Manual:Upgrading to 1.14

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This page regards the process of upgrading a wiki to MediaWiki version 1.14.

Overview[edit | edit source]

First read the UPGRADE text file included in MediaWiki 1.14.

As with all MediaWiki upgrades, the basic premise is the same:

  1. Check the requirements
  2. Read the release notes
  3. Back up existing files and the database
  4. Unpack the new files
  5. Run the update script to check the database
  6. Upgrade extensions
  7. Test the update

Check requirements[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki 1.14 requires:

PHP[edit | edit source]

  • PHP 5.0.x or later
    We recommend using PHP 5.1.x or 5.2.x.
    Note that PHP 5.0.x under certain 64-bit platforms contains bugs which cause fundamental problems with MediaWiki. If running on an x86_64 (AMD64, EMT64) or other affected 64-bit platform, PHP 5.1.x or 5.2.x is required..

DBMS[edit | edit source]

  • MySQL 4.0.x or later
    Version 3.x has not been supported since 1.6.0

or

  • PostgreSQL 8.1 or later
    You will also require the tsearch2 and plpgsql modules, if running Postgres 8.1 or 8.2
    see also Upgrading Postgres

Read the release notes[edit | edit source]

Within the distribution tarball, or within the files checked out/exported from SVN, there are a number of files with capitalised filenames, one of which contains the RELEASE-NOTES. Now's the time to open it up and find out what's been changed in 1.14. You can also read them at Release notes/1.14.

Back up existing files and the database[edit | edit source]

While the upgrade scripts are well-maintained and robust, things could still go pear-shaped. Before proceeding to update the database schema, make a full backup of the wiki, including both the database and the files:

  • the wiki's content, from the database. It may be a good idea to create an XML dump in addition to the SQL database dump.
    • MySQL:
      • text dump: mysqldump --all-databases > file.txt
      • xml dump: mysqldump --all-databases --xml > file.xml
    • PostgreSQL:
      • output for pg_restore: pg_dump --create -Fc -i yourwiki > yourwiki.db.dump
  • images and other media files (the contents of the images directory)
  • configuration files, i.e. LocalSettings.php and AdminSettings.php (if present)
  • MediaWiki's program files, including all skins and extensions, especially if you modified them.

See Manual:Backing up a wiki for instructions.

Unpack the new files[edit | edit source]

Using a tarball package[edit | edit source]

If using a tarball package, decompress the file on the server where the old version of mediawiki is running. When untarring a tarball package normally a new directory for the new wiki version will be created and you will have to copy the new files and directories to your current wiki directory. To instead replace the existing files while decompressing and do this in one go:

$ tar xvfz mediawiki-1.14.0.tar.gz -C /path/to/your/wiki/ --strip-components=1

On older Linux distributions (f.e. RHEL/CentOS 4.x) use:

$ tar xvfz mediawiki-1.14.0.tar.gz -C /path/to/your/wiki/ --strip-path=1

For those using an old version of tar (eg. GNU tar 1.13.x) which do not have --strip-components or --strip-path flags can uncompress the archive without the -C option and thereafter recursively copy the contents of the latest package into the previous wiki directory structure, as follows:

$ tar xvfz mediawiki-1.14.0.tar.gz
$ cp -r mediawiki-1.14.0/* /path/to/your/wiki/

(Open)Solaris users should use gtar, or:

$ gzip -dc mediawiki-1.14.0.tar.gz | tar xf -

Using Subversion[edit | edit source]

If using Subversion, export the files into a clean location. Replace all existing files with the new versions from 1.14, preserving the directory structure. The core code is now up to date.

Run the update script[edit | edit source]

Note: Make sure there's an AdminSettings.php file in the wiki root, and it contains up to date information. The user needs full permissions (shell access) on the database.

The preferred method of performing the update is using the command-line maintenance script, although it is also possible to re-run the web-based installer.

Shell[edit | edit source]

From the command line, or an SSH shell or similar, change to the maintenance directory and execute the update script:

$ php update.php --aconf ../AdminSettings.php

(Note for simple installations on Windows (e. g. with XAMPP): You can run the update.php by executing it (doubleclick) when your .php-files are associated with the PHP.exe (if not, rightclick update.php, select Open With and browse to PHP.exe). Ensure that your server-application (e. g. Apache) and your database (e. g. MySQL) are running).


MediaWiki will inspect the existing schema and update it to work with the new code, adding tables and columns as needed.


What to do in case of "No superuser credentials" error[edit | edit source]

In case the the script aborts with a message:

"No superuser credentials could be found. Please provide the details of a user with appropriate permissions to update the database. See AdminSettings.sample for more details"

This means that you should check that you have defined $wgDBadminuser and $wgDBadminpassword in your LocalSettings.php file (in the main directory). These are the user and password needed by this script in order to access to the database. See the example in the AdminSettings.sample file; you can copy that snippet in the LocalSettings.php file and change the user/password for your own database.

Alternative 1: phpShell[edit | edit source]

If full permissions/shell access is not available, look at options such as phpShell, which emulates a command prompt using PHP functions. This might not work on some locked-down hosting setups.

When using such a solution, it is often desirable to skip the countdown period at the start of the script. Pass the --quick option to the update script to do so:

$ php update.php --quick

You may have to use "php5" instead of "php" if different versions are installed. For phpshell, the commandLine.inc and LocalSettings.php files may have to be edited so the script doesn't quit because phpshell is a run from the web server. It may instead be possible to sidestep this problem by running:

$ unset REQUEST_METHOD; php update.php --quick

This unsets the REQUEST_METHOD environment variable, the existence of which causes the script to quit, and then executes the script.

Alternative 2: Re-run the installer[edit | edit source]

An alternative to running the update script from the shell is to re-run the web installer. To do this:

  1. Rename LocalSettings.php to LocalSettings.old.php
  2. Make the config directory writable by the web server
  3. Make sure the database user has full rights to the database
  4. Browse to the wiki and start the installer
    Fill in the form fields with the same values as was done during the previous version's installation.
    When the installation process starts, the script will detect existing MediaWiki tables, and upgrade their schema.
    When this is complete, a new LocalSettings.php will be generated.
  5. Delete the new configuration file (LocalSettings.php)
  6. Rename LocalSettings.old.php back to LocalSettings.php
  7. Restore permissions on the config directory

Upgrade extensions[edit | edit source]

Certain extensions have been updated in order to work with MediaWiki 1.14. Be sure to upgrade to the latest versions of such extensions. You might need to perform manual updates to custom extensions.

Test the update[edit | edit source]

Once the upgrade has completed, browse to the wiki and check basics such as viewing and editing pages to ensure things still work as expected.

Visit Special:Version and check that the version shown is correct.


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