API:合并历史

From MediaWiki.org
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page API:Mergehistory and the translation is 100% complete.
Other languages:
English • ‎dansk • ‎español • ‎lietuvių • ‎polski • ‎ไทย • ‎中文 • ‎日本語

使用POST请求来合併頁面歷史。

MediaWiki版本: 1.23

API文档


action=mergehistory

(main | mergehistory)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Merge page histories.

Parameters:
from

Title of the page from which history will be merged. Cannot be used together with fromid.

fromid

Page ID of the page from which history will be merged. Cannot be used together with from.

Type: integer
to

Title of the page to which history will be merged. Cannot be used together with toid.

toid

Page ID of the page to which history will be merged. Cannot be used together with to.

Type: integer
timestamp

Timestamp up to which revisions will be moved from the source page's history to the destination page's history. If omitted, the entire page history of the source page will be merged into the destination page.

Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
reason

Reason for the history merge.

Default: (empty)
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

示例

发出任何POST请求都是一个多步骤的过程:

  1. 使用API:登录 中描述的方法之一登录。
  2. API:令牌 所示,取得(GET)編輯/CSRF令牌
  3. 发送带有CSRF令牌的POST请求以合併页面歷史。

下面的示例代碼涵蓋了這些步驟。

POST请求

回應

{
	"api": {
		"mergehistory": {
			"_from": "Oldpage",
			"_to": "Newpage",
			"_timestamp": "2015-12-31T04:37:41Z",
			"_reason": "Reason"
		}
	}
}

示例代码

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    mergehistory.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `mergehistory` module: Merge the page revisions of Oldpage
    dating up to 2015-12-31T04:37:41Z into Newpage

    MIT license
"""
import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a post request to log in using the clientlogin method.
# import rights can't be granted using Special:BotPasswords
# hence using bot passwords may not work.
# See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
# information on log in methods.
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "clientlogin",
    "username": "username",
    "password": "password",
    "format": "json",
    "loginreturnurl": "http://127.0.0.1:5000/",
    "logintoken": LOGIN_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a POST request  to merge the page revisions
#  of Oldpage dating up to 2015-12-31T04:37:41Z into Newpage
PARAMS_4 = {
    "action":"mergehistory",
    "from":"Oldpage",
    "to":"Newpage",
    "format":"json",
    "timestamp":"2015-12-31T04:37:41Z",
    "reason":"Reason",
    "token" : CSRF_TOKEN
    }

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_4)
DATA = R.text

print(DATA)

# To merge entire history of Oldpage to Newpage,
# remove the "timestamp" parameter in step 4

PHP

<?php

/*
    mergehistory.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `mergehistory` module: Merge the page revisions of Oldpage 
	dating up to 2015-12-31T04:37:41Z into Newpage
	
	MIT license
*/
$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
mergehistory( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: Send a post request to log in using the clientlogin method.
// import rights can't be granted using Special:BotPasswords
// hence using bot passwords may not work.
// See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
// information on log in methods.
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "clientlogin",
		"username" => "username",
		"password" => "password",
		'loginreturnurl' => 'http://127.0.0.1:5000/',
		"logintoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

# Step 4: Send a POST request  to merge the page revisions of Oldpage dating up to 2015-12-31T04:37:41Z into Newpage
function mergeHistory( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;
	
	$params4 = [
		"action"=>"mergehistory",
		"from"=>"Oldpage",
		"to"=>"Newpage",
		"format"=>"json",
		"timestamp"=>"2015-12-31T04:37:41Z",
		"reason"=>"Reason",
		"token" => $csrftoken
	];
  
	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$response = curl_exec($ch);
	curl_close($ch);

	echo ($response);
}

/*
    To merge entire history of Oldpage to Newpage,
    remove the "timestamp" parameter in step 4

*/

JavaScript

/*
    mergehistory.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `mergehistory` module: Merge the page revisions of Oldpage
    dating up to 2015-12-31T04:37:41Z into Newpage

    MIT license
*/
var request = require("request").defaults({jar: true}),
url = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: Send a post request to log in using the clientlogin method.
// import rights can't be granted using Special:BotPasswords
// hence using bot passwords may not work.
// See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
// information on log in methods.
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "clientlogin",
        username: "username",
        password: "password",
        loginreturnurl: "http://127.0.0.1:5000/",
        logintoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        mergeHistory(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: Send a POST request  to merge the page revisions
// of Oldpage dating up to 2015-12-31T04:37:41Z into Newpage
function mergeHistory(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
            action: "mergehistory",
            from: "Oldpage",
            to: "Newpage",
            reason: "Reason",
            format: "json",
            timestamp: "2015-12-31T04:37:41Z",
            token: csrf_token
    };
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

/*
    To merge entire history of Oldpage to Newpage,
    remove the "timestamp" parameter in step 4

*/

可能的错误

代码 信息
badtoken 无效的CSRF令牌。
apierror-invalidtitle 错误标题“from”。

错误标题“to”。

apierror-nosuchpageid 没有ID为fromid的页面。

没有ID为toid的页面。

补充资料

参见