Manual:Pywikibot/Gerrit

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This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Pywikibot/Gerrit and the translation is 93% complete.

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Lexique

  • Git - Un système de contrôle de version. Il remplace SVN.
  • Gerrit - Une plate-forme de relecture de code (https://gerrit.wikimedia.org). Remplace Special:CodeReview
  • core - branche (master) actuelle connue précédemment comme "rewrite".


Pour les utilisateurs

Clients Git

  • Utilisateurs de Windows : il est recommandé d'utiliser TortoiseGit avec Git for Windows. Installer TortoiseGit d'abord !
  • Utilisateurs de macOS ou de Linux : Git en ligne de commande - https://git-scm.com/ or brew install git(Homebrew, macOS)
    Par exemple, pour télécharger la branche Core en ligne de commande :
git clone --recursive --branch stable https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/pywikibot/core.git

Pour mettre à jour :

# En considérant que nous sommes dans la branche ''Core''
git pull origin stable
git submodule update # Updates i18n messages

Si vous êtes paresseux et voulez faire tout ça d'un coup, vous pouvez :

# En considérant que nous sommes dans la branche ''Core''
git pull origin stable --recurse-submodules # This updates everything

Note that the repositories are somewhat large (~70MB). If this is an issue, use

git clone --recursive --branch stable --depth 3 https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/pywikibot/core.git

to just retrieve the latest versions.


En utilisant SVN

Mais... Je ne veux pas utiliser Git. Puis-je encore utiliser SVN ? Oui ! But don't forget to configure and update i18n submodule separately.

svn co https://github.com/wikimedia/pywikibot/tags/stable
cd stable/scripts
svn co https://github.com/wikimedia/pywikibot-i18n/trunk i18n

Mettre à jour est aussi simple que :

svn up stable
cd stable/scripts
svn up i18n
Sous Windows, il est possible d'utiliser l'extension graphique TortoiseSVN. La documentation est ici.


URLs

Votre client vous demandera probablement l'URL du dépôt. Les urls sont construites sur le format : https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/pywikibot/[repo name].

So for core: https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/pywikibot/core.

Nightly distributions

You can download the whole packages or browse the source code via nightly distributor in Wikimedia Labs


If you need more help on setting up your Pywikibot visit the #pywikibot IRC channel connect or pywikibot@ mailing list.

For developers

How to submit patches...configure git/gerrit. etc.

Read the guidelines, then follow steps in Gerrit/Getting started and run this:

#for hacking core
git clone --recursive ssh://USERNAME@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/pywikibot/core.git

and after modifying codes follow steps in Gerrit/Tutorial

Windows
Developer using Windows may also use Gerrit/TortoiseGit tutorial for further informations.

Example (step-by-step)

Do the following, step-by-step:

  1. setup your software:
    1. if not done already for svn access; create an SSH key, a developer account and add your public key to gerrit as well as to wikitech
    2. install 'git' package
    3. install 'git-review' package
      • the one by openstack [1], NOT the one by Facebook
      • any version like 1.12, 1.21, but NOT v1.18
  2. clone and setup your repo:
    1. clone the git repo with all submodules by using (like svn checkout)
      $ git clone --recursive ssh://USERNAME@gerrit.wikimedia.org:29418/pywikibot/core.git pywikibot-git
      
      and wait, this step will take some time
    2. enter the directory
      $ cd pywikibot-git
      
    3. config git setting for this repo/directory only (not global, in case e.g. you have different pseudo for multiple projects)
      $ git config user.email "EMAIL"
      
      and
      $ git config user.name "USERNAME"
      
      in order to configure this globally, use the --global parameter
    4. config your terminal/console to output english messages (in order to work properly with git review, see Gerrit/git-review#Troubleshooting)
      $ alias git="LANG=C git"
      
      this has to be done every time a new console is started, in order to configure this permanently, put this into your bashrc or similar setup file
    5. setup git review for this repo only
      $ git review -s
      
      and enter your USERNAME again, this is an important step - if you forget it, according to Gerrit/Tutorial#Push your change set to Gerrit, the final git review below (needed to commit your changes for review) will fail - though this can be still solved then
  3. work with the repo, e.g. commit patches for review:
    1. switch to the master branch (might not be needed)
      $ git checkout master
      
    2. update the current branch to revision online (like svn update)
      $ git pull
      
    3. create your own local temporary branch for working
      $ git checkout -b MEANINGFUL_BRANCH_NAME
      
      and try to choose a MEANINGFUL_BRANCH_NAME with the help of the branch naming tips available - the branch can be removed when not needed anymore with git branch -D MEANINGFUL_BRANCH_NAME
    4. now write some code; see the Git commands add, rm and mv to add, remove or rename files - when you're ready go to the next step
    5. commit your changes to your local temporary branch with
      $ git commit --all
      
      (you can use -a instead of --all and -R instead of --no-rebase) and, as used from svn, enter a meaningful commit message, e.g. a short description of your code changes
    6. optionally check your changes by looking at the committed data
      $ git show HEAD
      
      and make sure that you are sending what you wanted to
    7. send the data to the online repository, resp. gerrit for review (like svn commit)
      $ git review
      
    8. finally go to Gerrit, click on your change and write a reviewer name in the input box near the "Add Reviewer" button
  4. optionally/opt-in further settings:

Phabricator

Patches will be linked to a Phabricator task automatically if you mention 'Bug: T12345' in a line just before 'Change-Id: ....'. See Gerrit/Commit message guidelines for more information.

Problems, issues and work-a-rounds

jenkins-bot messages

https://integration.wikimedia.org/ci/job/pywikibot-core-tox-flake8/2591/console : FAILURE in ?s (non-voting)

The patchset committed did not pass flake8 code style checks. That says nothing about the functionality of the code but about the syntax and style.

https://integration.wikimedia.org/ci/job/pywikibot-core-tox-flake8-docstrings-mandatory/560/console : FAILURE in ?s (non-voting)

The patchset committed did not pass mandatory pep257 code style checks. That says nothing about the functionality of the code but about the inline documentation.

https://integration.wikimedia.org/ci/job/pywikibot-core-tox-nose/1448/console : FAILURE in ?s (non-voting)

The patchset committed did not pass pre-merge test suite. That indicates the code fails the basic tests, but a pass says nothing about the functionality of the modified code. There is a more extensive set of tests which developers should run pre-submission, and will run post merge.

This change could not be automatically merged with the current state of the repository. Please rebase your change and upload a new patchset.

The pachset cannot be merged automatically into current HEAD. Please consider Gerrit/Advanced usage#Build failed due to merge conflict for a solution.

More info about this can be found in Gerrit/Tutorial#How to submit a patch and Gerrit/Tutorial#git review complains about multiple commits.