Aplikasi Wikimedia/Pertanyaan yang sering ditanyakan untuk Android

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikimedia Apps/Android FAQ and the translation is 100% complete.

Umum

Dimana saya bisa mengunduhnya?

Anda dapat menemukan aplikasi kami di Google Play Store: buka aplikasi Play Store di perangkat Anda dan cari "Wikipedia".

Jika perangkat Anda tidak menggunakan layanan Google, Anda juga dapat menemukan aplikasi tersebut di toko aplikasi pihak ketiga lainnya seperti F-Droid, atau dengan mengunduh APK teranyar secara langsung.

Apa perbedaannya antara aplikasi Android dengan versi web seluler dari Wikipedia?

Aplikasi Wikipedia memberikan pengalaman yang dioptimalkan dan efisien untuk mencari dan membaca konten Wikipedia. Menjadi aplikasi mandiri, memungkinkan untuk memuat artikel dengan lebih cepat, dan dengan penggunaan data yang sedikit. Hal ini juga memberikan antarmuka yang lebih responsif yang lebih konsisten dengan aplikasi Android lain yang Anda sukai. Ini menambahkan fitur yang tidak tersedia (atau tidak mungkin) dalam versi Web dari Wikipedia, seperti menyimpan halaman ke perangkat untuk dibaca nanti, dan berbagi konten dan gambar dari artikel ke aplikasi media sosial kesukaan Anda.

Bagaimana cara berdonasi di Wikipedia?

You can donate at any time by going to the "More" menu in the main screen and selecting Support Wikipedia. Unfortunately we cannot currently accept donations using Google Pay, or using your Google Store credits.

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I already donated; why I am getting asked to donate again?

Due to our strict privacy guidelines, we don't actually connect your app usage or user account to your donation history. This means you may see a donation request in the app even if you have previously donated on the web.

Do I need to be connected to the Internet to use the app?

You do need a connection to download articles, and to use the Explore feed. However, if you save articles to your reading lists, they will be available for later reading, even without an internet connection.

Perangkat apakah yang didukung?

Aplikasi kami bekerja di semua perangkat Android yang menjalankan versi 5.0 (Lollipop) dan lebih tinggi.

Sejak bulan Januari 2020, kami telah mengakhiri dukungan aplikasi pada perangkat Android versi 4 (KitKat) dan lebih lama. Jika Anda memiliki perangkat yang menjalankan Android Jellybean atau lebih lama, Anda masih bisa memasang aplikasi tersebut di Play Store, tapi itu akan menjadi versi "beku" dari aplikasi, dan tidak akan lagi menerima pemutakhiran, dengan kemungkinan pengecualian dari patch keamanan penting sesekali atau kekutu kerusakan.

General features

Search

You can search Wikipedia from any of these locations in the app:

  • From the Explore feed in the main screen, by tapping the "Search Wikipedia" box at the top.
  • By tapping the "Search" icon in the bottom toolbar in the main screen.
  • While reading an article, by tapping the "Search" icon in the top toolbar.
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Search within an article

From the top-right menu (three dots), select "Find in page". You will be able to type text to search within the current article, and the search results will be automatically highlighted and scrolled into view.

Explore feed

The home screen of the app features a feed of recommended content for reading. Each "card" in the feed represents a single article, or a short list of articles, for you to read. The types of cards you might find in the feed (depending on their language availability) include:

  • Peristiwa terkini: artikel tentang peristiwa saat ini.
  • Artikel yang sedang tren: artikel yang paling banyak dikunjungi pada hari ini (berdasarkan jumlah penayangan total).
  • Artikel pilihan: artikel pilihan hari ini di Wikipedia.
  • Gambar pilihan: gambar pilihan hari ini dari Wikimedia Commons.
  • Lanjutkan membaca: pranala cepat kembali untuk membaca artikel terbuka di salah satu tab Anda.
  • Karena Anda membaca: sebuah daftar pendek yang berisi saran bacaan yang berdasarkan artikel yang dibaca baru-baru ini dari riwayat Anda.
  • Hari ini dalam sejarah: peristiwa bersejarah pada hari ini.
  • Sembarang: membuka tampilan yang menghasilkan artikel acak untuk dibaca.
  • Hari ini di Wikipedia: membuka "Halaman Utama" yang sebenarnya dari Wikipedia.
  • Hari ini dalam sejarah: Peristiwa bersejarah pada hari ini.

How can I customize the feed?

If you don't want to see a particular card in the Explore feed, you can tap the overflow menu on that card (three dots at the top-right), and tap "Hide this card".

You may also tap the overflow menu on any card (three dots at the top-right) and select the "Customize the feed" option, which will allow you to choose which types of cards to show, the order in which they will appear, and the languages for which they will be shown.

