API:オプション

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Options and the translation is 59% complete.

Other languages:
English • ‎español • ‎日本語
MediaWiki バージョン: 1.20

現在の利用者の個人設定を変更する POST リクエストです。

APIの説明文書


action=options

(main | options)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Change preferences of the current user.

Only options which are registered in core or in one of installed extensions, or options with keys prefixed with userjs- (intended to be used by user scripts), can be set.

Parameters:
reset

Resets preferences to the site defaults.

Type: boolean (details)
resetkinds

List of types of options to reset when the reset option is set.

Values (separate with | or alternative): registered, registered-multiselect, registered-checkmatrix, userjs, special, unused, all
Default: all
change

List of changes, formatted name=value (e.g. skin=vector). If no value is given (not even an equals sign), e.g., optionname|otheroption|..., the option will be reset to its default value. If any value passed contains the pipe character (|), use the alternative multiple-value separator for correct operation.

Separate values with | or alternative. Maximum number of values is 50 (500 for bots).
optionname

The name of the option that should be set to the value given by optionvalue.

optionvalue

The value for the option specified by optionname.

token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

Making any POST request is a multi-step process:

  1. Log in, via one of the methods described on API:ログイン .
  2. 編集トークン を取得します。
  3. Send a POST request, with the CSRF token, to take action on a page.

The sample code below covers the final step in detail.

POST リクエスト

In this example, all parameters are passed in a GET request for the sake of simplicity. However, action=options requires POST requests; GET requests will cause an error.

Changing three options

レスポンス

{
    "options": "success"
}

サンプル コード

change_user_options.py

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    change_user_options.py

    MediaWiki Action API Code Samples
    Demo of `Options` module: POST request to change three options
    for current user
    
    MIT license
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: GET Request to fetch login token
PARAMS_0 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_0)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: POST Request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
# supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
# (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "bot_user_name",
    "lgpassword": "bot_password",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN,
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_1)

# Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['csrftoken']

# Step 4: POST request to change user options
# You can check out the large list of options you can change
# at https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Options
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "options",
    "format": "json",
    "token": CSRF_TOKEN,
    "change": "language=en|skin=vector",
    "optionname": "nickname",
    "optionvalue": "custom-signa|ture"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

print(DATA)

