Manual:User rights/tl

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:User rights and the translation is 0% complete.

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User rights are specific access and ability permissions that can be assigned to customizable user groups. Groups can then be assigned to (or removed from) users through the Special:UserRights special page. See Help:User rights and groupsHelp:User rights and groups.

Access to this interface is itself governed by the userrights right, so only users in the Bureaucrats group can do it (in a default set-up). See Manual:Setting user groups in MediaWikiManual:Setting user groups in MediaWiki for information about managing and the assignment of user groups.

Changing group permissions

A default MediaWiki installation assigns certain rights to default groups (see below). You can change the default rights by editing the $wgGroupPermissionsManual:$wgGroupPermissions array in LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php with the syntax.

$wgGroupPermissions['group']['right'] = true /* or false */;
In a default installation $wgGroupPermissions will be set in includes/DefaultSettings.php, but it is not present in LocalSettings.php. You will then need to add it in that file.

If a member has multiple groups, they get all of the permissions from each of the groups they are in. All users, including anonymous users, are in the '*' group; all registered users are in the 'user' group. In addition to the default groups, you can arbitrarily create new groups using the same array.

Examples

This example will disable viewing of all pages not listed in $wgWhitelistReadManual:$wgWhitelistRead, then re-enable for registered users only:

$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read']    = false;
# The following line is not actually necessary, since it's in the defaults. Setting '*' to false doesn't disable rights for groups that have the right separately set to true!
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['read'] = true;

This example will disable editing of all pages, then re-enable for users with confirmed email addresses only:

# Disable for everyone.
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit']              = false;
# Disable for users, too: by default 'user' is allowed to edit, even if '*' is not.
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit']           = false;
# Make it so users with confirmed email addresses are in the group.
$wgAutopromote['emailconfirmed'] = APCOND_EMAILCONFIRMED;
# Hide group from user list. 
$wgImplicitGroups[] = 'emailconfirmed';
# Finally, set it to true for the desired group.
$wgGroupPermissions['emailconfirmed']['edit'] = true;

Creating a new group and assigning permissions to it

You can create new user groups by defining permissions for the according group name in $wgGroupPermissions['<group-name>'] where <group-name> is the actual name of the group.

Additionally to assigning permissions, you should create these three wiki pages with fitting content:

  • MediaWiki:Group-<group-name> (content: Name of the group)
  • MediaWiki:Group-<group-name>-member (content: Name of a member of the group)
  • MediaWiki:Grouppage-<group-name> (content: Name of the group page)

By default, bureaucrats can add users to, or remove them from, any group. However, if you are using Manual:$wgAddGroupsManual:$wgAddGroups and Manual:$wgRemoveGroupsManual:$wgRemoveGroups, you may need to customize those instead.

Examples

This example will create an arbitrary "ninja" group that can block users and delete pages, and whose edits are hidden by default in the recent changes log:

$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['bot']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['block']  = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['delete'] = true;
Note: the group name cannot contain spaces, so use 'random-group' or 'random_group' instead of 'random group'

In this example, you would probably also want to create these pages:

  • MediaWiki:Group-ninja (content: Ninjas)
  • MediaWiki:Group-ninja-member (content: ninja)
  • MediaWiki:Grouppage-ninja (content: Project:Ninjas)

This will ensure that the group will be referred to as "Ninjas" throughout the interface, and a member will be referred to as a "ninja", and overviews will link the group name to Project:Ninjas.

This example disables write access (page editing and creation) by default, creates a group named "Write", and grants it write access. Users can be manually added to this group via Special:UserRights:

$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['createpage'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['createpage'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['Write']['edit'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['Write']['createpage'] = true;

In this example, you would probably also want to create these pages:

  • MediaWiki:Group-Write (content: Writers)
  • MediaWiki:Group-Write-member (content: Writer)
  • MediaWiki:Grouppage-Write (content: Project:Write)

Removing predefined groups

MediaWiki out of the box comes with a number of predefined groups. Most of these groups can be removed by unsetting the according array keys, among them $wgGroupPermissions['<group-name>']. For details see below.

Example

This example will eliminate the bureaucrat group entirely. It is necessary to ensure that all six of these variables are unset for any group that one wishes to remove from being listed at Special:ListGroupRights; however, merely unsetting $wgGroupPermissions will suffice to remove it from Special:UserRights. This code should be placed after any require_once lines that add extensions such as Extension:RenameuserExtension:Renameuser containing code that gives bureaucrats group permissions by default.

unset( $wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgRevokePermissions['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgAddGroups['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgRemoveGroups['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgGroupsAddToSelf['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgGroupsRemoveFromSelf['bureaucrat'] );

In some extensions (Flow, Semantic MediaWiki, etc.), rights are added during extension registration or in a registration function. In this case, it could be necessary to use a registration function in LocalSettings.php to remove some predefined user groups:

$wgExtensionFunctions[] = function() {
	unset( $wgGroupPermissions['oversight'] );
	unset( $wgGroupPermissions['flow-bot'] );
}

Note on the group called "user"

With the above mechanism, you can remove the groups sysop, bureaucrat and bot, which - if used - can be assigned through the usual user permission system. However, it is currently impossible to remove the user group. This group is not assigned through the usual permission system. Instead, every logged in user automatically is member of that group. This is hardcoded in MediaWiki and currently cannot be changed easily.

