User:Jeblad/Cite body.php

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<?php

/**#@+
 * A parser extension that adds two tags, <ref> and <references> for adding
 * citations to pages
 *
 * @addtogroup Extensions
 *
 * @link http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cite/Cite.php Documentation
 * @link http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/struct/text.html#edef-CITE <cite> definition in HTML
 * @link http://www.w3.org/TR/2005/WD-xhtml2-20050527/mod-text.html#edef_text_cite <cite> definition in XHTML 2.0
 *
 * @bug 4579
 *
 * @author Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com>
 * @copyright Copyright © 2005, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
 * @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
 */

class Cite {
	/**#@+
	 * @access private
	 */
	
	/**
	 * Datastructure representing <ref> input, in the format of:
	 * <code>
	 * array(
	 * 	'user supplied' => array(
	 *		'text' => 'user supplied reference & key',
	 *		'count' => 1, // occurs twice
	 * 		'number' => 1, // The first reference, we want
	 * 		               // all occourances of it to
	 * 		               // use the same number
	 *	),
	 *	0 => 'Anonymous reference',
	 *	1 => 'Another anonymous reference',
	 *	'some key' => array(
	 *		'text' => 'this one occurs once'
	 *		'count' => 0,
	 * 		'number' => 4
	 *	),
	 *	3 => 'more stuff'
	 * );
	 * </code>
	 *
	 * This works because:
	 * * PHP's datastructures are guarenteed to be returned in the
	 *   order that things are inserted into them (unless you mess
	 *   with that)
	 * * User supplied keys can't be integers, therefore avoiding
	 *   conflict with anonymous keys
	 *
	 * @var array
	 **/
	var $mRefs = array();
	
	/**
	 * Count for user displayed output (ref[1], ref[2], ...)
	 *
	 * @var int
	 */
	var $mOutCnt = 0;
	var $mGroupCnt = array();

	/**
	 * Internal counter for anonymous references, seperate from
	 * $mOutCnt because anonymous references won't increment it,
	 * but will incremement $mOutCnt
	 *
	 * @var int
	 */
	var $mInCnt = 0;

	/**
	 * The backlinks, in order, to pass as $3 to
	 * 'cite_references_link_many_format', defined in
	 * 'cite_references_link_many_format_backlink_labels
	 *
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $mBacklinkLabels;
	
	/**
	 * @var object
	 */
	var $mParser;
	
	/**
	 * True when a <ref> or <references> tag is being processed.
	 * Used to avoid infinite recursion
	 * 
	 * @var boolean
	 */
	var $mInCite = false;
	
	/**#@-*/

	/**
	 * Constructor
	 */
	function Cite() {
		$this->setHooks();
	}

	/**#@+ @access private */

	/**
	 * Callback function for <ref>
	 *
	 * @param string $str Input
	 * @param array $argv Arguments
	 * @return string
	 */
	function ref( $str, $argv, $parser ) {
		wfLoadExtensionMessages( 'Cite' );
		if ( $this->mInCite ) {
			return htmlspecialchars( "<ref>$str</ref>" );
		} else {
			$this->mInCite = true;
			$ret = $this->guardedRef( $str, $argv, $parser );
			$this->mInCite = false;
			return $ret;
		}
	}
	
	function guardedRef( $str, $argv, $parser, $default_group=CITE_DEFAULT_GROUP ) {
		$this->mParser = $parser;
		
		# The key here is the "name" attribute.
		list($key,$group) = $this->refArg( $argv );
		
		if( $str === '' ) {
			# <ref ...></ref>.  This construct is always invalid: either
			# it's a contentful ref, or it's a named duplicate and should
			# be <ref ... />.
			return $this->error( 'cite_error_ref_no_input' );
		}
				
		if( $key === false ) {
			# TODO: Comment this case; what does this condition mean?
			return $this->error( 'cite_error_ref_too_many_keys' );
		}

		if( $str === null and $key === null ) {
			# Something like <ref />; this makes no sense.
			return $this->error( 'cite_error_ref_no_key' );
		}
		
		if( preg_match( '/^[0-9]+$/', $key ) ) {
			# Numeric names mess up the resulting id's, potentially produ-
			# cing duplicate id's in the XHTML.  The Right Thing To Do
			# would be to mangle them, but it's not really high-priority
			# (and would produce weird id's anyway).
			return $this->error( 'cite_error_ref_numeric_key' );
		}

