Manual:$wgShellCgroup

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to: navigation, search

Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil
Miscellaneous settings: $wgShellCgroup
Limit shell commands memory using linux Cgroups.
Introduced in version: 1.21.0 (git #674962b3)
Removed in version: still in use
Allowed values: (string)
Default value: false
Other settings: Alphabetical | By function

Under Linux: a cgroup directory used to constrain memory usage of shell commands. The directory must be writable by the user which runs MediaWiki.

If specified, this is used instead of ulimit, which is inaccurate, and causes malloc() to return NULL, which exposes bugs in C applications, making them segfault or deadlock.

A wrapper script will create a cgroup for each shell command that runs, as a subgroup of the specified cgroup. If the memory limit is exceeded, the kernel will send a SIGKILL signal to a process in the subgroup. (MediaWiki will often report this error as error code 137, after the bash return status of a command receiving SIGKILL)

Set up[edit]

If cgroups are not set up, you may have to mount the cgroup filesystem. As root:

mount -t tmpfs cgroup_root /sys/fs/cgroup
mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/memory
mount -t cgroup cgroup_memory -omemory /sys/fs/cgroup/memory

Next you need to do MediaWiki specific configuration:

mkdir -p /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/mediawiki
mkdir -m 0777 /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/mediawiki/job

The reliability of cgroup cleanup can be improved by installing a notify_on_release script in the root cgroup (This step is optional).

echo "/usr/local/bin/cgroup-mediawiki-clean" > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/release_agent

Last of all, enable cgroups in your LocalSettings.phpManual:LocalSettings.php

echo '$wgShellCgroup = "/sys/fs/cgroup/memory/mediawiki/job";' >> LocalSettings.php

The reliability of cgroup cleanup can be improved by installing a notify_on_release script in the root cgroup, see e.g. gerrit:40784

Troubleshooting[edit]

If cgroups don't work, things to try:

  • Install cgroup-bin package
  • Run the command cat /proc/cgroups. If the memory subsystem has a 0 under enabled, then memory cgroups may be disabled in your kernel. Try rebooting your computer with cgroup_enable=memory swapaccount=1 on the kernel command line.
  • Older bash doesn't like the readarray call in limit.sh. You should use at least 4.1

See also[edit]