Nápověda:Sledování stránek

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Watching pages and the translation is 23% complete.

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Sledování stránek je funkce, která umožňuje, aby si každý přihlášený uživatel mohl udržovat svůj seznam "sledovaných" stránek a dostávat upozornění při jejich případných změnách.

U MediaWiki uživatelé nemají "svoje" stránky; nicméně "sledování stránek" v kombinaci s tím, že nežádoucí změny lze vracet, umožňuje všem zainteresovaným uživatelům monitorovat dílčí změny a žádný z nich přitom nemá absolutní kontrolu nad stránkou.


Správa sledovaných stránek

Sledovat změny lze pouze u stránek, které nemají dynamicky generovaný obsah.

S každou stránkou je zároveň sledovaná i její diskuzní stránka. Přidání i odebrání stránky ze seznamu sledovaných stránek se vždy týká obou dvou: není možné sledovat pouze jednu z nich.

Při prohlížení stránky
Pro aktivaci sledování klikněte na bílou hvězdičku, kterou najdete na horním okraji stránky; po aktivaci se zbarví modře. (U vzhledu monobook je místo ní odkaz "Sledovat", který se po přidání změní na "Nesledovat")
Na vrchu stránky se objeví message with id 'addedwatchtext' (talk) resp. message with id 'removedwatchtext' (talk), a "Sledovat" se změní na Nesledovat či naopak. Záleží to na používaném prohlížeči, ale vše by mělo proběhnout bez nutnosti obnovení stránky, pomocí AJAX ajaxwatch.js.
Při ukládání stránky
Při ukládání změn, je určen status stránky (zda-li je sledovaná či ne) stavem pole "Sledovat tuto stránku".
If one activates the user preference "Přidávat mnou editované stránky a soubory ke sledovaným", the checkbox on the edit page will automatically be checked, so unless it is unchecked before saving, the page will be watched upon saving. Additional options are
  • Přidávat mnou založené stránky a načtené soubory ke sledovaným - (if the previous is checked this need not be checked, because creation counts also as an edit)
  • Přidávat mnou přesouvané stránky a soubory mezi sledované
  • Přidávat stránky a soubory, které smažu, mezi sledované
Editing the whole list
Two additional links are available on top of Special:Watchlist page:
Special:Watchlist/edit produces a full list of linked watched pages (including the talk pages). Selecting one or several checkboxes and then clicking "Odstranit položky" button will remove selected pages from the list.
Special:Watchlist/raw provides a textarea with a list of watched pages (without listing the talk pages), with one title on every line, sorted by namespace number and then in alphabetic order. This allows editing the list directly, copying it to an external editor, or replacing it with one created elsewhere. Duplicates are automatically removed on saving.


Seznam sledovaných stránek

When the user is logged in, every page has a link to the user's watchlist, also accessible by the link Special:Watchlist. This page shows a list of all recently changed watched pages, separated by days, ordered backward according to the time of the edit.

Each line shows details of each edit: whether minor (m) or major, whether made by a bot (r), the time, a link to the page, the difference between the current version and the last one, the history, the increase or decrease of the number of bytes, the user name, the user's talk page, the user's contributions and the edit summary. Depending on site configuration, the page name is bolded if the page has changed after the last time the user viewed the page (while logged in).

Technically, the watchlist is just another way to filter recent changes. The entries come from the recentchanges table and are therefore restricted to edits not older than $wgRCMaxAge (30 days in most WMF projects).

Možnosti

One can hide or show the following types of edits, using the corresponding links: minor edits, bot edits, one's own edits. These can also be set in preferences as initial options when the user comes to Special:Watchlist page.

Another preference option, although named "Maximum number of days to show in watchlist", also sets only the initial value for a period of time for which changes are shown. This period can be easily changed with corresponding links.

There is also a drop-down box that allows to see the changes only in one specific namespace.

Unlike recent changes, watchlist cannot hide edits by logged in/logged out users, there are no links to show only specific number of edits, and there is no way to show all namespaces except one.

Výchozí seznam sledovaných stránek

Ve výchozím nastavení seznam informuje jen o poslední editaci každé sledované stránky.

There are two possible problems if a page had a non-minor recent edit, but the last edit was marked as minor:

  • non-minor edits will not be shown. Since one is typically interested in all changes since one last checked, in this case the history of the page needs to be checked.
  • if watchlist is set not to show minor changes, then the page will not appear in the watchlist at all.