List of permissions

The following user rights are available in the latest version of MediaWiki. If you are using an older version, look at "Special:Version" on your wiki and see if your version is covered in the "versions" column.

Right Description User groups that have this right by default Versions
Reading
read Basahin ang mga pahina - when set to false, override for specific pages with $wgWhitelistReadManual:$wgWhitelistRead
Warning Warning: Setting the user right "read" (allow viewing pages) to false will only protect wiki (article, talk, ...) pages, but uploaded files (images, files, docs... in the $wgUploadPath subdirectories) will always remain readable via direct access by default.
Use the information from Manual:Image Authorisation and img_auth.php pages when you have the need to restrict image views and file download access to only logged-in users.
*, user 1.5+
Editing
edit Baguhin ang mga pahina *, user 1.5+
createpage Lumikha ng mga pahina (na hindi mga pahina ng usapan) - requires the edit right *, user 1.6+
createtalk Lumikha ng mga pahina ng usapan - requires the edit right *, user 1.6+
move Ilipat ang mga pahina - requires the edit right user 1.5+
movefile Ilipat ang mga file - requires the move right and $wgAllowImageMovingManual:$wgAllowImageMoving to be true user 1.14+
move-subpages Ilipat ang mga pahina kasama ang pahinang nasa ilalim nito - requires the move right user 1.13+
move-rootuserpages Ilipat ang pinagugatang mga pahina ng tagagamit - requires the move right user 1.14+
move-categorypages Move category pages - (requires the move right) user 1.25+
createaccount Lumikha ng bagong mga account ng tagagamit - register / registration * 1.5+
autocreateaccount Automatically log in with an external user account - a more limited version of createaccount 1.27+
upload Mag-upload ng mga file - requires the edit right user 1.5+
reupload Patungan ang mayroon nang mga talaksan - requires the upload right user 1.6+
reupload-own Patungan ang talaksang kinarga ng sarili - requires the upload right (note that this is not needed if the group already has the reupload right) 1.11+
reupload-shared Patungan ang mga talaksan sa binabahaging repositoryo midya sa lokal - (if one is set up) with local files (requires the upload right) user 1.6+
upload_by_url Magkarga ng isang talaksan mula sa isang adres na URL - requires the upload right 1.8+
editprotected Baguhin ang mga pahinang nakasanggalang (walang baita-baitang na panananggalang) - without cascading protection sysop 1.13+
editsemiprotected Edit pages protected as "Allow only autoconfirmed users" - without cascading protection autoconfirmed 1.22+
applychangetags Apply tags along with one's changes user 1.25+
sendemail Magpadala ng e-liham sa ibang mga tagagamit user 1.16+
Management
delete Burahin ang mga pahina 1.5–1.11: allows the deletion or undeletion of pages.
1.12+: allows the deletion of pages. For undeletions, there is now the 'undelete' right, see below
sysop 1.5+
bigdelete Burahin ang mga pahinang may malaking mga kasaysayan sysop 1.12+
deletedhistory Tingnan ang mga binurang pinasok na kasaysayan, na wala ang kanilang nakakabit na teksto sysop 1.6+
deletedtext Tingnan ang naburang teksto at mga pagbabago sa pagitan ng dalawang mga rebisyon sysop
undelete Buhayin muli ang isang pahina sysop 1.12+
browsearchive Hanapin ang mga binurang mga pahina - through Special:Undelete sysop 1.13+
mergehistory Pagsanibin ang kasaysayan ng mga pahina sysop 1.12+
protect Baguhin ang mga antas ng panananggalang at baguhin ang mga pahinang nakasanggalang sysop 1.5+
block Harangin sa paggawa ng pagbabago ang ibang mga tagagamit - Block options include preventing editing and registering new accounts, and autoblocking other users on the same IP address sysop 1.5+
blockemail Harangin sa pagpapadala ng e-liham ang isang tagagamit - allows preventing use of the Special:Emailuser interface when blocking sysop 1.11+
hideuser Harangin ang isang tagagamit, na itinatago mula sa publiko - (not available by default)

Only users with 1000 edits or less can be suppressed by default. Use $wgHideUserContribLimit to disable.