利用できるオプション

The following is an example list obtained with /w/api.php?action=query&format=json&meta=userinfo&uiprop=options for a Wikipedia (MW 1.24) account. Most of the options listed here are defined by various MediaWiki extensions, like Echo , VisualEditor , WikiLove , Gadgets or EducationProgram , among others.
  • ccmeonemails: 0
  • cols: 80
  • date: "mdy"
  • diffonly: 0
  • disablemail: 0
  • editfont: "default"
  • editondblclick: 0
  • editsectiononrightclick: 0
  • enotifminoredits: 0
  • enotifrevealaddr: 0
  • enotifusertalkpages: 1
  • enotifwatchlistpages: 0
  • extendwatchlist: "1"
  • fancysig: "1"
  • forceeditsummary: "1"
  • gender: "male"
  • hideminor: 0
  • hidepatrolled: 0
  • imagesize: 2
  • math: 0
  • minordefault: 0
  • newpageshidepatrolled: 0
  • nickname: user signature
  • norollbackdiff: 0
  • numberheadings: 0
  • previewonfirst: 0
  • previewontop: 1
  • rcdays: "14"
  • rclimit: "100"
  • rows: 25
  • showhiddencats: false
  • shownumberswatching: 1
  • showtoolbar: 1
  • skin: "vector"
  • stubthreshold: 0
  • thumbsize: "3"
  • underline: 2
  • uselivepreview: 0
  • usenewrc: 0
  • watchcreations: 1
  • watchdefault: "1"
  • watchdeletion: 0
  • watchlistdays: "2"
  • watchlisthideanons: 0
  • watchlisthidebots: 0
  • watchlisthideliu: 0
  • watchlisthideminor: 0
  • watchlisthideown: 0
  • watchlisthidepatrolled: 0
  • watchmoves: "1"
  • wllimit: "300"
  • useeditwarning: 1
  • prefershttps: 1
  • flaggedrevssimpleui: 1
  • flaggedrevsstable: 0
  • flaggedrevseditdiffs: true
  • flaggedrevsviewdiffs: false
  • usebetatoolbar: 1
  • usebetatoolbar-cgd: 1
  • multimediaviewer-enable: true
  • visualeditor-enable: 0
  • visualeditor-betatempdisable: 0
  • visualeditor-enable-experimental: 0
  • visualeditor-enable-language: 0
  • visualeditor-hidebetawelcome: 0
  • wikilove-enabled: 1
  • mathJax: false
  • echo-subscriptions-web-page-review: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-page-review: false
  • ep_showtoplink: false
  • ep_bulkdelorgs: false
  • ep_bulkdelcourses: true
  • ep_showdyk: true
  • echo-subscriptions-web-education-program: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-education-program: false
  • echo-notify-show-link: true
  • echo-show-alert: true
  • echo-email-frequency: 0
  • echo-email-format: "html"
  • echo-subscriptions-email-system: true
  • echo-subscriptions-web-system: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-user-rights: true
  • echo-subscriptions-web-user-rights: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-other: false
  • echo-subscriptions-web-other: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-edit-user-talk: 1
  • echo-subscriptions-web-edit-user-talk: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-reverted: false
  • echo-subscriptions-web-reverted: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-article-linked: false
  • echo-subscriptions-web-article-linked: false
  • echo-subscriptions-email-mention: false
  • echo-subscriptions-web-mention: true
  • echo-subscriptions-web-edit-thank: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-edit-thank: false
  • echo-subscriptions-web-flow-discussion: true
  • echo-subscriptions-email-flow-discussion: false
  • gettingstarted-task-toolbar-show-intro: true
  • uls-preferences: ""
  • language: "en"
  • variant-gan: "gan"
  • variant-iu: "iu"
  • variant-kk: "kk"
  • variant-ku: "ku"
  • variant-shi: "shi"
  • variant-sr: "sr"
  • variant-tg: "tg"
  • variant-uz: "uz"
  • variant-zh: "zh"
  • searchNs0: true
  • searchNs1: false
  • searchNs2: "1"
  • searchNs3: false
  • searchNs4: "1"
  • searchNs5: false
  • searchNs6: "1"
  • searchNs7: false
  • searchNs8: "1"
  • searchNs9: false
  • searchNs10: "1"
  • searchNs11: false
  • searchNs12: "1"
  • searchNs13: false
  • searchNs14: "1"
  • searchNs15: false
  • searchNs100: false
  • searchNs101: false
  • searchNs108: false
  • searchNs109: false
  • searchNs118: false
  • searchNs119: false
  • searchNs446: false
  • searchNs447: false
  • searchNs710: false
  • searchNs711: false
  • searchNs828: false
  • searchNs829: false
  • gadget-teahouse: ""
  • gadget-ReferenceTooltips: 1
  • gadget-DRN-wizard: 1
  • gadget-charinsert: 1
  • gadget-refToolbar: 1
  • gadget-mySandbox: 1
  • betafeatures-vector-compact-personal-bar: "0"
  • cirrussearch-default: "0"
  • pagetriage-lastuse: timestamp
  • popups: "0"
  • timecorrection: "ZoneInfo|60|Europe/London"
  • uls-compact-links: "0"
  • usecodeeditor: "1"
  • userjs-arbitraryKeyName: arbitrary value
  • watchlisttoken: token

起こりうるエラー

In addition to the usual stuff :

コード 情報
notloggedin Anonymous users cannot change preferences
nochanges No changes were requested.

パラメーターの履歴

  • 1.21: resetkinds を導入しました

追加的な注記

  • This API is primarily intended for changing options which are registered by MediaWiki core or extensions and available on Special:Preferences.
  • You can also use the API to set arbitrary user options that can be used by user scripts or external editors. These options must begin with the prefix userjs-.
  • There are currently no limit on the number of user options you can set at once. You can store data within a user option by encoding it as a JSON string.
  • Providing only names of options without equal sign results in resetting them (e.g. hideminor|skin). In the case of an arbitrary userjs- key/value pair, the resetting results in its deletion.
  • The change parameter cannot be used to set a value which contains a pipe character |, as it is used by the API to separate options. If you need to set such a value (e.g., a user signature) use an optionname & optionvalue pair.
  • The following limits apply to all user options:
    • The byte length of the key must be <= 255.
    • The byte length of the value must be <= 65535.
    • The key must consist only of ASCII letters, numbers, hyphens and underscores (a-z, A-Z, 0-9, _, -).

関連項目