Manual:MediaWiki feature list/ko

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Mediawiki-logo.png 매뉴얼:설치 가이드 | 미디어위키에 대해
Help-browser.svg 특징 | 설치 필요조건
Preferences-system.svg 다운로드 | 설치 | 설정


이 페이지는 미디어위키 소프트웨어의 내부에 설치되어 있는 기능들의 목록을 포함합니다. 자신의 위키를 위해서 미디어위키를 사용해야 하는 것이 좋은가 라는 것은 이 소프트웨어로 어떠한 종류의 웹사이트를 운영하고 싶은가에 달려있습니다. 위키피디아의 소프트웨어는 사용자의 필요성과 개발자의 아이디어로부터 성장한 많은 유용한 기능들을 담고 있습니다 -- 하지만 기능들이 많다는 것은 복잡하다는 것을 의미합니다.

미디어위키의 사용을 결정하기 전에, 다른 위키 엔진들을 살펴보십시오 (이 목록 혹은 이 비교 목록) 을 살펴보시고 귀하의 요구사항에 그 들 중 하나가 더 잘 적합한지 살펴보시오.

새 기능에 대한 요청은 MediaZilla 로 제출해 주십시오.

외형과 느낌(Look and feel)[edit | edit source]

  • 바로가기가 있는 링크, 배열은 사용되는 스킨에 따라 다릅니다
  • Skins: 사이트를 제공하는 다른 방법들, 이는 PHPTal 틀을 사용하여 확장될 수 있습니다.
    • Monobook, 접근키와 툴 팁이 있는 현대적 스킨
  • User styles: 사용자는 자신의 사용자 문서에 있는 전용 CSS를 통하여 사이트의 외형과 느낌을 각색할 수 있습니다.
  • "Stub" threshold: 사용자는 특정 크기 이하의 문서에 대한 링크를 다른 색상으로 표기되도록 하여 볼 수 있습니다
  • 문서의 프린트용 버전 이 생성될 수 있습니다
  • Auto-number headings in an article (optional)
  • Intra-page Anchors (automatically generated for headings, and also with <div id="tagname">...</div>)
  • Generate a table of contents for long articles (optional)
  • Automatically turn ISBN numbers into links to an editable list of booksellers
  • XHTML-compatible output (or darn close to it), tidy integration

멀티미디어와 익스텐션[edit | edit source]

  • 파일 업로드 기능은 그래픽 혹은 사운드 파일들이 업로드 되도록 합니다, Special:Upload 를 참고하시어 작동법을 확인하시고 설명은 Uploading files 을 참고하십시오. 업로드된 파일들은 Recent Changes 에 나열되어 있으며 또한 Special:Log/upload 에 기록(로그)이 됩니다.
  • 라텍스 구문을 사용한 수학 공식: texvc 를 참고하십시오
  • ImageMagick 혹은 libgd 을 사용한 이미지의 자동 크기 조정, 이미지의 캡션제목 및 이미지의 세로 정렬을 위한 간단한 구문입니다
  • 이집트 hieroglyphs 를 위한 WikiHiero (별도로 설치된 프로그램이 필요합니다)
  • EasyTimeline 는 시간 차트를 위한 것입니다 (별도로 설치된 프로그램이 필요합니다)

편집 기록 주시[edit | edit source]

  • Watchlist Every page has a link "Watch this article for me". Use Special:Watchlist to track changes on the articles you declared as interesting; watched articles are also bolded in the Recent changes list .
  • User contributions in the sidebar of each user page list all articles the user has worked on, according to the database.
  • Extended recent changes with dynamic collapsing of edits to the same article and quick links to diff the edit, show the article history, show the user page, show the user talk page, or block the user (for sysops)
  • "Related changes": View a filtered version of Recent Changes to the pages linked from the current page.
  • Side-by-side diffs - the diffs are shown side-by-side, and changed portions of lines are highlighted, making it much easier to see what's what. Additionally, a diff is shown during an edit conflict so you can see exactly what you need to reintegrate.
  • Real names. Users can (optionally) specify a "real name" they want to use for author credits.
  • On-page credits. Administrators can enable an on-page paragraph giving credit to editors who've worked on a page.

구조와 구문[edit | edit source]

  • By default, only restricted use of HTML is allowed. There is an option to allow full use of HTML.
  • Editing syntax based on UseMod, with support for mixing wiki-syntax and HTML. Only free links are supported for linking, not CamelCase (deliberate design decision).
  • Namespaces allow content separation (to address the namespace, use the [[Namespace:Page title]] syntax).
    • Discussion (Talk:) pages are separate from article pages, "meta" project pages can be separated from content pages, image pages are used for image descriptions.
    • MediaWiki: namespace contains all user interface texts, so that they can be edited like any other wiki page
    • Template: namespace for custom messages. Templates may contain string variables which are replaced with certain values passed to the template from the calling page.
  • Transclusion of arbitrary pages in any namespace: {{:Page Name}}. See Templates
  • Word-extension linking: If you include a link of the form [[war]]s, or [[war]]time, the system will automatically display it as if you had typed [[war|wars]] or [[war|wartime]], respectively, saving some typing.
  • Parenthetical hiding If you include a link of the form [[kernel (mathematics)|]], the parenthetical portion will be hidden in the link: kernel. This is useful for disambiguating different meanings of a word without making linking too difficult or cluttering up the text of articles. This also works with cropping out namespaces when you want a cleaner-looking link: [[Wikipedia:Copyrights|]] becomes Copyrights
  • Link to individual sections of an article, e.g. MediaWiki roadmap#Version 1.4 (these links may become invalid if sections are retitled or removed -- a modification that would mitigate this has been proposed.)
  • Support for subpages (link to "Foo/Bar" from "Foo" by just typing "/Bar", "Foo/Bar" contains a backlink to "Foo"), these can be enabled or disabled by namespace (e.g., Wikipedia currently supports subpages on discussion pages, to make archiving easy, and on user pages, to give users space for personal pages)
  • Special keywords for inserting dynamic data such as the name of the current page, the current date, the number of articles, etc.
  • Multiple Categories can be assigned to any page, including categories themselves, creating a hierarchy of categories. Category pages automatically list all pages assigned to them, including sub-categories. Categories allow classification and hierarchical browsing of the content.