Many experienced users prefer to use Expanded Watchlist.

Rozšířený seznam sledovaných stránek

With the preference "Na seznamu sledovaných stránek zobrazovat všechny změny, ne jen tu poslední" the watchlist will show all recent edits, listed in chronological order.

In this case the preference "V posledních změnách a sledovaných stránkách seskupovat změny podle stránek", which toggles enhanced recent changes, also affects the watchlist the same way: recent changes of watched pages are grouped by day, and within a day by page.

Another preference option is "Maximální počet editací zobrazených ve sledovaných stránkách:". A site can limit the maximum value for this option, for example the maximum seems to be 1000 on WMF projects. To show pages with older edits, view the changes by namespaces or use the non-enhanced watchlist, and/or reduce the number of watched pages.

Other effects of watching a page

The watchlist is only one of the features with regard to watching pages; even without ever using it, specifying pages to watch is useful.

Recent and related changes, page history

In Recent Changes, Enhanced Recent Changes, and Related Changes, watched pages are bolded.

If one views the history of a watched page directly, without first viewing the page, the edit at the top (the most recent one) may be marked with update marker "změněno od vaší poslední návštěvy" (or the message with id 'updatedmarker' (talk)); this applies if the edit was made by someone else and you have not viewed the page (while logged in) since it was made. This is actually enabled together with email notification.

Upozorňování e-mailem

Viz také Notifications rozšíření 2013.

Počínaje MediaWiki 1.5 si můžete nastavit upozornění e-mailem, pokud sledovanou stránku někdo editoval. Další upozornění Vám nepřijdou, dokud stránku nenavštívíte. (Zhlédnutí rozdílu editace nebo historie stránky nestačí.) Musíte být také přihlášeni, jinak o dalších změnách nebudete informováni. Systém upozorňování lze nastavit tak, aby ignoroval malé změny (toto je výchozí nastavení).

Whether the feature is enabled on a wiki can be seen in the preferences: if it is, the message with id 'tog-enotifwatchlistpages' (talk) (default: "Poslat e-mail při změně sledované stránky nebo souboru") will be one of the options of the main section. The notifications for user talk edits are enabled by another preference option.

Having a separate email for every edited page that one likes to watch in the sense of the other watch features, may be too much. New features are being proposed and developed to deal with this: the option to have e-mails sent, after a delay, with a list of edited pages, and/or the possibility to specify a subset of watched pages for e-mail notification. Viz také Echo (Notifications) .

For the latter, as a workaround, one may be tempted to log in under a different username just to specify a different (typically smaller) watchlist for e-mail notification. However, after viewing a page under one username, one would have to clear the notification flag for that page for the other username too.

Technické podrobnosti

To enable it on a wiki, $wgEnotifWatchlist is set to true, and it still depends on preference settings. The email-message is the message with id 'enotif body' (talk). Viz Upozornění e-mailem. Since May 2011 the feature is enabled on all Wikimedia projects for the user talk notifications, and since April 2012 for watchlist edits too. From early May 2012, the preference for edited pages to be added to watchlist is the default.

Uživatelská nastavení

The following options are (or can be) available in Preferences >> User Profile tab

  • Dovolit ostatním uživatelům posílat mi e-maily
  • Zasílat mi kopie e-mailů, které pošlu jiným uživatelům
  • Poslat e-mail při změně sledované stránky nebo souboru
  • Poslat e-mail při změně mé diskusní stránky
  • Posílat e-maily i při malých editacích stránek a souborů
  • Poslat e-mail při reakcích ve sledovaných vláknech

Common misunderstandings

E-mail notification has many settings, so if you think you've missed something check them carefully.

  • The notifications about a page that "has been created" may be about any log action (such as protection) on the page, see T16901 and sons.
  • If you don't click the link in the notification, you won't receive it next time. Look for bolded items in your Special:Watchlist: they're pages you've not yet seen after recent changes and you won't be notified about them (note: your wiki may have hidden this essential highlighting feature).
  • Edits by authorised bots sometimes don't cause an email notification even if you've configured your preferences to receive one for that kind of action: namely, if they make a minor edit on your talk and you've set (only?) "Poslat e-mail při změně mé diskusní stránky". This behavior is not documented nor configurable and has some bugs; see T40874.

See also the list of known bugs.