		# Split these into groups.
		if( $group === null ) {
			$group = $default_group;
		}
		
		if( is_string( $key ) or is_string( $str ) ) {
			# We don't care about the content: if the key exists, the ref
			# is presumptively valid.  Either it stores a new ref, or re-
			# fers to an existing one.  If it refers to a nonexistent ref,
			# we'll figure that out later.  Likewise it's definitely valid
			# if there's any content, regardless of key.
			return $this->stack( $str, $key, $group );
		}

		# Not clear how we could get here, but something is probably
		# wrong with the types.  Let's fail fast.
		$this->croak( 'cite_error_key_str_invalid', serialize( "$str; $key" ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Parse the arguments to the <ref> tag
	 *
	 * @static
	 *
	 * @param array $argv The argument vector
	 * @return mixed false on invalid input, a string on valid
	 *               input and null on no input
	 */
	function refArg( $argv ) {
		global $wgAllowCiteGroups;
		$cnt = count( $argv );
		$group = null;
		$key = null;

		if ( $cnt > 2 )
			// There should only be one key and one group
			return false;
		else if ( $cnt >= 1 ) {
			if ( isset( $argv['name'] ) ) {
				// Key given.
				$key = Sanitizer::escapeId( $argv['name'] );
				unset( $argv['name']);
				--$cnt;
			}
			if ( isset( $argv['group'] ) ){
				if (! $wgAllowCiteGroups ) return array(false); //remove when groups are fully tested.
				// Group given.
				$group = $argv['group'];
				unset( $argv['group']);
				--$cnt;
			}

			if ( $cnt == 0)
				return array ($key,$group);
			else
				// Invalid key
				return array(false);
		}
		else
			// No key
			return array(null,$group);
	}

	/**
	 * Populate $this->mRefs based on input and arguments to <ref>
	 *
	 * @param string $str Input from the <ref> tag
	 * @param mixed $key Argument to the <ref> tag as returned by $this->refArg()
	 * @return string 
	 */
	function stack( $str, $key = null, $group ) {
		if (! isset($this->mRefs[$group])) 
			$this->mRefs[$group]=array();
		if (! isset($this->mGroupCnt[$group]))
			$this->mGroupCnt[$group]=0;

		if ( $key === null ) {
			// No key
			//$this->mRefs[$group][] = $str;
			$this->mRefs[$group][] = array('count'=>-1, 'text'=>$str, 'key'=>++$this->mOutCnt);

			return $this->linkRef( $group, $this->mInCnt++ );
		} else if ( is_string( $key ) ) {
			// Valid key
			if ( ! isset( $this->mRefs[$group][$key] ) || ! is_array( $this->mRefs[$group][$key] ) ) {
				// First occurance
				$this->mRefs[$group][$key] = array(
					'text' => $str,
					'count' => 0,
					'key' => ++$this->mOutCnt,
					'number' => ++$this->mGroupCnt[$group]
				);
				$this->mInCnt++;
				return
					$this->linkRef(
						$group,
						$key,
						$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['key']."-".$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['count'],
						$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['number'],
						"-".$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['key']
					);
			} else {
				// We've been here before
				if ( $this->mRefs[$group][$key]['text'] === null && $str !== '' ) {
					// If no text found before, use this text
					$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['text'] = $str;
				};
				return 
					$this->linkRef(
						$group,
						$key,
						$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['key']."-".++$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['count'],
						$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['number'],
						"-".$this->mRefs[$group][$key]['key']
					); }
		}

		else
			$this->croak( 'cite_error_stack_invalid_input', serialize( array( $key, $str ) ) );
	}
	
	/**
	 * Callback function for <references>
	 *
	 * @param string $str Input
	 * @param array $argv Arguments
	 * @return string
	 */
	function references( $str, $argv, $parser ) {
		wfLoadExtensionMessages( 'Cite' );
		if ( $this->mInCite ) {
			if ( is_null( $str ) ) {
				return htmlspecialchars( "<references/>" );
			} else {
				return htmlspecialchars( "<references>$str</references>" );
			}
		} else {
			$this->mInCite = true;
			$ret = $this->guardedReferences( $str, $argv, $parser );
			$this->mInCite = false;
			return $ret;
		}
	}

	function guardedReferences( $str, $argv, $parser, $group = CITE_DEFAULT_GROUP ) {
		global $wgAllowCiteGroups;

		$this->mParser = $parser;
		
		if ( isset( $argv['group'] ) and $wgAllowCiteGroups) {
			$group = $argv['group'];
			unset ($argv['group']);
			
