Zgodność

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MediaWiki strives to maintain broad compatibility between versions, and with a range of current and legacy software. At the same time, the constantly-evolving codebase and features of the latest MediaWiki development mean that it is not possible to maintain compatibility with legacy software indefinitely.

Przeglądarki

There is an ever-growing number of different web browsers in the world.

Too many to actively test and support each one. Aby oprowadzić po naszych doświadczeniach związanych ze wsparciem przez przeglądarki, wyróżniliśmy trzy poziomy wspierania. Each tier represents a different category of browsers.

Modern (Grade A)

This group (also known as Grade A) represents the highest level of support. Features take advantage of capabilities in modern browsers, while allowing a graceful fallback for older browsers. All features provided by the software (whether or not in a degraded form) must work in these browsers.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below) and actively tested against. Problems users perceive in these browsers are addressed with high priority.

Basic (Grade C)

The group (also known as Grade C) is provided the core functionality of the MediaWiki platform. Our HTTP responses are compatible with these browsers (e.g. HTTP features we rely on, character encoding, and image formats used by the content; must work in these browsers). In the front-end this means content is presented in a readable manner, and to some extent user actions can be performed, but these browsers do not get JavaScript features.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below) and identified via a feature test suite and a blacklist in the startup module.

Unknown (Grade X)

Ta grupa (znana też jako Grade X) reprezentuje wszystkie inne przeglądarki. Obejmuje przeglądarki, które nie są już rozwijane lub przeglądarki niewystarczająco popularne, aby warto było rozwijać oprogramowanie pod ich potrzeby.

Do tej kategorii należą przeglądarki nie zawarte na żadnej innej grupie.

Problems users perceive in these browsers only are given low priority.

MediaWiki handles these browsers the same as Modern (Grade A) browsers and are thus assumed to be capable. This principle provides various important benefits:

  • New versions of modern browsers may temporarily be considered Unknown if they are not yet tested against by us. Treating Unknown browsers as capable ensures optimal user experience in these browsers.
  • Users of new and evolving browsers are given a chance to have a modern experience.
  • Users of less popular browsers based on, or derived from, known modern browsers are not negatively impacted (e.g. Iceweasel).

In practice the only difference between Unknown and Modern browsers is that we don't actively test against Unknown browsers.

These browsers are given the full feature set.

Browser support matrix

While the principles and different grades described above apply to MediaWiki core and extensions alike, the below browser support matrix applies to MediaWiki core only (and extensions that decide to follow it). Individual extensions may have their own support matrix distributing browsers among the different levels of support. See also analytics user agent breakdown dashboard for desktop.

Przeglądarki: Chrome Internet Explorer Edge Firefox Safari Opera iOS Android
Modern Wersja aktualna i wcześniejsze 11+[1][2][3][4] TBC Wersja aktualna i wcześniejsze 5.1+ 15+ 6.1+ 4.1+
Basic 1+ 6+ TBC 3.0+ 3.0+ 15.0+ 5.0+ 2.0+
Unknown All other browsers

Browser support matrix (mobile)

(Last updated: March 2017)

Mobile-specific skins e.g. Minerva skin and/or extensions designed to run on mobile devices e.g. MobileFrontend have a different support matrix. The support matrix is compiled from the data provided by the analytics user agent breakdown dashboard. Where browser usage is over 5% a modern experience is supported. Basic support is provided for anything over 0.1% over the 12 months. In mobile we strive to provide a Grade B. Users of grade B may or may not get JavaScript and we do not test to the same level as A, thus we prioritize bug fixes lower.

