Manual:Upgrading to 1.7/tr
Bu sayfa eski. Arşivleme amacıyla saklanmaktadır. Eski ve/veya artık desteklenmeyen uzantıları veya özellikleri belgeleyebilir. Buradaki güncel bilgilere güvenmeyin.
|Bu sayfa, MediaWiki'nin güncel olmayan sürümüne yükseltme hakkında bilgi içerir.|
Mümkünse 1.35.0 sürümüne yükseltmeniz önerilir. Bunun için talimatlar Manual:Yükseltme sayfasında bulunabilir.
Sinsi dürtmeler, fısıldayan mırıltılar ve yoğun miktarda ter, kan ve gözyaşı, birkaç yeni gereksinim ve çok sayıda yeni özellik ve düzeltme sunan yeni MediaWiki 1.7 sürüm dalını üretti.
Peki, yükseltmeye nasıl başlanır? Bu kılavuz, 1.6 sürüm şubesinin kullanıcılarının MediaWiki 1.7'ye sorunsuz bir şekilde geçmelerine yardımcı olacaktır. Ayrıca, eski 1.5 şubesinin kullanıcıları için de çalışacaktır.
As with all MediaWiki upgrades, the basic premise is the same:
- Check the requirements
- Read the release notes
- Back up existing files and the database
- Unpack the new files
- Run the update script to check the database
- Upgrade extensions
- Test the update
MediaWiki 1.7 requires:
- PHP 5.0 or later
- Older versions will no longer work
- MySQL 4.0 or later
- MySQL 3.x has not been supported since 1.6
Read the release notes
Within the distribution tarball, or within the files checked out/exported from SVN, there are a number of files with capitalised filenames, one of which contains the
RELEASE-NOTES. Now's the time to open it up and find out what's been changed in 1.7.
Back up existing files and the database
While the upgrade scripts are well-maintained and robust, things could still go pear-shaped. Before proceeding to update the database schema, make a full backup of the wiki, including both the database and the files.
Make a full backup of the wiki database before attempting to run update scripts on it. This serves as a basic precaution should the schema updates fail, leaving records in a broken or corrupt state. There are a number of utilities to do this, such as MySQL dump, which is supplied with the MySQL software.
Make a copy of your
LocalSettings.php file, which contains both the basic configuration details, and also any customisations you may have made to change the behaviour of MediaWiki.
If uploads are enabled in the wiki, then you will also need to back up the upload directory. By default, this is the
images directory, although the path to this may have been changed in
Extensions and custom skins
Take copies of the
extensions directory, and any files or directories containing skin customisations.
Unpack the new files
If using a tarball package downloaded from SourceForge, decompress it; if using Subversion, export the files into a clean location. Replace all existing files with the new versions from 1.7, preserving the directory structure. The core code is now up to date.
Run the update script
Note: Make sure there's an
AdminSettings.php file in the wiki root, and it's got up to date information in it. The user needs full permissions on the database.
The preferred method of performing the update is using the command-line maintenance script, however, it is also possible to re-run the web-based installer.
From the command line, or an SSH shell or similar, change to the
maintenance directory and execute the update script:
$ php update.php
MediaWiki will inspect the existing schema and update it to work with the new code, adding tables and columns as needed. If upgrading from 1.5.x, once this is complete, you are advised to run the
refreshLinks.php script to update the link tables.
If shell access is not available, look at options such as phpShell, which emulates a command prompt using PHP functions. This might not work on some locked-down hosting setups.
When using such a solution, it is often desirable to skip the countdown period at the start of the script. Pass the
--quick option to the update script to do so:
$ php update.php --quick
Re-run the installer
An alternative to running the update script from the shell is to re-run the web installer. To do this:
- Make the
configdirectory writable by the web server
- Browse to the wiki and start the installer
Fill in the form fields with the same values as was done during the previous version's installation. When the installation process starts, the script will detect existing MediaWiki tables, and upgrade their schema. When this is complete, a new
LocalSettings.php will be generated.
- Delete the new configuration file
- Restore permissions on the
Certain extensions have been updated in order to work with MediaWiki 1.7. Be sure to upgrade to the latest versions of such extensions. You might need to perform manual updates to custom extensions.
Test the update
Once the upgrade has completed, browse to the wiki and check basics such as viewing and editing pages to ensure things still work as expected. Visit Special:Version and check that the version shown is correct.
Upgradings documents for other versions: