Compatibility

From mediawiki.org

MediaWiki strives to maintain broad compatibility between versions, and with a range of current and legacy software. At the same time, the constantly-evolving codebase and features of the latest MediaWiki development mean that it is not possible to maintain compatibility with legacy software indefinitely.

If you wish to suggest a change to what MediaWiki supports, you can file a request for comment on Phabricator.

Server software

These sections provide an overview of the software required on the server to run MediaWiki.

PHP

The latest stable branch of MediaWiki (1.40) runs on PHP 7.4.3 and higher.

For upcoming versions, see Support policy for PHP .

HHVM support was dropped in MediaWiki 1.34. You are strongly advised against using it.

Wikimedia production servers and continuous integration currently run PHP 7.4, with plans to upgrade to PHP 8.1 soon. MediaWiki developers are encouraged to develop using PHP 8.1, and the MediaWiki Docker image uses PHP 8.1.

MediaWiki is not compatible with PHP 7.4.0 - 7.4.2 due to an upstream bug. Use PHP 7.4.3+ instead. See task T246594 for more information.
MediaWiki support for PHP 8.0 and above started with 1.39.0. Other release branches like MediaWiki 1.35.x may have minor issues and warnings on PHP 8 but generally work. See T248925 for more information.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 master
 8.1.0+
 8.0.0+
 7.4.3+
 7.3.19+ 
 7.2.x 
 7.1.x 
 7.0.x 
 5.6.x 
 5.5.9+ 
 5.5.0–5.5.8 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 master
 5.4.x 
 5.3.3+ 
 5.3.2 
 5.2.3+ 
 5.1.x 
 5.0.x 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 master

Database

MediaWiki is compatible with a variety of database servers. Using MySQL or MariaDB is recommended.

Using any other database software is not recommended for production use. Support differs from MediaWiki version to MediaWiki version and ranges from dubious to stable. MediaWiki provides database abstraction layers for PostgreSQL and SQLite, which are generally well-maintained.

Since Version 1.36, MediaWiki only commits to supporting upgrades from two LTS releases ago (see phab:T259771). Upgrades from older versions of MediaWiki will have to be performed in multiple steps. This means that if you want to upgrade to 1.40 from 1.34 or earlier, you'll first have to upgrade your 1.34 wiki to 1.35 (or 1.39), and, from 1.35 (or 1.39), you'll be able to upgrade to 1.40.
MediaWiki no longer supports using Oracle or Microsoft SQL Server as of version 1.34 .
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 master
 MariaDB 10.3.0+
 MariaDB 10.1.0+ 
 MySQL 5.7.0+
 MySQL 5.5.8+ 
 MySQL 5.0.3+ 
MySQL 4.x 
MySQL 3.x 
 SQLite 3.8.0+
 SQLite 3.3.7+ 
 SQLite 3+ 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 master
 PostgreSQL 10+
 PostgreSQL 9.4+ 
 PostgreSQL 9.2+ 
 PostgreSQL 8.3+ 
 PostgreSQL 8.1 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 master

Upgrade

Since Version 1.36, MediaWiki only commits to supporting upgrades from two LTS releases ago (see phab:T259771). Upgrades from older versions of MediaWiki will have to be performed in multiple steps. This means that if you want to upgrade to 1.40 from 1.34 or earlier, you'll first have to upgrade your 1.34 wiki to 1.35 (or 1.39), and, from 1.35 (or 1.39), you'll be able to upgrade to 1.40.

Web server

MediaWiki is broadly compatible with all major web servers that can invoke a compatible version of PHP. Apache is the most used and tested. Nginx is a good choice as well.