OS: iOS Android Windows Blackberry
Modern (>5% usage) 8+ 4.0+
Basic 7 2 8 *
Unknown All other browsers
Browsers: Mobile Safari Chrome Android Opera Mini IE Mobile UC Browser Firefox Amazon Silk Blackberry
Modern (Grade A) 8+ 48+ 4.1+
Modern (Grade B) 30-48 2 10+ 44+
Basic (Grade C) 5 4+ 10+ 48+ 7+
Unknown All other browsers

Oprogramowanie wymagane do uruchomienia MediaWiki

PHP

1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 master
  7.2.x
  7.1.x
  7.0.x
  5.6.x  
  5.5.9+  
  5.5.0 – 5.5.8  
  5.4.x  
  5.3.3+  
  5.3.2  
  5.2.3+  
1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 master
  5.1.x  
  5.0.x  
1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 master

Najnowsza wersja MediaWiki (1.31) działa na każdej wersji od PHP 7.0.0 do 7.2. PHP 7.2 support is available in MediaWiki 1.31 and newer. Since 2014, Wikimedia Foundation runs MediaWiki on HHVM, but plans to migrate to PHP7,[5] after which point MediaWiki will likely drop HHVM compatibility.[6] MediaWiki requires either PHP 7.0+ or HHVM from release 1.31 onwards.[7]

Features that are not used on Wikimedia wikis might not work correctly on HHVM.

MediaWiki 1.27 will continue to receive security updates until its respective end-of-life date (see version lifecycle) and retain compatibility with its respective versions of PHP.


Baza danych

1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 master
  MySQL 5.5.8+Manual:MySQL
  MySQL 5.0.3+Manual:MySQL  
MySQL 4.x  
MySQL 3.x  
  SQLite 3+Manual:SQLite
  PostgreSQL 9.2+Manual:PostgreSQL
  PostgreSQL 8.3+Manual:PostgreSQL  
  PostgreSQL 8.1  
1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 master

MediaWiki jest kompatybilny z różnymi serwerami baz danych, ale największe wsparcie jest dla MySQL (MariaDB również może być stosowana).

Using any other database software is not recommended for production use. Support differs from MediaWiki version to MediaWiki version and ranges from dubious to stable. MediaWiki provides database abstraction layers for PostgreSQL and SQLite, which are generally well-maintained. The included abstraction layers for Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server are essentially unmaintained and are unlikely to work out of the box.

W tej chwili wszystkie inne bazy niż MySQL lub MariaDB nie są zalecane do użytku końcowego.


Serwer WWW

MediaWiki jest zasadniczo kompatybilne z większością serwerów internetowych, które mogą się działać w oparciu o kompatybilną wersję PHP. Apache jest najczęściej używany i przetestowany. HHVM and nginx are good choices as well.

MediaWiki extensions

As long as an extension is properly maintained (which you can see at the top of the infobox on its description page), the master branch of the extension should be compatible with the master branch of MediaWiki. For determining compatibility with older MediaWiki versions, there are two common policies used by extensions:

  • master (key: master): the master branch of the extension is compatible with both current and older versions of MediaWiki. Back-compatibility hacks are added to the extension source code as needed.
  • release branches (key: rel): For every MediaWiki release, there is a corresponding branch in the extension. So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.31, you should use the REL1_31 branch of the extension.

The compatibility policy field of the {{Extension}} infobox tells which policy is used by a given extension. Use the respective keys indicated above to specify the information.

Some extensions may have more specific compatibility policies, for instance:

Uwagi

  • Oprogramowanie zaznaczone na błękitno jest obsługiwane, natomiast zaznaczone na pomarańczowo nie jest obsługiwane.
  1. As of MediaWiki 1.31, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 10 has been disabled. T187869
  2. As of MediaWiki 1.29, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 9 has been disabled along with other non-ES5 browsers. T128115 [1]
  3. As of MediaWiki 1.27, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 8 has been disabled [2], gerrit:252383
  4. As of MediaWiki 1.24, JavaScript support for Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 and 7 has been disabled. These browsers are outdated and unsupported, and contain several unpatched security vulnerabilities – see reports for IE6 and IE7. Use of IE6 in particular is strongly discouraged by Microsoft.[3] [4] [5]
  5. Phabricator T176370
  6. Phabricator T192166
  7. Phabricator T172165

Zobacz też