Совместимость

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This page is a translated version of the page Compatibility and the translation is 32% complete.
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MediaWiki strives to maintain broad compatibility between versions, and with a range of current and legacy software. At the same time, the constantly-evolving codebase and features of the latest MediaWiki development mean that it is not possible to maintain compatibility with legacy software indefinitely.

If you wish to suggest a change to what MediaWiki supports, you can file a request for comment on Phabricator.

Серверное программное обеспечение

В этом разделе представлен обзор программного обеспечения, необходимого на сервере для запуска MediaWiki.

PHP

Последняя стабильная ветвь MediaWiki (1.37), работает на любой версии от PHP 7.3.19/7.4.3 до PHP $2.

For upcoming versions, see Support policy for PHP .

HHVM support was dropped in MediaWiki 1.34. You are strongly advised against using it.

MediaWiki несовместима с версиями PHP 7.3.0 - 7.3.18 и 7.4.0 - 7.4.2 из-за ошибки в самом PHP. Вместо них используйте PHP 7.3.19+ или 7.4.3+. См. задача T246594 для более детальной информации.
MediaWiki is not compatible with PHP 8 yet. See task T248925 for more information.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 master
 7.4.3+
 7.3.19+
 7.2.x 
 7.1.x 
 7.0.x 
 5.6.x 
 5.5.9+ 
 5.5.0–5.5.8 
 5.4.x 
 5.3.3+ 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 master
 5.3.2 
 5.2.3+ 
 5.1.x 
 5.0.x 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 master

База данных

MediaWiki совместим с различными серверами баз данных. Однако рекомендуется использовать MySQL или MariaDB.

Использование любого другого программного обеспечения базы данных не рекомендуется для производственного использования. Поддержка отличается от версии к версии MediaWiki и варьируется от сомнительной до стабильной. MediaWiki предоставляет уровни абстракции базы данных для PostgreSQL и SQLite, которые, как правило, хорошо поддерживаются.

Since version 1.36, MediaWiki only commits to supporting upgrades from two major long term support releases (LTS) ago (see phab:T259771). Upgrades from older versions of MediaWiki will have to be performed in multiple steps.
Внимание Внимание: Since MediaWiki 1.34 , we no longer support using Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server . We strongly advise to no longer to use these.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 master
 MySQL 5.5.8+
 MySQL 5.0.3+  
MySQL 4.x 
MySQL 3.x 
 SQLite 3+
 PostgreSQL 9.4+
 PostgreSQL 9.2+  
 PostgreSQL 8.3+  
 PostgreSQL 8.1 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 master

Upgrade

Since MediaWiki 1.36, it only commits to supporting upgrades from two LTS releases ago (see phab:T259771). Upgrades from older versions of MediaWiki will have to be performed in multiple steps. This means that if you want to upgrade to 1.36 from 1.23 or earlier, you'll first have to upgrade your 1.23 wiki to 1.27 (or 1.35), and, from 1.27 (or 1.35), you'll be able to upgrade to 1.36.

Web-сервер

MediaWiki хорошо совместим со всеми основными веб-серверами, которые могут вызывать совместимую версию PHP. Apache - наиболее используемый и протестированный. Nginx также является хорошим выбором.

Расширения MediaWiki

До тех пор, пока расширение поддерживается должным образом (что можно увидеть в верхней части инфобокса на его странице описания), главная ветвь расширения должна быть совместима с главной ветвью MediaWiki. Для определения совместимости со старыми версиями MediaWiki существуют две общие политики, используемые расширениями:

  • master (key: master): the master branch of the extension is compatible with both current and older versions of MediaWiki.

Хаки обратной совместимости добавляются в исходный код расширения по мере необходимости.

  • release branches (key: rel): For every MediaWiki release, there is a corresponding branch in the extension.

So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.37, you should use the REL1_37 branch of the extension.

So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.35, you should use the REL1_35 branch of the extension. If you use a non-LTS version of MediaWiki, usually you will need to use the extension's branch for the previous LTS version. For instance, MediaWiki 1.34 wikis using a ltsrel extension would usually use the REL1_31 branch of that extension. However, there is no guarantee of compatibility.

The compatibility policy field of the Extension infobox tells which policy is used by a given extension. Use the respective keys indicated above to specify the information.

Some extensions may have more specific compatibility policies, for instance:

Браузеры

Общая информация

В мире постоянно растёт число различных веб-браузеров.

Слишком много, чтобы активно тестировать и поддерживать каждый из них. Для контроля наших практик поддержки браузеров, у нас существуют три уровня поддержки. Каждый уровень представляет отдельную категорию браузеров.

