Extension:Scribunto

From MediaWiki.org
(Redirected from Scribunto)
Jump to: navigation, search
MediaWiki extensions manual
Crystal Clear action run.png
Scribunto

Release status: stable

Implementation Parser extension
Description Provides a framework for embedding scripting languages into MediaWiki pages
Author(s) Victor & Tim (Tim Starlingtalk)
Latest version Continuous updates
MediaWiki 1.20 and up (check out the REL1_20 branch for support with 1.20, but note it lacks some features)
Database changes No
License GPLv2+
Download
Example Test2 Wikipedia
Namespace Module
Parameters
  • $wgScribuntoDefaultEngine
  • $wgScribuntoEngineConf
  • $wgScribuntoUseGeSHi
  • $wgScribuntoUseCodeEditor
Hooks used
SoftwareInfo

ParserFirstCallInit
ParserLimitReport
ParserClearState
ParserCloned
CanonicalNamespaces
CodeEditorGetPageLanguage
EditPageBeforeEditChecks
EditPageBeforeEditButtons
EditFilterMerged
ArticleViewHeader
ContentHandlerDefaultModelFor
UnitTestsList

Translate the Scribunto extension if it is available at translatewiki.net

Check usage and version matrix; code metrics

Issues:

Open tasks · Report a bug

The Scribunto (Latin: "they shall write") extension allows for embedding scripting languages in MediaWiki. Currently the only supported scripting language is Lua.

Requirements[edit | edit source]

PCRE version compatibility[edit | edit source]

PCRE 8.33 or later is recommended. You can see the version of PCRE used by PHP by viewing a phpinfo() web page, or from the command line with the command php -i | grep 'PCRE'.

  • Scribunto will not work with versions of PCRE lower than 8.10.
  • PCRE 8.32 has a bug that will cause it to reject certain non-character codepoints, which will cause errors in the mw.html module.

Lua binary[edit | edit source]

Scribunto comes bundled with Lua binary distributions for Linux (x86 and x86-64), Mac OS X Lion, and Windows (32- and 64-bit).

Scribunto should work for you out of the box if:

  1. Your web server is run on one of the above platforms.
  2. PHP's proc_open function is not restricted[1]
  3. Your web server is configured to allow the execution of binary files in the MediaWiki tree.
    • Note that execute permissions may need to be set; for example, in Linux use chmod a+x /path/to/engines/LuaStandalone/binaries/*/lua

Additional binaries[edit | edit source]

Additional Lua binary distributions, which may be needed for your web server if its operating system is not in the list above, can be obtained from http://luabinaries.sourceforge.net/ or from your Linux distribution. Only binary files for Lua 5.1.x are supported. Once you've installed the appropriate binary file on your web server, configure the location of the file with:

# where lua is the name of the binary file
# e.g. sourceforge LuaBinaries 5.1.5 - Release 2 name the binary file lua5.1
$wgScribuntoEngineConf['luastandalone']['luaPath'] = '/path/to/binaries/lua5.1';

Note that you should not add the above line unless you've confirmed that Scribunto's built-in binaries don't work for you.

Installation[edit | edit source]

  • If using Vagrant, install with vagrant enable-role scribunto && vagrant provision
Manual Installation
  • Download and extract the file(s) in a directory called Scribunto in your extensions/ folder. If you're a developer and this extension is in a Git repository, then instead you should clone the repository.
  • Add the following code at the bottom of your LocalSettings.php:
require_once "$IP/extensions/Scribunto/Scribunto.php";
$wgScribuntoDefaultEngine = 'luastandalone';
  • Done! Navigate to "Special:Version" on your wiki to verify that the extension is successfully installed.

Optional Installation[edit | edit source]

For a more pleasant user interface, with syntax highlighting and a code editor with autoindent, install the following extensions:

Then in your LocalSettings.php after all the extension registrations, add:

$wgScribuntoUseGeSHi = true;
$wgScribuntoUseCodeEditor = true;

LuaSandbox[edit | edit source]

We have developed a PHP extension written in C called LuaSandbox. It can be used as an alternative to the standalone binary, and will provide improved performance.

Download[edit | edit source]

git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/p/mediawiki/php/luasandbox.git

Requirements[edit | edit source]

Install the headers and library files for PHP and either Lua 5.1.x or LuaJIT 1.1.x.

  • For Debian-derived Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu:
sudo apt-get install php5-dev
sudo apt-get install liblua5.1-dev
  • For Mac OS X:
brew install lua

Installation[edit | edit source]

cd luasandbox
phpize
./configure
make
make install

php.ini[edit | edit source]

  • Add the following extension reference: extension=luasandbox.so
  • Restart the web server
  • Verify that there is a luasandbox section on the phpinfo() page
    • if you use nginx, make sure you edit the fpm php.ini file (e.g. /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini in Ubuntu)
  • Some PHP installations have two php.ini files, see Manual:php.ini

Configuration[edit | edit source]

The following configuration variables are available:

$wgScribuntoDefaultEngine 
Select the engine. Valid values are the keys in $wgScribuntoEngineConf, which by default are 'luasandbox' or 'luastandalone'.
$wgScribuntoUseGeSHi 
When Extension:SyntaxHighlight_GeSHi is installed, set this true to use it when displaying Module pages.
$wgScribuntoUseCodeEditor 
When Extension:CodeEditor is installed, set this true to use it when editing Module pages.
$wgScribuntoEngineConf 
An associative array for engine configuration. Keys are the valid values for $wgScribuntoDefaultEngine, and values are associative arrays of configuration data. Each configuration array must contain a 'class' key naming the ScribuntoEngineBase subclass to use.

