Ayuda:Previsualizaciones de referencias

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Reference Previews and the translation is 17% complete.
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La función Previsualizaciones de referencias muestra una vista previa de una nota al pie cuando pasa el cursor sobre su marcador de nota al pie. Esta función es parte de las Popups de la extensión MediaWiki, que se utiliza para la Vistas previas de páginas . It's currently a default feature on some wikis and a beta feature on many other wikis.


La función de Previsualizaciones de referencias tenía como objetivo cumplir un deseo de la Lista de deseos Técnica de la comunidad de habla alemana y desarrollada por el equipo técnico de la WMDE, con el apoyo del equipo de lectura web de WMF. El diseño de esta función está siendo desarrollado por WMF. Se puede encontrar más información en la página principal del proyecto en Meta.


Reference Previews display a preview of the footnote as it appears at the bottom of the page. Within the preview, any and all footnote content (text, images, tables, …) can be displayed. At the top of the pop-up, the reference type is displayed. Reference Previews were designed to create an experience consistent with Page Previews, so that all pop-ups have the same design, regardless of whether you are hovering over a page link or a footnote marker.

Reference Previews and Page Previews next to each other.


  • Hover over a footnote marker to open the pop-up.
  • Click on a footnote marker to jump to the References section (as you would do if there weren't any pop-ups).
  • For shorter references, the pop-up window adjusts to a smaller size.
  • If the reference size exceeds the maximum pop-up, you can scroll within the preview window.
  • External links inside a reference open in a new tab.

The preview functionality relies on JavaScript. If you don't have JavaScript activated, there is no hover effect, and footnote markers remain simple jump marks.

Opt-out feature

Reference Previews will be activated by default for everyone (logged-in users, logged-out/anonymous users, readers of a wiki).

  • You can toggle them off under the Appearance tab in your preferences.
  • You can also open this preference tab directly by clicking on the cog wheel in the pop-up.
  • Anonymous users/logged-out users/readers can turn the previews off by clicking the cog wheel and toggling the setting. This saves the preference via a cookie. They can be turned back on using the “Edit preview settings” link in the website footer.

Please note:

  • If you use the Reference Tooltips or Navigation Popups gadget – either because it’s a default gadget on your wiki or because you enabled it individually – you won’t see Reference Previews.
  • For wikis where Reference Previews are still a beta feature, you need to activate it in your beta settings.

Exposed reference types

At the top of each pop-up, Reference Previews prominently indicate what kind of source is being referenced. We currently define six reference types:

  • Reference (generic)
  • Web reference
  • Journal reference
  • Book reference
  • News reference
  • Note

How to assign a reference type to your reference

Each reference is defined by CSS classes, e.g., <cite class="journal"> for journal references. These classes are set in the ‎<cite> element in a reference's content. References without cite tags and classes (e.g., plain ‎<ref> tags) are displayed as "Reference".

To assign a reference type:

  • The easiest way is to use a citation template that includes the cite class. The English cite templates, for example this one, specify the cite class already, and derivations of these templates are used in many wikis. Other templates can also be updated to do so.
  • If you're not using templates to add references, another option is to add a ‎<cite> class directly into a ‎<cite> tag, like so: <ref><cite class="book">reference content</cite></ref>.

Hoja de ruta de implementación

  • Yes test.wikipedia.org (testwiki):
  • función beta activada:
    • Yes Wikipedia en alemán:
    • Yes Wikipedia en árabe:
    • todas las wikis que usan la extensión Popups (todas las Wikipedias & en, he y zh Wikivoyages): 2019-10-24
  • default feature:
    • Yes Wikipedia en alemán, Wikipedia en rumano, Wikipedia en estonio, Wikipedia en euskera, Wikipedia en árabe, Wikipedia en hebreo, Wikipedia en guyaratí, Wikipedia en finés:
    • Yes Wikipedia en maratí:


Ayuda con la traducción

Los mensajes de software para esta función se pueden traducir en translate wiki. ¡Cualquier ayuda es muy apreciada!