Manual:user テーブル

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Manual:コンテンツ MediaWiki のデータベース レイアウト user table/ja


user テーブルには、MediaWiki が利用者についての情報を格納します。 Postgres を使用する場合は、このテーブルの名前は mwuser になります。

フィールド

Some of this information was adapted from schema.doc in the MediaWiki docs/ directory.

user_id

user_idは、利用者を一意に特定するために使われる主キーです。

user_name

user_name: 利用者名は一意でなければならず、IPアドレスの形を取ってはなりません。 半角スラッシュや大文字小文字だけの差異を認めてはいけませんManual:$wgInvalidUsernameCharacters も参照してください。 半角スペースは認められ、アンダースコアは半角スペースに置換されます。これはページ名における処理と逆です。

user_real_name

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.3

user_real_nameには、個人設定から設定できる利用者の実名(任意)が格納されます。

user_password

user_passwordは、 $wgPasswordSalt $wgPasswordDefault の設定によって3通りの形式があります:

  • MediaWiki 1.24 以降、$wgPasswordDefault の既定値は pbkdf2 です。 この場合、以下を連結したものが返ります:
    • 文字列 ":pbkdf2:"
    • The hashing algorithm used inside the pbkdf2 layer, by default "sha512".
    • コロン文字 (":")
    • このアルゴリズムのコスト。既定値: "30000"
    • コロン文字 (":")
    • The length of the derived key; "64" by default.
    • コロン文字 (":")
    • Base64 encoded "salt" of the hashing algorithm, e.g. "kkdejKlBYFV7+LP2m2thYA=="
    • The colon character (":").
    • And finally the base64 encoded result of the hashing algorithm (that had a (default) length of 128 byte before base64 encoding). The hash of the plain text user password.
  • Since MediaWiki 1.24, if the maintenance script wrapOldPasswords.php has been used, passwords may also start with ":pbkdf2-legacyA:" or ":pbkdf2-legacyB:" like ":pbkdf2-legacyB:!sha256:10000:128!...".
  • In MediaWiki 1.23 and older, if $wgPasswordSalt is true (default) it is a concatenation of:
    • 文字列 ":B:"
    • A pseudo-random hexadecimal 31-bit salt between 0x0 and 0x7fff ffff (inclusive),
    • コロン文字 (":")
    • The MD5 hash of a concatenation of the salt, a dash ("-"), and the MD5 hash of the password.
  • In MediaWiki 1.23 and older, if $wgPasswordSalt is false, it is a concatenation of:
    • 文字列 ":A:"
    • パスワードの MD5 ハッシュ

user_newpassword

user_newpassword is generated for the mail-a-new-password feature.

user_newpass_time

user_newpass_time is set to the current timestamp (wfTimestampNow()) when a new password is set. Like the other timestamps, it is in in MediaWiki's timestamp format (yyyymmddhhmmss, e.g. 20130824025644).

user_email

email should be restricted, not public info. Same with passwords. ;)

Note that this field is not nullable, so users who have never supplied an email address have an empty string set.

user_options

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.18

user_options is no longer used as of MediaWiki 1.16. Manual:user_propertiesテーブル を参照してください。

On older versions of mediawiki, it is a newline-separated list of name=value pairs of the information of Special:Preferences. Old user accounts who haven't logged in since the field stopped being used may still have this field set.

user_touched

user_touchedは、ログイン・ページの変更・ウォッチリスト・個人設定を含む変更を、利用者がサイトに加えた最後の日時です。

user_touchedの時刻は、当該利用者の会話ページにメッセージが投稿されるとリセットされます。

user_token

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.4

user_tokenは、擬似乱数的に生成された値です。 When a user checks "Remember my login on this browser" the value is stored in a persistent browser cookie ${wgCookiePrefix}Token that authenticates the user while being resistant to spoofing.

user_email_authenticated

user_email_authenticated is the timestamp of when the user email was authenticated. 既定値は NULL です。

user_email_token

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.5

user_email_token is a token used for confirming an email address. See User::newFromConfirmationCode in User.php

user_email_token_expires

user_email_token_expires is the expiration timestamp of the email token.

user_registration

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.6

user_registrationは、利用者が登録したときのタイムスタンプです。 登録日が古い利用者については、この値がNULLとなる場合があります。 fixUserRegistration.php スクリプトを使うことで、NULLとなっている登録日を修正することができます。

user_editcount

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.9

user_editcountは、利用者が行った編集、および編集に似た操作の大まかな回数です。 以下の操作は編集としてカウントされます。

このフィールドは、COUNT(*) FROM revision WHERE rev_user = user_idによる値と正確に等しいわけではありません。 However, it should be roughly accurate if the update scripts are consistently run and it's the only place edit count data is available to the software, so it's still used for serious purposes like deciding whether accounts have been autopromoted.