		}
		
		if ( count( $argv ) )
			return $this->error( 'cite_error_references_invalid_parameters' );
		else
			return $this->referencesFormat($str, $group);
	}

	/**
	 * Make output to be returned from the references() function
	 *
	 * @param string $str The content of the reference
	 * @return string XHTML ready for output
	 */
	function referencesFormat($str, $group) {
		global $wgAllowTailDefs;
		if ((strval( $str ) == '') && (( count( $this->mRefs ) == 0 ) or (empty( $this->mRefs[$group] ) )))
			return '';
		
		wfProfileIn( __METHOD__ );
		wfProfileIn( __METHOD__ .'-addentries' );
		$str = "\n" . $str . "\n";
		$used = array();
		$addents = array();
		$fragments = array();
		# match lines like these:
		# somename|This is the reference text for some text
		# lines may continue on following lines if indented
		$count = 0;
		if ($wgAllowTailDefs) {
			preg_match_all( "/\\n([^:\\n\\t ]*?)[\\t ]*:[\\t ]*([^\\n]*(?:\\n[\\t ][^\\n]*)*)/s", $str, $fragments, PREG_SET_ORDER );
			foreach ( $fragments as $fragment ) {
				$count++;
				# Skip empty lines
				if ( count( $fragment ) == 0 ) {
					continue;
				}
				if ($fragment[1] == '' && is_array($this->mRefs[$group]) && !isset( $this->mRefs[$group][$group . '-anon-' . $count] ))
					$addents[$group . '-anon-' . $count] = $fragment[2];
				else
					$addents[$fragment[1]] = $fragment[2];
			}
		}
		wfProfileOut( __METHOD__ .'-addentries' );
		wfProfileIn( __METHOD__ .'-entries' );
		$ent = array();
		if (is_array($this->mRefs[$group])) {
			foreach ( $this->mRefs[$group] as $k => $v ) {
				if (is_array( $v ) && $v['text']=='') {
					$used[$k]++;
					$ent[] = $this->referencesFormatEntry( $k, $addents[$k] );
				}
				else $ent[] = $this->referencesFormatEntry( $k, $v );
			}
		}
		
		foreach ( $addents as $k => $v ) {
			if (!$used[$k]) {
				$ent[] = wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
					'cite_references_link_none',
					$addents[$k],
					$this->error( 'cite_error_references_no_text', $k )
				);
			}
		}
		
		$prefix = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_references_prefix' );
		$suffix = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_references_suffix' );
		$content = implode( "\n", $ent );
		
		wfProfileOut( __METHOD__ .'-entries' );
		wfProfileIn( __METHOD__ .'-parse' );
		// Live hack: parse() adds two newlines on WM, can't reproduce it locally -ævar
		$ret = rtrim( $this->parse( $prefix . $content . $suffix ), "\n" );
		wfProfileOut( __METHOD__ .'-parse' );
		wfProfileOut( __METHOD__ );
		
		//done, clean up so we can reuse the group
		unset ($this->mRefs[$group]);
		unset($this->mGroupCnt[$group]);
			
		return $ret;
	}

	/**
	 * Format a single entry for the referencesFormat() function
	 *
	 * @param string $key The key of the reference
	 * @param mixed $val The value of the reference, string for anonymous
	 *                   references, array for user-suppplied
	 * @return string Wikitext
	 */
	function referencesFormatEntry( $key, $val ) {
		// Anonymous reference
		if ( ! is_array( $val ) )
			return
				wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
					'cite_references_link_one',
					$this->referencesKey( $key ),
					$this->refKey( $key ),
					$val
				);
		else if ($val['text']=='') return
				wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
					'cite_references_link_one',
					$this->referencesKey( $key ),
					$this->refKey( $key, $val['count'] ),
					$this->error( 'cite_error_references_no_text', $key )
				);
		if ( $val['count'] < 0 )
			return
				wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
					'cite_references_link_one',
					$this->referencesKey( $val['key'] ),
					#$this->refKey( $val['key'], $val['count'] ),
					$this->refKey( $val['key'] ),

