Manual:revision table

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Manual:Contents MediaWiki database layout revision table


MediaWiki version: 1.5

The revision table holds metadata for every edit done to a page within the wiki. Every edit of a page creates a revision row, which holds information such as the user who made the edit, the time at which the edit was made, and a reference to the new wikitext in the text table.

Note that a row is partly about the edit operation and partly about the result of that operation, the new wikitext. It does not give a reference to the old wikitext.

Import of the last revision of a page from another wiki produces two entries in the revision table, one with the date and wikitext of the imported revision, and one with the import date. The wikitext of the latter, which becomes that of the current page, is, if a page with the same name already existed, that of the more recent of the two pages.

The revision table is very similar to the recentchanges table. The revision table is used for page history and user contributions listings. The recentchanges table is used for recent changes, related changes, watchlists, and, in the case of page creation, for the list of new pages.

Differences include:

  • The recentchanges table also records logged events such as page moves and deletions
  • Items in the recentchanges table are periodically purged; those in the revision table are typically kept longer or indefinitely.
  • as said, import of a page revision not only adds an entry to the revision table with the import date, but also one with the original date.

Deleted revisions are moved to the archive table.

Fields[edit | edit source]

rev_id[edit | edit source]

This field holds the primary key for each revision. page_latest is a foreign key to this field.

rev_page[edit | edit source]

This field holds a reference to the page to which this revision pertains. The number in this field is equal to the page_id field of said page. This should never be invalid; if it is, that revision won't show up in the page history. If page.page_latest links to a revision with an invalid rev_page, this will cause the "The revision #0 of the page named 'Foo' does not exist" error.

rev_text_id[edit | edit source]

This is a foreign key to old_id in the text table. (The text table is where the actual bulk text is stored.) It's possible for multiple revisions to use the same text—for instance, revisions where only metadata is altered, or where a rollback is done to a previous version.

rev_comment[edit | edit source]

This field holds an editor's edit summary (editor's comment on revision). This text is shown in the history and contributions. (The recentchanges table contains a copy used for recent changes, related changes, watchlists, and, in the case of page creation, for the list of new pages.) It is rendered in a sanitized subset of wiki markup.

rev_user[edit | edit source]

This is equal to the user_id of the user who made this edit. The value for this field is 0 for anonymous edits, initializations scripts, and for some mass imports.

rev_user_text[edit | edit source]

This field holds the text of the editor's username, or the IP address of the editor if the revision was done by an unregistered user.

In anonymous revisions imported from UseModWiki or early incarnations of the Phase II software, this field may contain an IP address with the final octet obscured (i.e. \d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.xxx such as 24.150.61.xxx; see bug 3631). Some edits imported from UseModWiki may contain a Reverse DNS lookup hostname like ppfree165-153-bz.aknet.it or office.bomis.com.

rev_timestamp[edit | edit source]

Holds the timestamp of the edit.

rev_minor_edit[edit | edit source]

Records whether the user marked the 'minor edit' checkbox. If the value for this field is 1, then the edit was declared as 'minor'; it is 0 otherwise. Many automated edits are marked as minor.

rev_deleted[edit | edit source]

This field is reserved for the RevisionDelete system. It's a bitfield in which the values are DELETED_TEXT = 1; DELETED_COMMENT = 2; DELETED_USER = 4; and DELETED_RESTRICTED = 8. So, for example, if nothing has been deleted from that revision, then the value is 0; if both the comment and user have been deleted, then the value is 6.

rev_len[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.10

This field contains the length of the article after the revision, in bytes. Used in history pages. Corresponds to rc_new_len.

rev_parent_id[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.10

The rev_id of the previous revision to the page. This field is used to add support for a tree structure. This field is e.g. used to calculate the size difference of a certain revision with the previous revision in the page history view. If a parent ID points to a revision that's associated with a different page, MediaWiki will still use that parent revision as a basis of comparison for purposes of calculating size difference. If a revision is deleted from the database, and another revision's parent ID still points to it, then MediaWiki will behave the same as if there were no parent revision; i.e. it will assume the previous size was 0. Corresponds to rc_last_oldid.

