Чтение/Веб/Улучшения интерфейса настольной версии

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This page is a translated version of the page Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements and the translation is 18% complete.

Прошло 12 лет с момента развертывания текущей темы оформления (Векторное) Викимедиа по умолчанию. За последнее десятилетие интерфейс дополнился расширениями, гаджетами и пользовательскими скриптами. Большинство из них не были согласованы визуально или между вики. В то же время веб-дизайн, а также ожидания читателей и редакторов претерпели изменения. Мы думаем, что пришло время взять некоторые из этих идей и реализовать их по умолчанию для всех пользователей на всех вики, организованным и последовательным образом.

Мы стремимся сделать Викимедиа вики более приветливыми, повысить их полезность для читателей и сохранить полезность для существующих редакторов. Мы измеряем рост доверия и положительных настроений по отношению к нашим сайтам, а также полезность наших сайтов (использование частых действий, таких как поиск или переключение языка).

В настоящее время на большинстве вики только авторизованные пользователи могут включить изменения индивидуально. На выбранных вики наши изменения применяются ко всем по умолчанию, и зарегистрированные пользователи могут отказаться от них. Мы надеемся постепенно увеличивать набор вики-сайтов «раннего внедрения», пока наши улучшения не станут стандартными для всех вики в июле 2022 года.


Основная страница: Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Updates

июль 2022: Page title/tabs switch

Page title & tabs switch - ca.png

We are deploying one of our latest updates. The page title will be displayed above the tabs such as Discussion, Read, Edit, View history, or More.

With this change, we are improving two things. First, we are making it clear that the items in the tabs are related to the the page that's being viewed. It's becoming apparent when we put the page title first. This change also makes switching languages easier. It moved the language button into an even more prominent position at the top of the page. Learn more on Phabricator.

We have been introducing this change in small steps. Since the last days of June, it's been available to all users opted into the Vector 2022 skin, and some early adopter wikis. During the week of July 4, the change will become visible on all the early adopter wikis.

In addition to that, our next office hours will be on July 26 instead of July 12. This will allow us to prepare the communication about making Vector 2022 the default across more wikis. We are also working on better language support for office hours in the future. More information on this coming soon!

апрель 2022: Table of Contents is available

We have deployed the new table of contents. It makes it easier to gain context of the contents of a page and navigate the page without needing to scroll to the top.

It is currently available to three groups of users. First, all who use Vector 2022 and are not on our pilot wikis. Second and third - 50% of logged-in users of Hebrew and Basque Wikipedias. Next week, we will be A/B testing the table of contents across the rest of our pilot wikis. We would like to check if there's a decrease in the need to scroll to the top of the page.

Before all that, we prepared a series of prototype tests with both readers and editors. To read more about how we worked on the feature based on feedback, please see the project page.

Now, we are working on the feature based on the feedback from users mentioned in the second paragraph. In particular:

  • ToC on narrower screens. We have increased the threshold for which the ToC currently hides to 1000px. (See T306904 for more context). This was to make it more comfortable to read on narrower screens. This is a temporary fix, though. The conversation about the best solution will continue in T306660. By the end of April/early May we hope to have clear next steps on our preference of the options presented there.
  • We are beginning the work on reducing the margins for screens between 1000px - 1200px. This will make the table of contents smaller and create more space for text. We will track this in T307004 and will probably have the implementation ready within a few days.

март 2022: Development of the Table of Contents

The results of our 3rd prototype testing showed an overwhelming support for the proposed table of contents. Based on that, the team focused on developing this feature. The new table of contents will be persistent - users will have access to it at all times. It will also make it easier to understand the context of the page. In addition to that, it will be possible to navigate to different parts of the page without having to scroll all the way back to the top. We are expecting to deploy the new table of contents to our pilot wikis in the first half of April.

What is our objective?

Представьте гардероб.

Currently, the interface…

…doesn't match the expectations.…is cluttered and not intuitive.…doesn't highlight the community side.…isn't consistent with the mobile version.

  1. The desktop interface does not match the expectations created by the modern web platforms. It feels disorienting and disconnected. Navigation and interface links are organized haphazardly.
  2. There is clutter that distracts users from focusing on what they came for. It is challenging for readers to focus on the content. It is not possible for them to intuitively switch languages, search for content, or adjust reading settings. New editors are unable to use their intuition to set up their account, open the editor, or learn how to use non-article pages for moderation purposes.
  3. A very small percentage of readers understand how Wikimedia wikis function. Many readers are not aware that the content they are reading is written by volunteers and updated frequently, or that they can potentially contribute as well.
  4. The large difference in experiences among our desktop interface, apps, and the mobile web, makes it difficult for readers to connect our products. There is a lack of unity in the concept of Wikimedia sites.

How the changes are made


We do not touch the content.We do not remove any functionality.We do not change skins other than Vector.We are inspired by the existing gadgets.We do not make major changes in single steps.

  1. We are working on the interface only. No work will be done in terms of styling templates, the structure of page contents, map support, or cross-wiki templates.
  2. Though our changes are easily noticeable, we are taking an evolutionary approach and want the site to continue feeling familiar to readers and editors. Each feature is discussed, developed, and deployed separately.
  3. Elements of the interface might move around, but all navigational items and other functionality currently available by default will remain.
  4. Skins other than Vector are out of the scope of our adjustments. We have frozen Vector to Legacy Vector, and begun deploying our features as parts of the new default Vector.
  5. We have analysed many wikis and have noticed many useful gadgets. Some of them definitely deserve to be surfaced and be a part of default experience.
  6. Both prior to development and after deployment, we collect data (via A/B testing, prototype feedback rounds, etc.). In the case of significantly negative results, we will roll back our changes.
  7. It is our intention to test our improvements in collaboration with a diverse set of volunteering early adopter wikis, both Wikipedias and sister projects.

Deployment plan and timeline

We would like our improvements to be default on all wikis in August/September 2022.

Proposed timeline of deployment-related events
Engineering Community relations
July 2022 Grid deployment Process conversations,
deployment conversations
Visual refinements
Meetings with communities
August 2022
Deployment conversations Wikimania workshop
Bug fixing Meetings with communities
on all wikis in batches
September 2022

List of early adopter wikis (test wikis) 

First group of wikis (marked as ◇ on the timeline above):

Second group of wikis (marked as ◇◇ on the timeline above):

Third group of wikis (marked as ◇◇◇ on the timeline above):

Fourth group of wikis (marked as ◇◇◇◇ on the timeline above):

Get involved & Contact

  • Translate: help us translate related pages:
Priority translations 


  1. Чтение/Веб/Улучшения интерфейса настольной версии
  2. Чтение/Веб/Улучшения настольной версии/Часто задаваемые вопросы
  3. Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Features

Other priority translations

  1. Template:Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Office hours announcement
  2. Template:Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Talk page intro
  3. Template:Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Features/Navigation
  4. Template:Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Header
  5. Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Updates
  6. Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Repository#posts

Direct link to all translations

What features will be added

Основная страница: Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements/Features

We have not created a complete, detailed product specification. Each feature is built and implemented separately, over time. Features which have been created are still being adjusted and improved. Our decisions are based on community feedback, user testing, and extracted API data.