					( $val['text'] != '' ? $val['text'] : $this->error( 'cite_error_references_no_text', $key ) )						
				);
		// Standalone named reference, I want to format this like an
		// anonymous reference because displaying "1. 1.1 Ref text" is
		// overkill and users frequently use named references when they
		// don't need them for convenience
		else if ( $val['count'] === 0 )
			return
				wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
					'cite_references_link_one',
					$this->referencesKey( $key ."-" . $val['key'] ),
					#$this->refKey( $key, $val['count'] ),
					$this->refKey( $key, $val['key']."-".$val['count'] ),
					( $val['text'] != '' ? $val['text'] : $this->error( 'cite_error_references_no_text', $key ) )
				);
		// Named references with >1 occurrences
		else {
			$links = array();
//for group handling, we have an extra key here.
			for ( $i = 0; $i <= $val['count']; ++$i ) {
				$links[] = wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
						'cite_references_link_many_format',
						$this->refKey( $key, $val['key']."-$i" ),
						$this->referencesFormatEntryNumericBacklinkLabel( $val['number'], $i, $val['count'] ),
						$this->referencesFormatEntryAlternateBacklinkLabel( $i )
				);
			}

			$list = $this->listToText( $links );

			return
				wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_references_link_many',
					$this->referencesKey( $key ."-" . $val['key'] ),
					$list,
					( $val['text'] != '' ? $val['text'] : $this->error( 'cite_error_references_no_text', $key ) )
				);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Generate a numeric backlink given a base number and an
	 * offset, e.g. $base = 1, $offset = 2; = 1.2
	 * Since bug #5525, it correctly does 1.9 -> 1.10 as well as 1.099 -> 1.100
	 *
	 * @static
	 *
	 * @param int $base The base
	 * @param int $offset The offset
	 * @param int $max Maximum value expected.
	 * @return string
	 */
	function referencesFormatEntryNumericBacklinkLabel( $base, $offset, $max ) {
		global $wgContLang;
		$scope = strlen( $max );
		$ret = $wgContLang->formatNum(
			sprintf("%s.%0{$scope}s", $base, $offset)
		);
		return $ret;
	}

	/**
	 * Generate a custom format backlink given an offset, e.g.
	 * $offset = 2; = c if $this->mBacklinkLabels = array( 'a',
	 * 'b', 'c', ...). Return an error if the offset > the # of
	 * array items
	 *
	 * @param int $offset The offset
	 *
	 * @return string
	 */
	function referencesFormatEntryAlternateBacklinkLabel( $offset ) {
		if ( !isset( $this->mBacklinkLabels ) ) {
			$this->genBacklinkLabels();
		}
		if ( isset( $this->mBacklinkLabels[$offset] ) ) {
			return $this->mBacklinkLabels[$offset];
		} else {
			// Feed me!
			return $this->error( 'cite_error_references_no_backlink_label' );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Return an id for use in wikitext output based on a key and
	 * optionally the number of it, used in <references>, not <ref>
	 * (since otherwise it would link to itself)
	 *
	 * @static
	 *
	 * @param string $key The key
	 * @param int $num The number of the key
	 * @return string A key for use in wikitext
	 */
	function refKey( $key, $num = null ) {
		$prefix = wfMsgForContent( 'cite_reference_link_prefix' );
		$suffix = wfMsgForContent( 'cite_reference_link_suffix' );
		if ( isset( $num ) )
			$key = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_reference_link_key_with_num', $key, $num );
		
		return $prefix . $key . $suffix;
	}

	/**
	 * Return an id for use in wikitext output based on a key and
	 * optionally the number of it, used in <ref>, not <references>
	 * (since otherwise it would link to itself)
	 *
	 * @static
	 *
	 * @param string $key The key
	 * @param int $num The number of the key
	 * @return string A key for use in wikitext
	 */
	function referencesKey( $key, $num = null ) {
		$prefix = wfMsgForContent( 'cite_references_link_prefix' );
		$suffix = wfMsgForContent( 'cite_references_link_suffix' );
		if ( isset( $num ) )
			$key = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_reference_link_key_with_num', $key, $num );
		
		return $prefix . $key . $suffix;
	}

	/**
	 * Generate a link (<sup ...) for the <ref> element from a key
	 * and return XHTML ready for output
	 *
	 * @param string $key The key for the link
	 * @param int $count The index of the key, used for distinguishing
	 *                   multiple occurances of the same key
	 * @param int $label The label to use for the link, I want to
	 *                   use the same label for all occourances of
	 *                   the same named reference.
	 * @return string
	 */
	function linkRef( $group, $key, $count = null, $label = null, $subkey = '' ) {
		global $wgContLang;
		return
			$this->parse(
				wfMsgForContentNoTrans(
					'cite_reference_link',
					$this->refKey( $key, $count ),
					$this->referencesKey( $key . $subkey ),
					(($group == CITE_DEFAULT_GROUP)?'':"$group ").$wgContLang->formatNum( is_null( $label ) ? ++$this->mGroupCnt[$group] : $label )
				)
			);
	}