MediaWiki extensions

As long as an extension is properly maintained (which you can see at the top of the infobox on its description page), the master branch of the extension should be compatible with the master branch of MediaWiki. For determining compatibility with older MediaWiki versions, there are the following common policies used by extensions:

  • master (key: master): the master branch of the extension is compatible with both current and older versions of MediaWiki. Back-compatibility hacks are added to the extension source code as needed.
  • release branches (key: rel): For every MediaWiki release, there is a corresponding branch in the extension. So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.40, you should use the REL1_40 branch of the extension.
  • long-term support release branches (key: ltsrel): For every MediaWiki release that is a Long Term Support release (see Version lifecycle release policy) there is a corresponding branch in the extension. So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.39, you should use the REL1_39 branch of the extension. If you use a non-LTS version of MediaWiki, usually you will need to use the extension's branch for the previous LTS version. For instance, MediaWiki 1.34 wikis using a ltsrel extension would usually use the REL1_31 branch of that extension. However, there is no guarantee of compatibility.

The compatibility policy field of the Extension infobox tells which policy is used by a given extension. Use the respective keys indicated above to specify the information.

Some extensions may have more specific compatibility policies, for instance:

Browsers

General information

Every web page starts in Basic mode, where only the HTML is rendered. CSS can be assumed to succeed for visual readers and should be used for presentation. The Modern layer defines optional enhancements and interactions written in client-side JavaScript. This layer may fail to load, arrive later, or not at all; including in modern browsers. This depends on various circumstances. To learn more, refer to MediaWiki Engineering guidelines.

The JavaScript requirements for the "Modern" layer are implemented via a feature test in the startup module, inspired by the "cutting the mustard" approach.

There is an ever-growing number of different web browsers and browser-capable devices in the world. Too many to actively test and support each one. To guide our practices around browser support, we define three grades of support. Each grade represents a different category of browsers.

In practice the only difference between browser grades is our investment in testing and support. All browsers receive the same server responses, and will try to load the Modern layer if it passes the required JavaScript capabilities.

Grade A

Grade A browsers recieve the highest level of support. MediaWiki takes advantage of capabilities in modern browsers, while allowing a graceful fallback for older browsers. New features developed for MediaWiki must work in these browsers (whether or not in a degraded form).

Browsers in this category are known (listed below), actively tested against, and meet the requirements for the "Modern" layer. Problems users perceive in these browsers are addressed with high priority.

Grade C

Grade C browsers must receive the core functionality of the MediaWiki platform. Our HTTP responses are compatible with these browsers (e.g. HTTP features we rely on, character encoding, and image formats used by the content; must work in these browsers). In the front-end this means content is presented in a readable manner, and content and account actions can be performed, but JavaScript features may or may not work.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below), and are rarely tested against. Problems users perceive in these browsers are addressed with high priority. However, mitigation may focus on ensuring that available functionality is not broken; if acceptable from a product perspective, this may result in the affected enhancement being disabled (whether or not temporarily) rather than restored in these browsers.

Grade X

All other browsers are referred to as "Grade X".

MediaWiki handles these browsers the same as Grade A and Grade C browsers: there is no user agent filter, and these browsers receive JavaScript enhancements if they pass the feature test for the "Modern" layer.

Browsers not included in any other group belong to this category, including:

  • Less popular browsers that are based on, or derived from, known modern browsers (e.g. Samsung Internet, UC Browser, Vivaldi, and Iceweasel).
  • Beta versions of modern browsers. These are considered Grade X if they are not yet tested against by us. Treating these as capable ensures optimal user experience in these browsers, and facilitates upstream testing.
  • Browsers or browser versions that are no longer developed or maintained, and incompatible with modern Internet standards. These might receive the "Basic" mode, or might be unable to even connect to the web server.

This principle users of new and evolving browsers are given a chance to have a modern experience.

These browsers not common enough to justify the added maintenance cost for software development and are essentially never tested. Problems users perceive in these browsers only are given low priority.

Browser support matrix

The principles and different grades described above apply to MediaWiki core and extensions alike. The support matrix below applies these grades in the context of MediaWiki core, Wikimedia Foundation infrastructure, and any MediaWiki extensions that decide to follow it. Individual extensions may have their own support matrix distributing browsers among the different levels of support. See also Browser usage breakdown dashboard.