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Reading lists and offline reading

To save an article for later reading, tap the "bookmark" icon in the bottom toolbar:

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This will automatically make the article available for reading offline, i.e. even when you are not connected to the internet. When you bookmark articles, they are saved to a default reading list called "Saved", but you can also create different reading lists of your own, and categorize your saved articles however you like.

Artikel yang disimpan ke daftar akan tersedia luring secara baku sehingga Anda dapat membacanya nanti. Jika Anda tidak ingin artikel-artikel tertentu tersedia scream luring, Anda bisa pergi ke daftar bacaan, lalu menekan tekan dan menahan artikel tertentu. Kemudian, Anda akan melihat daftar pilihan untuk artikel itu, karena memenuhi "Tersedia secara luring". Anda bisa mengakses semua daftar bacaan Anda dengan menandai Tom dengan cara "Daftar saya" di layar utama.

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When you are logged in to the app, your reading lists are automatically synchronized to your Wikipedia account, so that your lists will be restored if you install the app on a different device, or uninstall/reinstall it on the same device. Your reading lists will also be available if you log in to the iOS version of the app. However, at the moment your reading lists are not accessible from the desktop or mobile web version of the Wikipedia website.

Readability and themes

When reading an article, tap the "Theme" button in the bottom toolbar. There you will see numerous options, including:

  • Increase or decrease the text size for reading articles.
  • Change the color theme between Light, Sepia, Dark, or Black. (The Black theme is particularly useful for devices with an OLED display, since it will save battery power by keeping most pixels black.)
  • Whether to "Match system theme". Since Android itself now supports a light and dark theme, the app can automatically adjust to the system setting. If you do not want to match the system theme (i.e. if you want to use the Dark theme in the app, but keep the device in the Light theme, you'll need to unselect "Match system theme").
  • Whether to dim images. When using the Dark or Black theme, dimming images may be an additional benefit for distraction-free reading.
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In-article conveniences

  • Tap the "Contents" button at the bottom (or swipe from right to left anywhere in the article) to see the table of contents for the current article. Tap on any section in the table of contents to jump to that section in the article.
  • Tap on references (superscript numbers) to see a popup that describes the reference in detail.
  • Tap any image to view it full-screen; pinch to zoom the image, or swipe left or right to view other images that appear in the article.
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Penyuntingan

General

Sebelum mulai membat artikel, keetuk di ikon "pensil" di samping judul bagian di artikel untuk memulai penyuntingan. Note that some articles are protected from being edited by anonymous users or users with too few edits.

Perlu diketahui bahwa artikel Wikipedia diformat menggunakan format MediaWiki , disebut juga teks wiki. When you edit a section of an article in the app, the wikitext syntax will be automatically highlighted to assist with formatting.

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Apakah saya harus masuk log untuk menyunting?
Tidak, Anda dapat menyunting tanpa membuat nama pengguna atau masuk log, tapi perlu diketahui bahwa alamat IP Anda akan dikaitkan dengan suntingan Anda, dan akan terlihat ke siapa pun yang membaca riwayat artikel. Tolong diingat bahwa beberapa Wikipedia tidak membolehkan menyunting artikel di ruang nama Utama jika Anda belum masuk log.
Dapatkah saya mengunggah gambar?
Tidak bisa.
Dapatkah saya melihat riwayat penyuntingan suatu halaman dan halaman pembicaraan?
Fitur ini tidak didukung di aplikasi. Jika Anda menggulir hingga bawah artikel, Anda bisa menekan pranala ke halaman riwayat dan pembicaraan artikel, yang akan membuka pranala secara otomatis di aplikasi peramban web baku Anda.
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Suggested edits

If you are keen to start making contributions to Wikipedia, the app provides you with various types of editing suggestions, presented as a continuous feed that you can swipe through. Go to the main screen of the app and tap the "Edits" button at the bottom to see the types of suggested edits that are available. These include:

  • Article descriptions: Add short descriptions to articles that are missing descriptions. These descriptions are shown when searching Wikipedia on your desktop or mobile device, and in various places in the app.
  • Image captions: Add captions to images on Wikimedia Commons that are missing captions. These captions are shown when tapping on images in articles to view them full-screen.
  • Image tags: Add tags to images on Wikimedia Commons. These tags will be used to make images more searchable and better structured.
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Contribution history

You can view your own contribution history by going to the main screen and tapping the "Edits" button at the bottom. This will show you the total number of edits you've made so far, your current edit quality (based on how many of your edits were reverted), among other statistics. To see more details about each of your previous contributions, tap on the statistics card. This will show a full-screen list of each of your edits.