	/**
	 * This does approximately the same thing as
	 * Language::listToText() but due to this being used for a
	 * slightly different purpose (people might not want , as the
	 * first seperator and not 'and' as the second, and this has to
	 * use messages from the content language) I'm rolling my own.
	 *
	 * @static
	 *
	 * @param array $arr The array to format
	 * @return string
	 */
	function listToText( $arr ) {
		$cnt = count( $arr );

		$sep = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_references_link_many_sep' );
		$and = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_references_link_many_and' );

		if ( $cnt == 1 )
			// Enforce always returning a string
			return (string)$arr[0];
		else {
			$t = array_slice( $arr, 0, $cnt - 1 );
			return implode( $sep, $t ) . $and . $arr[$cnt - 1];
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Parse a given fragment and fix up Tidy's trail of blood on
	 * it...
	 *
	 * @param string $in The text to parse
	 * @return string The parsed text
	 */
	function parse( $in ) {
		if ( method_exists( $this->mParser, 'recursiveTagParse' ) ) {
			// New fast method
			return $this->mParser->recursiveTagParse( $in );
		} else {
			// Old method
			$ret = $this->mParser->parse(
				$in,
				$this->mParser->mTitle,
				$this->mParser->mOptions,
				// Avoid whitespace buildup
				false,
				// Important, otherwise $this->clearState()
				// would get run every time <ref> or
				// <references> is called, fucking the whole
				// thing up.
				false
			);
			$text = $ret->getText();
			
			return $this->fixTidy( $text );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Tidy treats all input as a block, it will e.g. wrap most
	 * input in <p> if it isn't already, fix that and return the fixed text
	 *
	 * @static
	 *
	 * @param string $text The text to fix
	 * @return string The fixed text
	 */
	function fixTidy( $text ) {
		global $wgUseTidy;

		if ( ! $wgUseTidy )
			return $text;
		else {
			$text = preg_replace( '~^<p>\s*~', '', $text );
			$text = preg_replace( '~\s*</p>\s*~', '', $text );
			$text = preg_replace( '~\n$~', '', $text );
			
			return $text;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Generate the labels to pass to the
	 * 'cite_references_link_many_format' message, the format is an
	 * arbitary number of tokens seperated by [\t\n ]
	 */
	function genBacklinkLabels() {
		wfProfileIn( __METHOD__ );
		$text = wfMsgForContentNoTrans( 'cite_references_link_many_format_backlink_labels' );
		$this->mBacklinkLabels = preg_split( '#[\n\t ]#', $text );
		wfProfileOut( __METHOD__ );
	}

	/**
	 * Gets run when Parser::clearState() gets run, since we don't
	 * want the counts to transcend pages and other instances
	 */
	function clearState() {
		# Don't clear state when we're in the middle of parsing
		# a <ref> tag
		if($this->mInCite)
			return true;
 
		$this->mGroupCnt = array();
		$this->mOutCnt = -1;
		$this->mInCnt = 0;
		$this->mRefs = array();

		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * Initialize the parser hooks
	 */
	function setHooks() {
		global $wgParser, $wgHooks;
		
		$wgParser->setHook( 'ref' , array( &$this, 'ref' ) );
		$wgParser->setHook( 'references' , array( &$this, 'references' ) );

		$wgHooks['ParserClearState'][] = array( &$this, 'clearState' );
	}

	/**
	 * Return an error message based on an error ID
	 *
	 * @param string $key   Message name for the error
	 * @param string $param Parameter to pass to the message
	 * @return string XHTML ready for output
	 */
	function error( $key, $param=null ) {
		# We rely on the fact that PHP is okay with passing unused argu-
		# ments to functions.  If $1 is not used in the message, wfMsg will
		# just ignore the extra parameter.
		return 
			$this->parse(
				'<strong class="error">' .
				wfMsg( 'cite_error', wfMsg( $key, $param ) ) .
				'</strong>'
			);
	}

	/**
	 * Die with a backtrace if something happens in the code which
	 * shouldn't have
	 *
	 * @param int $error  ID for the error
	 * @param string $data Serialized error data
	 */
	function croak( $error, $data ) {
		wfDebugDieBacktrace( wfMsgForContent( 'cite_croak', $this->error( $error ), $data ) );
	}

	/**#@-*/
}

?>