Handbuch:System Administration

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Manual:System administration and the translation is 34% complete.

Other languages:
български • ‎Deutsch • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎English • ‎español • ‎فارسی • ‎français • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어 • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎русский • ‎ไทย • ‎中文

Diese Seite listet Anweisungen für allgemeine administrative Aufgaben auf, die du möglicherweise durchführen möchtest, wenn die Installation des MediaWiki abgeschlossen ist

Konfiguration

Siehe Handbuch:LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php

Wenn du das MediaWiki mittels Web-Interface installiert hast, hast du bereits das Konfigurations-Skript ausgeführt, das grundlegende Konfigurations-Variablen festlegt.

MediaWiki hat viele Einstellungen. Diese müssen in der LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php eingestellt werden. Siehe Manual:Configuration settingsManual:Configuration settings für eine komplette Liste

Schalte Uploads an und aus

Siehe Handbuch:Konfiguration Dateien hochladenManual:Configuring file uploads

Design auswählen: Skin festlegen

Siehe Handbuch:Skin-KonfigurationManual:Skin configuration

Das Standard Aussehen keine eingestellt werden indem die Variable $wgDefaultSkinManual:$wgDefaultSkin in der LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php geändert wird.

Einige andere Einstellungen in Bezug auf Skins können ebenfalls eingestellt werden.

Es gibt einige Benutzer Skins, siehe Special:AllPages/Skin:.

Anderes

Für eine Liste aller Konfigurationsmöglichkeiten siehe:

Um spezielle Teile der Software einzustellen, siehe:

Konfiguration Apache, PHP und Datenbank

If you have downloaded binary packages of MySQL (or Postgres), the Apache HTTP Server, and PHP, chances are that they came with an installation script that set them up for your system. To tweak them further, see:


Making the wiki fast

See Manual:Performance tuningManual:Performance tuning

Administratorrechte erteilen

MediaWiki is a permissions-based wiki system. That means that users will only be able to perform the actions they are allowed to do.

As declaring permissions individually for every user would be tedious and impractical, several User rights/deManual:User rights are pre-defined in MediaWiki.

You are also allowed to declare new user groups, as your needs require.

Individual extensions may also require creating new user rights.

Regardless of how they are created, user groups are fully customizable, by modifying the $wgGroupPermissionsManual:$wgGroupPermissions associative array in your LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php file.

Sysop (Administrator)

The most common use. A user marked as 'sysop' can delete and undelete pages, block and unblock IPs and use a shortcut revert-to-previous-contributor's-revision feature in contribs, see Handbuch:AdministratorenManual:Administrators for more information.

Bureaucrat

Users in this group can change user rights through Special:UserRights.

Bot

A registered bot account. Edits by an account with this set will not appear by default in Recent changes; this is intended for mass imports of data without flooding human edits from view. (Add &hidebots=0 to list changes made by bots e.g. like this)

Installing extensions

See Handbuch:ErweiterungenManual:Extensions

Extensions are compilations of PHP code that add new features or enhance functionality of the main MediaWiki core.

Localisation

See Hilfe:SystemmitteilungenHelp:System message

If you simply want to change the language of a wiki on a per-user basis, this can be done via Special:Preferences. If you selected the wrong language when setting up the wiki simply change the $wgLanguageCode in LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php.

Maintenance scripts

See Handbuch:WartungsskripteManual:Maintenance scripts

MediaWiki has some maintenance script to help doing administrative tasks.

Update MediaWiki

See Anleitung:AktualisierungManual:Upgrading

Getting data

Back up

See Anleitung:Backup eines WikisManual:Backing up a wiki

It is important to make regular backups of the data in your wiki. This includes the database, uploaded files and extensions.

Importing a database dump

See Manual:Importing XML dumpsManual:Importing XML dumps

If you want a local copy of a Wikimedia wiki, see the overview at meta:Data dumps and the download site.

Converting (importing) existing content

See Manual:Importing external contentManual:Importing external content

Some scripts exist to import data from other wiki engines.

On-wiki customizations

See Manual:Page customizations/deManual:Page customizations

Much of the appearance and messaging of MediaWiki is determined by messages that administrators can edit like regular wiki pages.

Changing the sidebar

See Manual:SidebarManual:Sidebar

Changing the tagline

See Manual:Tagline (Site Subtitle)Manual:Tagline (Site Subtitle)