Este arquivo descreve como MediWiki lida e armazena imagens, e dá algumas informações sobre configuração.
Carregamento e Uso de Imagens 
Habilitar Carregamento de Imagens 
Para carregar imagens, três condições devem ser conhecidas:
- MediaWiki has upload enabled. Set $wgEnableUploads to true.
- The file type must be allowed. More information: $wgFileExtensions.
- The user has to be logged in.
Uploads are done with the Specialpage Upload.
Relevant parameters for image handling 
These parameters are relevant:
Image thumbnailing 
Image thumbnailing requires either ImageMagick or GD library. ImageMagick is recommended since it produces better quality thumbnails; it can be downloaded from imagemagick.org. GD can be downloaded from boutell.com/gd Neither of these are part of the default MediaWiki installation.
To enable image thumbnailing, set $wgUseImageResize and $wgUseImageMagick to true in LocalSettings.php. Make sure the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand variable points to the proper location of the
convert command of your installation and that the command is executable by the web server process.
MediaWiki supports SVG image rendering: if enabled, SVG images can be used like other image files; they will automatically be rendered as a PNG file on demand. To enable SVG support:
Second, set $wgSVGConverter to the renderer you want to use. Available options are ImageMagick, sodipodi, inkscape, batik, and rsvg. The default is ImageMagick, but it is recommended to use one of the other renderers if possible. If the converter program is not in the system path, you have to specify the directory that contains the program using $wgSVGConverterPath.
Deletion of images 
Images can only be deleted by sysops (unless the user rights have been altered).
In this section the deletion of the files in the folder "/images" is described. The corresponding article can be deleted and restored like any other article in MediaWiki.
Default behavior 
Deletion of image revision 
If a picture has been altered, there is a revision history of the image files which is displayed on the image article. Note: image article revision and image revision are separate things.
Each revision has a "delete" link. If this is clicked, the revision and the file are permanently deleted.
Deletion of all revisions/article 
You can use the "delete all versions" link or delete the article. Both have the same result:
- The article is deleted (but restorable).
- The original image is deleted (not restorable).
- All thumbnails are deleted (not restorable). (There is a litte bug: the thumbnail directory is not deleted, as of MW 1.9.2)
- All corresponding information in the db tables: image, imagelink and oldimages are removed
$wgSaveDeletedFiles = true; 
You can set your wiki to archive all deleted files, see $wgFileStore. This makes it possible to undelete pictures.
- MediaWiki database table Filearchive table holds the information on the deleted images.
- folder /imagesDeleted (needs to be defined) holds the deleted images.
Data storage 
Whenever an image is uploaded, several things are created:
- An article in the namespace image with the exact name of the file, e.g. Image:MyPicture.png. This article is stored and behaves like any other article.
- The file itself is stored in a folder of the hosting (unix) system.
- If the file is wider than 800px or higher than 600px, a thumb with either 800px width or 600px height will be created. The thumb is stored in the folder pathofwiki/images/thumb/x/xy/MyPicture.png/MyPicture.png. Each thumb gets its own folder by the name of the original picture. Any time you create a thumb or resized image within an article, another thumb is created and stored here, prefixed by its width in px, e.g. 800px-MyPicture.png.
MediaWiki creates several subfolders in the folder images: x/xy, where:
- x: 0 to F
- xy: with x equals the x of the upper folder and y: 0 to F.
This subfolders only appear if you have $wgHashedUploadDirectory = true (default). xy are the two first characters of the md5 hash of the final image filename.
All image files are stored in a separate folder. Default is pathofwiki/images/x/xy/MyPicture.png. See $wgUploadPath for details.
Description of /image subfolders:
Note: If $wgHashedUploadDirectory = true, MediaWiki uses the /a/ab/foo.png directory structure. If set to false, these folders are not created and all pictures are stored in the image directory itself (this saves about 3 MB of space on disks).
- This is the storage place for the original image files (most recent version).
- This is the storage place for the original image files, that have been replaced by newer versions.
- used for image uploading. Often old files remain here. They should be deleted regulary (for space reasons). (Bug description: When you upload a picture, it is first stored in temp and then moved. If the image already exists, the user gets a warning. If he then clicks on cancel, the upload process is halted, but the image remains in the folder temp.)
- corresponds with 0-f: Thumbnails (automatically generated) for the pictures in 0-f. If these get lost, they are automatically regenerated. If you delete the whole folder thumb, it will build itself up. You may experience some cache problems.
Database tables 
- The article Image:MyPicture.png: is stored as any article in page, text, revision etc.
- table image: Holds some meta data like the size of the image. It does not contain the link to the file. This is probably calculated by the name of the file and the reason why it is not possible to move articles in the namespace image.
- table imagelinks: Holds the information in which article an image is used. (This could have been stored in pagelinks, but someone decided to create a different table.)
- table oldimage: This is the archive for pictures that have been replaced with newer versions. Note: Deleted pictures are not stored here, they are permanently deleted.
- table filearchive: holds the information on the deleted images.
Space usage 
Pictures need considerably more space than articles. The following calculations assume a block size of 4KB with Linux/Unix servers.
The default setting is $wgHashedUploadDirectory = true.
Spce requirements for all directories:
- image directories: 0-f/x0-f: max. 16*16 = 256 directories = 256*4 KB = 1024 KB
- archive directories: 0-f/x0-f: max. 16*16 = 256 directories = 256*4 KB = 1024 KB
- thumb directories: 0-f/x0-f: max. 16*16 = 256 directories = 256*4 KB = 1024 KB
- temp directories: 0-f/x0-f: max. 16*16 = 256 directories = 256*4 KB = 1024 KB
Therefore, the basic amount of space needed without any images uploaded is 4 MB.
For each picture we need:
- size of the original image file + 2 KB average overhead
For pictures with a height of more than 600 pixels or a width of more than 800 pixels:
- size of the created thumbnail(s) + 2 KB average overhead (each)
- directory for thumbnail (4KB) (each image has its own thumbnail directory)
- image 20778 Byte png (small size, no thumb): 24 KB for the image: Total 24 KB
- image 123.000 Byte jpeg (big size, auto thumb): 124 KB for the image, 4KB for the thumb directory, 64 KB for the thumb: Total: 192 KB
File Access 
Uploaded files are generally served directly by the web server, not through mediawiki. While there may be a minimal level of security through obscurity with path encryption (eg. /c/c4/...) if $wgHashedUploadDirectory is set , the path can be calculated easily from the file name and does not provide true protection.
For limiting access to authorized users, see Image Authorisation
A feature of MediaWiki allows the Special:Upload Page to streamline licensing of images. Wikipedia's Upload Page has a Licensing drop down box below image summary. This feature is turned off in default MediaWiki. To turn this feature on a sysop needs to edit Licenses in the MediaWiki namespace. Example: MediaWiki:Licenses
Licenses expects a certain format in a wiki list.
*subst:license 1|license 2|License text
* Header 1:
** cc-by-sa-2.5|Attribution ShareAlike 2.5
Line 1 will produce "License text" and substitute the license 1 template in the image page and transclude license 2.
Line 2 will show a greyed out header with text "Header 1:"
Line 3 will produce "Attribution ShareAlike 2.5" and transclude template cc-by-sa-2.5 on the image page.
For detailed real world example, see w:en:MediaWiki:Licenses
MediaWiki Version 
This applies to:
- MediaWiki 1.9.x and above
- other versions not verified
|Língua:||English • Deutsch • Bahasa Indonesia • 日本語 • 한국어 • português • português do Brasil • русский|