Co nemůžete sledovat

Sledování stránek detekuje pouze změny v textovém obsahu stránky.

Vložené stránky
Změny v obsahu vložených stránek mohou také vést ke změně vygenerované sledované stránky, nicméně tyto změny nemají vliv na její sledování. For more information see Help:Page history#Linking to a specific version of a page. One may choose to watch all the templates used, and the templates used by these templates, etc.
Actions will not appear in watchlist
Note that after the move both the old and the new name are watched.
Some projects have special templates (such as {{sprotected}}) that should be added to protected pages, thus partly solving the problem.
Some projects might have a policy to add a deletion notice to the page first, or even to notify main authors on their talk pages.
One can also periodically check Special:Watchlist/edit page and inspect all broken (red) links.
Images and categories
Watching an image or a category means watching only the editable part. Watchlist will not show uploads of new versions of images. It is not possible to watch a category in the sense of being notified if pages are added or removed. With "related changes," additions to categories can be detected; for removals, one has to watch all pages in the category (also see Help:Category#Detection of additions to a category).

Watching a nonexistent page

One can watch a nonexistent page. This page will appear in the watchlist changes when somebody creates it.

For example, if you watch a page that does not yet have a talk page, you will be notified when someone starts a new discussion on the talk page.

You can watch a page even if neither the content page nor the talk page exists. To do that, go to the page's URL, either by typing the URL directly or following a (broken) link, and then press "Watch" (depending on the skin you may have to press Cancel before getting the link Watch).

Page moves and the watchlist

If a page you have watched is moved to a new title, the new title will be automatically added to your watchlist. Even if the page is later moved back, the new title will remain in your watchlist along with the old one.

Even if the new title is deleted after the page has been moved back, a note about the deletion will appear on your watchlist and the title will remain in your list of watched pages. If you notice mysterious nonexistent pages appearing on your watchlist, this is the most likely explanation.

Related changes feature

Main article: w:Help:Public watchlist

The "Related changes" can be used to set up watchlist-like functionality, as explained below.

Pages with links (possibly specially created for this purpose, e.g. as subpages of one's user page) can be used with Related Changes as a collection of separate "watchlists". Note however that unlike My Watchlist, Related Changes does not automatically include talk pages; to watch also the corresponding talk pages, links to them also have to be in the page on which Related Changes is applied. If the links to the talk pages are put just for this purpose, a blank space as link label can be used, which makes the link invisible and ineffective, except for Related Changes. Also, using Related Changes there is not the convenience of pressing a "watch" link to add the current page to the list of "watched pages".

Note that Related Changes does not detect an edit in the page itself and its talk page. Either include a self-link and a link to the talk page in the page, or put the page in another "special watchlist", or in one's standard watchlist.

Such pages can use the template mechanism to include other pages. However, see Pollution of categories.

Watching pages in a category by applying Related Changes to the category has a major drawback: removal of a page from the category is not detected.

An advantage of using Related Changes as alternative for the list of watched pages is that a revision history of the page(s) with links is available, while the system does not keep a record of pages that one has watched. However, Special:Watchlist/raw allows storage of the list: locally, or in a user subpage on the wiki.

If privacy is a concern, an advantage of the watchlist feature (if the list is not stored in a page on the wiki) is that it does not publicly reveal one's interest in a page (if one does not edit it). See also below.

CSS

As an alternative or in addition to using the watchlist feature, one can also define a user style for links to selected pages, putting in one's CSS a list of lines like:

a[title ="pagename"] {color:  white; background: red; font-size: 150% } 

This works in Opera, but not in Internet Explorer.

On the (Enhanced) Recent Changes page it works like the bolding feature mentioned above, but it is more versatile, e.g. allowing extra emphasis on pages one is very interested in, or different styles for different categories of interesting pages. Furthermore, it also works on user contributions pages, and on regular pages (also for piped links, but not for indirect links through a redirect). It also applies, less usefully, for the section editing links in the page itself.

To highlight links to the given page also from other websites, including interlanguage links, use instead of the above:

a[href ="full URL "] { .. }

Note that the full URL is needed, even to highlight links from the same project, even though the HTML code uses the relative URL /wiki/pagename.

Privacy of watchlists

Ordinary users or administrators cannot tell what is in your watchlist, or who is watching any particular page. Developers who have access to the servers that hold the Wikipedia database can figure out this kind of information. Publicly available database dumps do not include this kind of information.

See also