API:Opensearch

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page API:Opensearch and the translation is 100% complete.

Other languages:
English • ‎dansk • ‎français • ‎polski • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어

Requête GET pour rechercher dans le wiki et obtenir des résultats au format OpenSearch.

Vous ne devez utiliser cette API que si vous développez un navigateur web. Ceci va vous permettre d'indiquer que vous voulez obtenir les résultats dans un format standard et accessible compatible avec la syndication ou l'aggrégation.

Documentation de l'API


action=opensearch

(main | opensearch)

Search the wiki using the OpenSearch protocol.

Parameters:
search

Search string.

This parameter is required.
namespace

Namespaces to search. Ignored if search begins with a valid namespace prefix.

Values (separate with | or alternative): 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2300, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
Default: 0
limit

Maximum number of results to return.

No more than 500 (5,000 for bots) allowed.
Type: integer or max
Default: 10
profile

Search profile to use.

strict
Strict profile with few punctuation characters removed but diacritics and stress marks are kept.
normal
Few punctuation characters, some diacritics and stopwords removed.
normal-subphrases
Few punctuation characters, some diacritics and stopwords removed. It will match also subphrases (can be subphrases or subpages depending on internal wiki configuration).
fuzzy
Similar to normal with typo correction (two typos supported).
fast-fuzzy
Experimental fuzzy profile (may be removed at any time)
fuzzy-subphrases
Similar to normal with typo correction (two typos supported). It will match also subphrases (can be subphrases or subpages depending on internal wiki configuration).
classic
Classic prefix, few punctuation characters and some diacritics removed.
engine_autoselect
Let the search engine decide on the best profile to use.
One of the following values: strict, normal, normal-subphrases, fuzzy, fast-fuzzy, fuzzy-subphrases, classic, engine_autoselect
Default: engine_autoselect
suggest

Do nothing if $wgEnableOpenSearchSuggest is false.

Type: boolean (details)
redirects

How to handle redirects:

return
Return the redirect itself.
resolve
Return the target page. May return fewer than limit results.

For historical reasons, the default is "return" for format=json and "resolve" for other formats.

One of the following values: return, resolve
format

The format of the output.

One of the following values: json, jsonfm, xml, xmlfm
Default: json
warningsaserror

If warnings are raised with format=json, return an API error instead of ignoring them.

Type: boolean (details)
Example:
Find pages beginning with Te.
api.php?action=opensearch&search=Te [open in sandbox]

Exemple

Requête GET

Réponse

[
    "Hampi",
    [
        "Hampi",
        "Hampi (town)",
        "Hampi Express",
        ...
    ],
    [
        "Hampi, also referred to as the Group of Monuments at Hampi, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in east-central Karnataka, India.",
        "Hampi  is a town in Hospet taluk of the Ballari district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located along the Tungabhadra River in the east and center part of the state, near the border of Andhra Pradesh, Hampi is near the city of Hosapete.",
        "The Hampi Express is a daily express train running between the Mysooru and Hubballi Junction, the headquarters of the South Western Railway in India.",
        ...
    ],
    [
        "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hampi",
        "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hampi_(town)",
        "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hampi_Express",
        ...
    ]
]

Exemple de code

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    opensearch.py
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Opensearch` module: Search the wiki and obtain
	results in an OpenSearch (http://www.opensearch.org) format
    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "opensearch",
    "namespace": "0",
    "search": "Hampi",
    "limit": "5",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php
/*
    opensearch.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Opensearch` module: Search the wiki and obtain
	results in an OpenSearch (http://www.opensearch.org) format

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "opensearch",
    "search" => "Hampi",
    "limit" => "5",
    "namespace" => "0",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );
var_dump( $result );

JavaScript

/*
    opensearch.js
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Opensearch` module: Search the wiki and obtain
	results in an OpenSearch (http://www.opensearch.org) format
    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "opensearch",
    search: "Hampi",
    limit: "5",
    namespace: "0",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {console.log(response);})
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	opensearch.js
	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Opensearch` module: Search the wiki and obtain
	results in an OpenSearch (http://www.opensearch.org) format
	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'opensearch',
		search: 'Hampi',
		limit: '5',
		namespace: '0',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

Erreurs possibles

Code Information
nosearch Le paramètre search doit être défini.
unknown_format Valeur non reconnue du paramètre format: aaa.

Notes supplémentaires

Correspondant à cette API, voici quelques pointeurs supplémentaires pour les administrateurs de site et les développeurs d'extensions de MediaWiki :

  • Extension:TitleKey - permettent que les suggestions de recherche à partir de cette API ne soient pas sensibles à la casse.
  • Extension:TextExtracts et $wgExtractsExtendOpenSearchXml configurés à true dans LocalSettings.php va permettre que chaque élément du format XML puisse inclure une balise <Description> avec un texte extrait de l'article.
  • Extension:PageImages et $wgPageImagesExpandOpenSearchXml configurés à true dans LocalSettings.php va permettre que chaque élément du format XML puisse inclure une balise <Image> avec une vignette de l'article.

Voir aussi