1.10+
unblockself Tanggalin ang pagkakaharang ng kanilang mga sarili - Without it, an administrator that has the capability to block cannot unblock themselves if blocked by another administrator sysop 1.17+
userrights Baguhin ang lahat ng karapatan ng tagagamit - allows the assignment or removal of all* groups to any user.
* With $wgAddGroupsManual:$wgAddGroups and $wgRemoveGroupsManual:$wgRemoveGroups you can set the possibility to add/remove certain groups instead of all
bureaucrat 1.5+
userrights-interwiki Baguhin ang karapatan ng mga tagagamit na nasa ibang mga wiki 1.12+
rollback Mabilisang pagulungin pabalik sa dati ang mga pagbabago ng huling tagagamit na nagbago ng isang partikular na pahina sysop 1.5+
markbotedits Itatak ang mga binalik na mga pagbabago bilang pagbabagong bot - see Manual:Administrators#Rollback sysop 1.12+
pagelang Change page language - $wgPageLanguageUseDBManual:$wgPageLanguageUseDB must be true 1.24+
patrol Tatakan bilang napatrolya ang mga pagbabago ng iba - $wgUseRCPatrolManual:$wgUseRCPatrol must be true sysop 1.5+
patrolmarks Tingnan ang mga kamakailang pagbabagong natatakan bilang napatrolya 1.16+
changetags Add and remove arbitrary tags on individual revisions and log entries - currently unused by extensions user 1.25+
editcontentmodel Edit the content model of a page 1.23.7+
editinterface Baguhin ang ugnayang-hangganan ng tagagamit - contains interface messages sysop 1.5+
editusercssjs ⧼right-editusercssjs⧽ - Split into editusercss and edituserjs in 1.16 and deprecated, removed in 1.29 1.12+
editusercss Baguhin ang mga talaksang CSS ng ibang mga tagagamit sysop 1.16+
edituserjs Baguhin ang mga talaksang JS ng ibang mga tagagamit sysop 1.16+
editmyusercss Edit your own user CSS files * 1.22+
editmyuserjs Edit your own user JavaScript files * 1.22+
editmywatchlist Edit your own watchlist. Note some actions will still add pages even without this right. * 1.22+
viewmywatchlist View your own watchlist * 1.22+
editmyprivateinfo Edit your own private data (e.g. email address, real name) * 1.22+
viewmyprivateinfo View your own private data (e.g. email address, real name) * 1.22+
editmyoptions Edit your own preferences * 1.22+
suppressrevision Suriing muli at ibalik ang mga pagbabagong itinago mula sa mga Sysop. - Prior to 1.13 this right was named hiderevision (not available by default) 1.6+
viewsuppressed View revisions hidden from any user - i.e. a more narrow alternative to "suppressrevision" (not available by default) 1.24+
deletelogentry Burahin at huwag burahin ang partikular na mga lahok sa talaan - allows deleting/undeleting information (action text, summary, user who made the action) of specific log entries (not available by default) 1.20+
deleterevision Burahin at tanggalin sa pagkabura ang isang partikular na mga pagbabago ng mga pahina - allows deleting/undeleting information (revision text, edit summary, user who made the edit) of specific revisions Split into deleterevision and deletelogentry in 1.20 (not available by default) 1.6+
sendemail-new-users ⧼right-sendemail-new-users⧽ user 1.31+
Administration
siteadmin Ikandado at alisin ang pagkakakandado ng kalipunan ng dato - which blocks all interactions with the web site except viewing. Disabled by default 1.5+
import Umangkat ng mga pahina mula sa ibang mga wiki - "transwiki" sysop 1.5+
importupload Umangkat ng mga pahina mula sa isang talaksang ikinarga - This right was called 'importraw' in and before version 1.5 sysop 1.5+
trackback Obsolete. Allows removal of trackbacks (if $wgUseTrackbacksManual:$wgUseTrackbacks is true) 1.7 - 1.18
unwatchedpages Tingnan ang isang talaan ng mga pahinang hindi binabantayan - lists pages that no user has watchlisted sysop 1.6+
managechangetags Create and (de)activate tags - currently unused by extenions sysop 1.25+
Technical
bot Maging isang awtomatikong proseso - can optionally be viewed bot 1.5+
purge Sariwain ang baunan ng sayt para sa isang pahina na walang kumpirmasyon - URL parameter "&action=purge" user 1.10+
minoredit Itatak ang mga pagbabago bilang maliit user 1.6+
nominornewtalk Walang maliit na pagbabago sa mga pahina ng usapan na pasimula ang bagong paglitaw ng mga mensahe - requires minor edit right bot 1.9+
noratelimit Hindi maaapektuhan ng antas ng mga hangganan - not affected by rate limits (prior to the introduction of this right, the configuration variable $wgRateLimitsExcludedGroupsManual:$wgRateLimitsExcludedGroups was used for this purpose) sysop, bureaucrat 1.13+
ipblock-exempt Laktawan ang mga pagharang/paghadlang na pang-IP, kusang pagharang/paghadlang at mga saklaw ng pagharang/paghadlang sysop 1.9+
proxyunbannable ⧼right-proxyunbannable⧽ sysop 1.7 - 1.27
autopatrol Kusang tatakan bilang napatrolya ang sariling mga pagbabago - $wgUseRCPatrolManual:$wgUseRCPatrol must be true bot, sysop 1.9+
apihighlimits Gumamit ng mga matataas ng hangganan sa mga pagtatanong sa API bot, sysop 1.12+
writeapi Gamit ng sinulat na API *, user, bot 1.13+
suppressredirect Hindi nilikha sa isang pagkarga mula sa lumang pangalan kapag naglipat ng isang pahina bot, sysop 1.12+
autoconfirmed Baguhin ang medyo-nakaprotektang mga pahina - used for the 'autoconfirmed' group, see the other table below for more information autoconfirmed, bot, sysop 1.6+
emailconfirmed Obsolete. Was used for the 'emailconfirmed' group, see the other table below for more information 1.7 - 1.13
Although these permissions all control separate things, sometimes to perform certain actions you need multiple permissions. For example allowing people to edit but not read pages doesn't make sense, since in order to edit a page you must first be able to read it (Assuming no pages are whitelisted). Allowing uploads but not editing does not make sense, since in order to upload an image you must implicitly create an image description page, etc.


