Hub degli Sviluppatori

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Source code project 1171.svg
Crystal Clear app display.png UtentiUser hub Nuvola-inspired-terminal.svg Amministratori di sistemaSysadmin hub Source code project 1171.svg SviluppatoriDeveloper hub

This is a high-level overview of MediaWiki development, including links to the key documents, resources and tools available to MediaWiki developers. It is written for skilled LAMP developers who have experience using MediaWiki.

Overview

MediaWiki is developed in an open source style[1] using the PHP programming language [2] primarily for the LAMP platform[3][4]. Core development is largely coordinated online.

  • Development discussion happens on various mailing lists and IRC channels. The main developer list is wikitech-l. The main developer IRC channels are #mediawiki and #wikimedia-dev. Read the Developers article to get a sense for who the people on the mailing lists and IRC channels are.
  • Source code is managed using the Git revision control system. Read the Git article for an overview of how the MediaWiki developers use Git. Read the wikitech:Help:Access#Access FAQ article if you'd like access.[5]
  • Code review is performed on GerritGerrit, see this tutorial to get set up with git and gerrit in order to submit patches.
  • Developers extending or interfacing with MediaWiki (instead of working on the core code) have several convenient extension points, including the API, the Hooks system and Skins – see the #Extending MediaWiki section of this page for an overview.

Key documents

Code, development and style

Debugging and testing

Architecture

Sub-systems

  • API - API esterne per l'accesso diretto a porzioni di codice

Espansioni MediaWiki

Ci sono 5 espansioni principali che consentono agli sviluppatori di aggiungere funzionalità a MediaWiki o di modificare quelle esistenti. MediaWiki è stato pensato per permettere delle modifiche senza cambiare il "codice base". Questo semplicizza l'aggiornamento ad una nuova versione senza dover andare a modificare il sorgente per prendere le espansioni. Queste espansioni sono:

  • API – access the data and metadata of MediaWiki instances through its powerful "Action" web API
  • Hooks - Aggiunge un simbolo x al markup wiki (ogni volta che compare x succede qualcosa)
  • Parser Functions - Crea un nuovo comando: {{#if|...|...|...}}
  • Skins - Cambia l'aspetto grafico di MediaWiki.
  • Special Pages - Aggiunge una pagina speciale.
  • Tag Extensions - Crea un nuovo tag: <newtag>...</newtag>

Aiuto per sviluppatori di espansioni

Help for skin developers

Help for library code reuse

Third-party wiki uses

Notes

  1. Developers are a mix of volunteers and paid staff (or contractors) for various organizations. For a full list of who works on the MediaWiki code, read the DevelopersDevelopers article.
  2. Not all of MediaWiki is written in PHP. Some supporting tools are written in other languages, including batch files, shell scripts, makefiles and Python.
  3. MediaWiki runs on most platforms that can support PHP, however, the lack of certain utilities or operating system features may limit the functionality or performance of MediaWiki on non-LAMP platforms.
  4. MediaWiki has support for DBMS other than MySQL and MariaDB, including Oracle, PostgreSQL and SQLite.
  5. Browse the source code and revisions at https://phabricator.wikimedia.org/diffusion/MW/ or clone the development version of the code using this Git command:
    git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/core.git MediaWiki
  6. Visit https://phabricator.wikimedia.org/feed/ to see recent changes to bugs and issues in the Wikimedia Phabricator instance.