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Notifications

If you are logged in to your account, you can receive notifications about your account activity. These notifications will automatically pop up along with other system notifications in your device's status bar. The types of actions for which notifications are sent include:

  • Message(s) left on your User Talk page.
  • Another user thanking you for an edit you made.
  • One of your edits being reverted.
  • Security notices regarding your account.

To see all of your current notifications, tap the "More" button at the bottom of the main screen, and select "Notifications".

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To choose which notifications pop up in your system status bar, tap the overflow menu (three dots) in the Notifications screen, and select "Notification preferences".

You can mark a notification as "read" by tapping on it, and selecting "Mark read and archive". You may also view all of your archived notifications by tapping the overflow menu (three dots) in the Notifications screen, and selecting "View archived".

Troubleshooting

If the app does not seem to be receiving notifications correctly, please consider these suggestions:

  • Make sure that you are logged in to your account in the app. Try logging out and back in.
  • Make sure you have notifications enabled in the app. Go to the Notifications screen (from the "More" menu on the main screen), then tap the overflow menu at the top right, then select "Notification preferences". Make sure that the "Poll notifications" option is turned on.
  • Make sure you haven't denied the app to show notifications from the system status bar. Android allows you to selectively allow and deny notifications to be shown from any app that tries to show them. To make sure that the Wikipedia app is allowed to show notifications, go to your system Settings, then go to "Apps and Notifications", then look for the "Notifications" selection. This should show you a list of all apps that could show notifications, along with a switch to enable or disable notifications for that app. Make sure that the switch is enabled for Wikipedia.

Languages

Wikipedia content exists in more than 300 languages, and you can select one or more of those languages to be used in the app.

When the app is first installed, it defaults to the system language of your device. If you have more than one keyboard language installed, the app should automatically detect those languages and add them to its list of languages.

Atur/ubah bahasa Wikipedia

To change the Wikipedia language, go to the "More" menu in the main screen, tap "Settings", then select "Wikipedia languages". From there you can add, remove, and rearrange your preferred languages. (Your topmost language will be used by default when searching Wikipedia.)

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Baca artikel dalam bahasa yang berbeda

When reading an article, you can tap the "Language" button in the bottom toolbar to see other languages in which this article is available. (Note that not all articles will be available in all languages.)

Privasi dan Keamanan

Apakah aplikasi ini melacak saya? Apakah Anda menggunakan data saya?

Yes, some of your actions within the app are tracked, so that we can continue to improve our features. Sending usage reports can be deactivated by going to "Settings", which can be accessed from the "More" menu in the main screen, and unchecking "Send usage reports".

Kami juga memiliki pelaporan kerusakan untuk membantu kami memperbaiki bug. Ini terpisah dari pelaporan penggunaan. Jika kerusakan terdeteksi, kami secara otomatis mengirim laporan untuk membantu kami menemukan alasan dan memperbaiki masalah (Ini sangat membantu kami!). Semua data yang dikumpulkan bersifat anonim. Anda bisa menonaktifkan pelaporan kerusakan dengan cara pergi ke "Pengaturan" dan menghapus centang di "Kirimkan laporan kerusakan".

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Informasi apa yang diisi oleh laporan penggunaan?

Berbagai jenis data dikumpulkan, secara spesifik yang dapat dilihat di halaman log peristiwa. Misalnya, mencatat penundaan rata-rata antara mengetik istilah pencarian dan menerima hasil pencarian, atau jumlah kali tombol Bagikan diklik, atau apakah ukuran font meningkat atau menurun. Kami menggunakan layanan yang disebut AppCenter untuk melaporkan kerusakan di aplikasi. Ketika Anda memilih untuk mengirimkan kepada kami suatu kerusakan (yang sangat kami syukuri!), laporannya akan memberi tahu kami di mana di dalam kode kerusakan itu terjadi (lintasan tumpukan di semua alur aktif), dan informasi diagnostik lainnya seperti versi Android dan tipe perangkat. Data ini tidak dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi Anda secara pribadi. Ini semua digunakan untuk lebih memahami keterlibatan pengguna, dan membimbing kami untuk memperbaiki dan meningkatkan fitur yang ditawarkan oleh aplikasi.

Mengapa aplikasi membutuhkan izin Identitas (GET_ACCOUNTS)?

Izin ini diperlukan agar aplikasi dapat mengintegrasikan dengan akun pengguna Anda di Wikipedia, sehingga daftar bacaan Anda dan preferensi lainnya akan disinkronkan antara perangkat saat Anda masuk log.

Aplikasi ini tidak mengakses akun non-Wikipedia pada perangkat Anda, maupun aspek lain dari identitas Anda.
Izin ini hanya diperlukan di versi Android yang lebih lama dari 6.0 (Marshmallow). Untuk Android 6.0 dan lebih tinggi, izin ini tidak diperlukan.