When revisions are imported from another wiki, the imported revisions' parent ID tree structure from the source wiki is retained (this is implemented by each revision's, other than the tail revision, having a <parentid> XML element that is used to populate rev_parent_id), and the destination wiki's revisions' parent IDs are not updated. Likewise, when page histories are merged, the parent IDs of the revisions from the source and destination pages are not updated. populateParentId.php can be used to populate rev_parent_id based on revision timestamps and revision IDs. In the case of an edit conflict, the revision ID of the edit that is saved first (causing the conflict) will be used as the parent ID of the edit that is saved second (after resolving the conflict).

rev_sha1[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.19

This field is used to add the SHA-1 text content hash in base-36.

rev_content_model[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.21

Content model, see CONTENT_MODEL_XXX constants in Defines.php. These IDs will be exposed in the API and XML dumps. Extensions that define their own content model IDs should take care to avoid conflicts. Using the extension name as a prefix is recommended, for example 'myextension-somecontent'. Possible values are, e.g., 'wikitext', 'javascript', 'css', and 'text'.

rev_content_format[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.21

Content format, see CONTENT_FORMAT_XXX constants in Defines.php. These should be MIME types, and will be exposed in the API and XML dumps. Extensions are free to use the below formats, or define their own. It is recommended to stick with the conventions for MIME types. Possible values are, e.g., 'text/x-wiki', 'text/javascript', 'text/css', 'text/plain', 'text/html', 'application/vnd.php.serialized', 'application/json', and 'application/xml'.

Schema summary[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.21
mysql> describe revision;
+--------------------+---------------------+------+-----+----------------+----------------+
| Field              | Type                | Null | Key | Default        | Extra          |
+--------------------+---------------------+------+-----+----------------+----------------+
| rev_id             | int(10) unsigned    | NO   | PRI | NULL           | auto_increment |
| rev_page           | int(10) unsigned    | NO   | MUL | NULL           |                |
| rev_text_id        | int(10) unsigned    | NO   |     | NULL           |                |
| rev_comment        | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL           |                |
| rev_user           | int(10) unsigned    | NO   | MUL | 0              |                |
| rev_user_text      | varbinary(255)      | NO   | MUL |                |                |
| rev_timestamp      | binary(14)          | NO   | MUL |                |                |
| rev_minor_edit     | tinyint(3) unsigned | NO   |     | 0              |                |
| rev_deleted        | tinyint(3) unsigned | NO   |     | 0              |                |
| rev_len            | int(10) unsigned    | YES  |     | NULL           |                |
| rev_parent_id      | int(10) unsigned    | YES  |     | NULL           |                |
| rev_sha1           | varbinary(32)       | NO   |     |                |                |
| rev_content_model  | varbinary(32)       | YES  |     | NULL           |                |
| rev_content_format | varbinary(64)       | YES  |     | NULL           |                |
+--------------------+---------------------+------+-----+----------------+----------------+
14 rows in set (0.00 sec)


MediaWiki version: 1.19

DESCRIBE revision in MediaWiki 1.19 gives the following:

mysql> describe mw_revision;
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field          | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| rev_id         | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment |
| rev_page       | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    |                |
| rev_text_id    | int(8) unsigned     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_comment    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_user       | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | MUL | 0       |                |
| rev_user_text  | varbinary(255)      | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_timestamp  | binary(14)          | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_minor_edit | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_deleted    | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_len        | int(8) unsigned     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_parent_id  | int(8) unsigned     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_sha1       | varbinary(32)       | NO   |     | NULL    |                | 
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
12 rows in set