List of groups

The following groups are available in the latest version of MediaWiki. If you are using an older version then some of these may not be implemented.

Group Description Default rights Versions
* all users (including anonymous). createaccount, createpage, createtalk, edit, editmyoptions, editmyprivateinfo, editmyusercss, editmyuserjs, editmywatchlist, read, viewmyprivateinfo, viewmywatchlist, writeapi 1.5+
user registered accounts. applychangetags, changetags, createpage, createtalk, edit, minoredit, move, move-categorypages, move-rootuserpages, move-subpages, movefile, purge, read, reupload, reupload-shared, sendemail, upload, writeapi
autoconfirmed registered accounts at least as old as $wgAutoConfirmAgeManual:$wgAutoConfirmAge and having at least as many edits as $wgAutoConfirmCountManual:$wgAutoConfirmCount. autoconfirmed, editsemiprotected 1.6+
bot accounts with the bot right (intended for automated scripts). autoconfirmed, autopatrol, apihighlimits, bot, editsemiprotected, nominornewtalk, suppressredirect, writeapi 1.5+
sysop users who by default can delete and restore pages, block and unblock users, et cetera. apihighlimits, autoconfirmed, autopatrol, bigdelete, block, blockemail, browsearchive, createaccount, delete, deletedhistory, deletedtext, editinterface, editprotected, editsemiprotected, editusercss, edituserjs, import, importupload, ipblock-exempt, managechangetags, markbotedits, mergehistory, move, move-categorypages, move-rootuserpages, move-subpages, movefile, noratelimit, patrol, protect, proxyunbannable, reupload, reupload-shared, rollback, suppressredirect, unblockself, undelete, unwatchedpages, upload, upload_by_url 1.5+
bureaucrat users who by default can change other users' rights. noratelimit, userrights 1.5+

From MW 1.12, you can create your own groups into which users are automatically promoted (as with autoconfirmed and emailconfirmed) using $wgAutopromoteManual:$wgAutopromote. You can even create any custom group by just assigning rights to them.

Default rights

The default rights are defined in DefaultSettings.phpManual:DefaultSettings.php.

Adding new rights

Information for coders only follows.

If you're adding a new right in core, for instance to control a new special page, you are required to add it to the list of available rights in User.phpManual:User.php, $mCoreRights (example). If you're doing so in an extension, you instead need to use $wgAvailableRightsManual:$wgAvailableRights.

You probably also want to also assign it to some user group by editing $wgGroupPermissionsManual:$wgGroupPermissions described above.

If you want this right to be accessible to external applications by OAuth or by bot passwords, then you will need to add it to a grant by editing $wgGrantPermissionsManual:$wgGrantPermissions

// create ninja-powers right
$wgAvailableRights[] = 'ninja-powers';

//add ninja-powers to the ninja-group
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['ninja-powers'] = true;

//add ninja-powers to the 'basic' grant so we can use our ninja powers over an API request
$wgGrantPermissions['basic']['ninja-powers'] = true;

You also need to add right-[name] and action-[name] interface messages to /languages/i18n/en.json (with documentation in qqq.json). The right-* messages can be seen on Special:ListGroupRights and the action-* messages are used in a sentence like "You do not have permission to ...".

See also