A number of things could cause this value to be incorrect. For example, it may be out of date or, for old accounts, NULL if the update script (initEditCount.php ) hasn't been run. Also, some deletions may not affect it consistently.

user_emailauthenticationtimestamp

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.3

v1.4 で除去されました。

user_password_expires

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.23

Date when user's password expires; null for no expiration date. Can also be set manually by calling User->expirePassword().

スキーマの要約

MediaWiki バージョン: 1.23

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+------------------+------+-----+----------------------------------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type             | Null | Key | Default                          | Extra          |
+--------------------------+------------------+------+-----+----------------------------------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(10) unsigned | NO   | PRI | NULL                             | auto_increment |
| user_name                | varbinary(255)   | NO   | UNI |                                  |                |
| user_real_name           | varbinary(255)   | NO   |     |                                  |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob         | NO   |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob         | NO   |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_newpass_time        | binary(14)       | YES  |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_email               | tinyblob         | NO   | MUL | NULL                             |                |
| user_touched             | binary(14)       | NO   |     |                                  |                |
| user_token               | binary(32)       | NO   |     |                                  |                |
| user_email_authenticated | binary(14)       | YES  |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_email_token         | binary(32)       | YES  | MUL | NULL                             |                |
| user_email_token_expires | binary(14)       | YES  |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_registration        | binary(14)       | YES  |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_editcount           | int(11)          | YES  |     | NULL                             |                |
| user_password_expires    | varbinary(14)    | YES  |     | NULL                             |                |
+--------------------------+------------------+------+-----+----------------------------------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.19 – 1.22

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(10) unsigned    | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name                | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name           | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpass_time        | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email               | tinytext            | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_touched             | binary(14)          | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_token               | binary(32)          | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_authenticated | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token         | binary(32)          | YES  | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token_expires | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_registration        | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_editcount           | int(11)             | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.18

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(10) unsigned    | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name                | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name           | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpass_time        | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email               | tinytext            | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_options             | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched             | binary(14)          | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_token               | binary(32)          | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_authenticated | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token         | binary(32)          | YES  | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token_expires | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_registration        | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_editcount           | int(11)             | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.10 – 1.17

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(10) unsigned    | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name                | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name           | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpass_time        | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email               | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options             | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched             | binary(14)          | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_token               | binary(32)          | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_authenticated | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token         | binary(32)          | YES  | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token_expires | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_registration        | binary(14)          | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_editcount           | int(11)             | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.9

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name                | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name           | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpass_time        | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email               | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options             | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched             | char(14) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_token               | char(32) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_authenticated | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token         | char(32) binary     | YES  | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token_expires | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_registration        | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_editcount           | int(11)             | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.6 – 1.8

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name                | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name           | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email               | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options             | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched             | char(14) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_token               | char(32) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_authenticated | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token         | char(32) binary     | YES  | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token_expires | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_registration        | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.5

DESCRIBE user;

+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field                    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id                  | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name                | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name           | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password            | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword         | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email               | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options             | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched             | char(14) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_token               | char(32) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_authenticated | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token         | char(32) binary     | YES  | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_email_token_expires | char(14) binary     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+--------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.4

DESCRIBE user;

+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field            | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id          | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name        | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name   | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email       | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options     | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched     | char(14) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.3

DESCRIBE user;

+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field            | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id          | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name        | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_real_name   | varchar(255) binary | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_rights      | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email       | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options     | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched     | char(14) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.1 – 1.2

DESCRIBE user;

+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field            | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| user_id          | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | AUTO_INCREMENT |
| user_name        | varchar(255) binary | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| user_rights      | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_password    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_newpassword | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_email       | tinytext            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_options     | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| user_touched     | char(14) binary     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+

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