API:移动

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Move and the translation is 56% complete.

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MediaWiki版本: 1.12

POST请求来移动页面。

API文档


action=move

(main | move)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Move a page.

Parameters:
from

Title of the page to rename. Cannot be used together with fromid.

fromid

Page ID of the page to rename. Cannot be used together with from.

Type: integer
to

Title to rename the page to.

This parameter is required.
reason

Reason for the rename.

Default: (empty)
movetalk

Rename the talk page, if it exists.

Type: boolean (details)
movesubpages

Rename subpages, if applicable.

Type: boolean (details)
noredirect

Don't create a redirect.

Type: boolean (details)
watchlist

Unconditionally add or remove the page from the current user's watchlist, use preferences or do not change watch.

One of the following values: watch, unwatch, preferences, nochange
Default: preferences
ignorewarnings

Ignore any warnings.

Type: boolean (details)
tags

Change tags to apply to the entry in the move log and to the null revision on the destination page.

Values (separate with | or alternative): New user editing project page, Short translation
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

示例

发出任何POST请求都是一个多步骤的过程:

  1. 使用API:登录 中描述的方法之一登录。
  2. 获取CSRF令牌
  3. Send a POST request, with the CSRF token, to take action on a page.

The sample code below covers the final step in detail.

POST请求

Move "CurrentTitle" and its talk page to "Page with new title", without creating a redirect.

响应

{
    "move": {
        "from": "CurrentTitle",
        "to": "Page with new title",
        "reason": "wrong title",
        "talkfrom": "Talk:CurrentTitle",
        "talkto": "Talk:Page with new title"
    }
}

示例代码

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    move.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Move` module: Move a page with its
    talk page, leaving a redirect behind.
    MIT license
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a POST request to log in. For this login
# method, obtain credentials by first visiting
# https://www.test.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manual:Bot_passwords
# See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
# information on log in methods.
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "user_name",
    "lgpassword": "password",
    "format": "json",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a POST request to move the page
PARAMS_4 = {
    "action": "move",
    "format": "json",
    "from": "Current title",
    "to": "Page with new title",
    "reason": "Typo",
    "movetalk": "1",
    "noredirect": "1",
    "token": CSRF_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(url=URL, data=PARAMS_4)
DATA = R.text

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    move.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Move` module: Move a page with its
	talk page, leaving a redirect behind.
	
    MIT license
*/

$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
move( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

// Step 4: POST request to move the page
function move( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params4 = [
		"action" => "move",
		"from" => "Current title",
		"to" => "Page with new title",
		"reason" => "API Testing",
		"movetalk" => "1",
		"noredirect" => "1",
		"token" => $csrftoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	echo ( $output );
}

JavaScript

/*  
    move.js
 
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Move` module: Move a page with its
	talk page, leaving a redirect behind.

    MIT license
*/

var request = require('request').defaults({jar: true}),
    url = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        move(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: POST request to move the page
function move(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "move",
        from: "Current title",
        to: "Page with new title",
        reason: "API Testing",
        movetalk: "1",
        noredirect: "1",
        token: csrf_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
	move.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Move` module: Move a page with its talk page,
	leaving a redirect behind.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'move',
		from: 'Current title',
		to: 'Page with new title',
		reason: 'API Test',
		movetalk: '1',
		noredirect: '1',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

可能的错误

代码 信息
nofrom from参数必须被设置。
noto to参数必须被设置。
notoken token参数必须被设置。
cantmove-anon Anonymous users can't move pages
cantmove 您没有权限移动本页。
cantmovefile 您没有权限移动本文件。
If file moving is disabled altogether, you'll get an immobilenamespace error instead
selfmove Can't move a page to itself
immobilenamespace You tried to move pages from or to a namespace that is protected from moving
articleexists The destination article already exists and is not a redirect to the source article
protectedpage You don't have permission to perform this move
protectedtitle The destination article has been protected from creation
nonfilenamespace 无法将文件移动到非文件名字空间
filetypemismatch 该新扩展名与其类型不匹配
mustbeposted move模块需要POST请求。

参数历史

  • v1.29: Introduced tags
  • v1.17: Deprecated watch, unwatch
  • v1.17: Introduced watchlist

附加提醒

  • Successful use of the noredirect parameter requires the suppressredirect right, which is granted to bots and sysops, not ordinary users.
  • Creating a redirect is the API's default behavior. If you do not have the suppressredirect right, the API will not return an error; it will simply create a redirect.
  • The Move API uses two additional error handling methods when the page move succeeded, but the talk page or subpage move failed:
    • 讨论页 - The relevant error will be returned in the talkmove-error-code and talkmove-error-info fields.
    • 子页面 - The relevant error will be returned as a standard code/info structure under the subpages key.

参见

  • API:导入 - interwiki imports allow for an alternate way to move pages around a wiki.