Logging[edit | edit source]

Error output produced by the standalone interpreter are not logged by default. Configure logging with:

$wgScribuntoEngineConf['luastandalone']['errorFile'] = '/path/to/file.log';

LuaStandalone[edit | edit source]

The following keys are used in $wgScribuntoEngineConf for Scribunto_LuaStandaloneEngine. Generally you'd set these as something like

$wgScribuntoEngineConf['luastandalone']['key'] = 'value';
luaPath 
Specify the path to a Lua interpreter.
errorFile 
Specify the path to a file, writable by the web server user, where the error and debugging output from the standalone interpreter will be logged.
memoryLimit 
Specify the memory limit in bytes for the standalone interpreter on Linux (enforced using ulimit).
cpuLimit 
Specify the CPU time limit in seconds for the standalone interpreter on Linux (enforced using ulimit).
allowEnvFuncs 
Set true to allow use of setfenv and getfenv in modules.

LuaSandbox[edit | edit source]

The following keys are used in $wgScribuntoEngineConf for Scribunto_LuaSandboxEngine. Generally you'd set these as something like

$wgScribuntoEngineConf['luasandbox']['key'] = 'value';
memoryLimit 
Specify the memory limit in bytes.
cpuLimit 
Specify the CPU time limit in seconds.
profilerPeriod 
Specify the time between polls in sections for the Lua profiler.
allowEnvFuncs 
Set true to allow use of setfenv and getfenv in modules.

Lua[edit | edit source]

Lua is a simple programming language intended to be accessible to beginners. For a quick crash-course on Lua, try Learn Lua in 15 Minutes.

The best comprehensive introduction to Lua is the book Programming in Lua. The first edition (for Lua 5.0) is available online and is mostly relevant to Lua 5.1, the version used by Scribunto:

The reference manual is also useful:

Lua environment[edit | edit source]

In Lua, the set of all global variables and functions is called an environment.

Each {{#invoke:}} call runs in a separate environment. Variables defined in one {{#invoke:}} will not be available from another. This restriction was necessary to maintain flexibility in the wikitext parser implementation.

Note[edit | edit source]

The environment which scripts run in is not quite the same as in standard Lua. These differences are noted in Special:MyLanguage/Extension:Scribunto/Lua reference manual#Differences from standard Lua.

Usage[edit | edit source]

Scripts are contained within a new namespace called Module. Each module has a collection of functions, which can be called using wikitext syntax such as:

{{#invoke: Module_name | function_name | arg1 | arg2 | arg3 ... }}

Troubleshooting[edit | edit source]

Troubleshooting using the clickable "Script error" link.

Note that red Lua error messages are clickable and will provide more detailed information.

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter exited with status 1[edit | edit source]

When using the LuaStandalone engine (this is the default), errors along the lines of "Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter exited with status 1" may be generated if the standalone Lua interpreter cannot be executed or runs into various runtime errors. To obtain more information, assign a file path to $wgScribuntoEngineConf['luastandalone']['errorFile']. The interpreter's error output will be logged to the specified file, which should prove more helpful in tracking down the issue. The information in the debug log includes debugging information, which is why there is so much of it. You should be able to ignore any line beginning with "TX" or "RX".

version `GLIBC_2.11' not found[edit | edit source]

If the above gives you errors such as "version `GLIBC_2.11' not found", it means the version of the standard C library on your system is too old for the binaries provided with Scribunto. You should upgrade your C library, or use a version of Lua 5.1 compiled for the C library you do have installed. To upgrade your C library, your best option is usually to follow your distribution's instructions for upgrading packages (or for upgrading to a new release of the distribution, if applicable).

If you copy the lua binaries from Scribunto master (or from gerrit:77905), that should suffice, if you can't or don't want to upgrade your C library. The distributed binaries were recently recompiled against an older version of glibc, so the minimum is now 2.3 rather than 2.11.

attempt to index field 'text' (a nil value)[edit | edit source]

If you are getting errors such as "attempt to index field 'text' (a nil value)" when attempting to use the mw.text module, most likely your version of Scribunto is out of date. Upgrade if possible; for advanced users, you might also try to identify the needed newer commits and cherry-pick them into your local installation.

preg_replace_callback(): Compilation failed: unknown property name after \P or \p at offset 7[edit | edit source]

preg_replace_callback(): Compilation failed: unknown property name after \P or \p at offset 7

  • this usually indicates an incompatible version of PCRE; you’ll need to update to >= 8.10
  • @todo: link to instructions on how to upgrade

Lua error[edit | edit source]

If you copy templates from Wikipedia and then get big red "Lua error: x" messages where the Scribunto invocation (e.g. the template that uses {{#invoke:}}) should be, that probably means that you didn't import everything you needed. Make sure that you tick the "Include templates" box at w:Special:Export when you export.

When importing pages from another wiki, it is also possible for templates or modules in the imported data to overwrite existing templates or modules with the same title, which may break existing pages, templates, and modules that depend on the overwritten versions.

Blank screen[edit | edit source]

Make sure your extension version is applicable to your MediaWiki version.

Design documents[edit | edit source]

Other pages[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. i.e. proc_open is not within the array of disable_functions in your server's "php.ini" file.


Language: English  • 日本語 • português do Brasil