MediaWiki version: 1.18

DESCRIBE revision in MediaWiki 1.18 gives the following:

mysql> describe mw_revision;
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field          | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| rev_id         | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment |
| rev_page       | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    |                |
| rev_text_id    | int(8) unsigned     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_comment    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_user       | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | MUL | 0       |                |
| rev_user_text  | varbinary(255)      | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_timestamp  | binary(14)          | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_minor_edit | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_deleted    | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_len        | int(8) unsigned     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_parent_id  | int(8) unsigned     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
11 rows in set


MediaWiki version: 1.10
MediaWiki version: 1.11

DESCRIBE revision in MediaWiki 1.11 gives the following:

mysql> describe mw_revision;
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field          | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| rev_id         | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment |
| rev_page       | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    |                |
| rev_text_id    | int(8) unsigned     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_comment    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_user       | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | MUL | 0       |                |
| rev_user_text  | varchar(255)        | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_timestamp  | char(14)            | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_minor_edit | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_deleted    | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_len        | int(8) unsigned     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_parent_id  | int(8) unsigned     | YES  |     | NULL    |                |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
11 rows in set


MediaWiki version: 1.9
MediaWiki version: 1.8
MediaWiki version: 1.7
MediaWiki version: 1.6
MediaWiki version: 1.5

DESCRIBE revision in MediaWiki 1.9 and earlier gives the following:

mysql> describe mw_revision;
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field          | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| rev_id         | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment |
| rev_page       | int(8) unsigned     | NO   | PRI | NULL    |                |
| rev_text_id    | int(8) unsigned     | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_comment    | tinyblob            | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| rev_user       | int(5) unsigned     | NO   | MUL | 0       |                |
| rev_user_text  | varchar(255)        | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_timestamp  | char(14)            | NO   | MUL | NULL    |                |
| rev_minor_edit | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
| rev_deleted    | tinyint(1) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |                |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
9 rows in set 

Indices[edit | edit source]

MediaWiki version: 1.20


mysql> show index in revision;
+----------+------------+---------------------+--------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+---------------+
| Table    | Non_unique | Key_name            | Seq_in_index | Column_name   | Collation | Cardinality | Sub_part | Packed | Null | Index_type | Comment | Index_comment |
+----------+------------+---------------------+--------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+---------------+
| revision |          0 | PRIMARY             |            1 | rev_id        | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          0 | rev_page_id         |            1 | rev_page      | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          0 | rev_page_id         |            2 | rev_id        | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | rev_timestamp       |            1 | rev_timestamp | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | page_timestamp      |            1 | rev_page      | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | page_timestamp      |            2 | rev_timestamp | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | user_timestamp      |            1 | rev_user      | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | user_timestamp      |            2 | rev_timestamp | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | usertext_timestamp  |            1 | rev_user_text | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | usertext_timestamp  |            2 | rev_timestamp | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | page_user_timestamp |            1 | rev_page      | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | page_user_timestamp |            2 | rev_user      | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
| revision |          1 | page_user_timestamp |            3 | rev_timestamp | A         |           1 |     NULL | NULL   |      | BTREE      |         |               |
+----------+------------+---------------------+--------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+---------------+
13 rows in set (0.02 sec)

See also[edit | edit source]

Databases Engines: MySQLOraclePostgreSQLSQLite
Technical documentation: Schema (tables) – API property associationsField prefixesPrimary key storage in other fieldsWikimedia extension tables
Configuration: SettingsSharing
Development: AccessOptimizationPolicyUpdaterExtension schema updatesPatch file
Core tables: archivecategorycategorylinkschange_tagconfigexternallinksfilearchivehitcounterimageimagelinksinterwikiiwlinksipblocksjobl10n_cachelanglinkslogginglog_searchmsg_resourcemsg_resource_linksmodule_depsobjectcacheoldimagepagepagelinkspage_propspage_restrictionsprotected_titlesquerycachequerycachetwoquerycache_inforecentchangesredirectrevisionsearchindexsitessite_statstag_summarytemplatelinkstexttranscacheupdateloguploadstashuseruser_former_groupsuser_groupsuser_newtalkuser_propertiesvalid_tagwatchlist
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