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MediaWiki extensions manual
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Release status: beta

Implementation User activity
Description Overrides MediaWiki's Authentication and implements Google Apps' style OpenID instead
Author(s) Bertrand Gorge http://www.crossknowledge.com (BertrandGorgetalk)
Latest version 1.0 (2011-08-08)
MediaWiki 1.19
License GNU Lesser General Public License
Download No link
$wgDefaultUserOptions['GoogleAppsDomain'] = 'yourdomain.com';
Hooks used

Translate the GoogleAppsAuthentification extension if it is available at translatewiki.net

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This extension finaly allows a MediaWiki setup to be hooked to Google Apps - when a user logs in, he is automatically redirected to his Google App' login page, and the account is created. Nothing more !

Note : The extension completely disables all other means of authentication (that was our need), so if this is not good for you you might need to adjust.

Installation[edit | edit source]

  1. Create a folder in $IP/extensions/GoogleAppsAuthentication
  2. Copy paste the code below in a file that you can name GoogleAppsAuthentication.php for example
  3. Download the modified OpenId library from http://a32.me/2011/03/google-apps-as-single-authentication-point-for-your-corporate-applications/ and unzip it so that you have $IP/extension/GoogleAppsAuthentication/Auth with the two sub folders : OpenID and Yadis & $IP/extension/GoogleAppsAuthentication/tmp.
  4. Adjust the rights to writable by your webserver of $IP/extensions/GoogleAppsAuthentication/tmp (this is necessary for the nonce to be stored localy). Note that the tmp folder that comes with the OpenID library is not empty, so when adjusting rights with chmod, make sure to do it recursively, that is, "chmod -R" instead of just "chmod". Alternatively, you could just create a new folder instead of using the temp folder that comes with the OpenID library.
  5. Edit your LocalSettings.php in order to add :
# Make sure nobody can see/edit anything if not logged in:
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read'] = false;

# Make sure everybody can see/edit everything if logged in:
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['read'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit'] = true;

# Tell the extension who should log in (change yourdomain.com):
$wgDefaultUserOptions['GoogleAppsDomain'] = 'yourdomain.com';


Source code to paste into $IP/extensions/GoogleAppsAuthentication/GoogleAppsAuthentication.php:


$wgExtensionCredits['other'][] = array(
	'name' => 'Google Apps Authentication',
	'version' => '1.0',
	'path' => __FILE__,
	'author' => array( 'Emanuele Nanetti', 'Bertrand Gorge' ),
	'url' => 'http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:GoogleAppsAuthentification',

if (empty($wgDefaultUserOptions['GoogleAppsDomain']))
	die('Please set up the google app domain first : $wgDefaultUserOptions[\'GoogleAppsDomain\'] = "yourdomain.com"');

// The domain name should be set up before the include in LocalSettings.php:
// $wgDefaultUserOptions['GoogleAppsDomain'] = 'yourdomain.com';

// Now for the code:

$wgHooks['UserLoadFromSession'][] = 'fnGoogleAppsAuthenticateHook';

$path = dirname( __FILE__ );
set_include_path( implode( PATH_SEPARATOR, array( $path ) ) . PATH_SEPARATOR . get_include_path() );

define('Auth_Yadis_CURL_OVERRIDE', true);

 * An extension can use this hook to fill in the data of the User object
 * $user from an external session. This is typically used in Authentication extensions.
 * When the authentication should continue undisturbed after the hook was executed,
 * do not touch $result. When the normal authentication should not happen (e.g.,
 * because $user is completely initialized), set $result to any boolean value.
 * In any case, return true.
 * See the talk page for sample code for this hook.
 * @param $user user object being loaded
 * @param $result set this to a boolean value to abort the normal authentication process
function fnGoogleAppsAuthenticateHook($user, &$result)
	global $IP, $wgLanguageCode, $wgRequest, $wgOut;

	if (isset($_REQUEST["title"]))
		$lg = Language::factory($wgLanguageCode);

		if ($_REQUEST["title"] == $lg->specialPage("Userlogin"))
			// Setup for a web request

			// Here we do our stuff
			$googleAccount = getGoogleAccount('title=' . $_REQUEST["title"]);

			// Get username
			$username = $googleAccount['email'];

			// Get MediaWiki user
			$u = User::newFromName($username);

			// Create a new account if the user does not exists
			if ($u->getID() == 0)
				// Create the user
				$u->setPassword( md5($username) ); // do something random

				// Update user count
				$ssUpdate = new SiteStatsUpdate(0,0,0,0,1);

			$u->setOption("rememberpassword", 1);

			$user = $u;

			// Redirect if a returnto parameter exists
			$returnto = $wgRequest->getVal("returnto");
			if ($returnto) 
				$target = Title::newFromText($returnto);
				if ($target) 
					// Make sure we don't try to redirect to logout !
					if ($target->getNamespace() == NS_SPECIAL)
						$url = Title::newMainPage()->getFullUrl();
						$url = $target->getFullUrl();
                                        $additionalQueryString = "action=purge"; //action=purge is used to purge the cache

                                        if (strpos($url, "?") === FALSE) // $url has no '?'
                                                $additionalQueryString = "?".$additionalQueryString;
                                        else // $additionalQueryString should add a '&', not a '?'
                                                $additionalQueryString = "&".$additionalQueryString;

		else if ($_REQUEST["title"] == $lg->specialPage("Userlogout")) 
			// Logout

	// Back to MediaWiki home after login
	return true;