Mengapa aplikasi membutuhkan izin Foto/Media/Gambar (WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)?

Izin ini diperlukan karena aplikasi ini memungkinkan Anda untuk menyimpan gambar yang Anda telusuri ke perangkat lokal Anda. Itu juga diperlukan agar aplikasi dapat menyimpan sementara gambar untuk berbagi melalui aplikasi lain (seperti dalam Bagikan fakta).

Izin ini hanya diperlukan untuk rilis Android lama.

Mengapa aplikasi membutuhkan izin Akses Jaringan Penuh (ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE, ACCESS_WIFI_STATE)?

Izin ini digunakan oleh aplikasi untuk menentukan keadaan dan kualitas koneksi jaringan Anda, dan menyesuaikan aspek-aspek tertentu dari kinerjanya sesuai (misalnya memuat versi gambar dengan kualitas lebih rendah ketika pada koneksi terbatas).

Mengapa aplikasi membutuhkan izin Dijalankan Saat Memulai (RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED)?

Aplikasi ini menyediakan fitur yang memungkinkan Anda menerima pemberitahuan di perangkat Anda tentang akun Wikipedia Anda. Ini bisa berupa pemberitahuan tentang artikel yang telah Anda sunting, pesan di halaman pembicaraan Anda, terima kasih dari penyunting lain, dll. Ini dapat dihidupkan jika Anda masuk ke akun dan mengaktifkan polling notifikasi. Layanan yang memeriksa pemberitahuan berjalan di latar belakang, dan perlu memulai ulang sendiri secara otomatis jika perangkat Anda sendiri dihidupkan ulang. Inilah mengapa aplikasi perlu menerima acara saat perangkat Anda awalnya melakukan booting. Jika Anda tidak mengaktifkan fitur polling Notifikasi, maka izin Dijalankan Saat Memulai tidak digunakan untuk tujuan lain.

Apakah koneksi antara aplikasi dan Wikipedia terenkripsi?

Ya, semua lalu lintas jaringan dari aplikasi dilakukan melalui HTTPS.

Does the app require Google services?

No, Google Play Services are not required for the app to work properly. However, when they are available, the app will use Google services for certain features, such as push notifications. No user information or personal data is sent to Google.

Troubleshooting

I'm blocked from logging in or editing, what should I do?

If you have not made any edits to Wikipedia, but still find yourself blocked from logging in, creating an account, or making edits, it probably means that your IP address has been blocked, not "you" specifically. When you use your device on a mobile network, or on a shared WiFi connection, your IP address may be shared with many other users. These other users might have made unconstructive edits to Wikipedia, which resulted in blocking the IP address. Sometimes an entire range of IP addresses might be blocked, and your IP address might simply fall into that range. Also, public proxies and VPNs are generally blocked, too. If your IP address is blocked, try joining a different WiFi network.

Note that the Wikimedia Foundation does not administer the blocking of IP addresses; instead, this work is done by a global community of volunteers and administrators. For information about blocking and appealing a block on English Wikipedia, please see the information page at Help! I've Been Blocked.

My edits are being reverted / I disagree with certain administrative actions.

There is no central authority over Wikipedia. The Wikimedia movement is based in part on the premise that good articles are achievable through the checks and balances editors provide for each other. When editors disagree on how to achieve these goals, they must resolve disputes through consensus, drawing on the wider community where necessary. You can read more about the dispute resolution processes on English Wikipedia at w:WP:DR.

How do I report a typo or other error in an article?

Wikipedia is the world's largest encyclopedia that anyone can edit! If you see a typo or other error in an article, click the "pencil" icon or highlight any text and tap "Edit here" from the popup menu. This will show the wikitext of the article which you can then edit and save.

If you make lots of edits, we recommend you log in to your account, so that you can keep track of your work, talk to other editors and join the worldwide Wikimedia community.

I see vandalism in an article. What should I do?

If you see text or images in an article that are clearly vandalism, you can always edit the article by tapping the "pencil" icon to the right of the article section that contains the vandalism. You can then remove the offending text and publish the edited content.

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I see information that is biased or factually incorrect. What should I do?

If you see text in an article that may be incorrect, biased, or generally low-quality, you can join the discussion about that article on the corresponding Talk page for the article. You can access the Talk page by scrolling near the bottom and tapping the "View talk page" link.

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Miscellaneous

Reporting bugs

  • If the app crashes, it will automatically send a crash report to us, assuming you haven't disabled crash reporting in Settings.
  • If you see a bug (not a crash) or have a suggestion or feature request, you can send us feedback here.

Who develops the Android app?

Check out our team page to learn more.

I am an Android developer. May I contribute?

Of course! Check out our app hacking page.

Getting in touch

For any other inquiries, please email us at: mobile-android-wikipedia @ wikimedia.org