Modern (Grade A)

This group represents the highest level of support (also known as Grade A). Features take advantage of capabilities in modern browsers, while allowing a graceful fallback for older browsers. All features provided by the software (whether or not in a degraded form) must work in these browsers.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below) and actively tested against. Problems users perceive in these browsers are addressed with high priority.

Basic (Grade C)

This group is provided the core functionality of the MediaWiki platform (also known as Grade C). Our HTTP responses are compatible with these browsers (e.g. HTTP features we rely on, character encoding, and image formats used by the content; must work in these browsers). In the front-end this means content is presented in a readable manner, and to some extent user actions can be performed, but these browsers do not get JavaScript features.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below) and identified via a feature test suite and a user agent filter in the startup module.

Unknown (Grade X)

This group represents all other browsers (also known as Grade X). This includes browsers that are no longer developed or browsers not popular enough to justify the added maintenance cost for software development.

Browsers not included in any other group belong to this category.

Problems users perceive in these browsers only are given low priority, or not supported at all.

MediaWiki handles these browsers the same as Modern (Grade A) browsers and they are thus assumed to be capable. This principle provides various important benefits:

  • New or unsupported versions of modern browsers may temporarily be considered Unknown if they are not yet tested against by us. Treating Unknown browsers as capable ensures optimal user experience in these browsers.
  • Users of new and evolving browsers are given a chance to have a modern experience.
  • Users of less popular browsers based on, or derived from, known modern browsers are not negatively impacted (e.g. Iceweasel).

In practice the only difference between Unknown and Modern browsers is that we don't actively test against Unknown browsers.

These browsers are given the full feature set, which means HTTP, HTML, CSS and JS feature may or may not be compatible with these browsers, and may or may not be affected by measures (e.g. fallback CSS for newer CSS features) intended for Grade C browsers. In particular, JavaScript will be disabled if no support for features MediaWiki uses is found.

Special treatment for IE11

Starting in March of 2021, new JavaScript features on any Wikimedia project will not be supported on IE11, as documented at Compatibility/IE11 . This is the beginning of downgrading this browser to Basic (Grade C) support.

Матрица поддержки браузеров

The principles and different grades described above apply to MediaWiki core and extensions alike. The support matrix below applies these grades in the context of MediaWiki core, Wikimedia Foundation infrastructure, and any MediaWiki extensions that decide to follow it. Individual extensions may have their own support matrix distributing browsers among the different levels of support. See also Browser usage breakdown dashboard.

Browser support matrix as of март 2021 п · о · р
Browsers Chrome Firefox Opera Edge Edge Legacy Internet Explorer Safari iOS Android
Modern (Grade A) Current and previous version (2021) None 11+ (2013)[1][2][3][4] 9.1+[5] 9+[5] 4.3+[5]
Basic (Grade C) 31+ (2013)[6] 27+ (2014)[6] 18+ (2013)[6] 79+ (2020) 12+(2015) 9+ (2011)[7][6] 9.1+ (2015)[6] 9+ (2015)[6] 4.3+ (2013)[7][6]
Unknown (Grade X) All other browsers

Mobile

The Web team at the Wikimedia Foundation applies a narrower support matrix for mobile-specific skins e.g. Minerva and/or extensions designed only to run on mobile devices e.g. Расширение:MobileFrontend . The support matrix is compiled from the data provided by the analytics user agent breakdown dashboard. Where browser usage is over 5%, a modern experience (Grade A) is supported. Basic support (Grade C) is provided for anything over 0.1% during the previous 12 months. In mobile we strive to provide a Grade B. Users of grade B may or may not get JavaScript and we do not test to the same level as A, thus we prioritize bug fixes lower.

Modern support browser list on MobileFrontend is defined in .browserlistsrc file.

Anything absent in the list or older is considered a basic supported browser.

Примечания

  1. As of MediaWiki 1.24, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 6 and 7 has been disabled. gerrit:152072, gerrit:152128, Wikitech-ambassadors message
  2. As of MediaWiki 1.27, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 8 has been disabled. gerrit:252383, Wikitech-ambassadors message
  3. As of MediaWiki 1.29, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 9 has been disabled along with other non-ES5 browsers. T128115
  4. As of MediaWiki 1.31, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 10 has been disabled. T187869
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 As of MediaWiki 1.36, Modern support is removed for Android 4.1-4.2, iOS 6.1-8, and Safari 5.1-8. T266866
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 As of MediaWiki 1.36, Basic support is removed for Firefox 3-26, Internet Explorer 8, Safari 3-8, iOS (Safari) 5-8, Android 3.0-4.2, Chrome 1-30, and Opera 15-18. T248061, T262946, T266866
  7. 7.0 7.1 As of MediaWiki 1.35, Basic support is removed for Internet Explorer 6-7 and Android 2. T232563, T249788

Смотрите также