편집[edit | edit source]

  • Section editing. Users can enable an option that allows them to edit individual sections of an article (separated by headlines) instead of loading the entire article.
  • Edit toolbar (JavaScript-based) for formatting text as bold, italic etc. (fully works in Mozilla and IE, other browsers use it to show the syntax, but cannot format text inside the textarea because their JavaScript implementation does not support it). If JavaScript is disabled, the toolbar is not shown.
  • Edit summary which is shown in "Recent changes". Will be prefilled with section title when section editing.
  • Double click editing: Users can enable an option that allows them to edit articles by double clicking them.
  • Edit preview (can be shown before or after edit box)
  • Handle edit conflicts (page being saved by a user while still being edited by another one, then saved again). MediaWiki will merge changes automatically if possible and otherwise require the user to do a manual merge.
  • Mark edits as minor; users can decide to hide such edits from the Recent Changes list. Only signed in users can mark edits as minor.
  • meta:Anti-spam features: Prevent link spamming, and other forms of abusive editing.

토론[edit | edit source]

  • Talk pages: Each user (including every anonymous user) and every article has an associated page where messages can be left. These are separate namespaces (see above), "Talk:" and "User talk:".
  • Message notification (user gets a "You have new messages" notice if someone else has edited their user discussion page); this also works for anonymous users
  • Automatic signature: Just type three tildes (~) when you edit, and on saving the page, it will be replaced with your user name and a link to your user page. If you use four tildes, the current date will be added as well. Mainly intended for Talk pages.
  • Support for emailing users through the wiki (email address not shown to the user)

다중언어 지원[edit | edit source]

Backend[edit | edit source]

  • Database-driven (MySQL and PostgreSQL are both supported)
  • Parser caching: rendered pages are cached to reduce redundant processing
  • Output caching: complete page output can be optionally saved as static HTML files for serving to other clients; support for Squid proxies
  • Cookie-based account and login system, but anonymous users can also edit pages
  • All revisions of an article are stored (optionally compressed)
  • RSS syndication available for many special pages, such as Special:Newpages and Special:Recentchanges
  • RDF metadata

권한[edit | edit source]

  • Different rights for anonymous users, signed in users, sysops, bureaucrats and developers.
  • Signed in users can:
    • move and rename pages
    • upload files
    • have and use a watchlist
    • mark edits as minor edits (eg. typo correction)
  • Admins/Sysops can:
    • protect pages from editing
    • delete and undelete pages
    • edit protected pages
    • ban users by IP address
    • ban users by username, if this option is enabled
    • run SQL queries on the database, if this option is enabled (see Extension:Asksql)
  • "Bureaucrats" can:
    • create sysops
    • rename users
  • Developers can:
    • lock the database
    • run various maintenance tasks
  • Other permission schemes (e.g. only signed in users can edit pages) can be configured.

검색 및 질의[edit | edit source]

  • Full text search
  • "Go" button allows direct viewing of a specified article's contents (tries near match if no exact hit)
  • "What links here": View pages that link to the current page (backlinks)
  • Special report pages:
    • New pages: List of newly created articles
    • Ancient pages: Articles sorted by timestamp, ascending
    • List of images
    • List of users
    • Site statistics
    • Orphaned articles (articles that have no links pointing to them)
    • Orphaned images
    • Popular articles (articles by number of visits, works only if counters are enabled)
    • Most wanted articles (non-existent articles sorted by number of links pointing to them)
    • Short articles
    • Long articles
    • List of all pages by title
  • Query API - allows scripted access to various metadata

기타[edit | edit source]

  • 임의 문서 표기 기능
  • 사용자들은 모든 기록 시간도장에 사용되는 시간대를 설정할 수 있습니다
  • 모든 기록 문서들의 특성 (결과의 수 및 기타등등)은 사용자 환경 설정에서 설정될 수 있습니다

비어있는 도움말 문서 묶음[edit | edit source]

설치 안의 파일들은 다운로드에 포함되어 있지 않은 문서들을 가리키는 많은 링크들을 포함한다는 것에 주의하십시오. 가장 중요한 것은 비어있는 도움말 파일들이며, 이들은 사이트의 어떠한 사용자가 필요로 할 것입니다. 깨어진 링크들을 수정하려면 ㄱ) 이 사이트에서 익스포트를 하거나 설치된 곳으로 일일이 수작업으로 도움말 문서들을 복사하고 수정하거나 ㄴ) 설치의 변수를 수정하여 도움말 링크 목표가 이 사이트로 변경되도록 하는 것입니다, 이 둘 다 상당한 시간의 투자가 필요할 것입니다.

향후 계획[edit | edit source]

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