Browser support matrix as of April 2023 v · d · e
Browsers Chrome Opera Edge Edge Legacy Firefox Internet Explorer Safari iOS Android
Modern (Grade A) Last three years' versions (2020) None Last three years' versions (2020) None 11.1+ (2018) 11.3+ (2018) 5+ (2014)
Basic (Grade C) 31+ (2013) 18+ (2013) 79+ (2020) 12+ (2015) 39+ (2014) 11 (2013) 9.1+ (2015) 9+ (2015) 5+ (2014)[note 1]
Unknown (Grade X) All other browsers
Practical implications as of August 2023
Platform Minimum OS or device Supported modern browser
Android Moto G (1st generation) (2013)
Google Nexus 4 (2012)
Android 5.1, Chrome 84+
Samsung Galaxy S5 (2014) Android 6.0, Chrome 84+
iOS iPhone 5s (2013) iOS Mobile Safari 11.3 - 12 (2018-2023)[note 2]
Linux Debian 10 Buster (2019) firefox-esr 102, chromium 90
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (2018) firefox (current), chromium-browser (current)
macOS OS X 10.9 Mavericks (2013-2016) Firefox 78 ESR (2020). The default Safari 7 is unsupported.
macOS 10.13 High Sierra (2017-2020) Safari 11.1, current Firefox, Chrome 84+
macOS 10.15 Catalina (2019-2022) Safari 13.1, current Firefox, Chrome 84+
Windows Windows 7 (2009-2020) Edge 84+, current Firefox, Chrome 84+

List of changes, most recent first:

  • As of 2023, the support targets have been re-stated; for Chrome and Chrome-based browsers, this is now the last three years' versions (covering three years rather than three months); for Firefox, this is now the current and previous LTS versions (reaching approximately the same time range). T178356
  • As of MediaWiki 1.41, Modern support is removed for Internet Explorer 11, macOS and iOS Safari 9–10, and Firefox 39–53. T178356
  • As of MediaWiki 1.39, Basic support is removed for Internet Explorer 9-10, Firefox 27-38, and Android 4.3-4.4 T293298, T297313, T290815
  • As of MediaWiki 1.36, Basic support is removed for Firefox 3-26, Internet Explorer 8, Safari 3-8, iOS (Safari) 5-8, Android 3.0-4.2, Chrome 1-30, and Opera 15-18. T248061, T262946, T266866
  • As of MediaWiki 1.36, Modern support is removed for Android 4.1-4.2, iOS 6.1-8, and Safari 5.1-8. T266866
  • As of MediaWiki 1.35, Basic support is removed for Internet Explorer 6-7 and Android 2. T232563, T249788
  • As of MediaWiki 1.31, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 10 has been disabled. T187869
  • As of MediaWiki 1.29, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 9 has been disabled along with other non-ES5 browsers. T128115
  • As of MediaWiki 1.27, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 8 has been disabled. T118303, Wikitech-ambassadors message
  • As of MediaWiki 1.24, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 6 and 7 has been disabled. gerrit:152072, gerrit:152128, Wikitech-ambassadors message


Mobile

The Web team at the Wikimedia Foundation applies a narrower support matrix for mobile-specific skins e.g. Minerva and/or extensions designed only to run on mobile devices e.g. MobileFrontend . The support matrix is compiled from the data provided by the analytics user agent breakdown dashboard. Where browser usage is over 5%, a modern experience (Grade A) is supported. Basic support (Grade C) is provided for anything over 0.1% during the previous 12 months. In mobile we strive to provide a Grade B. Users of grade B may or may not get JavaScript and we do not test to the same level as A, thus we prioritise bug fixes lower. Modern support browser list on MobileFrontend is defined in .browserlistsrc file.

Anything absent in the list or older is considered a basic supported browser.

See also

Notes

  1. Note this refers to the stock Android browser. For Chrome for Android, provided that you're running Chrome 31+, it requires Android 4.0+(2011).
  2. iOS 11 dropped support for iPhone 5 and older devices

References