Release status: stable
|Description||Allows to render mathematical formulas|
|Author(s)||Tomasz Wegrzanowski, Brion Vibber and others|
|Latest version||continuous updates|
|License||GNU General Public License 2.0|
Translate the Math extension if it is available at translatewiki.net
|Check usage and version matrix.|
|Open tasks · Report a bug|
The Math extension provides support for rendering mathematical formulæ. An overview of what can currently be done with this extension is found at the English Wikipedia's documentation.
This extension was part of core MediaWiki until MediaWiki version 1.18.
More information about installing and configuring this extension, including for older versions, can be found at Extension:Math/advancedSettings.
- If using Vagrant, install with
vagrant enable-role math && vagrant provision
- Manual installation
- Download and place the file(s) in a directory called
- Add the following code at the bottom of your LocalSettings.php:
require_once "$IP/extensions/Math/Math.php"; // See below for installation requirements and configuration settings:
- Run the update script which will automatically create the necessary database tables that this extension needs.
- To see math beyond a plain text output, follow instructions below for enabling various math output modes.
- Done - Navigate to Special:Version on your wiki to verify that the extension is successfully installed.
You should additionally go to the page Special:MathStatus to see whether all of the components of the Math extension now work. For any problems you see, the best option is to create a task on https://phabricator.wikimedia.org
Math output modes
The setting $wgMathValidModes holds an array with the names of output modes that can be used for rendering. If multiple modes are enabled, logged-in users can set a personal preference in the appearance pane of their user preferences page.
You can also use the $wgDefaultUserOptions setting to set which of these modes should be the default, e.g.:
$wgDefaultUserOptions['math'] = 'mathml';
Mode: 'mathml' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_MATHML)
For MW 1.23 and higher, you can use a Mathoid server that uses MathJax to convert texvc input on the server side to MathML+SVG rendering. This is the most recommended option; Mathoid is the rendering mode that will be used on Wikipedia in the future.
To use Mathoid, the following settings are recommended:
// Set MathML as default rendering option $wgDefaultUserOptions['math'] = 'mathml'; $wgMathFullRestbaseURL= 'https://api.formulasearchengine.com/';
See Mathoid for instructions on how to run your own Mathoid server.
Mode: 'png' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_PNG)
This is the mode that requires the most setup work, since at least the texvc utility has to be installed for it to work, and ideally texvccheck as well. See Installing texvc for how to install both of these.
Mode: 'latexml' (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_LATEXML)
Uses the LaTeXML utility. The rendering is done via an online service (set with $wgLaTeXMLUrl, which has a default value).
Mode: 'source', (pre-July 2015: MW_MATH_SOURCE)
List of significant configuration settings
|Setting name||Default value||Description|
||Defines the mode allowed on the server.|
||Option to disable the tex filter. If set to true any LaTeX espression is parsed this can be a potential security risk. If set to false only a subset of the TeX commands is allowed. See the wikipedia page Help:Math for details. Use "always" to disable this feature.|
|$wgMathFullRestbaseURL||false||The math extension gets the default config from the Visual Editor, if available. Details|
The Math extension tries to deliver MathML output, with fallback to SVG or PNG images respectively. Depending on the capabilities of the device you are using, the sort of output is chosen. Basic math support works for all browsers. However, for optimal rendering specific tuning may be needed:
- For Firefox or other Gecko browsers, it is required to install the Native MathML extension and math fonts. Accessibility support is provided by NVDA, VoiceOver or Orca. Additionally, NVDA requires the MathPlayer plugin to read mathematics.
- For Safari or other WebKit browsers, you may also install math fonts and enable native MathML rendering by [[<tvar|ext>Special:MyLanguage/Extension:Math/advancedSettings#CSS for the MathML with SVG fallback mode</>|inserting some CSS rules]] into the custom style sheet of your browser preference.
- For Chrome you must [[<tvar|ext>Special:MyLanguage/Extension:Math/advancedSettings#CSS for the MathML with SVG fallback mode</>|insert some CSS rules]] into the custom style sheet of your browser preference in order to get accessibility support via [<tvar|url>http://www.chromevox.com/</> ChromeVox] or visual rendering via the [<tvar|url2>https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/math-anywhere/gebhifiddmaaeecbaiemfpejghjdjmhc</> MathJax plugin].
- In some versions of Internet Explorer, it is possible to use MathPlayer as an assistive technology.
Tips and tricks
- You can use the Firefox MathML copy addon to copy formulae to other applications such as Microsoft Word (video), or Google docs with the g(Math) plugin (video).
Forcing a re-render of equations
Specifying the URL-parameter action=purge does not force the math equation to re-render the math tags. If a complete re-rendering of the math tags is desired the URL-parameter action=purge&mathpurge=true has to be passed. Be aware that this might cause side effects with other pages since the math extension uses the hash of the input TeX-input-string as the caching key. e.g. if you would force the re-rending with mathpurge option for a page containing the equation
$E=mc^2$, the new rendering result would be used on all other pages containing
$E=mc^2$ after the individual page caches are invalidated.
If something is wrong with the math extension you can report that at Phabricator. In addition you should check how your problem relates to the automated unit tests that are generated from the page CoverageTest.
See Extension:Math/advancedSettings for old versions and further information.
- Extension:SimpleMathJax - an alternative way to provide support for rendering mathematical formulas on-wiki, without texvc or LaTeX
- texvc - description of texvc
- Texvc PHP Alternative
- LaTeX on a shared host
- Another alternative is to use LaTeX with Google Chart Tools.
|This extension is being used on one or more Wikimedia projects. This probably means that the extension is stable and works well enough to be used by such high-traffic websites. Look for this extension's name in Wikimedia's CommonSettings.php and InitialiseSettings.php configuration files to see where it's installed. A full list of the extensions installed on a particular wiki can be seen on the wiki's Special:Version page.|