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so imagine that you're sitting at home and you're watching a basketball game on your TV what you're actually seeing are a bunch of still images put in front of one another and what you're doing is taking those still images and putting them together in your head and basically telling yourself that you're watching a fluid realistic basketball game so how is it that we're able to do this and this is what the gestalt principles basically attempt to address oops Gestalt principles so the gestalt principles basically seek to explain how we perceive things the way we do so why is it that we don't tell ourselves hey the basketball game is just a bunch of pictures but rather that it's a fluid realistic representation of a basketball game well there are several different laws or principles that the gestalt is came up with and we're going to look at each one of these and look into an example so over here we're going to look at the law and over here we're going to write down the definition so the first large gestalt principle is the law of similarity so log similarity and the law similarity basically says that items that are similar to one another are grouped together by your brain grouped together so what does this mean let's look at an example so in this example you can see that there are squares and there are circles and basically there's a square here there's a square there's a circle here and so on and so forth and maybe the first thing that you notice was that this image looks like there were a bunch of squares on top of one another and a bunch of circles on top of one another so in other words your brain naturally noticed a pattern and it naturally notice that the squares kind of created this vertical column and these sorry the circles created this vertical column and these squares created this vertical column so your brain naturally organized this picture in vertical columns rather than in these longer horizontal columns so this is what the first gestalt principle is saying is that things that are similar to one another so circles will be grouped together by your brain so the second dish taught principle is the law of Prag man's Prag man's and this basically says that reality is often organized or reduced to the simplest form possible so reality is reduced to simplest form what do I mean by this let's look at an example again here so here you see five circles that are juxtaposed on top of one another so what the law pragmatically says is that we look at this image and what we do is we break it down into five circles so here's one circle here's two circles so why is it that we don't break it down into more complex shapes so we could look at this object and say okay here's this weird diamond do Polli shape over here and then there's a semicircle over here and then we've got or you could say here's one line and then here's another line so we can look at this and break you down into much more complicated shapes but we don't we look at it and we just notice that hey here's a circle and here's another circle and they're on top of one another so we're basically looking at this fairly complex set of lines and reducing it down to its simplest form which is five circles juxtaposed on top of one another rather than more complex shapes that are coming together to form this image so the third digital principle or law is the law of proximity law of proximity and this basically says that objects that are close to one another that are close to one another are grouped together group together so let's look an example for the law of proximity so over here we see a bunch of circles when you look at this image you naturally notice kind of this this pattern rectangular pattern of circles and you notice this other rectangular horizontal pattern of circles so these circles are grouped closer together then this set of circles right here so basically your brain let me just erase these so you can see so why is it that we didn't just look at this set of circles and kind of put them together well that's because these circles are closer together then then these ones are so there's there's more of a distance here between the circles then there is over here smaller distance so we naturally look at the distances we naturally look at how close differ objects are include the ones that are really close to one another together the next law is the law of continuity and the law continuity basically says that lines are seen as following the smoothest path lines are seen as following the smoothest packed so let's look at an example so in this example we see again a bunch of circles when you look at these you kind of notice that there's this continuous flow in this set of circles rather than a flow this way and that's because the angle here is much less steep than this angle you kind of your brain naturally draws this this line over here and notice is that these circles are continuous whereas these ones are a little bit discontinuous and so another thing that your brain does when you're looking at this image is that it basically takes these circles and kind of organizes them as one entity it kind of puts them together and notices a pattern that hey these circles are forming this continuous line and it kind of puts it together and you group these circles in one kind of category in one mental category then then these guys over here that are kind in their own separate category that's what the law of continuity basically says and the final law or gestalt principle is the law of closure law of closure and basically this is just saying that laws that objects grouped together are seen as a whole so we ignore gaps and complete contour lines so we just write down definition so objects group together together are seen as a whole so let's look at an example so over here we see this kind of angle over here we see this angle we see this weird pac-man looking semicircle thing and your mind naturally fills in this triangle I don't know if you guys saw this but there's there's like this triangle here there's this there guess and your mind naturally fills in the gaps it fills in the contour lines and you kind of perceive this trial so let me just go ahead and move that you can see that even though there isn't actually any triangles in this image your brain is telling you hey there's a triangle you're noticing this triangle so that's what the law of closure is basically saying is that your minds fill in the missing information to create familiar shapes and images