their rights revoked by a committee who investigate accusations of misconduct. Such processes are unlikely to be necessary in anything but the largest of wiki communities.

Other permissions

Beyond promoting/demoting of Sysops and Bureaucrats, you can also grant and remove the 'bot' flag from an account, meaning their edits do not show up on Special:RecentChanges.

Ver também