API:Iwlinks/ru

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This page is a translated version of the page API:Iwlinks and the translation is 43% complete.

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Версия MediaWiki: 1.17

GET request to list interwiki links from a given page.

Документация по API


(main | query | iwlinks)

Returns all interwiki links from the given pages.

Parameters:
iwprop

Which additional properties to get for each interlanguage link:

url
Adds the full URL.
Values (separate with | or alternative): url
iwprefix

Only return interwiki links with this prefix.

iwtitle

Interwiki link to search for. Must be used with iwprefix.

iwdir

The direction in which to list.

One of the following values: ascending, descending
Default: ascending
iwlimit

How many interwiki links to return.

No more than 500 (5,000 for bots) allowed.
Type: integer or max
Default: 10
iwcontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue.

iwurl
Deprecated.

Whether to get the full URL (cannot be used with iwprop).

Type: boolean (details)
Example:
Get interwiki links from the page Main Page.
api.php?action=query&prop=iwlinks&titles=Main%20Page [open in sandbox]

Пример

GET request

Get a list of interwiki links from Albert Einstein.

Ответ

{
    "query": {
        "pages": [
            {
                "pageid": 736,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Albert Einstein",
                "iwlinks": [
                    {
                        "prefix": "b",
                        "title": "Introduction_to_Astrophysics/Albert_Einstein"
                    },
                    {
                        "prefix": "c",
                        "title": "Special:Search/Albert_Einstein"
                    },
                    {
                        "prefix": "commons",
                        "title": "Special:Search/Albert_Einstein"
                    },
                    ...                   
                ]
            }
        ]
    }
}

Sample code

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    python/get_iwlinks.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Iwlinks` module: Get the interwiki links from a given page.

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "format": "json",
    "prop": "iwlinks",
    "titles": "Albert Einstein"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

PAGES = DATA["query"]["pages"]

for k, v in PAGES.items():
    print(v["iwlinks"])

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_iwlinks.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Iwlinks` module: Get the interwiki links from a given page.

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "format" => "json",
    "prop" => "iwlinks",
    "titles" => "Albert Einstein"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["pages"] as $k => $v ) {
    var_dump( $v["iwlinks"] );
}

Javascript

/*
    get_iwlinks.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Iwlinks` module: Get the interwiki links from a given page.

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    format: "json",
    prop: "iwlinks",
    titles: "Albert Einstein"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var pages = response.query.pages;
        for (var p in pages) {
            console.log(pages[p].iwlinks);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_iwlinks.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Iwlinks` module: Get the interwiki links from a given page.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		format: 'json',
		prop: 'iwlinks',
		titles: 'Albert Einstein'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var pages = data.query.pages,
		p;
	for ( p in pages ) {
		console.log( pages[ p ].iwlinks );
	}
} );


Возможные ошибки

Code Info
invalidparammix Параметр title может быть использован только одновременно с prefix.

История параметров

  • v1.24:
    • Введены iwprop, url
    • Устарели iwurl
  • v1.19: Введены iwdir
  • v1.18: Introduced iwprefix, iwtitle

См. также