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This page is a translated version of the page Structured Discussions and the translation is 65% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

結構式討論 (曾用名 “Flow”)是維基媒體基金會的全球協作團隊的一個在維基媒體項目中構建一個新的討論系統的項目。 结构化讨论提供了一些其他流行网站上提供的功能,但过去认为无法在wikitext中实现。 例如,“结构化讨论”可以显示移动设备以及桌面设备上的可读线程,自动对帖子进行签名,线程回复(每个线程之间具有数据库内关系),并允许按主题notifications


  • 使Wiki讨论系统更易于新用户使用
  • 使Wiki讨论系统对有经验的用户更有效
  • 鼓励支持合作的有意义的对话

结构化讨论已部署在Wikimedia内容项目中各种语言的用户对话和Wiki范围的讨论页面上,以及MediaWiki.org上–参见Structured Discussions/Wikis. 在某些维基百科上,包括主要的维基百科(如法语维基百科,中文维基百科和维基数据),基于社区的决定,它可以作为选择Beta版功能提供,用户为自己的用户对话页面打开“结构化讨论”。



在最初的开发阶段之后,结构式讨论一直处于主动维护模式,自2015年中期以来没有重大发展;从那时起,没有添加任何重要的新功能(除了在2017年将“Flow”更名为“结构式讨论”)。 团队一直在提供支持并修复错误,以为结构式讨论的使用者提供良好体验。[1]

协作团队对该项目及提供更好的结构化讨论系统仍感兴趣。[1][1] 社群也以要求测试或实际使用结构化讨论的方式表示兴趣。 To help decide about future development,[2] a survey was sent to many Flow users in September 2016;[1] the results were published in February 2017. 这些结果用于进一步规划。

StructuredDiscussions improvements were a goal of the 2017-2018 Fiscal Year development plan, focusing on search and interactions between topics. Discussions around those improvements led to the Talk pages consultation 2019, where talk pages usages and culture were discussed broadly across the wikis. The result of the Talk pages consultation 2019 was to develop the 讨论工具 extension, implementing many of the same features as Structured Discussions on top of a wikitext backend.


结构化讨论已部署在特定Wiki上。 其他任何维基基金会项目都不会再部署。


您可以查看the quick tour以探索最重要的特性。


  • 设计密度:通过更加宽敞的设计,提高可读性并减少眼部疲劳。
  • 主题顺序:主题按照最后添加到最先添加的顺序显示,像大多数Web上的讨论系统一样。
  • 消息分离:在同一线程中,不同的消息将通过设计线索进行视觉区分。
  • 导航和存档:该软件在结构化讨论板上实现了无限滚动,所有讨论都可以在同一页上访问。 在讨论板的侧边栏中提供目录,以帮助用户快速浏览和访问不同的主题。


  • Topic namespace and links to replies: each topic is a separate page and every message has its own link to ease quoting.
  • Notifications: a set of notifications ease topic watching.

Users are notified when a new message is created on a page they watch, or if a reply is posted on a topic they watch. 通知直接链接到消息。


  • Input method: the visual editor and wikitext editors are equal input methods, users can switch back and forth at anytime.
  • Threading: Messages are posted below the oldest one and don’t require editing a whole section.

There is no need to know the threading system using wikitext, reply buttons provide two sets of indentations for digressions.

  • Auto signature: each message is automatically signed and timestamped.
  • Editing messages: each message can be edited (depending on user’s rights) without editing the whole section of messages.

If someone other than the original author edits a comment, that fact is highlighted.

  • Mention users: mentioning is eased by a mini-search system.

Message moderation

  • "Hide", "Delete" and "Suppress" - analogous to revert, revision-deletion and oversight - are available on Structured Discussion.

Users can perform these moderation actions on both individual posts and entire topics.

  • User links automatically include links to their contributions and block links, to help sysops deal with disruption quickly and effectively.




  • IRC頻道:#wikimedia-collaboration 連線
  • Phabricator:


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Based on James Forrester's message on wikimedia-l mailing-list, September 2016
  2. Based on James Forrester's message on wikimedia-l mailing-list, June 2016