API:设置页面语言

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This page is a translated version of the page API:SetPageLanguage and the translation is 68% complete.
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MediaWiki版本: 1.29

POST request to change the language of a page.

API文档



action=setpagelanguage

(main | setpagelanguage)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Change the language of a page.

Parameters:
title

Title of the page whose language you wish to change. Cannot be used together with pageid.

pageid

Page ID of the page whose language you wish to change. Cannot be used together with title.

Type: integer
lang

Language code of the language to change the page to. Use default to reset the page to the wiki's default content language.

This parameter is required.
One of the following values: default, ab, abs, ace, ady, ady-cyrl, aeb, aeb-arab, aeb-latn, af, ak, aln, am, an, ang, anp, ar, arc, arn, arq, ary, arz, as, ase, ast, atj, av, avk, awa, ay, az, azb, ba, ban, bar, bbc, bbc-latn, bcc, bcl, be, be-tarask, bg, bgn, bh, bho, bi, bjn, bm, bn, bo, bpy, bqi, br, brh, bs, btm, bto, bug, bxr, ca, cbk-zam, cdo, ce, ceb, ch, chr, chy, ckb, co, cps, cr, crh, crh-cyrl, crh-latn, cs, csb, cu, cv, cy, da, de, de-at, de-ch, de-formal, din, diq, dsb, dtp, dty, dv, dz, ee, egl, el, eml, en, en-ca, en-gb, eo, es, es-formal, et, eu, ext, fa, ff, fi, fit, fj, fo, fr, frc, frp, frr, fur, fy, ga, gag, gan, gan-hans, gan-hant, gcr, gd, gl, glk, gn, gom, gom-deva, gom-latn, gor, got, grc, gsw, gu, gv, ha, hak, haw, he, hi, hif, hif-latn, hil, hr, hrx, hsb, ht, hu, hu-formal, hy, hyw, ia, id, ie, ig, ii, ik, ike-cans, ike-latn, ilo, inh, io, is, it, iu, ja, jam, jbo, jut, jv, ka, kaa, kab, kbd, kbd-cyrl, kbp, kg, khw, ki, kiu, kjp, kk, kk-arab, kk-cn, kk-cyrl, kk-kz, kk-latn, kk-tr, kl, km, kn, ko, ko-kp, koi, krc, kri, krj, krl, ks, ks-arab, ks-deva, ksh, ku, ku-arab, ku-latn, kum, kv, kw, ky, la, lad, lb, lbe, lez, lfn, lg, li, lij, liv, lki, lmo, ln, lo, loz, lrc, lt, ltg, lus, luz, lv, lzh, lzz, mai, map-bms, mdf, mg, mhr, mi, min, mk, ml, mn, mni, mnw, mo, mr, mrj, ms, mt, mwl, my, myv, mzn, na, nah, nan, nap, nb, nds, nds-nl, ne, new, niu, nl, nl-informal, nn, nov, nqo, nrm, nso, nv, ny, nys, oc, olo, om, or, os, pa, pag, pam, pap, pcd, pdc, pdt, pfl, pi, pih, pl, pms, pnb, pnt, prg, ps, pt, pt-br, qu, qug, rgn, rif, rm, rmy, ro, roa-tara, ru, rue, rup, ruq, ruq-cyrl, ruq-latn, rw, sa, sah, sat, sc, scn, sco, sd, sdc, sdh, se, sei, ses, sg, sgs, sh, shi, shn, shy-latn, si, sk, skr, skr-arab, sl, sli, sm, sma, sn, so, sq, sr, sr-ec, sr-el, srn, ss, st, stq, sty, su, sv, sw, szl, szy, ta, tay, tcy, te, tet, tg, tg-cyrl, tg-latn, th, ti, tk, tl, tly, tn, to, tpi, tr, tru, ts, tt, tt-cyrl, tt-latn, tw, ty, tyv, tzm, udm, ug, ug-arab, ug-latn, uk, ur, uz, ve, vec, vep, vi, vls, vmf, vo, vot, vro, wa, war, wo, wuu, xal, xh, xmf, xsy, yi, yo, yue, za, zea, zgh, zh, zh-cn, zh-hans, zh-hant, zh-hk, zh-mo, zh-my, zh-sg, zh-tw, zu
reason

Reason for the change.

tags

Change tags to apply to the log entry resulting from this action.

Values (separate with | or alternative): New user editing project page, Short translation, Rapid reverts, Blocked user editing own talk page
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.
Examples:
Change the language of Main Page to Basque.
api.php?action=setpagelanguage&title=Main%20Page&lang=eu&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]
Change the language of the page with ID 123 to the wiki's default content language.
api.php?action=setpagelanguage&pageid=123&lang=default&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]

示例

Making any POST request is a multi-step process:

  1. Log in, via one of the methods described on API:登录 .
  2. 获取CSRF令牌
  3. Send a POST request, with the CSRF token, to take action on a page.

下面的示例代码详细介绍了最后一步。

POST请求

响应

{
    "setpagelanguage": {
        "title": "User:Gangleri/tests/bugzilla/04917/MediaWiki:Badtitle",
        "oldlanguage": "en[def]",
        "newlanguage": "eu",
        "logid": 222004
    }
}

示例代码

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    set_page_language.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `SetPageLanguage` module: POST request to change
    the language of a page

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
PARAMS_0 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_0)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
# supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
# (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "bot_user_name",
    "lgpassword": "bot_password",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN,
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_1)

# Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['csrftoken']

# Step 4: POST request to change page language
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "setpagelanguage",
    "pageid": "123",
    "token": CSRF_TOKEN,
    "format": "json",
    "lang": "eu"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    set_page_language.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `SetPageLanguage` module: POST request to change
	the language of a page

    MIT license
*/

$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
set_page_language( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

// Step 4: POST request to change page language
function set_page_language( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params4 = [
		"action" => "setpagelanguage",
		"pageid" => "66400",
		"lang" => "es",
		"token" => $csrftoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	echo ( $output );
}

JavaScript

/*  
    set_page_language.js
 
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `SetPageLanguage` module: POST request to change
	the language of a page

    MIT license
*/

var request = require('request').defaults({jar: true}),
    url = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        set_page_language(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: POST request to change page language
function set_page_language(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "setpagelanguage",
        pageid: "66400",
        lang: "es",
        token: csrf_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
	set_page_language.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `SetPageLanguage` module: POST request to change
    the language of a page

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'setpagelanguage',
		pageid: '66400',
		lang: 'es',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

可能的错误

代码 信息
notoken token参数必须被设置。
pagelang-disabled 此wiki不允许更改页面的语言。
pagelang-unchanged-language 页面title已设置为语言lang。
pagelang-db-failed 数据库更改页面语言失败。

附加提醒

参见