 * returns an array with email, realname
function getGoogleAccount($loginPage)
	global $wgDefaultUserOptions;

	if (isset($_SESSION['GoogleAppsLoggedInUser']))
		return $_SESSION['GoogleAppsLoggedInUser'];

	// Include files
	require_once "Auth/OpenID/Consumer.php";
	require_once "Auth/OpenID/AX.php";
	require_once "Auth/OpenID/google_discovery.php";
	require_once "Auth/OpenID/FileStore.php";
	require_once "Auth/OpenID/SReg.php";
	require_once "Auth/OpenID/PAPE.php";

	// Init login
	$tmp = dirname(realpath(__FILE__)).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR."tmp";

	if (!file_exists($tmp))
		die('Temp path '.$tmp.' does not exists');

	if (!is_writable($tmp))
		die('Temp path '.$tmp.' is not writable');

	$config['tmp_path'] = $tmp;

	// Return URL
	$config['return_server'] = (isset($_SERVER["HTTPS"]) ? 'https://' : 'http://') .$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'].":".$_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'];
	$config['return_url'] = $config['return_server'].$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];

	// Cache for google discovery (much faster)
	$config['cache'] = new FileCache($config['tmp_path']);

	// Open id lib has many warnig and notices
	error_reporting(E_ALL ^ E_NOTICE ^ E_WARNING ^ E_USER_NOTICE);

	if (!empty($_GET['janrain_nonce']))	// Google returns with this value after authentication
		$store = new Auth_OpenID_FileStore($config['tmp_path']);
		$consumer = new Auth_OpenID_Consumer($store);
		new GApps_OpenID_Discovery($consumer, null, $config['cache']);

		$response = $consumer->complete($config['return_url']);

		// Check the response status.
		if ($response->status == Auth_OpenID_CANCEL)
			die('Verification cancelled.');

		if ($response->status == Auth_OpenID_FAILURE)
			die("OpenID authentication failed: " . $response->message);

		if ($response->status != Auth_OpenID_SUCCESS)
			die('Other error');

		// Successful login

		// Extract returned information
		$openid = $response->getDisplayIdentifier();
		$ax = new Auth_OpenID_AX_FetchResponse();
		if ($ax)
			$ax = $ax->fromSuccessResponse($response);

		$sreg = Auth_OpenID_SRegResponse::fromSuccessResponse($response);

		if ($sreg)
			$sreg = $sreg->contents();

		$_SESSION['GoogleAppsLoggedInUser'] = array(
				'email' => $_GET['openid_ext1_value_email'],
				'realname' => ucfirst($_GET['openid_ext1_value_firstname']) . ' ' . ucfirst($_GET['openid_ext1_value_lastname']));

		return $_SESSION['GoogleAppsLoggedInUser'];

	// No authentification info, so we redirect to Google:
	$store = new Auth_OpenID_FileStore($config['tmp_path']);
	$consumer = new Auth_OpenID_Consumer($store);
	new GApps_OpenID_Discovery($consumer, null, $config['cache']);

		$auth_request = $consumer->begin($wgDefaultUserOptions['GoogleAppsDomain']);
		if (!is_object($auth_request))
			die('Auth request object error. Try again');
	catch (Exception $error)

	/// Request additional parameters
	$ax = new Auth_OpenID_AX_FetchRequest;
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/contact/email',2,1,'email') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/namePerson/first',1,1, 'firstname') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/namePerson/last',1,1, 'lastname') );

	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/namePerson/friendly',1,1,'friendly') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/namePerson',1,1,'fullname') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/birthDate',1,1,'dob') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/person/gender',1,1,'gender') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/contact/postalCode/home',1,1,'postcode') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/contact/country/home',1,1,'country') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/pref/language',1,1,'language') );
	$ax->add( Auth_OpenID_AX_AttrInfo::make('http://axschema.org/pref/timezone',1,1,'timezone') );


	// Request URL for auth dialog url
	$redirect_url = $auth_request->redirectURL($config['return_server'], $config['return_url']);

	if (Auth_OpenID::isFailure($redirect_url))
		die('Could not redirect to server: ' . $redirect_url->message);
		header('Location: '.$redirect_url);

}	// end function

class FileCache {
	var $cache_file;

	function __construct($tmp_path) {
		$this->cache_file = $tmp_path.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR."google.tmp";

	function get($name) {
		$cache = unserialize(file_get_contents($this->cache_file));
		return $cache[$name];

	function set($name, $value) {
		$cache = unserialize(file_get_contents($this->cache_file));
		$cache[$name] = $value;
		file_put_contents($this->cache_file, serialize($cache));


Errors[edit | edit source]

After login, if you see "Internal Error", add the following to LocalSettings.php

$wgShowExceptionDetails = true;

Try logging in again, if u see something similar...

#0 /var/www/html/wiki/extensions/GoogleAppsAuthentication/GoogleAppsAuthentication.php(71): User->setPassword('123446baf0889...')

Then disable your LDAP authentication lines which will be in your LocalSettings.php file.

Credits[edit | edit source]

Created by Bertrand Gorge and Emanuele Nanetti - http://www.crossknowledge.com/, with the help of Tanguy Deleplanque.

Original artwork largely inspired from http://a32.me/2011/03/google-apps-as-single-authentication-point-for-your-corporate-applications/ and Extension:CASAuthentication